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Maryland   Maryland Profile

State Profile and Energy Estimates

Changes to the State Energy Data System (SEDS) Notice: In October 2023, we updated the way we calculate primary energy consumption of electricity generation from noncombustible renewable energy sources (solar, wind, hydroelectric, and geothermal). Visit our Changes to 1960—2022 conversion factor for renewable energy page to learn more.

Profile Overview

Quick Facts

  • Maryland's per capita petroleum consumption is the fourth lowest among the states, and the transportation sector uses about 8 out of every 10 barrels of petroleum consumed in Maryland.
  • Baltimore is the nation’s second-largest coal exporting port after Norfolk, Virginia. In 2022, about one-fifth of U.S. coal exports left through Baltimore.
  • In 2022, Maryland's only nuclear power plant--the Calvert Cliffs power station--accounted for 39% of the state's total electricity net generation.
  • Maryland ranks among the 10 states with the lowest per capita natural gas use. The electric power sector is the state's top natural gas-consuming sector and in 2022 consumed a record amount of natural gas.
  • Maryland’s legislature enacted a law in 2022 to further reduce the state’s greenhouse gas emissions 60% from 2006 levels by 2031 and reach a net-zero emissions level by 2045.

Last Updated: December 21, 2023

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