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State Profile and Energy Estimates

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Last Update: January 17, 2019 | Next Update: February 21, 2019                                                                                                                                                 See full record of updates

Data in this section highlight only a small number of the many series available for this state. Use the "more" links on this page or the "Find" tool to access EIA's additional state-level data.

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Energy Indicators  
Demography Minnesota Share of U.S. Period
Population 5.6 million 1.7% 2017  
Civilian Labor Force 3.1 million 1.9% Nov-18  
Economy Minnesota U.S. Rank Period
Gross Domestic Product $ 351.1 billion 17 2017  
Gross Domestic Product for the Manufacturing Sector $ 49,214 million 17 2017  
Per Capita Personal Income $ 53,043 15 2017  
Vehicle Miles Traveled 59,029 million miles 22 2016  
Land in Farms 26.0 million acres 15 2012  
Climate Minnesota U.S. Rank Period
Average Temperature 42.8 degrees Fahrenheit 46 2017  
Precipitation 28.2 inches 38 2017  
Prices  
Petroleum Minnesota U.S. Average Period find more
Domestic Crude Oil First Purchase -- $ 65.20 /barrel Oct-18  
Natural Gas Minnesota U.S. Average Period find more
City Gate $ 4.13 /thousand cu ft $ 4.08 /thousand cu ft Oct-18 find more
Residential $ 8.85 /thousand cu ft $ 12.26 /thousand cu ft Oct-18 find more
Coal Minnesota U.S. Average Period find more
Average Sales Price -- $ 33.72 /short ton 2017  
Delivered to Electric Power Sector $ 2.22 /million Btu $ 2.04 /million Btu Oct-18  
Electricity Minnesota U.S. Average Period find more
Residential 13.72 cents/kWh 12.87 cents/kWh Oct-18 find more
Commercial 10.45 cents/kWh 10.74 cents/kWh Oct-18 find more
Industrial 7.74 cents/kWh 6.91 cents/kWh Oct-18 find more
Reserves  
Reserves Minnesota Share of U.S. Period find more
Crude Oil (as of Dec. 31) -- -- 2017 find more
Expected Future Production of Dry Natural Gas (as of Dec. 31) -- -- 2017 find more
Expected Future Production of Natural Gas Plant Liquids -- -- 2017 find more
Recoverable Coal at Producing Mines -- -- 2017 find more
Rotary Rigs & Wells Minnesota Share of U.S. Period find more
Rotary Rigs in Operation 0 rigs 0.0% 2016  
Natural Gas Producing Wells -- -- 2017 find more
Capacity Minnesota Share of U.S. Period
Crude Oil Refinery Capacity (as of Jan. 1) 388,515 barrels/calendar day 2.1% 2017  
Electric Power Industry Net Summer Capacity 17,085 MW 1.6% Oct-18  
Supply & Distribution  
Production Minnesota Share of U.S. Period find more
Total Energy 483 trillion Btu 0.6% 2016 find more
Crude Oil -- -- Oct-18 find more
Natural Gas - Marketed -- -- 2017 find more
Coal -- -- 2017 find more
Total Utility-Scale Net Electricity Generation Minnesota Share of U.S. Period find more
Total Net Electricity Generation 4,693 thousand MWh 1.4% Oct-18  
Utility-Scale Net Electricity Generation (share of total) Minnesota U.S. Average Period
Petroleum-Fired 0.1 % 0.3 % Oct-18 find more
Natural Gas-Fired 10.6 % 38.1 % Oct-18 find more
Coal-Fired 41.5 % 26.9 % Oct-18 find more
Nuclear 20.0 % 18.3 % Oct-18 find more
Renewables 27.1 % 15.8 % Oct-18  
Stocks Minnesota Share of U.S. Period find more
Motor Gasoline (Excludes Pipelines) 363 thousand barrels 2.2% Oct-18  
Distillate Fuel Oil (Excludes Pipelines) 1,861 thousand barrels 2.0% Oct-18 find more
Natural Gas in Underground Storage 6,992 million cu ft 0.1% Oct-18 find more
Petroleum Stocks at Electric Power Producers 97 thousand barrels 0.4% Oct-18 find more
Coal Stocks at Electric Power Producers 2,785 thousand tons 2.6% Oct-18 find more
Fueling Stations Minnesota Share of U.S. Period
Motor Gasoline 2,103 stations 1.9% 2016  
Liquefied Petroleum Gases 47 stations 1.4% 2017  
Electricity 262 stations 1.7% 2017  
Ethanol 320 stations 11.0% 2017  
Compressed Natural Gas and Other Alternative Fuels 19 stations 1.5% 2017  
Consumption & Expenditures  
Summary Minnesota U.S. Rank Period
Total Consumption 1,807 trillion Btu 18 2016 find more
Total Consumption per Capita 327 million Btu 20 2016 find more
Total Expenditures $ 18,339 million 22 2016 find more
Total Expenditures per Capita $ 3,319 25 2016 find more
by End-Use Sector Minnesota Share of U.S. Period
Consumption
    »  Residential 370 trillion Btu 1.8% 2016 find more
    »  Commercial 349 trillion Btu 1.9% 2016 find more
    »  Industrial 619 trillion Btu 2.0% 2016 find more
    »  Transportation 468 trillion Btu 1.7% 2016 find more
Expenditures
    »  Residential $ 4,080 million 1.7% 2016 find more
    »  Commercial $ 3,173 million 1.8% 2016 find more
    »  Industrial $ 3,358 million 2.0% 2016 find more
    »  Transportation $ 7,728 million 1.7% 2016 find more
by Source Minnesota Share of U.S. Period
Consumption
    »  Petroleum 118.4 million barrels 1.6% 2016 find more
    »  Natural Gas 449.9 billion cu ft 1.6% 2016 find more
    »  Coal 14.8 million short tons 2.0% 2016 find more
Expenditures
    »  Petroleum $ 9,470 million 1.7% 2016 find more
    »  Natural Gas $ 2,374 million 1.8% 2016 find more
    »  Coal $ 552 million 1.7% 2016 find more
Consumption for Electricity Generation Minnesota Share of U.S. Period find more
Petroleum 6 thousand barrels 0.3% Oct-18 find more
Natural Gas 3,759 million cu ft 0.4% Oct-18 find more
Coal 1,115 thousand short tons 2.3% Oct-18 find more
Energy Source Used for Home Heating (share of households) Minnesota U.S. Average Period
Natural Gas 66.3 % 48.0 % 2017  
Fuel Oil 1.7 % 4.7 % 2017  
Electricity 17.9 % 39.0 % 2017  
Propane 10.3 % 4.7 % 2017  
Other/None 3.9 % 3.6 % 2017  
Environment  
Renewable Energy Capacity Minnesota Share of U.S. Period find more
Total Renewable Energy Electricity Net Summer Capacity 5,102 MW 2.4% Oct-18  
Ethanol Plant Operating Capacity 1,247 million gal/year 7.9% 2018  
Renewable Energy Production Minnesota Share of U.S. Period find more
Utility-Scale Hydroelectric Net Electricity Generation 69 thousand MWh 0.4% Oct-18  
Utility-Scale Solar, Wind, and Geothermal Net Electricity Generation 1,079 thousand MWh 3.9% Oct-18  
Utility-Scale Biomass Net Electricity Generation 124 thousand MWh 2.5% Oct-18  
Distributed (Small-Scale) Solar Photovoltaic Generation 6 thousand MWh 0.3% Oct-18  
Ethanol Production 28,562 Thousand Barrels 7.8% 2016  
Renewable Energy Consumption Minnesota U.S. Rank Period find more
Renewable Energy Consumption as a Share of State Total 15.0 % 14 2016  
Ethanol Consumption 7,957 thousand barrels 13 2016  
Total Emissions Minnesota Share of U.S. Period find more
Carbon Dioxide 89.7 million metric tons 1.7% 2016  
Electric Power Industry Emissions Minnesota Share of U.S. Period find more
Carbon Dioxide 28,344 thousand metric tons 1.5% 2017  
Sulfur Dioxide 22 thousand metric tons 1.3% 2017  
Nitrogen Oxide 25 thousand metric tons 1.6% 2017  

Notes & Sources

-- = No data reported.
*  = Value is less than half of the smallest unit of measure (e.g., for values with no decimals, the smallest unit is 1 then values less than 0.5 are shown as *.)
NA = Not available.
NM = Not meaningful due to large relative standard error or excessive percentage change.
W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data.
Note: Small differences between source data and values displayed here may be due to independent rounding.
Note: Components of "Utility-scale net electricity generation (share of total)" may not add to 100% because "Total utility-scale net electricity generation" includes net generation from petroleum coke, pumped storage hydroelectric, other gases, and other energy sources, which are not shown separately.