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Nebraska   Nebraska Profile

State Profile and Energy Estimates

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(overview, data, & analysis)

Last Updated: June 16, 2022

Overview

Nebraska’s energy-intensive food processing industry, including meatpacking, is a leading contributor to the state’s GDP.

Located in the center of the continental United States, Nebraska is a Plains state with rolling hills that include about 20,000 square miles of ancient sand dunes beneath the prairie grasses. Those sandhills cover more than one-fourth of the state and sit on top of a vast, shallow aquifer that extends beneath parts of eight states and provides the groundwater crucial for agriculture in the region.1,2 The groundwater and the fertile soils of the prairie that cover much of Nebraska make it a leading agricultural state.3,4 Nebraska produces the nation’s third-largest corn crop, and, using corn as a feedstock, the state has become the nation’s second-largest producer of fuel ethanol.5,6,7 The broad plains that occupy much of Nebraska also have some of the nation's best wind energy resources.8 The wide rivers that cross the state provide hydropower, and the abundant sunshine, especially in western Nebraska, offers a good solar resource.9,10,11 Crop residues supply a plentiful biomass resource as well.12 Nebraska has modest fossil fuel resources and production, primarily crude oil.13 The state also produces small amounts of natural gas. Uranium, the source for nuclear reactor fuel, was mined in northwestern Nebraska, but the state’s only in-situ uranium mine suspended operations in 2018.14,15,16

Industry, which includes agriculture, is the end-use sector that consumes the most energy in Nebraska. It accounts for about 42% of the state’s total energy consumption in the end-use sectors.17 Nebraska is one of the world's major meatpacking centers, and the energy-intensive agricultural and food processing industries are leading contributors to the state’s gross domestic product (GDP). Other energy-intensive industries in Nebraska are chemical manufacturing—particularly of pharmaceuticals, pesticides, and fertilizers—and machinery manufacturing.18,19,20 Transportation, Nebraska's second-largest energy user, accounts for about 23% of the state’s total energy consumption. The residential sector accounts for 19% and the commercial sector accounts for 16%.21 The state’s weather varies greatly from season to season. Hot summer temperatures occasionally exceed 110°F and harsh winter temperatures can fall to minus 30°F, which can result in high seasonal energy consumption for air conditioning and heating.22 Nebraska’s relatively small population, energy-intensive industries, and weather extremes contribute to the state ranking among the 10 states with the highest per capita energy consumption.23,24

Electricity

Nebraska is the only state in which all electricity providers are publicly-owned.

Coal provides the largest share of Nebraska's electricity generation, and 4 of the state’s 10 largest power plants by capacity and by actual generation are coal-fired. Although coal-fired power plants fueled 49% of the state’s net generation in 2021, coal’s contribution was at its lowest level since at least 1990.25 Wind, nuclear energy, natural gas, and hydroelectric power provided almost all of the rest of Nebraska’s in-state electricity generation. Wind surpassed nuclear power’s contribution for the first time in 2019, and accounted for 25% of Nebraska’s net generation in 2021.26 The smaller of the state’s two nuclear power plants—Fort Calhoun Nuclear Station, which was located along the Missouri River on the state's eastern border—shut down in 2016 after a flood and fire. The state’s remaining operating nuclear power plant, Cooper Nuclear Station, supplied 18% of the Nebraska’s power in 2021, down from the 30% that the two nuclear plants provided in 2010.27,28 Natural gas-fired generation tripled between 2016 and 2021, when it provided 4% of the state’s power, exceeding hydroelectric power for the first time. Hydroelectric power fueled about 3% of the state’s net generation in 2021.29

Nebraska is the only state in which all electricity providers are publicly-owned—either public power districts, municipal power systems, or rural electric cooperatives. Nebraska’s average electricity retail price is among the lowest one-fifth of the states, while its per capita electricity retail sales are among the top one-fourth of the states.30,31,32 Although annual electricity sales to the industrial, residential, and commercial sectors are fairly even, the largest share goes to the industrial sector.33 Nebraska has the third-largest number of industrial electricity customers in the nation, after Texas and California.34 A significant amount of Nebraska’s industrial consumption is seasonal demand from farms, where electricity is used to run irrigation systems, as well as from large data centers that use primarily electricity generated from renewable resources.35,36 Electricity retail sales to the residential sector, where about 3 in 10 households rely on electricity for home heating, are less in Nebraska than in two-thirds of the states. However, per capita residential electricity retail sales are greater than in about two-thirds of the states.37,38 Overall, more electricity is produced in Nebraska than is consumed there, and, in 2020, one-tenth of the state’s net generation was sent to the regional grid.39

Renewable energy

Renewable resources provide almost three-tenths of Nebraska's total electricity net generation.40 Wind energy potential is excellent across the entire state, and wind powers almost all of the state’s renewable generation.41 In 2021, wind contributed more than one-fourth of the state’s total net generation.42 Almost all of the state’s wind farms are in eastern Nebraska. Since 2020, four new wind projects with a combined capacity of almost 1,100 megawatts came online, and Nebraska had nearly 3,300 megawatts of installed wind capacity at the state’s 33 utility-scale (1 megawatt or larger) wind farms as of early 2022.43,44

Hydroelectric facilities produce most of the rest of Nebraska’s renewable electricity generation.45 There are 10 utility-scale conventional hydroelectric power plants in Nebraska, including one at the federal Gavins Point Dam on the Missouri River.46 The Gavins Point Dam straddles the border between South Dakota and Nebraska, but the hydroelectric power plant is on the Nebraska side. Gavins Point Dam plays an important role in controlling the water flow on the 800 miles of open river between Nebraska and St. Louis, Missouri.47 Hydroelectric power typically contributes less than 5% of Nebraska’s total in-state electricity net generation annually. In 2021, it supplied about 3% of in-state generation.48

Western Nebraska has the state’s greatest solar resources.49 Although solar energy contributed about 0.2% of the state’s net generation in 2021, its contribution has doubled since 2018.50 The state’s largest solar photovoltaic (PV) project, an 81-megawatt installation, is under construction in eastern Nebraska and will be operational by the end of 2023. The largest solar power plant in the state as of February 2022 was a 5.8-megawatt facility that came online in December 2017.51 By February 2022, Nebraska had nearly 50 megawatts of solar PV capacity, including almost 18 megawatts of customer-sited, small-scale (less than 1-megawatt) capacity.52 More utility-scale solar PV facilities are in development in the state.53

Although moderate geothermal energy potential exists across much of the state, there are only a few small areas in northern Nebraska with the high-temperature resources needed for power generation. Nebraska does not generate electricity from geothermal energy.54,55 However, several commercial and residential sites in the state use geothermal heat pumps to heat and cool buildings.56,57

Nebraska is the nation’s second-largest producer of fuel ethanol.

Nebraska is a major biofuels manufacturer and is second only to Iowa in the production of fuel ethanol.58,59 There are about two dozen ethanol production plants in the state. Nebraska ethanol producers use more than 700 million bushels of corn and can make about 2.3 billion gallons of ethanol annually.60,61 In 2019, Nebraska accounted for 13% of the nation’s fuel ethanol production.62 The state’s ethanol plants produce much more fuel ethanol than is consumed in Nebraska, and most of the ethanol produced in the state is shipped to other states.63 Although Nebraska has power plants that use landfill gas and other waste biomass to generate electricity, biomass contributed about 0.2% to the state’s electricity net generation in 2021.64,65

Nebraska does not have a renewable energy standard.66 The state does have interconnection and net metering rules for customer-sited renewable generation. Customer generators must pay for the costs of the interconnection, but the utility has to provide the metering system at no cost to the customer. Utilities are required to provide net metering and interconnections to qualifying customer systems with generating capacities of up to 25 kilowatts unless the aggregate total of all customer-sited capacity equals 1% of the utility's average peak demand for the year.67,68 To encourage renewable generation, a number of utility, state, and federal financial incentives, rebates, loans, tax incentives, and technical resources are also available.69

Petroleum

Nebraska’s modest crude oil reserves account for about 0.03% of the nation’s total.70 Wells in Nebraska have produced commercial quantities of crude oil since 1939. Annual production peaked at nearly 25 million barrels in 1962 but declined to less than 1.6 million barrels by 2021.71,72 Almost all the state’s crude oil production is from wells in western and southwestern Nebraska.73

Nebraska does not have any crude oil refineries, but pipelines that cross the state deliver crude oil to facilities in neighboring states.74 A crude oil pipeline that crosses southern Nebraska transports crude oil from Wyoming to refineries in the Midwest.75 A second pipeline crosses the southwestern corner of the state bringing crude oil from Wyoming to Cushing, Oklahoma.76 A third pipeline runs south across eastern Nebraska to a location near the Kansas border where it splits. One section moves crude oil from Canada and North Dakota south to the Cushing, Oklahoma, hub and from there to Texas refineries. The other branch brings crude oil east to refineries in Illinois.77,78 A network of petroleum product pipelines and terminals supply refined products from refining centers in nearby states to Nebraska markets.79

The share of petroleum consumed as distillate fuel oil is greater in Nebraska than in all other states except North Dakota and Wyoming.

Nebraska consumes less petroleum than almost three-fourths of the states. However, on a per capita basis, it uses more petroleum than more than two-thirds of the states.80 Most of the petroleum used in Nebraska is consumed either as motor gasoline or as distillate fuel oil. Distillate fuel oil includes diesel fuel, used both on-highway for transportation and off-highway by agricultural machinery. It also includes the fuel oil used for space heating and electricity generation.81 The share of petroleum consumed as distillate fuel oil is greater in Nebraska than in all other states except North Dakota and Wyoming.82

Nebraska’s transportation sector accounts for more than three-fourths of the state’s total petroleum consumption.83 Conventional motor gasoline without ethanol added can be used statewide.84 However, in addition to the widespread availability of motor gasoline blended with 10% ethanol, Nebraska has more than 120 fueling stations that sell E85, a blend of 85% ethanol and 15% motor gasoline.85,86

The industrial sector is the second-largest petroleum-consuming sector in the state and accounts for most of the rest of the state’s petroleum use. Industrial use includes agriculture, where diesel fuel is used off-highway and propane is used to dry corn.87,88 The residential and commercial sectors combined account for less than 7% of the state’s petroleum consumption. About 1 in 13 Nebraska households heat their homes with petroleum products. Almost all of those households use hydrocarbon gas liquids in the form of bottled, tank, or liquid propane gas.89 Nebraska has several dozen power plants with some petroleum-fired units, but they account for a minimal amount of the state’s petroleum consumption.90,91

Natural gas

Nebraska's industrial sector, which includes agriculture, uses about half of the natural gas consumed in the state.

Nebraska does not have significant natural gas reserves.92 Production in the state declined from a peak of more than 28 billion cubic feet of natural gas in 1960 to about 350 million cubic feet in 2020.93,94 Nebraska receives most of its natural gas from interstate pipelines, primarily from Kansas, Colorado, and Wyoming. About nine-tenths of the natural gas that enters Nebraska leaves the state and continues on to markets elsewhere, primarily through Iowa and Missouri. A small amount goes to South Dakota.95 Some of the natural gas that remains in Nebraska is stored in the state's one natural gas storage field, which is in western Nebraska and has a capacity of about 35 billion cubic feet.96,97

Nebraska's industrial sector uses about half of the natural gas consumed in the state.98 Agriculture, a leading component of Nebraska’s industrial sector, uses natural gas to run irrigation pumps, and the state’s chemical industry uses it to make anhydrous ammonia fertilizer.99 The residential sector, where three in five homes use natural gas for heating, is the second-largest natural gas-consuming sector in the state and accounts for about one-fifth of the natural gas used in Nebraska.100,101 The commercial sector uses slightly less than the residential sector. A small but increasing amount of natural gas is used for electric power generation. The amount of natural gas consumed by the electric power sector between 2017 and 2021 more than doubled.102

Coal

Coal fuels about half of Nebraska’s electricity generation, but the state does not have any significant coal reserves and has no coal production.103 The coal consumed in Nebraska arrives by rail and truck from the nearby low-sulfur coal fields in Wyoming’s Powder River Basin.104,105 More than nine-tenths of the 12.5 million tons of coal consumed in Nebraska in 2020 was used for electricity generation.106 A small amount of coal went to industrial facilities in the state.107

Endnotes

1 Platte Basin Timelapse, Water in the Sand Hills, accessed May 2, 2022.
2 U.S. Department of Agriculture, National Resources Conservation Service, Groundwater Irrigation and Water Withdrawals: The Ogallala Initiative (August 2013), Summary.
3 NETSTATE, Nebraska, The Geography of Nebraska, updated February 25, 2016.
4 NETSTATE, Nebraska, Nebraska Economy, updated December 19, 2017.
5 U.S. Department of Agriculture, National Agricultural Statistics Service, Crop Production, 2021 Summary (January 2022), p. 11.
6 “U.S. Ethanol Plants, RINs, Operational,” Ethanol Producer Magazine, updated December 13, 2021.
7 U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA), State Energy Data System, Table P4, Primary Energy Production Estimates in Physical Units, Ranked by State, 2019.
8 U.S. Department of Energy, Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, WINDExchange, Wind Energy in Nebraska, accessed Mary 3, 2022.
9 Nebraska Energy Office, Annual Report 2017 (February 14, 2018), p. 33.
10 Nebraska Energy Office, Comparison of Solar Power Potential by State, updated March 11, 2010.
11 National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Geospatial Data Science, Solar Resource Data, Tools, and Maps, accessed May 3, 2022.
12 Roberts, Billy J., Crop Residue in the United States, National Renewable Energy Laboratory (January 15, 2014).
13 U.S. EIA, Crude Oil Plus Lease Condensate Proved Reserves, Reserve Changes and Production, Proved Reserves as of December 31, 2020.
14 U.S. EIA, Domestic Uranium Production Report, Annual, Table 5, U.S. uranium in-situ-leach plants by owner, location, capacity, and operating status at end of the year, 2016–20.
15 Nebraska Energy Office, Annual Report 2017 (February 14, 2018), p. 31.
16 Butterfield, Barry, ANALYSIS: Can once-thriving uranium industry come back to life in Nebraska?, Hays Post (May 9, 2022).
17 U.S. EIA, State Energy Data System, Table C1, Energy Consumption Overview: Estimates by Energy Source and End-Use Sector, 2019.
18 NETSTATE, Nebraska, Nebraska Economy, updated December 19, 2017.
19 U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis, Interactive Data, Regional Data, GDP & Personal Income, Annual Gross Domestic Product (GDP) by State, GDP in current dollars (SAGDP2), All statistics in table, Nebraska, 2020, 2021.
20 U.S. EIA, “Energy for growing and harvesting crops is a large component of farm operating costs,” Today in Energy (October 17, 2014).
21 U.S. EIA, State Energy Data System, Table C1, Energy Consumption Overview: Estimates by Energy Source and End-Use Sector, 2019.
22 Dutcher, Al, “Nebraska: Home of the Whopper,” Nebraska’s Climate, The Community Collaborative Rain, Hail & Snow Network, ‘State Climates’ Series, accessed May 3, 2022.
23 U.S. EIA, Nebraska Profile Data, Energy Indicators, Population, accessed May 3, 2022.
24 U.S. EIA, State Energy Data System, Table C14, Total Energy Consumption Estimates per Capita by End-Use Sector, Ranked by State, 2019.
25 U.S. EIA, Nebraska Electricity Profile 2020, Tables 2A, 2B, 5.
26 U.S. EIA, Electricity Data Browser, Net generation for all sectors, Nebraska, Fuel Type (Check All), Annual 2001–21.
27 U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Nebraska, updated October 29, 2020.
28 Omaha Public Power District, OPPD’s Fort Calhoun Nuclear Station Historical Highlights, revised December 2017.
29 U.S. EIA, Electricity Data Browser, Net generation for all sectors, Nebraska, Fuel Type (Check all), Annual, 2001–21.
30 Nebraska Power Association, Public Power, Benefits, accessed May 12, 2022.
31 U.S. EIA, Electricity Data Browser, Average retail price of electricity, All sectors, Geography (Check all), Annual, 2020–21.
32 U.S. EIA, State Energy Data System, Table C17, Electricity Retail Sales, Total and Residential, Total and per Capita, Ranked by State, 2019.
33 U.S. EIA, Electricity Data Browser, Retail sales of electricity, Nebraska, All sectors, Residential, Commercial, Industrial, Annual, 2011–21.
34 U.S. EIA, Electricity Data Browser, Number of customer accounts, Industrial, Geography (Check all), Annual, 2021.
35 Nebraska Department of Environment and Energy, Annual State Energy Report, 2019, p. 17–19.
36 U.S. EIA, "Many industrial electricity customers are farmers," Today in Energy (May 12, 2014).
37 U.S. Census Bureau, Nebraska, Table B25040, House Heating Fuel, 2019 American Community Survey 1-Year Estimates.
38 U.S. EIA, State Energy Data System, Table C17, Electricity Retail Sales, Total and Residential, Total and per Capita, Ranked by State, 2019.
39 U.S. EIA, Nebraska Electricity Profile 2020, Table 10, Supply and disposition of electricity, 1990 through 2020.
40 U.S. EIA, Electricity Data Browser, Net generation for all sectors, Nebraska, All fuels, Conventional hydroelectric, Other renewables (total), Small-scale solar photovoltaic, Annual, 2021.
41 U. S. Department of Energy, Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, WINDExchange, Nebraska 80-Meter Wind Resource Map, accessed May 13, 2022.
42 U.S. EIA, Electricity Data Browser, Net generation for all sectors, Nebraska, All fuels, Conventional hydroelectric, Other renewables (total), Wind, Small-scale solar photovoltaic, Annual, 2001–21.
43 U.S. EIA, Preliminary Monthly Electric Generator Inventory (based on Form EIA-860M as a supplement to Form EIA-860), Inventory of Operating Generators as of March 2022.
44 U.S. EIA, Electric Power Monthly (May 2022), Table 6.2.B.
45 U.S. EIA, Electricity Data Browser, Net generation for all sectors, Nebraska, All fuels, Conventional hydroelectric, Other renewables (total), Wind, All utility-scale solar, Biomass, Small-scale solar photovoltaic, Annual, 2020–21.
46 U.S. EIA, Preliminary Monthly Electric Generator Inventory (based on Form EIA-860M as a supplement to Form EIA-860), Inventory of Operating Generators as of March 2022.
47 U.S. Department of the Interior, Bureau of Reclamation, Great Plains Region, Lewis and Clark: Big Dam Era, updated September 29, 2017.
48 U.S. EIA, Electricity Data Browser, Net generation for all sectors, Nebraska, All fuels, Conventional hydroelectric, Annual, 2001–21.
49 Nebraska Department of Environment and Energy, Solar Energy Generation in Nebraska, Community Solar Projects Map, accessed May 17, 2022.
50 U.S. EIA, Electricity Data Browser, Net generation for all sectors, Nebraska, All fuels, All solar, Small-scale solar photovoltaic, All utility-scale solar, 2001–21.
51 U.S. EIA, Preliminary Monthly Electric Generator Inventory (based on Form EIA-860M as a supplement to Form EIA-860), Inventory of Operating Generators as of February 2022 and Inventory of Planned Generators as of February 2022.
52 U.S. EIA, Electric Power Monthly (April 2022), Table 6.2.B.
53 Nebraska Department of Environment and Energy, Solar Energy Generation in Nebraska, Projects Under Development, accessed May 16, 2022.
54 Roberts, Billy J., Geothermal Resources of the United States, National Renewable Energy Laboratory (February 22, 2018).
55 U.S. EIA, Electricity Data Browser, Net generation for all sectors, Nebraska, All fuels, Geothermal, Annual, 2020–21.
56 Nebraska Energy Office, Annual Report 2017 (February 14, 2018), p. 32–3.
57 Nebraska Department of Environment and Energy, Nebraska Energy Statistics, Geothermal Projects in Nebraska, updated February 13, 2018.
58 U.S. EIA, State Energy Data System, Table P4, Primary Energy Production Estimates in Physical Units, Ranked by State, 2019.
59 “U.S. Ethanol Plants, RINs, Operational,” Ethanol Producer Magazine, updated December 13, 2021.
60 Nebraska Ethanol Board, Nebraska Ethanol Plants, updated March 18, 2022.
61 U.S. EIA, U.S. Fuel Ethanol Plant Production Capacity, U.S. fuel ethanol plant count by state, 2021.
62 U.S. EIA, State Energy Data System, Table P4, Primary Energy Production Estimates in Physical Units, Ranked by State, 2019.
63 U.S. EIA, State Energy Data System, Table P1, Primary Energy Production Estimates in Physical Units, 2019, and Table F25, Fuel ethanol consumption estimates, 2020.
64 U.S. EIA, Electricity Data Browser, Net generation for all sectors, Nebraska, All fuels, Biomass, 2020–21.
65 U.S. EIA, Preliminary Monthly Electric Generator Inventory (based on Form EIA-860M as a supplement to Form EIA-860), Inventory of Operating Generators as of February 2022.
66 National Conference of State Legislatures, State Renewable Portfolio Standards and Goals (August 13, 2021).
67 NC Clean Energy Technology Center, DSIRE, Nebraska, Interconnection Guidelines, updated December 18, 2020.
68 NC Clean Energy Technology Center, DSIRE, Nebraska, Net Metering, updated June 25, 2019.
69 NC Clean Energy Technology Center, DSIRE, Nebraska, Programs, accessed May 18, 2022.
70 U.S. EIA, Crude Oil Plus Lease Condensate Proved Reserves, Reserve Changes and Production, Proved Reserves as of December 31, 2020.
71 Nebraska Department of Environment and Energy, Nebraska Energy Statistics, Crude Oil Production in Nebraska, updated February 8, 2022.
72 U.S. EIA, Crude Oil Production, Annual-Thousand Barrels, 2021.
73 Nebraska Energy Office, Crude Oil Production by County in Nebraska, updated February 9, 2022.
74 U.S. EIA, Number and Capacity of Petroleum Refineries, Total Number of Operable Refineries, Annual (as of January 1), 2021.
75 Enbridge, Interactive Map, Platte Pipeline, accessed May 18, 2022.
76 Tallgrass Energy, System Map, accessed May 18, 2022.
77 TC Energy, Keystone Pipeline System Map, accessed May 18, 2022.
78 U.S. EIA, Nebraska, Profile Overview, Crude Oil Pipeline Map Layer, accessed May 18, 2022.
79 U.S. EIA, Nebraska, Profile Overview, Petroleum Product Pipeline and Petroleum Product Terminal Map Layers, accessed May 18, 2022.
80 U.S. EIA, State Energy Data System, Table C15, Petroleum Consumption, Total and per Capita, Ranked by State, 2019.
81 U.S. EIA, Glossary, Distillate Fuel Oil, accessed May 18, 2022.
82 U.S. EIA, State Energy Data System, Table C2, Energy Consumption Estimates for Selected Energy Sources in Physical Units, 2019.
83 U.S. EIA, State Energy Data System, Table F16, Total Petroleum Consumption Estimates, 2020.
84 Larson, B. K., U.S. Gasoline Requirements as of January 2018, ExxonMobil, accessed May 18, 2022.
85 U.S. EIA, “Almost all U.S. gasoline is blended with 10% ethanol,” Today in Energy (May 4, 2016).
86 U.S. Department of Energy, Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Alternative Fuels Data Center, Alternative Fueling Station Counts by State, updated May 18, 2022.
87 University of Nebraska Lincoln, Institute of Agriculture and Natural Resources, Cropwatch, Harvesting, Drying, Storing Late-Maturing, High-Moisture Corn, accessed May 18, 2022.
88 U.S. EIA, State Energy Data System, Table F16, Total Petroleum Consumption Estimates, 2020.
89 U.S. Census Bureau, Nebraska, House Heating Fuel, American Community Survey, 2019: ACS 1-Year Estimates Detailed Tables, Table B25040, Occupied Housing Units.
90 U.S. EIA, Preliminary Monthly Electric Generator Inventory (based on Form EIA-860M as a supplement to Form EIA-860), Inventory of Operating Generators as of February 2022.
91 U.S. EIA, State Energy Data System, Table F16, Total Petroleum Consumption Estimates, 2020.
92 U.S. EIA, Natural Gas Reserves Summary as of December 31, 2015–20.
93 Nebraska Energy Office, Annual Report 2017 (February 14, 2018), p. 31.
94 U.S. EIA, Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production, Nebraska, Annual-Million Cubic Feet, 2015–20.
95 U.S. EIA, International and Interstate Movements of Natural Gas by State, Nebraska, Annual, 2015–20.
96 U.S. EIA, Underground Natural Gas Storage Capacity, Total Number of Existing Fields, Annual, 2020.
97 U.S. EIA, Underground Natural Gas Storage Capacity, Total Storage Capacity, Annual, 2020.
98 U.S. EIA, Natural Gas Consumption by End Use, Nebraska, Annual, 2016–21.
99 Nebraska Energy Office, Annual Report 2018, p. 13–14.
100 U.S. EIA, Natural Gas Consumption by End Use, Nebraska, Annual, 2016–21.
101 U.S. Census Bureau, Nebraska, House Heating Fuel, American Community Survey, 2019: ACS 1-Year Estimates Detailed Tables, Table B25040, Occupied Housing Units.
102 U.S. EIA, Natural Gas Consumption by End Use, Nebraska, Annual, 2016–21.
103 U.S. EIA, Annual Coal Report 2020 (October 2021), Table 1, Coal Production and Number of Mines by State and Mine Type, 2020 and 2019, and Table 15, Recoverable Coal Reserves at Producing Mines, Estimated Recoverable Reserves, and Demonstrated Reserve Base by Mining Method, 2020.
104 U.S. EIA, Annual Coal Distribution Report 2020 (October 2021), By Coal Destination State, Nebraska Table DS-22, Domestic Coal Distribution, by Destination State, 2020.
105 Nebraska Energy Office, Annual Report 2017 (February 14, 2018), p. 31.
106 U.S. EIA, Annual Coal Report 2020 (October 2021), Table 26, U.S. Coal Consumption by End Use Sector, Census Division, and State, 2020 and 2019.
107 U.S. EIA, Annual Coal Distribution Report 2020 (October 2021), By Coal Destination State, Nebraska Table DS-22, Domestic Coal Distribution, by Destination State, 2020.