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US Virgin Islands   US Virgin Islands Profile

Territory Profile and Energy Estimates

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Profile Overview

Quick Facts

  • In 2020, propane generated about two-thirds of the U.S. Virgin Islands' electricity, fuel oil about one-third, and solar energy about 2%. 
  • The average price of electricity paid by U.S. Virgin Island residents was about 43 cents per kilowatthour in mid-2021, which was more than three times higher than the U.S. average power price of 14 cents.
  • The U.S. Virgin Islands requires that solar-powered water heaters provide 70% of a building's heated water needs in all new construction and major renovations.
  • The Hovensa petroleum refinery resumed operations in February 2021, but was shut down a few months later and then sold in December 2021 to a new company that plans to restart the facility.
  • In 2020, less than 10% of the U.S. Virgin Islands' electricity generating capacity was fueled by renewables, with almost two-thirds of that capacity coming from customer-installed, small rooftop solar panel systems and about one-third from large solar energy facilities.

Last Updated: January 20, 2022

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State Profiles notes and sources

SEDS notes and documentation

Other Resources

Virgin Islands Energy Office

Virgin Islands Public Service Commission

U. S. Virgin Islands Department of Human Services, Family Assistance Programs/Energy Assistance

Virgin Islands Water and Power Authority

University of the Virgin Islands, Caribbean Green Technology Center


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