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In-depth analysis
Apr 18, 2024

U.S. hydropower generation expected to increase by 6% in 2024 following last year’s lows

annual U.S. conventional hydropower electricity generation

Data source: U.S. Energy Information Administration, Short-Term Energy Outlook (STEO), April 2024
Data values: U.S. Regional Electricity Generation, Electric Power Sector

Last year, U.S. hydropower electricity generation fell to its lowest since 2001. This year, we expect hydropower to increase 6% and account for 250 billion kilowatthours of electricity generation in the power sector, based on forecasts in our Short-Term Energy Outlook (STEO). We expect hydropower to increase in nearly every part of the country, with notable increases in the Southeast and in the Northwest and Rockies. We expect other regions with significant hydropower generation to either increase slightly, such as in New York, or remain about the same, such as in California.

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In-brief analysis
Apr 17, 2024

U.S. natural gas trade will continue to grow with the startup of new LNG export projects

U.S. monthly natural gas trade
Data source: U.S. Energy Information Administration, Short-Term Energy Outlook (STEO)

In our recently released Short-Term Energy Outlook (STEO), we forecast that U.S. liquefied natural gas (LNG) exports will continue to lead growth in U.S. natural gas trade as three LNG export projects currently under construction start operations and ramp up to full production by the end of 2025. We also forecast increased natural gas exports by pipeline, mainly to Mexico. In our STEO forecast, net exports of U.S. natural gas (exports minus imports) grow 6% to 13.6 billion cubic feet per day (Bcf/d) in 2024 compared with 2023. In 2025, net exports increase another 20% to 16.4 Bcf/d.

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In-brief analysis
Apr 16, 2024

China imported record amounts of crude oil in 2023

China annual crude oil imports
Data source: China General Administration of Customs, as compiled by Bloomberg L.P.

China, the world’s largest importer of crude oil, imported 11.3 million barrels per day (b/d) of crude oil in 2023, 10% more than in 2022, according to China customs data. Refiners in China imported record volumes of crude oil in 2023 to supply the country’s increasing refining capacity in order to support the country’s transportation fuel needs and produce feedstocks for its growing petrochemical industry.

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In-brief analysis
Apr 15, 2024

The United States exported a record volume of natural gas in 2023

U.S. monthly gross natural gas exports by exit type
Data source: U.S. Energy Information Administration, Natural Gas Monthly

The United States exported 10% more natural gas in 2023 than in 2022, a record of 20.9 billion cubic feet per day (Bcf/d), according to our Natural Gas Monthly. U.S. liquefied natural gas (LNG) exports accounted for more than half of all U.S. natural gas exports, and natural gas exports by pipeline to Canada and Mexico accounted for the remainder.

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In-brief analysis
Apr 12, 2024

Natural gas filled in most of the drop in solar generation in Texas during April 8 eclipse

ERCOT hourly electricity generation
Data source: U.S. Energy Information Administration, Hourly Electric Grid Monitor
Note: X-axis shows central time. ERCOT=Electric Reliability Council of Texas

On April 8, 2024, a total solar eclipse briefly but fully obscured sunlight to utility-scale solar electric generation facilities along the eclipse’s path, from Texas through Maine. Texas was especially affected because of how much solar capacity was in the path of totality.

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In-depth analysis
Apr 11, 2024

Mild winter weather may lead to persistently high natural gas inventories through 2025

U.S. working natural gas inventories and difference from previous 5-year average

Data source: U.S. Energy Information Administration, Short-Term Energy Outlook (STEO), April 2024
Data values: U.S. Natural Gas Supply, Consumption, and Inventories

U.S. working natural gas inventories ended the winter heating season (November 1–March 31) at 2,290 billion cubic feet (Bcf), 39% more than the previous five-year (2019–23) average. Relatively high natural gas inventories all winter have contributed to record-low Henry Hub natural gas spot prices. The surplus to the five-year average grew over winter 2023–24 because of mild weather, low natural gas consumption, and high natural gas production. In our April Short-Term Energy Outlook (STEO), we expect natural gas inventories to remain relatively high and natural gas spot prices to remain relatively low through 2025.

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Announcement
Apr 10, 2024

Introducing the Wholesale Electricity Market Portal

Yesterday, we publicly released the new Wholesale Electricity Market Portal to help users examine and access electricity markets data in the seven Regional Transmission Organizations and Independent System Operators.

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In-depth analysis
Apr 10, 2024

How accurate were EIA’s Winter Fuels Outlook forecasts?

winter residential energy expenditures and weather

Data source: U.S. Energy Information Administration, Winter Fuels Outlook
Data values: Winter Fuels Outlook

Every October, in our Winter Fuels Outlook, we publish forecasts for residential energy consumption, prices, and expenditures for the upcoming winter months. Generally, these forecasts have performed well. Our October forecasts for energy expenditures during the five-month period from November 2023 through March 2024 were within 3% of our final estimates for homes primarily heated with natural gas, electricity, and propane. Estimated energy expenditures for homes primarily heated with heating oil were 13% lower than our October forecast because of mild winter weather and lower-than-expected crude oil prices.

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In-brief analysis
Apr 9, 2024

Solar capacity additions are changing the shape of daily electricity supply in Texas

Reposted on April 10, 2024 to correct multiple errors.

ERCOT average hourly electricity generation in winter compared
Data source: U.S. Energy Information Administration, Hourly Electric Grid Monitor
Note: Other fuels include coal, natural gas, hydropower, and nuclear. Utility-scale solar only. Winter is the full months of December, January, and February. ERCOT=Electric Reliability Council of Texas.

The electricity mix of energy sources in Texas, managed by the Electric Reliability Council of Texas (ERCOT) electricity grid operator, changed noticeably in 2023. Although wind power remains the largest source of renewable power in the state, the installation of new wind turbine capacity slowed in 2023, while additions of solar generating capacity, often co-located with storage, grew rapidly. With more solar capacity on the ERCOT electricity grid, we expect less use of natural gas generation during the middle of the day when solar generation displaces it. We also expect less use of natural gas in the summer when electricity demand is at its highest in Texas. However, natural gas will continue to be a key source of electricity generation in the evening when demand is high and solar generation diminishes as the sun goes down.

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In-brief analysis
Apr 8, 2024

U.S. refiners and chemical manufacturers lead hydrogen production and consumption

average U.S. purchase price for hydrogen by manufacturing subsector in 2018
Data source: U.S. Energy Information Administration, Manufacturing Energy Consumption Survey, 2018, Table 7.1

U.S. manufacturers specializing in chemicals and petroleum refining have traditionally accounted for the largest shares of both hydrogen consumption and production, and they pay the least for it. With new legislation, we expect changes to how hydrogen is consumed and distributed in the country.

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In-brief analysis
Apr 5, 2024

April 8 solar eclipse will briefly limit solar electricity generation across the country

utility-scale U.S. solar generation and the path of the April 8 solar eclipse
Data source: U.S. Energy Information Administration, Preliminary Monthly Electric Generator Inventory, February 2024

On April 8, 2024, a full solar eclipse will briefly but fully obscure sunlight to utility-scale solar generation facilities from Texas through Maine with a combined 6.5 gigawatts (GW) of capacity. In addition, the eclipse will partially block sunlight to facilities with a combined 84.8 GW of capacity in an even larger swath of the United States around peak solar generating time.

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In-depth analysis
Apr 4, 2024

EIA now publishes interregional renewable diesel rail shipment data

interregional renewable diesel rail movements

Data source: U.S. Energy Information Administration, Petroleum Supply Monthly, March 2024

In our March Petroleum Supply Monthly (PSM), we introduced data on the interregional movement of renewable diesel. These new data add to our existing tanker and barge movement coverage for renewable diesel. With the new data, we now capture most of the renewable diesel movements to the U.S. West Coast, the region where most of the renewable diesel is consumed in the United States.

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In-brief analysis
Apr 3, 2024

U.S. ethane production, consumption, and exports set new records again in 2023

U.S. annual ethane production and demand
Data source: U.S. Energy Information Administration, Petroleum Supply Monthly

U.S. ethane production, consumption, and exports established new record highs in 2023, according to data from our Petroleum Supply Monthly. Continued growth in ethane consumption in the global petrochemical sector and rising ethane recovery associated with natural gas production drove these increases.

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In-brief analysis
Apr 2, 2024

U.S. petroleum product exports set another record high in 2023

Annual U.S. petroleum product exports (2015&2023)
Data source: U.S. Energy Information Administration, Petroleum Supply Monthly
Note: Total motor gasoline includes finished motor gasoline and gasoline blending components. HGLs=hydrocarbon gas liquids

Petroleum product exports from the United States averaged a record 6.1 million barrels per day (b/d) in 2023, a 2.5% increase from 2022, according to our Petroleum Supply Monthly. Propane drove the growth in U.S. petroleum product exports, offsetting decreases in gasoline and distillate exports.

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In-brief analysis
Apr 1, 2024

The United States was the world’s largest liquefied natural gas exporter in 2023

monthly liquefied natural gas exports from selected countries
Data source: U.S. Energy Information Administration, Natural Gas Monthly, Cedigaz

The United States exported more liquefied natural gas (LNG) than any other country in 2023. U.S. LNG exports averaged 11.9 billion cubic feet per day (Bcf/d)—a 12% increase (1.3 Bcf/d) compared with 2022, according to data from our Natural Gas Monthly.

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