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Montana   Montana Profile

State Profile and Energy Estimates

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Profile Overview

Quick Facts

  • Montana has the nation's largest recoverable coal reserves, which is about 30% of the U.S. total, and the state accounts for about 5% of U.S. coal production.
  • Montana's temperature extremes and its small population contribute to the state's residential sector having the second-highest per capita energy consumption of any state, behind only North Dakota.
  • In 2019, Montana ranked among the top 10 states with the largest share of electricity generated from renewables, about 45%. Montana is also the sixth-largest producer of hydroelectric power in the nation, and 6 of the state's 10 largest generating plants produce hydropower.
  • Coal-fired power plants provided the largest share of Montana's electricity generation in 2019, but coal accounted for less than 40% of the state’s generation at the end of 2020 as hydropower provided the largest share.
  • In 2019, about 14% of the natural gas the United States imported by pipeline from Canada entered through Montana, and the state has the largest single underground natural gas storage site in the nation with 287 billion cubic feet of space.

Last Updated: February 18, 2021

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