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Minnesota   Minnesota Profile

State Profile and Energy Estimates

Profile Overview

Quick Facts

  • In 2017, Minnesota ranked fourth in the nation in ethanol production capacity and fourth in operating production.
  • The Pine Bend Refinery, the largest oil refinery in Minnesota, is the largest oil refinery located in a non-oil-producing state.
  • About 39% of utility-scale electricity generation in Minnesota came from coal-fired electric power plants in 2017, down from 49% in 2014.  Almost all of Minnesota's coal supply comes by rail from Wyoming and Montana.
  • Minnesota's two nuclear power plants, Monticello and Prairie Island, accounted for 23% of the state's net electricity generation in 2017.
  • In 2017, Minnesota ranked eighth in the nation in electricity net generation from wind energy. The state's wind farms generated almost 10.9 million megawatthours of electricity that year.

Last Updated: March 15, 2018

More Data & Analysis in Minnesota

Minnesota, U.S. Rankings

Total Energy per Capita 20
Total Energy per Capita 25
Total Energy 32
Crude Oil --
Natural Gas --
Coal --
Electricity 27
Natural Gas 44
Electricity 17
Carbon Dioxide Emissions 22

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Today In Energy

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U.S. Energy Mapping System

U.S. Energy Mapping System


State Profiles updates

State Profiles notes and sources

SEDS notes and documentation

Other Resources

Minnesota Department of Commerce, Energy

Minnesota Department of Commerce, Low Income Energy Assistance Program

Minnesota Public Utilities Commission

Minnesota Department of Commerce, Clean Energy

Minnesota Department of Agriculture, Renewable Energy


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