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California   California Profile

State Profile and Energy Estimates

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Last Update: September 16, 2021 | Next Update: October 21, 2021                                                                                                                                                 See full record of updates

Data in this section highlight only a small number of the many series available for this state. Use the "more" links on this page or the "Find" tool to access EIA's additional state-level data.

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Energy Indicators  
Demography California Share of U.S. Period
Population 39.4 million 11.9% 2020  
Civilian Labor Force 19.2 million 11.8% Jul-21  
Economy California U.S. Rank Period
Gross Domestic Product $ 3,091.9 billion 1 2020  
Gross Domestic Product for the Manufacturing Sector $ 316,277 million 1 2020  
Per Capita Personal Income $ 71,480 6 2020  
Vehicle Miles Traveled 340,836 million miles 1 2019  
Land in Farms 24.5 million acres 16 2017  
Climate California U.S. Rank Period
Average Temperature 60.5 degrees Fahrenheit 12 2020  
Precipitation 12.1 inches 44 2020  
Prices  
Petroleum California U.S. Average Period find more
Domestic Crude Oil First Purchase $ 71.54 /barrel $ 68.58 /barrel Jun-21  
Natural Gas California U.S. Average Period find more
City Gate $ 4.25 /thousand cu ft $ 4.80 /thousand cu ft Jun-21 find more
Residential $ 15.73 /thousand cu ft $ 17.76 /thousand cu ft Jun-21 find more
Coal California U.S. Average Period find more
Average Sales Price -- $ 36.07 /short ton 2019  
Delivered to Electric Power Sector -- $ 1.95 /million Btu Jun-21  
Electricity California U.S. Average Period find more
Residential 23.11 cents/kWh 13.85 cents/kWh Jun-21 find more
Commercial 20.24 cents/kWh 11.34 cents/kWh Jun-21 find more
Industrial 15.71 cents/kWh 7.27 cents/kWh Jun-21 find more
Reserves  
Reserves California Share of U.S. Period find more
Crude Oil (as of Dec. 31) 2,213 million barrels 5.0% 2019 find more
Expected Future Production of Dry Natural Gas (as of Dec. 31) 1,280 billion cu ft 0.3% 2019 find more
Expected Future Production of Natural Gas Plant Liquids 66 million barrels 0.3% 2019 find more
Recoverable Coal at Producing Mines -- -- 2019 find more
Rotary Rigs & Wells California Share of U.S. Period find more
Natural Gas Producing Wells 3,450 wells 0.7% 2019 find more
Capacity California Share of U.S. Period
Crude Oil Refinery Capacity (as of Jan. 1) 1,909,171 barrels/calendar day 10.1% 2020  
Electric Power Industry Net Summer Capacity 79,365 MW 7.1% Jun-21  
Supply & Distribution  
Production California Share of U.S. Period find more
Total Energy 2,449 trillion Btu 2.4% 2019 find more
Crude Oil 360 thousand barrels per day 3.2% Jun-21 find more
Natural Gas - Marketed 196,823 million cu ft 0.5% 2019 find more
Coal -- -- 2019 find more
Total Utility-Scale Net Electricity Generation California Share of U.S. Period find more
Total Net Electricity Generation 18,461 thousand MWh 4.9% Jun-21  
Utility-Scale Net Electricity Generation (share of total) California U.S. Average Period
Petroleum-Fired * 0.2 % Jun-21 find more
Natural Gas-Fired 46.9 % 39.7 % Jun-21 find more
Coal-Fired 0.1 % 23.3 % Jun-21 find more
Nuclear 8.9 % 17.7 % Jun-21 find more
Renewables 43.2 % 18.5 % Jun-21  
Stocks California Share of U.S. Period find more
Motor Gasoline (Excludes Pipelines) 289 thousand barrels 2.3% Jun-21  
Distillate Fuel Oil (Excludes Pipelines) 6,191 thousand barrels 5.7% Jun-21 find more
Natural Gas in Underground Storage 492,179 million cu ft 7.0% Jun-21 find more
Petroleum Stocks at Electric Power Producers 186 thousand barrels 0.8% Jun-21 find more
Coal Stocks at Electric Power Producers 0 thousand tons 0.0% Jun-21 find more
Fueling Stations California Share of U.S. Period
Motor Gasoline 7,572 stations 6.7% 2019  
Propane 230 stations 8.5% 2021  
Electricity 12,527 stations 30.8% 2021  
E85 183 stations 4.9% 2021  
Compressed Natural Gas and Other Alternative Fuels 233 stations 18.5% 2021  
Consumption & Expenditures  
Summary California U.S. Rank Period
Total Consumption 7,802 trillion Btu 2 2019 find more
Total Consumption per Capita 198 million Btu 50 2019 find more
Total Expenditures $ 139,423 million 1 2019 find more
Total Expenditures per Capita $ 3,535 36 2019 find more
by End-Use Sector California Share of U.S. Period
Consumption
    »  Residential 1,456 trillion Btu 6.9% 2019 find more
    »  Commercial 1,468 trillion Btu 8.2% 2019 find more
    »  Industrial 1,805 trillion Btu 5.5% 2019 find more
    »  Transportation 3,073 trillion Btu 10.8% 2019 find more
Expenditures
    »  Residential $ 23,630 million 8.9% 2019 find more
    »  Commercial $ 23,605 million 12.5% 2019 find more
    »  Industrial $ 15,150 million 7.7% 2019 find more
    »  Transportation $ 77,039 million 13.5% 2019 find more
by Source California Share of U.S. Period
Consumption
    »  Petroleum 662 million barrels 8.8% 2019 find more
    »  Natural Gas 2,144 billion cu ft 6.9% 2019 find more
    »  Coal 1 million short tons 0.2% 2019 find more
Expenditures
    »  Petroleum $ 83,724 million 12.0% 2019 find more
    »  Natural Gas $ 15,612 million 10.4% 2019 find more
    »  Coal $ 105 million 0.4% 2019 find more
Consumption for Electricity Generation California Share of U.S. Period find more
Petroleum 7 thousand barrels 0.5% Jun-21 find more
Natural Gas 63,437 million cu ft 5.7% Jun-21 find more
Coal 5 thousand short tons * Jun-21 find more
Energy Source Used for Home Heating (share of households) California U.S. Average Period
Natural Gas 64.4 % 47.8 % 2019  
Fuel Oil 0.2 % 4.4 % 2019  
Electricity 26.6 % 39.5 % 2019  
Propane 3.2 % 4.8 % 2019  
Other/None 5.6 % 3.5 % 2019  
Environment  
Renewable Energy Capacity California Share of U.S. Period find more
Total Renewable Energy Electricity Net Summer Capacity 34,000 MW 12.5% Jun-21  
Ethanol Plant Nameplate Capacity 228 million gal/year 1.3% 2021  
Renewable Energy Production California Share of U.S. Period find more
Utility-Scale Hydroelectric Net Electricity Generation 1,544 thousand MWh 6.2% Jun-21  
Utility-Scale Solar, Wind, and Geothermal Net Electricity Generation 5,932 thousand MWh 14.9% Jun-21  
Utility-Scale Biomass Net Electricity Generation 492 thousand MWh 10.6% Jun-21  
Small-Scale Solar Photovoltaic Generation 2,062 thousand MWh 40.3% Jun-21  
Fuel Ethanol Production 4,632 thousand barrels 1.2% 2019  
Renewable Energy Consumption California U.S. Rank Period find more
Renewable Energy Consumption as a Share of State Total 16.4 % 14 2019  
Fuel Ethanol Consumption 37,856 thousand barrels 1 2019  
Total Emissions California Share of U.S. Period find more
Carbon Dioxide 363.0 million metric tons 6.9% 2018  
Electric Power Industry Emissions California Share of U.S. Period find more
Carbon Dioxide 40,874 thousand metric tons 2.4% 2019  
Sulfur Dioxide 1 thousand metric tons 0.1% 2019  
Nitrogen Oxide 63 thousand metric tons 4.7% 2019  

Notes & Sources

-- = No data reported.
*  = Value is less than half of the smallest unit of measure (e.g., for values with no decimals, the smallest unit is 1 then values less than 0.5 are shown as *.)
NA = Not available.
NM = Not meaningful due to large relative standard error or excessive percentage change.
W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data.
Note: Small differences between source data and values displayed here may be due to independent rounding.
Note: Components of "Utility-scale net electricity generation (share of total)" may not add to 100% because "Total utility-scale net electricity generation" includes net generation from petroleum coke, pumped storage hydroelectric, other gases, and other energy sources, which are not shown separately.