U.S. Energy Information Administration logo
‹ U.S. States

South Dakota   South Dakota Profile

State Profile and Energy Estimates

Profile Overview

Quick Facts

  • South Dakota ranked sixth in the nation in ethanol production capacity in 2018, and accounted for 7% of U.S. total fuel ethanol production.
  • In 2018, renewable resources provided 70% of South Dakota's net electricity generation—46% from hydroelectric power and 24% from wind energy.
  • Oil production in South Dakota has been fairly steady for three decades, ranging between about 1 million and 2 million barrels per year.
  • Per capita retail electricity sales in South Dakota are well above the national average in part because about one-third of households use electricity as their primary energy source for home heating during the state's extremely cold winters.
  • Coal-fired power plants supplied 21% of South Dakota's net generation in 2018, down from 52% in 2008. At the same time, the contribution from natural gas rose from 3% in 2008 to 9% in 2018.

Last Updated: March 21, 2019

More Data & Analysis in South Dakota

South Dakota, U.S. Rankings

Total Energy per Capita 8
Total Energy per Capita 5
Total Energy 39
Crude Oil 25
Natural Gas 29
Coal --
Electricity 44
Natural Gas 45
Electricity 40
Carbon Dioxide Emissions 46

See rankings for all states ›

Today In Energy

See all articles for this state ›

U.S. Energy Mapping System

U.S. Energy Mapping System


State Profiles updates

State Profiles notes and sources

SEDS notes and documentation

Other Resources

South Dakota Public Utilities Commission

South Dakota Bureau of Administration, Statewide Energy Management

South Dakota Department of Social Services - Energy and Weatherization Assistance

South Dakota Energy Smart

EIA South Dakota Flickr Album


Play a short video to learn how to use this tool.