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California   California Profile

State Profile and Energy Estimates

Changes to the State Energy Data System (SEDS) Notice: In October 2023, we updated the way we calculate primary energy consumption of electricity generation from noncombustible renewable energy sources (solar, wind, hydroelectric, and geothermal). Visit our Changes to 1960—2022 conversion factor for renewable energy page to learn more.

Profile DataPrint State Energy Profile
(overview, data, & analysis)

Last Update: June 20, 2024 Next Update: July 18, 2024                                                                                                                                               See full record of updates

Data in this section highlight only a small number of the many series available for this state. Use the "more" links on this page or the "Find" tool to access EIA's additional state-level data.

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Energy Indicators  
Demography California Share of U.S. Period
Population 39.0 million 11.6% 2023  
Civilian Labor Force 19.2 million 11.4% Apr-24  
Economy California U.S. Rank Period
Gross Domestic Product $ 3,862.2 billion 1 2023  
Gross Domestic Product for the Manufacturing Sector $ 417,038 million 1 2023  
Per Capita Personal Income $ 80,423 5 2023  
Vehicle Miles Traveled 315,244 million miles 1 2022  
Land in Farms 23.8 million acres 16 2023  
Climate California U.S. Rank Period
Average Temperature 58.2 degrees Fahrenheit 13 2023  
Precipitation 27.3 inches 34 2023  
Prices  
Petroleum California U.S. Average Period find more
Domestic Crude Oil First Purchase $ 79.83 /barrel $ 78.97 /barrel Mar-24  
Natural Gas California U.S. Average Period find more
City Gate $ 4.23 /thousand cu ft $ 4.05 /thousand cu ft Mar-24 find more
Residential $ 19.65 /thousand cu ft $ 13.85 /thousand cu ft Mar-24 find more
Coal California U.S. Average Period find more
Average Sales Price -- $ 54.46 /short ton 2022  
Delivered to Electric Power Sector -- $ 2.49 /million Btu Mar-24  
Electricity California U.S. Average Period find more
Residential 32.47 cents/kWh 16.68 cents/kWh Mar-24 find more
Commercial 23.70 cents/kWh 12.76 cents/kWh Mar-24 find more
Industrial 18.96 cents/kWh 7.73 cents/kWh Mar-24 find more
Reserves  
Reserves California Share of U.S. Period find more
Crude Oil (as of Dec. 31) 1,716 million barrels 4.2% 2021 find more
Expected Future Production of Dry Natural Gas (as of Dec. 31) 1,151 billion cu ft 0.2% 2021 find more
Expected Future Production of Natural Gas Plant Liquids 58 million barrels 0.2% 2021 find more
Recoverable Coal at Producing Mines -- -- 2022 find more
Rotary Rigs & Wells California Share of U.S. Period find more
Natural Gas Producing Wells 3,583 wells 0.7% 2020 find more
Capacity California Share of U.S. Period
Crude Oil Refinery Capacity (as of Jan. 1) 1,740,371 barrels/calendar day 9.6% 2023  
Electric Power Industry Net Summer Capacity 91,327 MW 7.6% Mar-24  
Supply & Distribution  
Production California Share of U.S. Period find more
Total Energy 2,152 trillion Btu 2.2% 2021 find more
Crude Oil 294 thousand barrels per day 2.2% Mar-24 find more
Natural Gas - Marketed 136,220 million cu ft 0.3% 2022 find more
Coal -- -- 2022 find more
Total Utility-Scale Net Electricity Generation California Share of U.S. Period find more
Total Net Electricity Generation 15,760 thousand MWh 4.9% Mar-24  
Utility-Scale Net Electricity Generation (share of total) California U.S. Average Period
Petroleum-Fired * 0.3 % Mar-24 find more
Natural Gas-Fired 30.3 % 40.3 % Mar-24 find more
Coal-Fired 0.1 % 11.9 % Mar-24 find more
Nuclear 10.7 % 19.6 % Mar-24 find more
Renewables 58.4 % 27.6 % Mar-24  
Stocks California Share of U.S. Period find more
Motor Gasoline (Excludes Pipelines) 381 thousand barrels 3.5% Mar-24  
Distillate Fuel Oil (Excludes Pipelines) 4,879 thousand barrels 5.3% Mar-24 find more
Natural Gas in Underground Storage 483,726 million cu ft 7.1% Mar-24 find more
Petroleum Stocks at Electric Power Producers 159 thousand barrels 0.7% Mar-24 find more
Coal Stocks at Electric Power Producers 0 thousand tons 0.0% Mar-24 find more
Fueling Stations California Share of U.S. Period
Motor Gasoline 7,724 stations 7.0% 2021  
Propane 204 stations 8.5% May-24  
Electric Vehicle Charging Locations 15,485 stations 24.7% May-24  
E85 423 stations 9.7% May-24  
Biodiesel, Compressed Natural Gas, and Other Alternative Fuels 862 stations 30.3% May-24  
Consumption & Expenditures  
Summary California U.S. Rank Period
Total Consumption 6,882 trillion Btu 2 2022 find more
Total Consumption per Capita 189 million Btu 48 2021 find more
Total Expenditures $ 200,008 million 2 2022 find more
Total Expenditures per Capita $ 3,837 30 2021 find more
by End-Use Sector California Share of U.S. Period
Consumption
    »  Residential 1,204 trillion Btu 6.2% 2022 find more
    »  Commercial 1,193 trillion Btu 7.2% 2022 find more
    »  Industrial 1,539 trillion Btu 5.0% 2022 find more
    »  Transportation 2,916 trillion Btu 10.6% 2022 find more
Expenditures
    »  Residential $ 32,779 million 9.9% 2022 find more
    »  Commercial $ 32,185 million 13.2% 2022 find more
    »  Industrial $ 21,493 million 7.5% 2022 find more
    »  Transportation $ 113,551 million 13.2% 2022 find more
by Source California Share of U.S. Period
Consumption
    »  Petroleum 628 million barrels 8.6% 2022 find more
    »  Natural Gas 2,059 billion cu ft 6.4% 2022 find more
    »  Coal 1,322 thousand short tons 0.3% 2022 find more
Expenditures
    »  Petroleum $ 123,820 million 11.8% 2022 find more
    »  Natural Gas $ 26,496 million 9.8% 2022 find more
    »  Coal $ 121 million 0.5% 2022 find more
Consumption for Electricity Generation California Share of U.S. Period find more
Petroleum 14 thousand barrels 1.0% Mar-24 find more
Natural Gas 34,064 million cu ft 3.6% Mar-24 find more
Coal 4 thousand tons * Mar-24 find more
Energy Source Used for Home Heating (share of households) California U.S. Average Period
Natural Gas 60.2 % 46.2 % 2022  
Fuel Oil 0.2 % 3.9 % 2022  
Electricity 30.0 % 41.3 % 2022  
Propane 3.5 % 5.0 % 2022  
Other/None 6.0 % 3.5 % 2022  
Environment  
Renewable Energy Capacity California Share of U.S. Period find more
Total Renewable Energy Electricity Net Summer Capacity 39,785 MW 11.6% Mar-24  
Ethanol Plant Nameplate Capacity 128 million gal/year 0.7% 2023  
Renewable Energy Production California Share of U.S. Period find more
Utility-Scale Hydroelectric Net Electricity Generation 3,229 thousand MWh 14.1% Mar-24  
Utility-Scale Solar, Wind, and Geothermal Net Electricity Generation 5,449 thousand MWh 8.7% Mar-24  
Utility-Scale Biomass Net Electricity Generation 389 thousand MWh 10.4% Mar-24  
Small-Scale Solar Photovoltaic Generation 2,660 thousand MWh 37.3% Mar-24  
Fuel Ethanol Production 2,293 thousand barrels 0.6% 2021  
Renewable Energy Consumption California U.S. Rank Period find more
Renewable Energy Consumption as a Share of State Total 18.1 % 16 2021  
Fuel Ethanol Consumption 34,113 thousand barrels 2 2021  
Total Emissions California Share of U.S. Period find more
Carbon Dioxide 324.0 million metric tons 6.6% 2021  
Electric Power Industry Emissions California Share of U.S. Period find more
Carbon Dioxide 44,448 thousand metric tons 2.7% 2022  
Sulfur Dioxide 1 thousand metric tons 0.1% 2022  
Nitrogen Oxide 63 thousand metric tons 5.1% 2022  

Notes & Sources

-- = No data reported.
*  = Value is less than half of the smallest unit of measure (e.g., for values with no decimals, the smallest unit is 1 then values less than 0.5 are shown as *.)
NA = Not available.
NM = Not meaningful due to large relative standard error or excessive percentage change.
W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data.
Note: Small differences between source data and values displayed here may be due to independent rounding.
Note: Components of "Utility-scale net electricity generation (share of total)" may not add to 100% because "Total utility-scale net electricity generation" includes net generation from petroleum coke, pumped storage hydroelectric, other gases, and other energy sources, which are not shown separately.
Note: Territory data may be estimates based on EIA's Short-Term Energy Outlook.