‹ U.S. States

Montana   Montana Profile

State Profile and Energy Estimates

Profile Overview

Full Screen

Quick Facts

  • The Bakken and Three Forks formations in the Williston Basin of Montana and North Dakota are currently estimated to be capable of producing 7.4 billion barrels of oil. 
  • As of the end of 2015, Montana held nearly one-fourth of the nation's demonstrated coal reserve base and was the sixth-largest coal-producing state. It produced 4.7% of U.S. coal in 2015 and distributed coal to seven other states.
  • Montana's four refineries, with more than 31% of U.S. Petroleum Administration for Defense District 4 (Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Utah, and Wyoming) refining capacity as of January 1, 2016, process domestic and Canadian crude oils for regional markets.
  • Hydroelectric power provided almost one-third of Montana's net electricity generation in 2015 and wind energy provided most of the rest of the state's renewable generation. 
  • Montana has the second largest amount of land in farms, and the industrial sector, which includes agriculture, is the largest energy-consuming sector in the state.

Last Updated: January 19, 2017

More Data & Analysis in Montana

Montana, U.S. Rankings

Total Energy per Capita 14
Total Energy per Capita 10
Total Energy 18
Crude Oil 12
Natural Gas 21
Coal 6
Electricity 39
Natural Gas 43
Electricity 38
Carbon Dioxide Emissions 42

See rankings for all states ›

Today In Energy

See all articles for this state ›

Montana at a Glance

Energy Use
Fact Sheet ›

U.S. Energy Mapping System

U.S. Energy Mapping System


Record of Updates

Notes & Sources

Other Resources

Montana Public Service Commission

Montana Department of Public Health and Human Services, Low Income Energy Assistance

Montana Department of Environmental Quality, Coal and Uranium Program, Coal Section

Montana Department of Environmental Quality, Energy

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicle Data Center, Federal and State Incentives and Laws


Play a short video to learn how to use this tool.