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Florida   Florida Profile

State Profile and Energy Estimates

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Profile AnalysisPrint State Energy Profile
(overview, data, & analysis)

Last Updated: November 19, 2020

Overview

Florida is the fourth-largest energy consumer among the states, but its per capita energy consumption is third-lowest.

The Florida peninsula extends almost 450 miles south from the Georgia border to the Florida Keys in the Gulf of Mexico. The state's northern boundary stretches about 360 miles from the Atlantic Ocean across the Florida Panhandle to the state's western boundary with Alabama.1 Known as the Sunshine State, Florida contains significant solar energy potential as well as substantial biomass resources and some oil and natural gas reserves.2,3,4,5 The warm waters of the Gulf Stream wrap around the more than 1,100 miles of state coastline and moderate Florida's climate. The Gulf Stream makes the state one of the most humid in the nation with frequent summer thunderstorms and occasional devastating hurricanes.6,7 The southernmost of the 48 contiguous states, Florida's climate ranges from tropical to subtropical, and the state has taken more direct hits from tropical storms and hurricanes than any other state in the nation.8,9

Florida consumes almost eight times as much energy as it produces.10 Until the 20th century, the state was largely rural and sparsely populated, but Florida has been one of the fastest growing states in the past century, in part because air conditioning became widely available and because of the state's popularity as a tourist and retirement destination.11,12 In 2018, Florida was the third-most populated state and the fourth-largest energy-consuming state.13,14 However, Florida ranks third-lowest in the nation in per capita energy consumption, mainly because of its large population and relatively low industrial sector energy use.15,16 The transportation sector, which includes the energy used by the automobiles, trains, planes, and ships that bring the many tourists who visit Florida's beaches and attractions, leads end-use energy consumption, and it accounted for almost two-fifths of the state's total energy use in 2018. The residential sector, where almost all homes use air conditioning, accounted for more than one-fourth of state energy consumption.17,18 Florida's commercial sector accounted for nearly one-fourth of state energy use and the industrial sector accounted for slightly more than one-tenth.19

Electricity

Florida is the second-largest producer of electricity in the nation.

Florida is the second-largest producer of electricity in the nation, after Texas.20 In 2019, natural gas fueled three-fourths of Florida's net generation, and 7 of the state's 10 largest power plants by capacity and by generation are natural gas-fired.21,22 Coal had fueled the largest share of electricity generated in Florida until 2003, when natural gas-fired generation surpassed coal's contribution for the first time. In 2019, less than one-tenth of Florida's net generation was coal-fired, down from about one-third in 2003.23 Two-thirds of the state's natural gas-fired power plants can switch to petroleum fuels in the event of disruptions in the natural gas supply.24,25 Even though petroleum-fired power plants provided less than 0.2% of Florida's generation in 2019, petroleum liquids remain an important backup fuel source at many of the state's natural gas-fired power plants.26

The second-largest source of in-state generation in Florida is nuclear power. The state's two nuclear power stations, located on Florida's Atlantic Coast, typically provide more than one-tenth of the state's net generation.27,28 A third nuclear power plant, on the state's Gulf coast, ceased power generation in 2009.29 Two proposed nuclear reactors at an existing nuclear power station south of Miami have received licenses. However, plans to construct those reactors have been put on hold as the plant's owner reconsiders the project because of increased construction costs and competition from other fuels.30 Renewables, mainly biomass and solar energy, petroleum coke, and generation at industrial plants that use multiple fuels accounted for almost all the remaining net generation in Florida.31 Almost all the state's recent and planned additions of generating capacity are natural gas-fueled or solar powered.32,33

Although Florida is one of the nation's top producers of electricity, the state does not produce enough electricity to meet its power needs.34,35 Florida is the third-largest electricity consumer in the nation, after Texas and California, and electricity demand is expected to increase in the years ahead as the state's population continues to grow.36,37,38 The residential sector, where more than 9 in 10 Florida households use electricity as their primary energy source for home heating and air conditioning, consumes more than half of the electricity used in Florida.39,40 The commercial sector accounts for about two-fifths of state consumption, and the industrial sector uses most of the rest. A very small amount of electricity is used in the transportation sector.41

Renewable energy

Biomass and solar energy provide most of Florida’s renewable-sourced electricity generation.

Renewable energy fueled about 4% of Florida's net generation in 2019, and most of the state's renewable-sourced electricity generation comes from solar energy and biomass.42 At the end of 2019, Florida ranked fifth in the nation in total solar power generating capacity, and utility- and small-scale solar installations contributed more than one-half of the state's renewable-sourced net generation. About 85% of the state's solar generation is at utility-scale (1 megawatt or larger) facilities.43,44 Florida is one of only four states with utility-scale electricity generation from solar thermal technologies that concentrate sunlight to produce the high temperatures needed to generate electricity.45,46 The Martin Next Generation Solar Energy Center in Martin County, Florida, is a 75-megawatt concentrating solar power facility with almost 200,000 mirrors, and it is combined with a 1,100-megawatt natural gas-fired power plant. The Martin plant is the only concentrating solar thermal generating facility east of the Rocky Mountains.47,48

Florida accounts for about 8% of the nation's biomass-fueled electricity generation, more than all but two other states, California and Georgia, and biomass fuels almost all of the non-solar renewable generation in Florida.49,50 The largest share of the state's almost 1,200 megawatts of biomass-fueled generating capacity is at plants that process municipal solid waste, followed by those fueled by wood and wood waste.51 However, Florida has a variety of other biomass resources that are burned at utility-scale electricity generating facilities throughout the state, including sugarcane waste (bagasse), citrus pulp, other plant and animal agricultural residues, and yard waste.52 The state's biomass resources also provide feedstock for a wood pellet manufacturing plant located in the state's Panhandle. That plant has a production capacity of about 827,000 tons per year.53 Although there are many landfill gas facilities in Florida, they account for only 6% of the state's biomass generating capacity.54

Florida has few other renewable energy assets. A small amount of power is generated at one hydroelectric plant in the Florida Panhandle.55,56 However, the state's flat terrain gives Florida little opportunity for hydropower development.57 The state also has no significant wind resources, onshore or offshore, and no utility-scale wind power generating capacity. However, some wind power components are manufactured in Florida.58,59,60

Florida does not have a renewable energy portfolio standard, but it does have state and local incentives, tax credits, and loan programs for certain renewable energy technologies.61,62 The state has adopted net metering and interconnection rules for qualifying customer-sited renewable energy generating facilities.63,64 Florida utilities also have individual energy efficiency goals set by the Florida Public Service Commission.65

Petroleum

Florida has minor crude oil reserves and accounts for less than 0.1% of the nation's crude oil production.66,67 Onshore drilling for oil and gas in Florida began in 1901 and more than 80 exploration wells were drilled in the state before oil was discovered in southwest Florida in 1943.68 Annual crude oil production in the state peaked at more than 47 million barrels in 1978 with the development of the Jay Field in the Panhandle in northwestern Florida. Since 1978, statewide production has fallen and has been less than 2 million barrels annually since 2008.69,70 Geologists believe there may be substantial additional reserves in federal waters off Florida's western coast in the Gulf of Mexico.71 However, since 1989, Florida has banned drilling in both Atlantic and Gulf of Mexico state waters. In 2006, Congress banned oil and gas leasing in federal offshore areas in the central Gulf of Mexico planning area within 100 miles of Florida's coastline and in most of the eastern Gulf of Mexico planning area within 125 miles of Florida's coast. The ban on federal oil and gas leases off of the state's Gulf coast was to expire in 2022, but a Presidential Memorandum signed in 2020 extends the ban for another 10 years and includes federal areas off Florida's Atlantic coast.72,73,74

Florida does not have any crude oil refineries or interstate petroleum pipelines.75,76 As a result, the state is reliant on petroleum products delivered to inland terminals by rail, tanker, and barge, and to marine terminals located at Jacksonville, Port Canaveral, Tampa, and other ports in the state. Petroleum products, including residual fuel oil, jet fuel, motor gasoline, low-sulfur distillate, and asphalt, arrive in Florida ports from around the world.77 An intrastate pipeline transports petroleum products from Tampa across central Florida to Orlando.78

In part because of Florida's large population and the tourist industry, as well as the heavy passenger and cargo traffic through its international airports, the state is among the top five petroleum consuming states in the nation, but it is also among the lowest five states in per capita use.79 In 2018, Florida ranked third in the nation in total motor gasoline consumption, and in 2019, the state ranked third in jet fuel consumption.80,81,82

Tourism and traffic through busy international airports drive petroleum consumption in Florida’s transportation sector.

About nine-tenths of Florida's petroleum consumption occurs in the transportation sector. Motor gasoline blended with ethanol is not required by Florida, and federal requirements for cleaner-burning summer gasoline blends in the state's urban areas were lifted in 2014.83,84 However, motor gasoline blended with ethanol is widely used, and Florida is the third-largest consumer of fuel ethanol in the nation.85 There are no ethanol production plants in the state.86 Florida biodiesel consumption ranks among the top one-third of states, much more than the state's biodiesel plants can produce.87,88 Almost all of the rest of the petroleum consumed in Florida is used in the industrial and commercial sectors. A very small amount of petroleum is used by the residential sector where 1 in 100 households use petroleum products, including fuel oil, kerosene and propane, for heating.89,90

Before 2007, petroleum liquids typically provided between one-fourth and one-tenth of Florida's electricity net generation, and the state was the top U.S. producer of electricity generated from petroleum.91,92 However, electric utilities have retired older petroleum-fired units and replaced many of them with natural gas-fired ones. Since 2011, petroleum liquids and petroleum coke together have fueled less than 2% of Florida's net generation.93,94

Natural gas

Florida does not have significant natural gas reserves, but the state does have a small amount of natural gas production, all from the same fields that produce crude oil.95 Almost all of the state's natural gas production is in the Jay Field in the Florida Panhandle, where most of the natural gas produced is reinjected into the oil zones to maintain reservoir pressures and improve oil production.96 As a result, only 5% to 15% of the state's natural gas gross withdrawals are marketed.97 Florida's natural gas production peaked in the late 1970s, but declined steadily in the next three decades. Production has risen briefly since 2009, reaching a high of more than one-third of the 1978 peak in 2012. However, production has declined again, and, in 2019, it was only one-tenth of the 1978 peak.98 Economically recoverable natural gas reserves may lie offshore in the eastern Gulf of Mexico, but, as with crude oil, exploratory drilling in state and federal waters in the eastern Gulf is not allowed.99,100,101

Florida receives nearly all the natural gas it consumes from the Gulf Coast region via major interstate pipelines. Pipelines entering Florida bring natural gas into the state through Alabama and Georgia.102,103,104 One subsea pipeline runs 745 miles across the Gulf of Mexico, forming a direct link from Mississippi and Alabama to central Florida.105 Most of the natural gas consumed in Florida is delivered to the electric power sector, which accounts for almost nine-tenths of the state's total natural gas use. The industrial sector accounts for about 8% of state consumption, and the commercial sector uses about 4%. The residential sector, where about 1 in 20 households use natural gas as a primary home heating fuel, uses about 1%. A very small amount is consumed as vehicle fuel.106,107

Coal

Florida does not have any coal reserves or production and relies on coal from several other states and from overseas to meet its limited coal demand.108,109 Domestic coal supplies for Florida's coal-fired electricity generating plants are delivered by railroad and barge, mostly from Illinois, Kentucky, and Indiana. A small amount of domestic coal is delivered to Florida industries.110 Port Tampa Bay, the largest cargo port in Florida, also receives coal imports.111,112 Almost all coal consumed in Florida is used for electricity generation.113 However, coal-fired electricity generation in the state has declined as older coal-fired units have been retired. Coal consumption in the electric power sector fell from 29 million tons in 2008 to about 9 million tons in 2019.114,115,116

Endnotes

1 State of Florida, Florida Quick Facts, Florida Geography, accessed October 12, 2020.
2 Florida Energy Systems Consortium, Biomass Energy, accessed October 12, 2020.
3 U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA), Crude Oil Proved Reserves, Reserves Changes, and Production, Proved Reserves, as of December 31, 2013-18.
4 U.S. EIA, Natural Gas Reserves Summary, Wet NG, as of December 31, 2013-18.
5 Gagnon, Pieter, Rooftop Solar Photovoltaic Technical Potential in the United States: A Detailed Assessment, National Renewable Energy Laboratory Technical Report NREL/TP-6A20-65298 (January 2016, p. vii.
6 Zimmerman, Kim Ann, "What is the Gulf Stream?" Live Science (January 15, 2013).
7 Griffin, Melissa, "Florida...The ‘Liquid' Sunshine State," The CoCoRaHS ‘State Climates' Series, accessed October 12, 2020.
8 Norrell, Robert J., Florida, Climate, Britannica, accessed October 22, 2020.
9 Donegan, Brian, "North Carolina Second Only to Florida for U.S. Tropical Storms and Hurricanes," Weather Underground (September 11, 2018).
10 U.S. EIA, State Energy Data System, Table 3, Total Primary Energy Production and Total Energy Consumption Estimates in Trillion Btu, 2018.
11 Hobbes, Frank, and Nicole Stoops, Demographic Trends in the 20th Century, U.S. Census Bureau, CENSR-4 (November 2002), p. 7, 22, 26.
12 Briney, Amanda, "The Sunbelt, The Sunbelt of the Southern and Western United States," ThoughtCo., updated August 7, 2019.
13 U.S. Census Bureau, State Population Totals and Components of Change: 2010-2019, Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for the United States, Regions, States, and Puerto Rico: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2019 (NST-EST2019-01).
14 U.S. EIA, State Energy Data System, Table C11, Energy Consumption Estimates by End Use Sector, Ranked by State, 2018.
15 U.S. EIA, State Energy Data System, Table C14, Total Energy Consumption Estimates per Capita by End-Use Sector, Ranked by State, 2018.
16 Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services, 2019 Office of Energy Annual Report, p. 1.
17 U.S. EIA, Residential Energy Consumption Survey (RECS), 2015 RECS Survey Data, Table HC7.8, Air conditioning in homes in the South and West regions, South Atlantic.
18 U.S. EIA, Residential Energy Consumption Survey (RECS), 2009 RECS Survey Data, Table HC7.10, Air conditioning in South Region, divisions, and states.
19 U.S. EIA, State Energy Data System, Table C1, Energy Consumption Overview: Estimates by Energy Source and End-Use Sector, 2018.
20 U.S. EIA, Electric Power Monthly (February 2020), Table 1.3.B.
21 U.S. EIA, Electricity Data Browser, Net generation for all sectors, Florida, Fuel Type (Check all), Annual, 2001-19.
22 U.S. EIA, Florida Electricity Profile 2018, Table 2A, Ten largest plants by capacity, 2018, and Table 2B, Ten largest plants by generation, 2018.
23 U.S. EIA, Electricity Data Browser, Net generation for all sectors, Florida, Fuel Type (Check all), Annual, 2001-19.
24 U.S. EIA, Electricity, Form EIA-860 detailed data with previous form data (EIA-860A/860B), 2019 Form EIA-860 Data, Schedule 3, 'Generator Data' (Operable Units Only).
25 U.S. Department of Energy, State of Florida Energy Sector Risk Profile, accessed November 10, 2020, p. 7.
26 U.S. EIA, Electricity Data Browser, Net generation for all sectors, Florida, Fuel Type (Check all), Annual, 2001-19.
27 U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Florida, updated October 5, 2016.
28 U.S. EIA, Florida Electricity Profile 2018, Table 5, Electric power industry generation by primary energy source, 1990 through 2018.
29 U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Crystal River Unit 3 Nuclear Generating Plant, updated November 19, 2019.
30 Walton, Robert, "Nuclear regulators to license two new reactors at Turkey Point facility," Utility Dive (April 9, 2018).
31 U.S. EIA, Electricity Data Browser, Net generation for all sectors, Florida, Fuel Type (Check all), Annual, 2001-19.
32 U.S. EIA, Electricity, Form EIA-860 detailed data with previous form data (EIA-860A/860B), 2019 Form EIA-860 Data, Schedule 3, 'Generator Data' (Operable Units Only), and Schedule 3, 'Generator Data' (Proposed Units Only).
33 U.S. EIA, Preliminary Monthly Electric Generator Inventory (based on Form EIA-860M as a supplement to Form EIA-860) , accessed November 6, 2020.
34 U.S. EIA, Electric Power Monthly (February 2020), Table 1.3.B.
35 U.S. EIA, Florida Electricity Profile 2018, Table 10, Supply and disposition of electricity, 1990-2018, Florida.
36 U.S. EIA, State Energy Data System, Table C17, Electricity Retail Sales, Total and Residential, Total and per Capita, Ranked by State, 2018.
37 Florida Public Service Commission, Statistics of the Florida Electric Utility Industry (October 2018), p. 29.
38 Lowe, Tracey, "Did You Know that Florida's Population Could Increase to Nearly 26 Million by 2030?" Florida Chamber of Commerce, accessed October 22, 2020.
39 U.S. Census Bureau, Florida, Table B25040, House Heating Fuel, 2019 American Community Survey 1-Year Estimates.
40 U.S. EIA, Residential Energy Consumption Survey (RECS), 2009 RECS Survey Data, Air Conditioning, Table HC7.10.
41 U.S. EIA, State Energy Data System, Table F20, Electricity Consumption Estimates, 2018.
42 U.S. EIA, Electricity Data Browser, Net generation for all sectors, Florida, Fuel Type (Check all), 2001-19.
43 U.S. EIA, Electric Power Monthly (February 2020), Table 6.2.B.
44 U.S. EIA, Electricity Data Browser, Net generation for all sectors, Florida, Fuel Type (Check all), Annual, 2001-19.
45 U.S. EIA, Electric Power Monthly (February 2020), Table 1.18.B.
46 U.S. EIA, Solar Explained, Solar Thermal Power Plants, accessed October 22, 2020.
47 Neville, Angela, "Top Plant: Martin Next Generation Solar Energy Center, Indiantown, Martin County, Florida," Power (December 1, 2011).
48 National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Concentrating Solar Power Projects, Martin Next Generation Solar Energy Center, updated January 25, 2013.
49 U.S. EIA, Electric Power Monthly (February 2020), Table 1.15.B.
50 U.S. EIA, Electricity Data Browser, Net generation for all sectors, Florida, Fuel Type (Check all), 2001-19.
51 U.S. EIA, Electricity, Form EIA-860 detailed data with previous form data (EIA-860A/860B), 2019 Form EIA-860 Data, Schedule 3, 'Generator Data' (Operable Units Only).
52 Florida Energy Systems Consortium, Biomass Energy, accessed October 22, 2020.
53 U.S. EIA, Monthly Densified Biomass Fuel Report, Table 1, Densified biomass fuel manufacturing facilities in the United States by state, region, and capacity, July 2020.
54 U.S. EIA, Electricity, Form EIA-860 detailed data with previous form data (EIA-860A/860B), 2019 Form EIA-860 Data, Schedule 3, 'Generator Data' (Operable Units Only).
55 U.S. EIA, Electricity Data Browser, Net generation for all sectors, Florida, Fuel Type (Check all), 2001-19.
56 U.S. EIA, Electricity, Form EIA-860 detailed data with previous form data (EIA-860A/860B), 2019 Form EIA-860 Data, Schedule 3, 'Generator Data' (Operable Units Only).
57 Kosovich, John J., "State of Florida 1:24,000- and 1:100,000-scale Quadrangle Index Map, Scientific Investigations Map 3047, Highlighting Low-Lying Areas Derived from USGS Digital Elevation Data," U.S. Geological Survey (2008).
58 U.S. Department of Energy, Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, WINDExchange, Wind Energy in Florida, accessed October 22, 2020.
59 American Wind Energy Association, Wind Energy in Florida, accessed October 22, 2020.
60 U.S. Department of Energy, Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, WINDExchange, U.S. Offshore 90-Meter Wind Resource Potential, accessed October 22, 2020.
61 Durkay, Jocelyn, State Renewable Portfolio Standards and Goals, National Conference of State Legislators (April 17, 2020).
62 NC Clean Energy Technology Center, DSIRE, Programs, Florida, Financial Incentives, accessed October 22, 2020.
63 NC Clean Energy Technology, DSIRE, Florida, Net Metering, updated November 30, 2018.
64 NC Clean Energy Technology, DSIRE, Florida, Interconnection Standards, updated July 23, 2020.
65 NC Clean Energy Technology, DSIRE, Florida, Energy Efficiency Goals, updated November 11, 2015.
66 U.S. EIA, Crude Oil Proved Reserves, Reserves Changes, and Production, Proved Reserves, as of December 31, 2013-18.
67 U.S. EIA, Crude Oil Production, Annual, 2014-19.
68 American Oil & Gas Historical Society, "First Florida Oil Well," accessed October 16, 2020.
69 Florida Department of Environmental Protection, Division of Water Resource Management, Oil and Gas Program, Field Production Data, Field Production Graphs 2019, updated September 12, 2020, Excel File.
70 U.S. EIA, Florida Field Production of Crude Oil, Annual, 1981-2019.
71 U.S. Bureau of Ocean Energy Management, 2016a National Assessment of Undiscovered Oil and Gas Resources of the U.S. Outer Continental Shelf, Table13, Risk mean-level UERR for the Gulf of Mexico OCS Region by planning area, p. 63.
72 Online Sunshine, The 2020 Florida Statutes, Title XXVIII, 377.242, accessed October 16, 2020.
73 U.S. Bureau of Ocean Energy Management, Areas Under Restriction, accessed October 16, 2020.
74 U.S. Department of the Interior, "ICYMI: No Offshore Drilling around Florida and the Southern Atlantic," Press Release (September 10, 2020).
75 U.S. EIA, Number and Capacity of Petroleum Refineries, Total Number of Operable Refineries, 2015-20.
76 U.S. EIA, Florida Profile Overview, Map, Layers/Legend, Petroleum Refinery, Crude Oil Pipeline, Petroleum Product Pipeline, HGL Pipeline, Crude Oil Rail Terminal, Petroleum Product Terminal, and Petroleum Port, accessed October 18, 2020.
77 U.S. EIA, Petroleum and Other Liquids, Company Level Imports, July 2020.
78 Kinder Morgan, Products Pipelines, Central Florida Pipeline Company, accessed October 18, 2020.
79 U.S. EIA, State Energy Data System, Table C15, Petroleum Consumption, Total and per Capita, Ranked by State, 2018.
80 Airports Council International, North American Airport Traffic Report, Top 50 2018 North American Traffic Report.
81 U.S. EIA, State Energy Data System, Table F3, Motor Gasoline Consumption, Price, and Expenditure Estimates, 2018.
82 U.S. EIA, State Energy Data System, Table F1, Jet Fuel Consumption, Price, and Expenditure Estimates, 2018.
83 American Petroleum Institute, U.S. Gasoline Requirements (January 2018).
84 U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Gasoline Standards, Relaxation of Summer Gasoline Volatility Standard for Florida and the Raleigh-Durham-Chapel Hill Area (Triangle Area) and the Greensboro/Winston-Salem/High Point Area (Triad Area) in North Carolina, updated August 2, 2018.
85 U.S. EIA, State Energy Data System, Table F25, Fuel ethanol consumption estimates, 2018.
86 U.S. EIA, U.S. Fuel Ethanol Plant Production Capacity, U.S. Nameplate Fuel Ethanol Production Capacity, January 2020, Excel File.
87 U.S. EIA, Monthly Biodiesel Production Report (September 30, 2020).
88 U.S. EIA, State Energy Data System, Table F26, Biodiesel Consumption Estimates, 2018.
89 U.S. EIA, State Energy Data System, Table F16, Total Petroleum Consumption Estimates, 2018.
90 U.S. Census Bureau, Florida, Table B25040, House Heating Fuel, 2019 American Community Survey 1-Year Estimates.
91 U.S. EIA, Electricity Data Browser, Net generation from all sectors, All states, Petroleum liquids, 2001-19.
92 U.S. EIA, Florida Electricity Profile 2018, Table 5, Electric power industry generation by primary energy source, 1990 through 2018.
93 U.S. EIA, Electricity, Form EIA-860 detailed data with previous form data (EIA-860A/860B), 2019 Form EIA-860 Data, Schedule 3, 'Generator Data' (Operable Units Only) and (Retired & Canceled Units Only).
94 U.S. EIA, Electricity Data Browser, Net generation for all sectors, Florida, All Fuels, Petroleum liquids, Petroleum coke, 2001-19.
95 U.S. EIA, Natural Gas Reserves Summary as of December 31, Florida, Annual, 2013-18.
96 Florida Department of Environmental Protection, Division of Water Resource Management, Oil and Gas Program, State Production Data, Florida Production Data 2000 to 2020, updated October 14, 2020, Excel File.
97 U.S. EIA, Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production, Florida, Annual-Million Cubic Feet, 2014-19.
98 U.S. EIA, Florida Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals, 1971-2019.
99 U.S. Bureau of Ocean Energy Management, 2016a National Assessment of Undiscovered Oil and Gas Resources of the U.S. Outer Continental Shelf, Table13, Risk mean-level UERR for the Gulf of Mexico OCS Region by planning area, p. 63.
100 Online Sunshine, The 2020 Florida Statutes, Title XXVIII, 377.242, accessed October 20, 2020.
101 U.S. Bureau of Ocean Energy Management, Areas Under Restriction, accessed October 20, 2020.
102 U.S. EIA, International and Interstate Movements of Natural Gas by State, Florida, Annual, 2014-19.
103 "Sabal Trail Pipeline Begins Service," Gas Compression Magazine (July 13, 2017).
104 Energy Transfer, Florida Gas Transmission Company, LLC, accessed October 20, 2020.
105 Gulfstream Natural Gas System, About Gulfstream, accessed October 20, 2020.
106 U.S. EIA, Natural Gas Consumption by End Use, Florida, Annual, 2014-19.
107 U.S. Census Bureau, Florida, Table B25040, House Heating Fuel, 2019 American Community Survey 1-Year Estimates.
108 U.S. EIA, Annual Coal Report 2019 (October 5, 2020), Table 15, Recoverable Coal Reserves at Producing Mines, Estimated Recoverable Reserves, and Demonstrated Reserve Base by Mining Method, 2019.
109 U.S. EIA, Annual Coal Report 2019 (October 5, 2020), Table 1, Coal Production and Number of Mines by State and Mine Type, 2019 and 2018.
110 U.S. EIA, Annual Coal Distribution Report 2019 (October 5, 2020), Domestic distribution of U.S. coal by destination State, consumer, destination and method of transportation, Florida, Table DS-8, Domestic Coal Distribution, by Destination State, 2019.
111 U.S. EIA, Quarterly Coal Report, October-December 2019 (April 2020), Table 20, Coal Imports by Customs District.
112 Port Tampa Bay, Cargo, accessed October 20, 2020.
113 U.S. EIA Annual Coal Report 2019 (October 5, 2020), Table 26, U.S. Coal Consumption by End Use Sector, Census Division, and State, 2019 and 2018.
114 U.S. EIA, Electricity Data Browser, Net generation for all sectors, Florida, All fuels, Coal, Natural gas, 2001-19.
115 U.S. EIA, "Natural gas-fired power generation has grown in Florida, displacing coal," Today in Energy (September 9, 2019).
116 U.S. EIA, Electricity Data Browser, Receipts of fossil fuels by electricity plants for all sectors, Florida, Fuel Type (Check all), 2008-19.