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Alabama   Alabama Profile

State Profile and Energy Estimates

Changes to the State Energy Data System (SEDS) Notice: In October 2023, we updated the way we calculate primary energy consumption of electricity generation from noncombustible renewable energy sources (solar, wind, hydroelectric, and geothermal). Visit our Changes to 1960—2022 conversion factor for renewable energy page to learn more.

Profile Overview

Quick Facts

  • Alabama ranks sixth among the states in the production of electricity, and the state's total electricity consumption per capita is the fourth-highest in the nation.
  • Alabama is the fifth-largest producer of electricity from nuclear power in the nation. The state's Browns Ferry nuclear power plant, with three reactors, is the second-largest U.S. nuclear electric generating facility after Arizona’s Palo Verde nuclear power plant.
  • In 2022, Mobile was the largest port of entry for U.S. coal imports by volume and the fourth-largest port for coal exports. Almost 90% of the coal mined in Alabama is exported.
  • Alabama is the sixth-largest hydroelectric power producer among the states. Twenty-three hydroelectric dams provided almost 7% of the state's electricity net generation in 2022.
  • Alabama's three wood pellet plants have a combined production capacity of 683,000 tons a year. The state has the seventh-largest wood pellet production capacity, accounting for 5% of the U.S. total.

Last Updated: October 19, 2023

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