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Colorado   Colorado Profile

State Profile and Energy Estimates

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Last Update: April 15, 2021 | Next Update: May 20, 2021                                                                                                                                                 See full record of updates

Data in this section highlight only a small number of the many series available for this state. Use the "more" links on this page or the "Find" tool to access EIA's additional state-level data.

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Energy Indicators  
Demography Colorado Share of U.S. Period
Population 5.8 million 1.8% 2020  
Civilian Labor Force 3.2 million 2.0% Feb-21  
Economy Colorado U.S. Rank Period
Gross Domestic Product $ 390.3 billion 16 2019  
Gross Domestic Product for the Manufacturing Sector $ 26,271 million 29 2019  
Per Capita Personal Income $ 63,522 11 2020  
Vehicle Miles Traveled 54,634 million miles 24 2019  
Land in Farms 31.8 million acres 9 2017  
Climate Colorado U.S. Rank Period
Average Temperature 47.2 degrees Fahrenheit 37 2020  
Precipitation 12.2 inches 42 2020  
Prices  
Petroleum Colorado U.S. Average Period find more
Domestic Crude Oil First Purchase $ 47.83 /barrel $ 49.76 /barrel Jan-21  
Natural Gas Colorado U.S. Average Period find more
City Gate $ 3.06 /thousand cu ft $ 3.45 /thousand cu ft Jan-21 find more
Residential $ 6.74 /thousand cu ft $ 9.74 /thousand cu ft Jan-21 find more
Coal Colorado U.S. Average Period find more
Average Sales Price $ 44.21 /short ton $ 36.07 /short ton 2019  
Delivered to Electric Power Sector $ 1.68 /million Btu $ 1.90 /million Btu Jan-21  
Electricity Colorado U.S. Average Period find more
Residential 12.14 cents/kWh 12.69 cents/kWh Jan-21 find more
Commercial 9.71 cents/kWh 10.31 cents/kWh Jan-21 find more
Industrial 7.43 cents/kWh 6.35 cents/kWh Jan-21 find more
Reserves  
Reserves Colorado Share of U.S. Period find more
Crude Oil (as of Dec. 31) 1,414 million barrels 3.2% 2019 find more
Expected Future Production of Dry Natural Gas (as of Dec. 31) 22,332 billion cu ft 4.8% 2019 find more
Expected Future Production of Natural Gas Plant Liquids 1,281 million barrels 5.9% 2019 find more
Recoverable Coal at Producing Mines 237 million short tons 1.7% 2019 find more
Rotary Rigs & Wells Colorado Share of U.S. Period find more
Natural Gas Producing Wells 37,390 wells 7.6% 2019 find more
Capacity Colorado Share of U.S. Period
Crude Oil Refinery Capacity (as of Jan. 1) 103,000 barrels/calendar day 0.5% 2020  
Electric Power Industry Net Summer Capacity 17,644 MW 1.6% Jan-21  
Supply & Distribution  
Production Colorado Share of U.S. Period find more
Total Energy 3,662 trillion Btu 3.8% 2018 find more
Crude Oil 373 thousand barrels per day 3.4% Jan-21 find more
Natural Gas - Marketed 1,988,714 million cu ft 5.4% 2019 find more
Coal 12,868 thousand short tons 1.8% 2019 find more
Total Utility-Scale Net Electricity Generation Colorado Share of U.S. Period find more
Total Net Electricity Generation 4,863 thousand MWh 1.4% Jan-21  
Utility-Scale Net Electricity Generation (share of total) Colorado U.S. Average Period
Petroleum-Fired NM 0.3 % Jan-21 find more
Natural Gas-Fired 27.4 % 35.7 % Jan-21 find more
Coal-Fired 40.4 % 23.3 % Jan-21 find more
Nuclear 0 % 20.5 % Jan-21 find more
Renewables 32.4 % 19.6 % Jan-21  
Stocks Colorado Share of U.S. Period find more
Motor Gasoline (Excludes Pipelines) 246 thousand barrels 1.5% Jan-21  
Distillate Fuel Oil (Excludes Pipelines) 613 thousand barrels 0.5% Jan-21 find more
Natural Gas in Underground Storage 100,318 million cu ft 1.4% Jan-21 find more
Petroleum Stocks at Electric Power Producers 128 thousand barrels 0.5% Jan-21 find more
Coal Stocks at Electric Power Producers 3,563 thousand tons 2.8% Jan-21 find more
Fueling Stations Colorado Share of U.S. Period
Motor Gasoline 1,555 stations 1.4% 2018  
Propane 46 stations 1.7% 2021  
Electricity 1,277 stations 3.1% 2021  
E85 82 stations 2.2% 2021  
Compressed Natural Gas and Other Alternative Fuels 23 stations 1.8% 2021  
Consumption & Expenditures  
Summary Colorado U.S. Rank Period
Total Consumption 1,513 trillion Btu 25 2018 find more
Total Consumption per Capita 266 million Btu 34 2018 find more
Total Expenditures $ 18,431 million 26 2018 find more
Total Expenditures per Capita $ 3,239 47 2018 find more
by End-Use Sector Colorado Share of U.S. Period
Consumption
    »  Residential 360 trillion Btu 1.7% 2018 find more
    »  Commercial 293 trillion Btu 1.6% 2018 find more
    »  Industrial 425 trillion Btu 1.3% 2018 find more
    »  Transportation 436 trillion Btu 1.5% 2018 find more
Expenditures
    »  Residential $ 3,672 million 1.4% 2018 find more
    »  Commercial $ 2,776 million 1.4% 2018 find more
    »  Industrial $ 2,790 million 1.3% 2018 find more
    »  Transportation $ 9,193 million 1.5% 2018 find more
by Source Colorado Share of U.S. Period
Consumption
    »  Petroleum 99 million barrels 1.3% 2018 find more
    »  Natural Gas 521 billion cu ft 1.7% 2019 find more
    »  Coal 15 million short tons 2.5% 2019 find more
Expenditures
    »  Petroleum $ 10,899 million 1.5% 2018 find more
    »  Natural Gas $ 2,455 million 1.6% 2019 find more
    »  Coal $ 480 million 1.9% 2019 find more
Consumption for Electricity Generation Colorado Share of U.S. Period find more
Petroleum NM NM Jan-21 find more
Natural Gas 10,107 million cu ft 1.1% Jan-21 find more
Coal 1,123 thousand short tons 2.5% Jan-21 find more
Energy Source Used for Home Heating (share of households) Colorado U.S. Average Period
Natural Gas 68.4 % 47.8 % 2019  
Fuel Oil 0.1 % 4.4 % 2019  
Electricity 23.6 % 39.5 % 2019  
Propane 4.8 % 4.8 % 2019  
Other/None 3.1 % 3.5 % 2019  
Environment  
Renewable Energy Capacity Colorado Share of U.S. Period find more
Total Renewable Energy Electricity Net Summer Capacity 6,113 MW 2.3% Jan-21  
Ethanol Plant Nameplate Capacity 140 million gal/year 0.8% 2020  
Renewable Energy Production Colorado Share of U.S. Period find more
Utility-Scale Hydroelectric Net Electricity Generation 204 thousand MWh 0.8% Jan-21  
Utility-Scale Solar, Wind, and Geothermal Net Electricity Generation 1,359 thousand MWh 3.6% Jan-21  
Utility-Scale Biomass Net Electricity Generation 15 thousand MWh 0.3% Jan-21  
Small-Scale Solar Photovoltaic Generation 51 thousand MWh 1.9% Jan-21  
Fuel Ethanol Production 3,056 thousand barrels 0.8% 2018  
Renewable Energy Consumption Colorado U.S. Rank Period find more
Renewable Energy Consumption as a Share of State Total 11.0 % 22 2018  
Fuel Ethanol Consumption 6,011 thousand barrels 24 2019  
Total Emissions Colorado Share of U.S. Period find more
Carbon Dioxide 87.0 million metric tons 1.7% 2017  
Electric Power Industry Emissions Colorado Share of U.S. Period find more
Carbon Dioxide 33,912 thousand metric tons 2.0% 2019  
Sulfur Dioxide 10 thousand metric tons 0.8% 2019  
Nitrogen Oxide 20 thousand metric tons 1.5% 2019  

Notes & Sources

-- = No data reported.
*  = Value is less than half of the smallest unit of measure (e.g., for values with no decimals, the smallest unit is 1 then values less than 0.5 are shown as *.)
NA = Not available.
NM = Not meaningful due to large relative standard error or excessive percentage change.
W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data.
Note: Small differences between source data and values displayed here may be due to independent rounding.
Note: Components of "Utility-scale net electricity generation (share of total)" may not add to 100% because "Total utility-scale net electricity generation" includes net generation from petroleum coke, pumped storage hydroelectric, other gases, and other energy sources, which are not shown separately.