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Minnesota   Minnesota Profile

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Last Update: April 15, 2021 | Next Update: May 20, 2021                                                                                                                                                 See full record of updates

Data in this section highlight only a small number of the many series available for this state. Use the "more" links on this page or the "Find" tool to access EIA's additional state-level data.

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Energy Indicators  
Demography Minnesota Share of U.S. Period
Population 5.7 million 1.7% 2020  
Civilian Labor Force 3.0 million 1.9% Feb-21  
Economy Minnesota U.S. Rank Period
Gross Domestic Product $ 380.9 billion 17 2019  
Gross Domestic Product for the Manufacturing Sector $ 52,669 million 17 2019  
Per Capita Personal Income $ 61,540 16 2020  
Vehicle Miles Traveled 60,731 million miles 21 2019  
Land in Farms 25.5 million acres 14 2017  
Climate Minnesota U.S. Rank Period
Average Temperature 42.4 degrees Fahrenheit 47 2020  
Precipitation 24.3 inches 36 2020  
Prices  
Petroleum Minnesota U.S. Average Period find more
Domestic Crude Oil First Purchase -- $ 49.76 /barrel Jan-21  
Natural Gas Minnesota U.S. Average Period find more
City Gate $ 4.08 /thousand cu ft $ 3.45 /thousand cu ft Jan-21 find more
Residential $ 7.37 /thousand cu ft $ 9.74 /thousand cu ft Jan-21 find more
Coal Minnesota U.S. Average Period find more
Average Sales Price -- $ 36.07 /short ton 2019  
Delivered to Electric Power Sector $ 2.00 /million Btu $ 1.90 /million Btu Jan-21  
Electricity Minnesota U.S. Average Period find more
Residential 12.48 cents/kWh 12.69 cents/kWh Jan-21 find more
Commercial 9.69 cents/kWh 10.31 cents/kWh Jan-21 find more
Industrial 7.32 cents/kWh 6.35 cents/kWh Jan-21 find more
Reserves  
Reserves Minnesota Share of U.S. Period find more
Crude Oil (as of Dec. 31) -- -- 2019 find more
Expected Future Production of Dry Natural Gas (as of Dec. 31) -- -- 2019 find more
Expected Future Production of Natural Gas Plant Liquids -- -- 2019 find more
Recoverable Coal at Producing Mines -- -- 2019 find more
Rotary Rigs & Wells Minnesota Share of U.S. Period find more
Natural Gas Producing Wells -- -- 2019 find more
Capacity Minnesota Share of U.S. Period
Crude Oil Refinery Capacity (as of Jan. 1) 438,000 barrels/calendar day 2.3% 2020  
Electric Power Industry Net Summer Capacity 18,155 MW 1.6% Jan-21  
Supply & Distribution  
Production Minnesota Share of U.S. Period find more
Total Energy 525 trillion Btu 0.5% 2018 find more
Crude Oil -- -- Jan-21 find more
Natural Gas - Marketed -- -- 2019 find more
Coal -- -- 2019 find more
Total Utility-Scale Net Electricity Generation Minnesota Share of U.S. Period find more
Total Net Electricity Generation 4,844 thousand MWh 1.4% Jan-21  
Utility-Scale Net Electricity Generation (share of total) Minnesota U.S. Average Period
Petroleum-Fired 0.1 % 0.3 % Jan-21 find more
Natural Gas-Fired 15.1 % 35.7 % Jan-21 find more
Coal-Fired 29.3 % 23.3 % Jan-21 find more
Nuclear 27.0 % 20.5 % Jan-21 find more
Renewables 28.0 % 19.6 % Jan-21  
Stocks Minnesota Share of U.S. Period find more
Motor Gasoline (Excludes Pipelines) 360 thousand barrels 2.2% Jan-21  
Distillate Fuel Oil (Excludes Pipelines) 1,864 thousand barrels 1.4% Jan-21 find more
Natural Gas in Underground Storage 6,680 million cu ft 0.1% Jan-21 find more
Petroleum Stocks at Electric Power Producers 100 thousand barrels 0.4% Jan-21 find more
Coal Stocks at Electric Power Producers 2,919 thousand tons 2.3% Jan-21 find more
Fueling Stations Minnesota Share of U.S. Period
Motor Gasoline 2,134 stations 1.9% 2018  
Propane 51 stations 1.9% 2021  
Electricity 524 stations 1.3% 2021  
E85 410 stations 11.0% 2021  
Compressed Natural Gas and Other Alternative Fuels 159 stations 12.6% 2021  
Consumption & Expenditures  
Summary Minnesota U.S. Rank Period
Total Consumption 1,914 trillion Btu 18 2018 find more
Total Consumption per Capita 341 million Btu 18 2018 find more
Total Expenditures $ 22,237 million 21 2018 find more
Total Expenditures per Capita $ 3,966 24 2018 find more
by End-Use Sector Minnesota Share of U.S. Period
Consumption
    »  Residential 432 trillion Btu 2.0% 2018 find more
    »  Commercial 378 trillion Btu 2.1% 2018 find more
    »  Industrial 641 trillion Btu 2.0% 2018 find more
    »  Transportation 464 trillion Btu 1.6% 2018 find more
Expenditures
    »  Residential $ 4,868 million 1.8% 2018 find more
    »  Commercial $ 3,529 million 1.8% 2018 find more
    »  Industrial $ 3,854 million 1.8% 2018 find more
    »  Transportation $ 9,987 million 1.7% 2018 find more
by Source Minnesota Share of U.S. Period
Consumption
    »  Petroleum 119 million barrels 1.6% 2018 find more
    »  Natural Gas 520 billion cu ft 1.7% 2019 find more
    »  Coal 12 million short tons 2.0% 2019 find more
Expenditures
    »  Petroleum $ 12,316 million 1.7% 2018 find more
    »  Natural Gas $ 2,844 million 1.9% 2019 find more
    »  Coal $ 425 million 1.7% 2019 find more
Consumption for Electricity Generation Minnesota Share of U.S. Period find more
Petroleum 6 thousand barrels 0.3% Jan-21 find more
Natural Gas 5,650 million cu ft 0.6% Jan-21 find more
Coal 849 thousand short tons 1.9% Jan-21 find more
Energy Source Used for Home Heating (share of households) Minnesota U.S. Average Period
Natural Gas 66.2 % 47.8 % 2019  
Fuel Oil 1.5 % 4.4 % 2019  
Electricity 17.3 % 39.5 % 2019  
Propane 11.2 % 4.8 % 2019  
Other/None 3.7 % 3.5 % 2019  
Environment  
Renewable Energy Capacity Minnesota Share of U.S. Period find more
Total Renewable Energy Electricity Net Summer Capacity 6,086 MW 2.3% Jan-21  
Ethanol Plant Nameplate Capacity 1,354 million gal/year 7.8% 2020  
Renewable Energy Production Minnesota Share of U.S. Period find more
Utility-Scale Hydroelectric Net Electricity Generation 110 thousand MWh 0.4% Jan-21  
Utility-Scale Solar, Wind, and Geothermal Net Electricity Generation 1,135 thousand MWh 3.0% Jan-21  
Utility-Scale Biomass Net Electricity Generation 110 thousand MWh 2.3% Jan-21  
Small-Scale Solar Photovoltaic Generation 7 thousand MWh 0.3% Jan-21  
Fuel Ethanol Production 29,443 thousand barrels 7.7% 2018  
Renewable Energy Consumption Minnesota U.S. Rank Period find more
Renewable Energy Consumption as a Share of State Total 16.0 % 15 2018  
Fuel Ethanol Consumption 7,788 thousand barrels 14 2019  
Total Emissions Minnesota Share of U.S. Period find more
Carbon Dioxide 88.0 million metric tons 1.7% 2017  
Electric Power Industry Emissions Minnesota Share of U.S. Period find more
Carbon Dioxide 25,291 thousand metric tons 1.5% 2019  
Sulfur Dioxide 16 thousand metric tons 1.3% 2019  
Nitrogen Oxide 21 thousand metric tons 1.6% 2019  

Notes & Sources

-- = No data reported.
*  = Value is less than half of the smallest unit of measure (e.g., for values with no decimals, the smallest unit is 1 then values less than 0.5 are shown as *.)
NA = Not available.
NM = Not meaningful due to large relative standard error or excessive percentage change.
W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data.
Note: Small differences between source data and values displayed here may be due to independent rounding.
Note: Components of "Utility-scale net electricity generation (share of total)" may not add to 100% because "Total utility-scale net electricity generation" includes net generation from petroleum coke, pumped storage hydroelectric, other gases, and other energy sources, which are not shown separately.