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California   California Profile

State Profile and Energy Estimates

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Last Update: March 18, 2021 | Next Update: April 15, 2021                                                                                                                                                 See full record of updates

Data in this section highlight only a small number of the many series available for this state. Use the "more" links on this page or the "Find" tool to access EIA's additional state-level data.

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Energy Indicators  
Demography California Share of U.S. Period
Population 39.4 million 11.9% 2020  
Civilian Labor Force 18.6 million 11.7% Jan-21  
Economy California U.S. Rank Period
Gross Domestic Product $ 3,137.5 billion 1 2019  
Gross Domestic Product for the Manufacturing Sector $ 322,383 million 1 2019  
Per Capita Personal Income $ 66,661 6 2019  
Vehicle Miles Traveled 340,836 million miles 1 2019  
Land in Farms 24.5 million acres 16 2017  
Climate California U.S. Rank Period
Average Temperature 60.5 degrees Fahrenheit 12 2020  
Precipitation 12.1 inches 43 2020  
Prices  
Petroleum California U.S. Average Period find more
Domestic Crude Oil First Purchase $ 47.61 /barrel $ 43.96 /barrel Dec-20  
Natural Gas California U.S. Average Period find more
City Gate $ 4.03 /thousand cu ft $ 3.55 /thousand cu ft Dec-20 find more
Residential $ 15.32 /thousand cu ft $ 9.73 /thousand cu ft Dec-20 find more
Coal California U.S. Average Period find more
Average Sales Price -- $ 36.07 /short ton 2019  
Delivered to Electric Power Sector -- $ 1.91 /million Btu Dec-20  
Electricity California U.S. Average Period find more
Residential 20.45 cents/kWh 12.80 cents/kWh Dec-20 find more
Commercial 16.21 cents/kWh 10.48 cents/kWh Dec-20 find more
Industrial 12.92 cents/kWh 6.40 cents/kWh Dec-20 find more
Reserves  
Reserves California Share of U.S. Period find more
Crude Oil (as of Dec. 31) 2,213 million barrels 5.0% 2019 find more
Expected Future Production of Dry Natural Gas (as of Dec. 31) 1,280 billion cu ft 0.3% 2019 find more
Expected Future Production of Natural Gas Plant Liquids 66 million barrels 0.3% 2019 find more
Recoverable Coal at Producing Mines -- -- 2019 find more
Rotary Rigs & Wells California Share of U.S. Period find more
Natural Gas Producing Wells 3,450 wells 0.7% 2019 find more
Capacity California Share of U.S. Period
Crude Oil Refinery Capacity (as of Jan. 1) 1,909,171 barrels/calendar day 10.1% 2020  
Electric Power Industry Net Summer Capacity 77,895 MW 7.0% Dec-20  
Supply & Distribution  
Production California Share of U.S. Period find more
Total Energy 2,408 trillion Btu 2.5% 2018 find more
Crude Oil 369 thousand barrels per day 3.3% Dec-20 find more
Natural Gas - Marketed 196,823 million cu ft 0.5% 2019 find more
Coal -- -- 2019 find more
Total Utility-Scale Net Electricity Generation California Share of U.S. Period find more
Total Net Electricity Generation 14,887 thousand MWh 4.3% Dec-20  
Utility-Scale Net Electricity Generation (share of total) California U.S. Average Period
Petroleum-Fired * 0.3 % Dec-20 find more
Natural Gas-Fired 58.1 % 36.4 % Dec-20 find more
Coal-Fired 0.2 % 22.8 % Dec-20 find more
Nuclear 5.8 % 20.3 % Dec-20 find more
Renewables 34.7 % 19.5 % Dec-20  
Stocks California Share of U.S. Period find more
Motor Gasoline (Excludes Pipelines) 332 thousand barrels 1.7% Dec-20  
Distillate Fuel Oil (Excludes Pipelines) 6,941 thousand barrels 5.4% Dec-20 find more
Natural Gas in Underground Storage 478,105 million cu ft 6.2% Dec-20 find more
Petroleum Stocks at Electric Power Producers 194 thousand barrels 0.8% Dec-20 find more
Coal Stocks at Electric Power Producers 0 thousand tons 0.0% Dec-20 find more
Fueling Stations California Share of U.S. Period
Motor Gasoline 7,488 stations 6.6% 2018  
Propane 230 stations 8.5% 2021  
Electricity 12,527 stations 30.8% 2021  
E85 183 stations 4.9% 2021  
Compressed Natural Gas and Other Alternative Fuels 233 stations 18.5% 2021  
Consumption & Expenditures  
Summary California U.S. Rank Period
Total Consumption 7,967 trillion Btu 2 2018 find more
Total Consumption per Capita 202 million Btu 48 2018 find more
Total Expenditures $ 138,992 million 2 2018 find more
Total Expenditures per Capita $ 3,522 38 2018 find more
by End-Use Sector California Share of U.S. Period
Consumption
    »  Residential 1,439 trillion Btu 6.7% 2018 find more
    »  Commercial 1,509 trillion Btu 8.2% 2018 find more
    »  Industrial 1,848 trillion Btu 5.6% 2018 find more
    »  Transportation 3,170 trillion Btu 11.1% 2018 find more
Expenditures
    »  Residential $ 22,860 million 8.6% 2018 find more
    »  Commercial $ 23,168 million 12.0% 2018 find more
    »  Industrial $ 15,174 million 7.1% 2018 find more
    »  Transportation $ 77,790 million 13.0% 2018 find more
by Source California Share of U.S. Period
Consumption
    »  Petroleum 681 million barrels 9.1% 2018 find more
    »  Natural Gas 2,144 billion cu ft 6.9% 2019 find more
    »  Coal 1 million short tons 0.2% 2019 find more
Expenditures
    »  Petroleum $ 84,770 million 11.4% 2018 find more
    »  Natural Gas $ 15,612 million 10.4% 2019 find more
    »  Coal $ 105 million 0.4% 2019 find more
Consumption for Electricity Generation California Share of U.S. Period find more
Petroleum 5 thousand barrels 0.3% Dec-20 find more
Natural Gas 61,245 million cu ft 6.8% Dec-20 find more
Coal 5 thousand short tons * Dec-20 find more
Energy Source Used for Home Heating (share of households) California U.S. Average Period
Natural Gas 64.4 % 47.8 % 2019  
Fuel Oil 0.2 % 4.4 % 2019  
Electricity 26.6 % 39.5 % 2019  
Propane 3.2 % 4.8 % 2019  
Other/None 5.6 % 3.5 % 2019  
Environment  
Renewable Energy Capacity California Share of U.S. Period find more
Total Renewable Energy Electricity Net Summer Capacity 33,631 MW 12.9% Dec-20  
Ethanol Plant Nameplate Capacity 230 million gal/year 1.3% 2020  
Renewable Energy Production California Share of U.S. Period find more
Utility-Scale Hydroelectric Net Electricity Generation 853 thousand MWh 3.7% Dec-20  
Utility-Scale Solar, Wind, and Geothermal Net Electricity Generation 3,795 thousand MWh 9.7% Dec-20  
Utility-Scale Biomass Net Electricity Generation 519 thousand MWh 10.7% Dec-20  
Small-Scale Solar Photovoltaic Generation 1,050 thousand MWh 41.6% Dec-20  
Fuel Ethanol Production 5,254 thousand barrels 1.4% 2018  
Renewable Energy Consumption California U.S. Rank Period find more
Renewable Energy Consumption as a Share of State Total 14.0 % 17 2018  
Fuel Ethanol Consumption 37,856 thousand barrels 1 2019  
Total Emissions California Share of U.S. Period find more
Carbon Dioxide 359.0 million metric tons 6.9% 2017  
Electric Power Industry Emissions California Share of U.S. Period find more
Carbon Dioxide 40,874 thousand metric tons 2.4% 2019  
Sulfur Dioxide 1 thousand metric tons 0.1% 2019  
Nitrogen Oxide 63 thousand metric tons 4.7% 2019  

Notes & Sources

-- = No data reported.
*  = Value is less than half of the smallest unit of measure (e.g., for values with no decimals, the smallest unit is 1 then values less than 0.5 are shown as *.)
NA = Not available.
NM = Not meaningful due to large relative standard error or excessive percentage change.
W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data.
Note: Small differences between source data and values displayed here may be due to independent rounding.
Note: Components of "Utility-scale net electricity generation (share of total)" may not add to 100% because "Total utility-scale net electricity generation" includes net generation from petroleum coke, pumped storage hydroelectric, other gases, and other energy sources, which are not shown separately.