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Annual Energy Outlook 2018

Full Release Date: February 6, 2018   |  Next Release Date:  January 2019   |  full report


Annual Energy Outlook 2018

presents yearly modeled projections
and analysis of energy topics

EIA's Annual Energy Outlook provides modeled projections of domestic energy markets through 2050, and it includes cases with different assumptions regarding macroeconomic growth, world oil prices, technological progress, and energy policies. Strong domestic production coupled with relatively flat energy demand allow the United States to become a net energy exporter over the projection period in most cases. In the Reference case, natural gas consumption grows the most on an absolute basis, and nonhydroelectric renewables grow the most on a percentage basis.

The Annual Energy Outlook provides long-term energy projections for the United States

  • Projections in the Annual Energy Outlook 2018 (AEO2018) are not predictions of what will happen, but rather modeled projections of what may happen given certain assumptions and methodologies.
  • The AEO is developed using the National Energy Modeling System (NEMS), an integrated model that captures interactions of economic changes and energy supply, demand, and prices.
  • Energy market projections are subject to much uncertainty, as many of the events that shape energy markets and future developments in technologies, demographics, and resources cannot be foreseen with certainty.
  • More information about the assumptions used in developing these projections will be available shortly after the release of the AEO.
  • The AEO is published pursuant to the Department of Energy Organization Act of 1977, which requires the U.S. Energy Information Administration Administrator to prepare annual reports on trends and projections for energy use and supply.

By Section          

Issues in Focus


Reference case tables  
A1 Table 1. Total Energy Supply, Disposition, and Price Summary
A2 Table 2. Energy Consumption by Sector and Source
A3 Table 3. Energy Prices by Sector and Source
A4 Table 4. Residential Sector Key Indicators and Consumption
A5 Table 5. Commercial Sector Indicators and Consumption
A6 Table 6. Industrial Sector Key Indicators and Consumption
A7 Table 7. Transportation Sector Key Indicators and Delivered Energy Consumption
A8 Table 8. Electricity Supply, Disposition, Prices, and Emissions
A9 Table 9. Electricity Generating Capacity
A10 Table 10. Electricity Trade

Appendix tables ›

View all reference case tables ›

View all side case tables ›

Interactive Table ViewerInteractive Table Viewer ›
Provides custom data views of all AEO2018 cases. All available cases can be charted and the data for them downloaded.