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International Energy Outlook 2019

Release date: September 24, 2019   |  Next release date: September 2020  |   Full report

Update: October 18, 2019
EIA has identified an issue with the factors we used to convert data measured by energy content (British thermal units) to volumetric measurements (barrels) in the International Energy Outlook 2019 oil supply tables. As a result, we have removed the relevant tables and analysis, and we are investigating the issue. Once we resolve the issue and correct any errors, we will republish the updated content. Please contact the International Energy Outlook team (InternationalEnergyOutlook@eia.gov) with any questions.


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International Energy Outlook 2019

The International Energy Outlook presents an assessment by the U.S. Energy Information Administration of the outlook for international energy markets through 2050.

PDF  PPT
Note: Chart data can be accessed by right-clicking the chart in the PPT file.




Key takeaways from the Reference case include:


Infographic poster 1
  • Manufacturing centers are shifting toward Africa and South Asia, especially India, resulting in energy consumption growth
Infographic poster 2
  • Natural gas and petroleum product consumption is rising in Asia faster than supply is growing, potentially shifting trade patterns and infrastructure investments
Infographic poster 3
  • End-use consumption is increasingly shifting toward electricity
Infographic poster 4
  • Falling costs, demand growth, and policy all work together to shift the electricity generation mix

All key takeaway infographics

Other related analysis

November 6, 2019
EIA projects energy consumption in air transportation to increase through 2050

October 28, 2019
EIA projects that natural gas consumption in Asia will continue to outpace supply

October 21, 2019
Global energy consumption driven by more electricity in residential, commercial buildings

October 2, 2019
EIA projects that renewables will provide nearly half of world electricity by 2050

September 30, 2019
EIA projects global energy-related CO2 emissions will increase through 2050

September 24, 2019
EIA projects nearly 50% increase in world energy usage by 2050, led by growth in Asia

September 24, 2019
The International Electricity Market Module – Fact Sheet

September 24, 2019
The Global Hydrocarbon Supply Module – Fact Sheet


Press Conference

Press release    |   Presentation PDF


Data Tables

Reference Case Summary & Detailed Tables

A1 World total primary energy consumption by region, Reference case, 2018–2050  
A2 World total energy consumption by region and fuel, Reference case, 2018–2050  
A3 World gross domestic product (GDP) by region expressed in purchasing power parity, Reference case, 2018–2050  
A4 World gross domestic product (GDP) by region expressed in market exchange rates, Reference case, 2018–2050  
A5 World liquids consumption by region, Reference case, 2018–2050  
A6 World natural gas consumption by region, Reference case, 2018–2050  

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Provides custom data views of the IEO2019 Reference case and alternate cases.