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Monthly Energy Review

A publication of recent and historical energy statistics. This publication includes statistics on total energy production, consumption, and trade; energy prices; overviews of petroleum, natural gas, coal, electricity, nuclear energy, renewable energy, and international petroleum; carbon dioxide emissions; and data unit conversion values.

Each month, most MER tables and figures present data for a new month. These data are usually preliminary (and sometimes estimated or forecasted) and likely to be revised the following month. The first dissemination of most annual data is also preliminary. It is often based on monthly estimates and is likely to be revised later that year after final data are published from sources, according to source data revision policies and publication schedules. In addition, EIA may revise historical data when a major revision in a source publication is needed, when new data sources become available, or when estimation methodologies are improved. A record of current and historical changes to MER data is available on the What's New in the Monthly Energy Review—Content Changes webpage.

Data categories

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Energy overview

  • 1.11aNon-Combustion Use of Fossil Fuels in Physical Units
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  • 1.11bHeat Content of Non-Combustion Use of Fossil Fuels
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  • Section notes
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Energy consumption by sector

  • 2.7U.S. government energy consumption by agency, fiscal years
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  • 2.8U.S. government energy consumption by source, fiscal years
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  • Section notes
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Petroleum

  • 3.3Trade
  • 3.7Petroleum consumption by sector:
  • 3.8Heat content of petroleum consumption by sector:
  • Section notes
  • Available formats: PDF

Natural gas

  • Section notes
  • Available formats: PDF

Crude oil and natural gas resource development

  • Section notes
  • Available formats: PDF

Coal

  • Section notes
  • Available formats: PDF

Electricity

  • 7.2Electricity net generation:
  • 7.3Consumption of combustible fuels for electricity generation:
  • 7.4Consumption of combustible fuels for electricity generation and useful thermal output:
  • Section notes
  • Available formats: PDF
  • Other notes:
  • Notes on estimated monthly data (1989-2000)
  • Available formats: PDF
  • Estimating power sector fuel use
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  • Allocating municipal solid waste to biogenic and nonbiogenic energy
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Nuclear energy

  • Section notes
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Energy prices

  • 9.2F.O.B. costs of crude oil imports from selected countries
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  • 9.3Landed costs of crude oil imports from selected countries
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  • 9.4Retail motor gasoline and on-highway diesel fuel prices
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  • Section notes
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Renewable energy

  • Notes:
  • Section notes
  • Available formats: PDF
  • Allocating municipal solid waste to biogenic and non-biogenic energy
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International petroleum

  • 11.1World crude oil production:
  • Section notes
  • Available formats: PDF

Environment

  • Carbon dioxide emissions from energy consumption:
  • Section notes
  • Available formats: PDF

Appendices (heat rates, conversion factors, and more)

  • Approximate heat content of:
  • A1Petroleum and other liquids
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  • A6Approximate heat rates for electricity, and heat content of electricity
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  • Appendix A documentation
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  • B1Metric conversion factors
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  • B2Metric prefixes
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  • B3Other physical conversion factors
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  • C1Population, U.S. gross domestic product, and U.S. gross output
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  • D1Estimated primary energy consumption in the United States, selected years, 1635-1945
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  • Appendix D section notes
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  • Appendix E
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  • E1aNoncombustible renewable primary energy consumption: conventional hydroelectric power, geothermal, and wind
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  • E1bNoncombustible renewable primary energy consumption: solar and total
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Glossary

  • Glossary
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  • Changes this month

    • Table 3.3b Petroleum Trade: Imports by Type was previously titled Imports and Exports by Type. The table has been modified to remove columns for exports of crude oil, petroleum products, and total petroleum.
    • New Tables 3.3e and 3.3f present data on U.S. petroleum exports by type of product and country of destination. Table 3.3e includes crude oil and total petroleum columns that used to appear in Table 3.3b.
    • Tables 3.2, 3.3b, 3.4, and 3.5 have been modified to include new, separate columns for Propane and Propylene.
    • Natural gas statistics have been revised in coordination with EIA's Natural Gas Annual 2017. Revisions affect data series in Energy overview, Energy consumption by sector, Natural gas, Energy prices, and Environment.
    • Updated heat contents for motor gasoline and total petroleum consumption (Table A3) from 1993 through 2017 have been incorporated. Revisions affect Btu data in Energy overview, Energy consumption by sector, Petroleum, and Environment. The revised 2017 heat contents are used as estimated 2018 heat contents.
    • Data updates
    • See the list of previous changes