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Montana   Montana Profile

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Quick Facts

  • The Bakken and Three Forks formations in the Williston Basin of Montana and North Dakota are currently estimated to be capable of producing 7.4 billion barrels of oil. 
  • As of the end of 2015, Montana held nearly one-fourth of the nation's demonstrated coal reserve base and was the sixth-largest coal-producing state. It produced 4.7% of U.S. coal in 2015 and distributed coal to seven other states.
  • Montana's four refineries, with more than 31% of U.S. Petroleum Administration for Defense District 4 (Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Utah, and Wyoming) refining capacity as of January 1, 2016, process domestic and Canadian crude oils for regional markets.
  • Hydroelectric power provided almost one-third of Montana's net electricity generation in 2015 and wind energy provided most of the rest of the state's renewable generation. 
  • Montana has the second largest amount of land in farms, and the industrial sector, which includes agriculture, is the largest energy-consuming sector in the state.

Last Updated: January 19, 2017

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