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California   California Profile

State Profile and Energy Estimates

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Profile Overview

Quick Facts

  • In 2021, California was the seventh-largest producer of crude oil among the 50 states, and, as of January 2021, it ranked third in crude oil refining capacity. 
  • California is the largest consumer of jet fuel and second-largest consumer of motor gasoline among the 50 states and, the state accounted for 15% of the nation’s jet fuel consumption and 10% of motor gasoline consumption in 2020. 
  • In 2019, California was the second-largest total energy consumer among the states, but its per capita energy consumption was less than in all other states except Rhode Island, due in part to its mild climate and its energy efficiency programs.
  • In 2021, California was the nation’s top producer of electricity from solar, geothermal, and biomass energy. The state was fourth in the nation in conventional hydroelectric power generation, down from second in 2019, in part because of drought and increased water demand.
  • In 2021, California was the fourth-largest electricity producer in the nation, but the state was also the nation’s second-largest consumer of electricity, and in 2020, it received about 30% of its electricity supply from generating facilities outside of California, including imports from Mexico.

Last Updated: March 17, 2022

More Data & Analysis in California

California, U.S. Rankings

Total Energy per Capita 48
Total Energy per Capita 34
Total Energy 11
Crude Oil 7
Natural Gas 15
Coal --
Electricity 4
Natural Gas 4
Electricity 5
Carbon Dioxide Emissions 2

See rankings for all states ›

Today In Energy

Residential retail electric choice participation rate has leveled off since 2019
Mar 14, 2023

After dropping to a 20-year low, western U.S. hydropower generation rose 13% last year
Feb 21, 2023

See all articles for this state ›

California at a Glance

California Daily
Energy Report ›


State Profiles updates

State Profiles notes and sources

SEDS notes and documentation

Other Resources

California Energy Commission

California Public Utilities Commission (CPUC), Energy

California Department of Community Services and Development

California Department of Conservation, Geologic Energy Management Division

California Air Resources Board


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