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Minnesota   Minnesota Profile

State Profile and Energy Estimates

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Profile Overview

Quick Facts

  • Minnesota has 426 E85 (a blend of 15% motor gasoline and 85% ethanol) fueling stations, more than any other state, and it was the nation's fifth-largest fuel ethanol producer in 2020, accounting for 8% of U.S. total production.
  • About 30% of all U.S. crude oil imports flow through Minnesota, and Pine Bend Refinery in Minnesota is the largest crude oil refinery located in a non-oil-producing state.
  • About 27% of utility-scale electricity generation in Minnesota came from coal-fired electric power plants in 2021, down from 53% in 2011.
  • In 2021, Minnesota's two nuclear power plants, Prairie Island and Monticello, fueled 24% of the state's electricity net generation.
  • In 2021, renewable resources supplied 29% of Minnesota's total in-state electricity generation. The state was ninth in the nation in total generation from wind, and wind accounted for 75% of the state's renewable generation.

Last Updated: July 21, 2022

More Data & Analysis in Minnesota

Minnesota, U.S. Rankings

Total Energy per Capita 19
Total Energy per Capita 29
Total Energy 31
Crude Oil --
Natural Gas --
Coal --
Electricity 31
Natural Gas 36
Electricity 22
Carbon Dioxide Emissions 21

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Today In Energy

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U.S. Energy Mapping System

U.S. Energy Mapping System


State Profiles updates

State Profiles notes and sources

SEDS notes and documentation

Other Resources

Minnesota Department of Commerce, Energy

Minnesota Department of Commerce, Energy Assistance Program

Minnesota Public Utilities Commission

Minnesota Department of Commerce, Clean Energy

Minnesota Department of Agriculture


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