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California   California Profile

State Profile and Energy Estimates

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Last Update: November 17, 2022 | Next Update: December 15, 2022                                                                                                                                                 See full record of updates

Data in this section highlight only a small number of the many series available for this state. Use the "more" links on this page or the "Find" tool to access EIA's additional state-level data.

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Energy Indicators  
Demography California Share of U.S. Period
Population 39.2 million 11.8% 2021  
Civilian Labor Force 19.3 million 11.7% Sep-22  
Economy California U.S. Rank Period
Gross Domestic Product $ 3,356.6 billion 1 2021  
Gross Domestic Product for the Manufacturing Sector $ 413,470 million 1 2021  
Per Capita Personal Income $ 76,386 5 2021  
Vehicle Miles Traveled 299,812 million miles 1 2020  
Land in Farms 24.5 million acres 16 2017  
Climate California U.S. Rank Period
Average Temperature 60.4 degrees Fahrenheit 11 2021  
Precipitation 18.8 inches 40 2021  
Prices  
Petroleum California U.S. Average Period find more
Domestic Crude Oil First Purchase $ 96.04 /barrel $ 93.75 /barrel Aug-22  
Natural Gas California U.S. Average Period find more
City Gate $ 10.38 /thousand cu ft $ 10.49 /thousand cu ft Aug-22 find more
Residential $ 21.64 /thousand cu ft $ 25.61 /thousand cu ft Aug-22 find more
Coal California U.S. Average Period find more
Average Sales Price -- $ 36.50 /short ton 2021  
Delivered to Electric Power Sector -- $ 2.51 /million Btu Aug-22  
Electricity California U.S. Average Period find more
Residential 27.27 cents/kWh 15.95 cents/kWh Aug-22 find more
Commercial 24.62 cents/kWh 13.45 cents/kWh Aug-22 find more
Industrial 19.91 cents/kWh 9.72 cents/kWh Aug-22 find more
Reserves  
Reserves California Share of U.S. Period find more
Crude Oil (as of Dec. 31) 1,496 million barrels 4.2% 2020 find more
Expected Future Production of Dry Natural Gas (as of Dec. 31) 1,065 billion cu ft 0.2% 2020 find more
Expected Future Production of Natural Gas Plant Liquids 43 million barrels 0.2% 2020 find more
Recoverable Coal at Producing Mines -- -- 2021 find more
Rotary Rigs & Wells California Share of U.S. Period find more
Natural Gas Producing Wells 3,583 wells 0.7% 2020 find more
Capacity California Share of U.S. Period
Crude Oil Refinery Capacity (as of Jan. 1) 1,749,871 barrels/calendar day 9.8% 2022  
Electric Power Industry Net Summer Capacity 83,919 MW 7.3% Aug-22  
Supply & Distribution  
Production California Share of U.S. Period find more
Total Energy 2,190 trillion Btu 2.3% 2020 find more
Crude Oil 333 thousand barrels per day 2.8% Aug-22 find more
Natural Gas - Marketed 140,604 million cu ft 0.4% 2021 find more
Coal -- -- 2021 find more
Total Utility-Scale Net Electricity Generation California Share of U.S. Period find more
Total Net Electricity Generation 21,722 thousand MWh 5.2% Aug-22  
Utility-Scale Net Electricity Generation (share of total) California U.S. Average Period
Petroleum-Fired * 0.2 % Aug-22 find more
Natural Gas-Fired 52.9 % 45.7 % Aug-22 find more
Coal-Fired 0.1 % 20.5 % Aug-22 find more
Nuclear 7.7 % 16.6 % Aug-22 find more
Renewables 38.1 % 16.4 % Aug-22  
Stocks California Share of U.S. Period find more
Motor Gasoline (Excludes Pipelines) 179 thousand barrels 1.5% Aug-22  
Distillate Fuel Oil (Excludes Pipelines) 4,929 thousand barrels 5.8% Aug-22 find more
Natural Gas in Underground Storage 485,335 million cu ft 6.8% Aug-22 find more
Petroleum Stocks at Electric Power Producers 173 thousand barrels 0.8% Aug-22 find more
Coal Stocks at Electric Power Producers 0 thousand tons 0.0% Aug-22 find more
Fueling Stations California Share of U.S. Period
Motor Gasoline 7,572 stations 6.7% 2019  
Propane 222 stations 8.9% 2022  
Electricity 13,819 stations 29.7% 2022  
E85 253 stations 6.1% 2022  
Compressed Natural Gas and Other Alternative Fuels 246 stations 19.0% 2022  
Consumption & Expenditures  
Summary California U.S. Rank Period
Total Consumption 6,923 trillion Btu 2 2020 find more
Total Consumption per Capita 175 million Btu 48 2020 find more
Total Expenditures $ 114,485 million 1 2020 find more
Total Expenditures per Capita $ 2,898 34 2020 find more
by End-Use Sector California Share of U.S. Period
Consumption
    »  Residential 1,508 trillion Btu 7.3% 2020 find more
    »  Commercial 1,358 trillion Btu 8.1% 2020 find more
    »  Industrial 1,701 trillion Btu 5.4% 2020 find more
    »  Transportation 2,355 trillion Btu 9.7% 2020 find more
Expenditures
    »  Residential $ 26,556 million 10.2% 2020 find more
    »  Commercial $ 22,760 million 13.1% 2020 find more
    »  Industrial $ 14,148 million 8.5% 2020 find more
    »  Transportation $ 51,020 million 12.6% 2020 find more
by Source California Share of U.S. Period
Consumption
    »  Petroleum 524 million barrels 7.9% 2020 find more
    »  Natural Gas 2,075 billion cu ft 6.8% 2020 find more
    »  Coal 1 million short tons 0.3% 2020 find more
Expenditures
    »  Petroleum $ 56,453 million 11.2% 2020 find more
    »  Natural Gas $ 15,128 million 11.2% 2020 find more
    »  Coal $ 99 million 0.5% 2020 find more
Consumption for Electricity Generation California Share of U.S. Period find more
Petroleum 6 thousand barrels 0.3% Aug-22 find more
Natural Gas 83,428 million cu ft 5.9% Aug-22 find more
Coal 4 thousand short tons * Aug-22 find more
Energy Source Used for Home Heating (share of households) California U.S. Average Period
Natural Gas 60.8 % 46.5 % 2021  
Fuel Oil 0.2 % 4.1 % 2021  
Electricity 29.7 % 41.0 % 2021  
Propane 3.5 % 5.0 % 2021  
Other/None 5.8 % 3.5 % 2021  
Environment  
Renewable Energy Capacity California Share of U.S. Period find more
Total Renewable Energy Electricity Net Summer Capacity 36,091 MW 12.1% Aug-22  
Ethanol Plant Nameplate Capacity 188 million gal/year 1.1% 2022  
Renewable Energy Production California Share of U.S. Period find more
Utility-Scale Hydroelectric Net Electricity Generation 1,711 thousand MWh 7.4% Aug-22  
Utility-Scale Solar, Wind, and Geothermal Net Electricity Generation 6,060 thousand MWh 15.1% Aug-22  
Utility-Scale Biomass Net Electricity Generation 499 thousand MWh 10.4% Aug-22  
Small-Scale Solar Photovoltaic Generation 2,393 thousand MWh 39.6% Aug-22  
Fuel Ethanol Production 2,710 thousand barrels 0.8% 2020  
Renewable Energy Consumption California U.S. Rank Period find more
Renewable Energy Consumption as a Share of State Total 16.5 % 17 2020  
Fuel Ethanol Consumption 30,752 thousand barrels 2 2020  
Total Emissions California Share of U.S. Period find more
Carbon Dioxide 358.2 million metric tons 6.9% 2019  
Electric Power Industry Emissions California Share of U.S. Period find more
Carbon Dioxide 43,444 thousand metric tons 2.8% 2020  
Sulfur Dioxide 1 thousand metric tons 0.1% 2020  
Nitrogen Oxide 66 thousand metric tons 5.5% 2020  

Notes & Sources

-- = No data reported.
*  = Value is less than half of the smallest unit of measure (e.g., for values with no decimals, the smallest unit is 1 then values less than 0.5 are shown as *.)
NA = Not available.
NM = Not meaningful due to large relative standard error or excessive percentage change.
W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data.
Note: Small differences between source data and values displayed here may be due to independent rounding.
Note: Components of "Utility-scale net electricity generation (share of total)" may not add to 100% because "Total utility-scale net electricity generation" includes net generation from petroleum coke, pumped storage hydroelectric, other gases, and other energy sources, which are not shown separately.