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New York   New York Profile

State Profile and Energy Estimates

Changes to the State Energy Data System (SEDS) Notice: In October 2023, we are updating the way we calculate primary energy consumption of electricity generation from noncombustible renewable energy sources (solar, wind, hydroelectric, and geothermal). Visit our Changes to 1960—2022 conversion factor for renewable energy page to learn more.

Profile Overview

Quick Facts

  • New York revised its Clean Energy Standard in 2019 to require 100% carbon-free electricity from both renewable sources and nuclear energy by 2040. In 2021, renewable sources and nuclear power, together, supplied 54% of New York's total in-state generation from utility-scale and small-scale facilities.
  • Nuclear power accounted for 25% of New York's utility-scale net generation in 2021, down from 34% in 2019 because of the closure of Indian Point nuclear power plant, one of the state's four nuclear power plants. The last two reactors at the plant shutdown in 2020 and 2021.
  • In 2021, New York accounted for 11% of U.S. hydroelectricity net generation, and the state was the third-largest producer of hydropower in the nation, after Washington and Oregon.
  • New York consumes less total energy per capita than the residents in all but two other states, and per capita energy consumption in New York’s transportation sector is lower than in all other states.
  • In 2020, New York’s per capita energy-related carbon dioxide emissions were lower than those of any other state in the nation.

Last Updated: November 17, 2022

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