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Annual Energy Outlook 2020

Release date: January 29, 2020   |  Next release date:  February 3, 2021   |  full report

EIA will release the Annual Energy Outlook 2021 through a public webcast hosted by the Bipartisan Policy Center on February 3 at 2:00 p.m. ET. Register to livestream the event.


Annual Energy Outlook 2020

The Annual Energy Outlook presents an assessment by the U.S. Energy Information Administration of the outlook for energy markets through 2050.

Full report  PDF  PPT

Webcast of release

Introduction PDF  PPT
Energy markets PDF  PPT
Critical drivers PDF  PPT
Petroleum PDF  PPT
Natural gas PDF  PPT
Electricity PDF  PPT
Buildings PDF  PPT
Industrial PDF  PPT
Transportation PDF  PPT
Emissions PDF  PPT
References PDF  PPT

Note: Chart data can be accessed by right-clicking the chart in the PPT file.

Key takeaways from the Reference case include:

Infographic poster 1
  • In the U.S. Energy Information Administration’s (EIA) Annual Energy Outlook 2020 (AEO2020) Reference case, U.S. energy consumption grows more slowly than gross domestic product throughout the projection period (2050) as U.S. energy efficiency continues to increase. This decline in the energy intensity of the U.S. economy continues through 2050.
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Infographic poster 2
  • The electricity generation mix continues to experience a rapid rate of change, with renewables the fastest-growing source of electricity generation through 2050 because of continuing declines in the capital costs for solar and wind that are supported by federal tax credits and higher state-level renewables targets. With slow load growth and increasing electricity production from renewables, U.S. coal-fired and nuclear electricity generation declines; most of the decline occurs by the    mid-2020s.
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Infographic poster 3
  • The United States continues to produce historically high levels of crude oil and natural gas. Slow growth in domestic consumption of these fuels leads to increasing exports of crude oil, petroleum products, and liquefied natural gas.
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Infographic poster 4
  • After falling during the first half of the projection period, total U.S. energy-related carbon dioxide emissions resume modest growth in the 2030s, driven largely by increases in energy demand in the transportation and industrial sectors; however, by 2050, they remain 4% lower than 2019 levels.
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All key takeaway infographics

Issues in Focus

March 5, 2020
Alternative Policies

January 29, 2020
Alternative Renewables Cost Assumptions in AEO2020


Reference case tables  
A1 Table 1. Total Energy Supply, Disposition, and Price Summary
A2 Table 2. Energy Consumption by Sector and Source
A3 Table 3. Energy Prices by Sector and Source
A4 Table 4. Residential Sector Key Indicators and Consumption
A5 Table 5. Commercial Sector Indicators and Consumption
A6 Table 6. Industrial Sector Key Indicators and Consumption
A7 Table 7. Transportation Sector Key Indicators and Delivered Energy Consumption
A8 Table 8. Electricity Supply, Disposition, Prices, and Emissions
A9 Table 9. Electricity Generating Capacity
A10 Table 10. Electricity Trade

Appendix tables ›

View all reference case tables ›

View all side case tables ›

Interactive Table ViewerInteractive Table Viewer ›
Provides custom data views of all AEO2019 cases. All available cases can be charted and the data for them downloaded.

Press Conference

Press release    |   Presentation PDF

Other related analysis

January 29, 2020
EIA’s Annual Energy Outlook 2020 projects consumption growing more slowly than production