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New Mexico   New Mexico Profile

State Profile and Energy Estimates

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Profile Overview

Quick Facts

  • New Mexico is the nation’s third-largest oil-producing state, after Texas and North Dakota, and is one of only three states that saw an increase in production from 2019 to 2020, when New Mexico accounted for more than 9% of U.S. crude oil production.
  • New Mexico is among the top 10 natural gas-producing states and has about 5% of the nation’s proved dry natural gas reserves. In 2020, the state accounted for about 5% of U.S. gross withdrawals of natural gas.
  • New Mexico has about 2% of the nation’s estimated recoverable coal reserves and has the ninth-largest reserve base among the states. In 2019, the state accounted for 2% of U.S. coal production.
  • In 2020, wind energy accounted for 21% of New Mexico’s utility-scale electricity net generation. and by the end of the year the state had about  2,558 megawatts of wind-powered electricity generating capacity.
  • New Mexico has no nuclear power plants, but it does have the nation's second-largest amount of known uranium reserves. As of 2019, two uranium in-situ leach plant projects in New Mexico were in the permitting and licensing process.

Last Updated: March 18, 2021

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