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Utah   Utah Profile

State Profile and Energy Estimates

Changes to the State Energy Data System (SEDS) Notice: In October 2023, we updated the way we calculate primary energy consumption of electricity generation from noncombustible renewable energy sources (solar, wind, hydroelectric, and geothermal). Visit our Changes to 1960—2022 conversion factor for renewable energy page to learn more.

Profile DataPrint State Energy Profile
(overview, data, & analysis)

Last Update: March 21, 2024 Next Update: April 18, 2024                                                                                                                                               See full record of updates

Data in this section highlight only a small number of the many series available for this state. Use the "more" links on this page or the "Find" tool to access EIA's additional state-level data.

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Energy Indicators  
Demography Utah Share of U.S. Period
Population 3.4 million 1.0% 2022  
Civilian Labor Force 1.8 million 1.1% Jan-24  
Economy Utah U.S. Rank Period
Gross Domestic Product $ 248.2 billion 29 2022  
Gross Domestic Product for the Manufacturing Sector $ 28,463 million 31 2022  
Per Capita Personal Income $ 57,925 34 2022  
Vehicle Miles Traveled 34,336 million miles 31 2022  
Land in Farms 10.9 million acres 25 2022  
Climate Utah U.S. Rank Period
Average Temperature 48.5 degrees Fahrenheit 34 2023  
Precipitation 15.1 inches 46 2023  
Prices  
Petroleum Utah U.S. Average Period find more
Domestic Crude Oil First Purchase $ 61.27 /barrel $ 71.00 /barrel Dec-23  
Natural Gas Utah U.S. Average Period find more
City Gate $ 5.34 /thousand cu ft $ 4.39 /thousand cu ft Dec-23 find more
Residential $ 14.39 /thousand cu ft $ 12.94 /thousand cu ft Dec-23 find more
Coal Utah U.S. Average Period find more
Average Sales Price $ 47.85 /short ton $ 54.46 /short ton 2022  
Delivered to Electric Power Sector $ 2.55 /million Btu $ 2.48 /million Btu Dec-23  
Electricity Utah U.S. Average Period find more
Residential 10.86 cents/kWh 15.73 cents/kWh Dec-23 find more
Commercial 7.91 cents/kWh 12.39 cents/kWh Dec-23 find more
Industrial 6.41 cents/kWh 7.66 cents/kWh Dec-23 find more
Reserves  
Reserves Utah Share of U.S. Period find more
Crude Oil (as of Dec. 31) 530 million barrels 1.3% 2021 find more
Expected Future Production of Dry Natural Gas (as of Dec. 31) 3,638 billion cu ft 0.6% 2021 find more
Expected Future Production of Natural Gas Plant Liquids 100 million barrels 0.4% 2021 find more
Recoverable Coal at Producing Mines 145 million short tons 1.3% 2022 find more
Rotary Rigs & Wells Utah Share of U.S. Period find more
Natural Gas Producing Wells 7,756 wells 1.6% 2020 find more
Capacity Utah Share of U.S. Period
Crude Oil Refinery Capacity (as of Jan. 1) 206,714 barrels/calendar day 1.1% 2023  
Electric Power Industry Net Summer Capacity 9,704 MW 0.8% Dec-23  
Supply & Distribution  
Production Utah Share of U.S. Period find more
Total Energy 798 trillion Btu 0.8% 2021 find more
Crude Oil 173 thousand barrels per day 1.3% Dec-23 find more
Natural Gas - Marketed 260,192 million cu ft 0.7% 2022 find more
Coal 10,723 thousand short tons 1.8% 2022 find more
Total Utility-Scale Net Electricity Generation Utah Share of U.S. Period find more
Total Net Electricity Generation 2,304 thousand MWh 0.7% Dec-23  
Utility-Scale Net Electricity Generation (share of total) Utah U.S. Average Period
Petroleum-Fired 0.1 % 0.3 % Dec-23 find more
Natural Gas-Fired 46.8 % 42.2 % Dec-23 find more
Coal-Fired 38.8 % 16.2 % Dec-23 find more
Nuclear 0.0 % 19.9 % Dec-23 find more
Renewables 14.1 % 20.9 % Dec-23  
Stocks Utah Share of U.S. Period find more
Motor Gasoline (Excludes Pipelines) 96 thousand barrels 0.7% Dec-23  
Distillate Fuel Oil (Excludes Pipelines) 771 thousand barrels 0.8% Dec-23 find more
Natural Gas in Underground Storage 113,784 million cu ft 1.4% Dec-23 find more
Petroleum Stocks at Electric Power Producers 27 thousand barrels 0.1% Dec-23 find more
Coal Stocks at Electric Power Producers W W Dec-23 find more
Fueling Stations Utah Share of U.S. Period
Motor Gasoline 809 stations 0.7% 2021  
Propane 36 stations 1.5% Feb-24  
Electric Vehicle Charging Locations 857 stations 1.4% Feb-24  
E85 0 stations 0.0% Feb-24  
Biodiesel, Compressed Natural Gas, and Other Alternative Fuels 28 stations 1.0% Feb-24  
Consumption & Expenditures  
Summary Utah U.S. Rank Period
Total Consumption 848 trillion Btu 35 2021 find more
Total Consumption per Capita 254 million Btu 34 2021 find more
Total Expenditures $ 11,114 million 35 2021 find more
Total Expenditures per Capita $ 3,328 47 2021 find more
by End-Use Sector Utah Share of U.S. Period
Consumption
    »  Residential 192 trillion Btu 0.9% 2021 find more
    »  Commercial 176 trillion Btu 1.0% 2021 find more
    »  Industrial 212 trillion Btu 0.7% 2021 find more
    »  Transportation 268 trillion Btu 1.0% 2021 find more
Expenditures
    »  Residential $ 1,841 million 0.7% 2021 find more
    »  Commercial $ 1,494 million 0.8% 2021 find more
    »  Industrial $ 1,321 million 0.6% 2021 find more
    »  Transportation $ 6,458 million 1.1% 2021 find more
by Source Utah Share of U.S. Period
Consumption
    »  Petroleum 58 million barrels 0.8% 2021 find more
    »  Natural Gas 275 billion cu ft 0.9% 2022 find more
    »  Coal 10,889 thousand short tons 2.1% 2022 find more
Expenditures
    »  Petroleum $ 7,249 million 1.0% 2021 find more
    »  Natural Gas $ 2,191 million 0.8% 2022 find more
    »  Coal $ 516 million 1.9% 2022 find more
Consumption for Electricity Generation Utah Share of U.S. Period find more
Petroleum 4 thousand barrels 0.2% Dec-23 find more
Natural Gas 8,227 million cu ft 0.8% Dec-23 find more
Coal 515 thousand tons 1.6% Dec-23 find more
Energy Source Used for Home Heating (share of households) Utah U.S. Average Period
Natural Gas 78.6 % 46.2 % 2022  
Fuel Oil 0.1 % 3.9 % 2022  
Electricity 17.0 % 41.3 % 2022  
Propane 2.6 % 5.0 % 2022  
Other/None 1.7 % 3.5 % 2022  
Environment  
Renewable Energy Capacity Utah Share of U.S. Period find more
Total Renewable Energy Electricity Net Summer Capacity 2,361 MW 0.7% Dec-23  
Ethanol Plant Nameplate Capacity -- -- 2023  
Renewable Energy Production Utah Share of U.S. Period find more
Utility-Scale Hydroelectric Net Electricity Generation 41 thousand MWh 0.2% Dec-23  
Utility-Scale Solar, Wind, and Geothermal Net Electricity Generation 277 thousand MWh 0.6% Dec-23  
Utility-Scale Biomass Net Electricity Generation NM NM Dec-23  
Small-Scale Solar Photovoltaic Generation 53 thousand MWh 1.2% Dec-23  
Fuel Ethanol Production 0 thousand barrels 0.0% 2021  
Renewable Energy Consumption Utah U.S. Rank Period find more
Renewable Energy Consumption as a Share of State Total 8.0 % 35 2021  
Fuel Ethanol Consumption 2,919 thousand barrels 34 2021  
Total Emissions Utah Share of U.S. Period find more
Carbon Dioxide 62.1 million metric tons 1.3% 2021  
Electric Power Industry Emissions Utah Share of U.S. Period find more
Carbon Dioxide 26,262 thousand metric tons 1.6% 2022  
Sulfur Dioxide 8 thousand metric tons 0.7% 2022  
Nitrogen Oxide 29 thousand metric tons 2.4% 2022  

Notes & Sources

-- = No data reported.
*  = Value is less than half of the smallest unit of measure (e.g., for values with no decimals, the smallest unit is 1 then values less than 0.5 are shown as *.)
NA = Not available.
NM = Not meaningful due to large relative standard error or excessive percentage change.
W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data.
Note: Small differences between source data and values displayed here may be due to independent rounding.
Note: Components of "Utility-scale net electricity generation (share of total)" may not add to 100% because "Total utility-scale net electricity generation" includes net generation from petroleum coke, pumped storage hydroelectric, other gases, and other energy sources, which are not shown separately.
Note: Territory data may be estimates based on EIA's Short-Term Energy Outlook.