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Northern Mariana Islands   Northern Mariana Islands Profile

Territory Profile and Energy Estimates

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Profile Overview

Quick Facts

  • The Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (CNMI) meets nearly all of its energy needs with imported petroleum products, including diesel fuel used for both electricity generation and transportation. Refined petroleum accounted for 21% of CNMI's import costs in 2018.
  • Electricity customers in CNMI pay a fuel surcharge that varies with the price of diesel fuel. In August 2020, CNMI's fuel surcharge was 37% less than a year earlier because of a decline in world petroleum demand and prices, due, in part, to the global coronavirus pandemic.
  • In 2017, GDP per capita in CNMI was less than half that of the United States, but CNMI had one of the fastest growing economies in the world that year, primarily because of increased tourism and new casinos.
  • CNMI had no solar energy capacity in 2010, but by 2020, it had 2 megawatts with plans to add two new solar power plants with a combined capacity of 5 megawatts.
  • CNMI's electric utility generates electricity at five diesel-fueled power plants--three on Saipan and one each on Tinian and Rota--and the territory’s entire population has access to electricity.

Last Updated: December 17, 2020