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International Energy Outlook 2019

Release date: September 24, 2019   |  Next release date: October 2020  |   Full report

Update: March 3, 2020
EIA has resolved an issue with the factors used to convert data measured by energy content (British thermal units) to volumetric measurements (barrels) in the International Energy Outlook 2019 oil supply tables. Relevant tables and analysis now contain corrected data.


International Energy Outlook 2019

The International Energy Outlook presents an assessment by the U.S. Energy Information Administration of the outlook for international energy markets through 2050.

Note: Chart data can be accessed by right-clicking the chart in the PPT file.

Key takeaways from the Reference case include:

Infographic poster 1
  • Manufacturing centers are shifting toward Africa and South Asia, especially India, resulting in energy consumption growth
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Infographic poster 2
  • Natural gas and petroleum product consumption is rising in Asia faster than supply is growing, potentially shifting trade patterns and infrastructure investments
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Infographic poster 3
  • End-use consumption is increasingly shifting toward electricity
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Infographic poster 4
  • Falling costs, demand growth, and policy all work together to shift the electricity generation mix
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All key takeaway infographics

Issues in Focus

February 28, 2020

Effects of renewable technology capital costs on electricity capacity and generation in two illustrative regions

January 15, 2020
The effect of oil prices on natural gas production

December 12, 2019
Alternative industrial sector outcomes in India

Other related analysis

January 22, 2020
EIA projects less than a quarter of the world’s electricity generated from coal by 2050

December 12, 2019
EIA analysis explores India’s projected energy consumption

November 6, 2019
EIA projects energy consumption in air transportation to increase through 2050

October 28, 2019
EIA projects that natural gas consumption in Asia will continue to outpace supply

October 21, 2019
Global energy consumption driven by more electricity in residential, commercial buildings

October 2, 2019
EIA projects that renewables will provide nearly half of world electricity by 2050

September 30, 2019
EIA projects global energy-related CO2 emissions will increase through 2050

September 24, 2019
EIA projects nearly 50% increase in world energy usage by 2050, led by growth in Asia

September 24, 2019
The International Electricity Market Module – Fact Sheet

September 24, 2019
The Global Hydrocarbon Supply Module – Fact Sheet

Press Conference

Press release    |   Presentation PDF

Data Tables

Reference Case Summary & Detailed Tables

A1 World total primary energy consumption by region, Reference case, 2018–2050  
A2 World total energy consumption by region and fuel, Reference case, 2018–2050  
A3 World gross domestic product (GDP) by region expressed in purchasing power parity, Reference case, 2018–2050  
A4 World gross domestic product (GDP) by region expressed in market exchange rates, Reference case, 2018–2050  
A5 World liquids consumption by region, Reference case, 2018–2050  
A6 World natural gas consumption by region, Reference case, 2018–2050  

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Interactive Table Viewer ›
Provides custom data views of the IEO2019 Reference case and alternate cases.