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South Dakota   South Dakota Profile

State Profile and Energy Estimates

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Profile Overview

Quick Facts

  • In 2017, South Dakota accounted for about 7% of U.S. total fuel ethanol production, and in 2019, the state ranked sixth in the nation in ethanol production capacity.
  • In 2019, renewable resources provided about 68% of South Dakota's electricity net generation. Hydroelectric power accounted for almost 45% of total generation and wind about 24%.
  • Oil production in South Dakota has been fairly steady for three decades, ranging between about 1 million and 2 million barrels per year; however, the state accounts for less than 0.1% of U.S. production.
  • Per capita electricity retail sales to South Dakota's residential sector are well above the national average in part because about one-third of households use electricity as their primary energy source for home heating during the state's extremely cold winters.
  • Coal-fired power plants supplied 21% of South Dakota's electricity net generation in 2019, down from 52% in 2008. At the same time, natural gas's contribution rose from 3% in 2008 to 11% in 2019.

Last Updated: April 16, 2020

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