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New York   New York Profile

State Profile and Energy Estimates

Changes to the State Energy Data System (SEDS) Notice: In October 2023, we updated the way we calculate primary energy consumption of electricity generation from noncombustible renewable energy sources (solar, wind, hydroelectric, and geothermal). Visit our Changes to 1960—2022 conversion factor for renewable energy page to learn more.

Profile Overview

Quick Facts

  • New York law requires 70% renewable electricity by 2030 and 100% carbon-free electricity from both renewable sources and nuclear energy by 2040. In 2022, renewable sources and nuclear power combined supplied 51% of New York's total in-state generation from utility-scale and small-scale facilities.
  • Nuclear power accounted for 21% of New York's utility-scale net generation in 2022, down from 34% in 2019 because the Indian Point nuclear power plant, one of the state's four nuclear power plants, shut down. The last two reactors at the Indian Point plant shutdown in 2020 and 2021.
  • In 2022, New York accounted for 11% of U.S. hydroelectricity net generation, and the state was the third-largest producer of hydropower in the nation, after Washington and Oregon.
  • New York consumes less total energy per capita than the residents in all but one other state, and per capita energy consumption in New York’s transportation sector is lower than in all other states.
  • New York’s per capita energy-related carbon dioxide emissions are consistently lower than those of any other state in the nation.

Last Updated: December 21, 2023

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