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Hawaii   Hawaii Profile

State Profile and Energy Estimates

Changes to the State Energy Data System (SEDS) Notice: In October 2023, we updated the way we calculate primary energy consumption of electricity generation from noncombustible renewable energy sources (solar, wind, hydroelectric, and geothermal). Visit our Changes to 1960—2022 conversion factor for renewable energy page to learn more.

Profile Overview

Quick Facts

  • Hawaii requires that 100% of its electricity be generated by renewable sources of energy by 2045. In 2022, about 29% of the state's total generation came from renewables.
  • Despite having the third-lowest total energy consumption, Hawaii uses almost seven times more energy than it produces.
  • In 2022, solar power provided about 17% of Hawaii's total electricity, primarily from small-scale, customer-sited solar power generation that is the 10th-highest among the states.
  • Petroleum accounts for about four-fifths of Hawaii's total energy consumption, the highest share for any state.
  • Hawaii has the highest electricity retail price of any state and it is nearly triple the U.S. average.

Last Updated: March 16, 2023

More Data & Analysis in Hawaii