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Residential Energy Consumption Survey (RECS)

Methodology

Comparing the 2015 RECS with Previous RECS and Other Studies

This document describes differences between the 2015 Residential Energy Consumption Survey (RECS) and the 2009 RECS and previous studies, and compares RECS with estimates derived from external sources. Users should be aware of these differences when comparing estimates from one round of RECS to another, and when comparing RECS with other studies.


2015 Consumption and Expenditures Technical Documentation Summary

This document provides the methodological descriptions for the Energy Supplier Survey (ESS), consumption and expenditures annualization and imputation, and end-use estimation modeling and calibration procedures.


2015 Household Characteristics Technical Documentation Summary

RECS is a multi-year effort consisting of a Household Survey phase, data collection from household energy suppliers, and end-use consumption and expenditures estimation.


An Assessment of Interval Data and Their Potential Application to Residential Electricity End-Use Modeling

The Energy Information Administration (EIA) is investigating the potential benefits of incorporating interval electricity data into its residential energy end use models.


An Assessment of EIA's Building Consumption Data

The U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) routinely uses feedback from customers and outside experts to help improve its programs and products.


Features

RECS One in three U.S. households faced challenges in paying energy bills in 2015

Release Date: October 31, 2017

Nearly one-third of U.S. households (31%) reported facing a challenge in paying energy bills or sustaining adequate heating and cooling in their home in 2015. According to the most recent results from EIA’s Residential Energy Consumption Survey (RECS), about one in five households reported reducing or forgoing basic necessities like food and medicine to pay an energy bill and 14% reported receiving a disconnection notice for energy service.


RECS U.S. households' heating equipment choices are diverse and vary by climate region

                                                  Release Date: April 6, 2017

Data from the 2015 Residential Energy Consumption Survey (RECS) show that the majority of American households use one of three types of equipment as their main source of heat during the winter: natural gas furnaces, electric furnaces, or electric heat pumps. The range of equipment and fuels, however, varies across and within U.S. climate regions.


RECS Average number of televisions in U.S. homes declining

Release Date: February 28, 2017

Results from the U.S Energy Information Administration’s most recent Residential Energy Consumption Survey (RECS) show that an average of 2.3 televisions were used in American homes in 2015, down from an average of 2.6 televisions per household in 2009.