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Arkansas   Arkansas Profile

State Profile and Energy Estimates

Changes to the State Energy Data System (SEDS) Notice: In October 2023, we updated the way we calculate primary energy consumption of electricity generation from noncombustible renewable energy sources (solar, wind, hydroelectric, and geothermal). Visit our Changes to 1960—2022 conversion factor for renewable energy page to learn more.

Profile DataPrint State Energy Profile
(overview, data, & analysis)

Last Update: February 15, 2024 Next Update: March 21, 2024                                                                                                                                               See full record of updates

Data in this section highlight only a small number of the many series available for this state. Use the "more" links on this page or the "Find" tool to access EIA's additional state-level data.

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Energy Indicators  
Demography Arkansas Share of U.S. Period
Population 3.0 million 0.9% 2022  
Civilian Labor Force 1.4 million 0.8% Dec-23  
Economy Arkansas U.S. Rank Period
Gross Domestic Product $ 165.2 billion 34 2022  
Gross Domestic Product for the Manufacturing Sector $ 24,612 million 32 2022  
Per Capita Personal Income $ 51,787 47 2022  
Vehicle Miles Traveled 38,427 million miles 29 2021  
Land in Farms 14.0 million acres 21 2022  
Climate Arkansas U.S. Rank Period
Average Temperature 62.9 degrees Fahrenheit 8 2023  
Precipitation 52.3 inches 8 2023  
Prices  
Petroleum Arkansas U.S. Average Period find more
Domestic Crude Oil First Purchase $ 71.63 /barrel $ 77.46 /barrel Nov-23  
Natural Gas Arkansas U.S. Average Period find more
City Gate $ 4.64 /thousand cu ft $ 4.36 /thousand cu ft Nov-23 find more
Residential $ 16.09 /thousand cu ft $ 13.36 /thousand cu ft Nov-23 find more
Coal Arkansas U.S. Average Period find more
Average Sales Price -- $ 54.46 /short ton 2022  
Delivered to Electric Power Sector W $ 2.51 /million Btu Nov-23  
Electricity Arkansas U.S. Average Period find more
Residential 12.11 cents/kWh 16.19 cents/kWh Nov-23 find more
Commercial 10.21 cents/kWh 12.60 cents/kWh Nov-23 find more
Industrial 6.56 cents/kWh 7.90 cents/kWh Nov-23 find more
Reserves  
Reserves Arkansas Share of U.S. Period find more
Crude Oil (as of Dec. 31) 35 million barrels 0.1% 2021 find more
Expected Future Production of Dry Natural Gas (as of Dec. 31) 6,084 billion cu ft 1.0% 2021 find more
Expected Future Production of Natural Gas Plant Liquids 2 million barrels * 2021 find more
Recoverable Coal at Producing Mines -- -- 2022 find more
Rotary Rigs & Wells Arkansas Share of U.S. Period find more
Natural Gas Producing Wells 9,043 wells 1.9% 2020 find more
Capacity Arkansas Share of U.S. Period
Crude Oil Refinery Capacity (as of Jan. 1) 90,500 barrels/calendar day 0.5% 2023  
Electric Power Industry Net Summer Capacity 15,229 MW 1.3% Nov-23  
Supply & Distribution  
Production Arkansas Share of U.S. Period find more
Total Energy 735 trillion Btu 0.7% 2021 find more
Crude Oil 12 thousand barrels per day 0.1% Nov-23 find more
Natural Gas - Marketed 416,196 million cu ft 1.1% 2022 find more
Coal -- -- 2022 find more
Total Utility-Scale Net Electricity Generation Arkansas Share of U.S. Period find more
Total Net Electricity Generation 4,362 thousand MWh 1.4% Nov-23  
Utility-Scale Net Electricity Generation (share of total) Arkansas U.S. Average Period
Petroleum-Fired 0.1 % 0.3 % Nov-23 find more
Natural Gas-Fired 31.1 % 42.0 % Nov-23 find more
Coal-Fired 28.9 % 15.9 % Nov-23 find more
Nuclear 30.8 % 19.3 % Nov-23 find more
Renewables 9.1 % 21.9 % Nov-23  
Stocks Arkansas Share of U.S. Period find more
Motor Gasoline (Excludes Pipelines) 120 thousand barrels 1.0% Nov-23  
Distillate Fuel Oil (Excludes Pipelines) 437 thousand barrels 0.5% Nov-23 find more
Natural Gas in Underground Storage 18,289 million cu ft 0.2% Nov-23 find more
Petroleum Stocks at Electric Power Producers 162 thousand barrels 0.7% Nov-23 find more
Coal Stocks at Electric Power Producers 4,309 thousand tons 3.3% Nov-23 find more
Fueling Stations Arkansas Share of U.S. Period
Motor Gasoline 1,467 stations 1.3% 2021  
Propane 27 stations 1.1% Jan-24  
Electric Vehicle Charging Locations 308 stations 0.5% Jan-24  
E85 74 stations 1.7% Jan-24  
Biodiesel, Compressed Natural Gas, and Other Alternative Fuels 43 stations 1.5% Jan-24  
Consumption & Expenditures  
Summary Arkansas U.S. Rank Period
Total Consumption 1,080 trillion Btu 30 2021 find more
Total Consumption per Capita 356 million Btu 17 2021 find more
Total Expenditures $ 13,616 million 32 2021 find more
Total Expenditures per Capita $ 4,496 15 2021 find more
by End-Use Sector Arkansas Share of U.S. Period
Consumption
    »  Residential 226 trillion Btu 1.1% 2021 find more
    »  Commercial 177 trillion Btu 1.0% 2021 find more
    »  Industrial 389 trillion Btu 1.2% 2021 find more
    »  Transportation 287 trillion Btu 1.1% 2021 find more
Expenditures
    »  Residential $ 2,676 million 0.9% 2021 find more
    »  Commercial $ 1,737 million 0.9% 2021 find more
    »  Industrial $ 2,867 million 1.2% 2021 find more
    »  Transportation $ 6,336 million 1.0% 2021 find more
by Source Arkansas Share of U.S. Period
Consumption
    »  Petroleum 65 million barrels 0.9% 2021 find more
    »  Natural Gas 389 billion cu ft 1.2% 2022 find more
    »  Coal 12,067 thousand short tons 2.3% 2022 find more
Expenditures
    »  Petroleum $ 7,384 million 1.0% 2021 find more
    »  Natural Gas $ 3,614 million 1.3% 2022 find more
    »  Coal $ 501 million 1.9% 2022 find more
Consumption for Electricity Generation Arkansas Share of U.S. Period find more
Petroleum 7 thousand barrels 0.4% Nov-23 find more
Natural Gas 12,029 million cu ft 1.4% Apr-23 find more
Coal 773 thousand tons 2.6% Nov-23 find more
Energy Source Used for Home Heating (share of households) Arkansas U.S. Average Period
Natural Gas 36.1 % 46.2 % 2022  
Fuel Oil 0.1 % 3.9 % 2022  
Electricity 54.7 % 41.3 % 2022  
Propane 5.7 % 5.0 % 2022  
Other/None 3.4 % 3.5 % 2022  
Environment  
Renewable Energy Capacity Arkansas Share of U.S. Period find more
Total Renewable Energy Electricity Net Summer Capacity 2,097 MW 0.6% Nov-23  
Ethanol Plant Nameplate Capacity -- -- 2023  
Renewable Energy Production Arkansas Share of U.S. Period find more
Utility-Scale Hydroelectric Net Electricity Generation 262 thousand MWh 1.4% Nov-23  
Utility-Scale Solar, Wind, and Geothermal Net Electricity Generation 66 thousand MWh 0.1% Nov-23  
Utility-Scale Biomass Net Electricity Generation 67 thousand MWh 1.7% Nov-23  
Small-Scale Solar Photovoltaic Generation 29 thousand MWh 0.6% Nov-23  
Fuel Ethanol Production 0 thousand barrels 0.0% 2021  
Renewable Energy Consumption Arkansas U.S. Rank Period find more
Renewable Energy Consumption as a Share of State Total 10.6 % 26 2021  
Fuel Ethanol Consumption 3,458 thousand barrels 31 2021  
Total Emissions Arkansas Share of U.S. Period find more
Carbon Dioxide 62.0 million metric tons 1.3% 2021  
Electric Power Industry Emissions Arkansas Share of U.S. Period find more
Carbon Dioxide 31,303 thousand metric tons 1.9% 2022  
Sulfur Dioxide 37 thousand metric tons 3.4% 2022  
Nitrogen Oxide 20 thousand metric tons 1.6% 2022  

Notes & Sources

-- = No data reported.
*  = Value is less than half of the smallest unit of measure (e.g., for values with no decimals, the smallest unit is 1 then values less than 0.5 are shown as *.)
NA = Not available.
NM = Not meaningful due to large relative standard error or excessive percentage change.
W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data.
Note: Small differences between source data and values displayed here may be due to independent rounding.
Note: Components of "Utility-scale net electricity generation (share of total)" may not add to 100% because "Total utility-scale net electricity generation" includes net generation from petroleum coke, pumped storage hydroelectric, other gases, and other energy sources, which are not shown separately.
Note: Territory data may be estimates based on EIA's Short-Term Energy Outlook.