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State Profile and Energy Estimates

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(overview, data, & analysis)

Last Update: May 17, 2018 | Next Update: June 21, 2018                                                                                                                                                 See full record of updates

Data in this section highlight only a small number of the many series available for this state. Use the "more" links on this page or the "Find" tool to access EIA's additional state-level data.

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Energy Indicators  
Demography Minnesota Share of U.S. Period
Population 5.5 million 1.7% 2016  
Civilian Labor Force 3.1 million 1.9% Mar-18  
Economy Minnesota U.S. Rank Period
Gross Domestic Product $ 335.1 billion 17 2016  
Gross Domestic Product for the Manufacturing Sector $ 48,249 million 17 2016  
Per Capita Personal Income $ 52,117 14 2016  
Vehicle Miles Traveled 59,029 million miles 22 2016  
Land in Farms 26.0 million acres 15 2012  
Climate Minnesota U.S. Rank Period
Average Temperature 42.8 degrees Fahrenheit 46 2017  
Precipitation 28.2 inches 38 2017  
Prices  
Petroleum Minnesota U.S. Average Period find more
Domestic Crude Oil First Purchase -- $ 61.20 /barrel Feb-18  
Natural Gas Minnesota U.S. Average Period find more
City Gate $ 3.92 /thousand cu ft $ 3.97 /thousand cu ft Feb-18 find more
Residential $ 8.74 /thousand cu ft $ 9.65 /thousand cu ft Feb-18 find more
Coal Minnesota U.S. Average Period find more
Average Sales Price -- $ 30.57 /short ton 2016  
Delivered to Electric Power Sector $ 2.12 /million Btu $ 2.06 /million Btu Feb-18  
Electricity Minnesota U.S. Average Period find more
Residential 12.56 cents/kWh 12.62 cents/kWh Feb-18 find more
Commercial 10.01 cents/kWh 10.60 cents/kWh Feb-18 find more
Industrial 7.70 cents/kWh 6.75 cents/kWh Feb-18 find more
Reserves  
Reserves Minnesota Share of U.S. Period find more
Crude Oil (as of Dec. 31) -- -- 2016 find more
Expected Future Production of Dry Natural Gas (as of Dec. 31) -- -- 2016 find more
Expected Future Production of Natural Gas Plant Liquids -- -- 2016 find more
Recoverable Coal at Producing Mines -- -- 2016 find more
Rotary Rigs & Wells Minnesota Share of U.S. Period find more
Rotary Rigs in Operation 0 rigs 0.0% 2016  
Natural Gas Producing Wells -- -- 2016 find more
Capacity Minnesota Share of U.S. Period
Crude Oil Refinery Capacity (as of Jan. 1) 388,515 barrels/calendar day 2.1% 2017  
Electric Power Industry Net Summer Capacity 16,638 MW 1.5% Feb-18  
Supply & Distribution  
Production Minnesota Share of U.S. Period find more
Total Energy 452 trillion Btu 0.5% 2015 find more
Crude Oil -- -- Feb-18 find more
Natural Gas - Marketed -- -- 2016 find more
Coal -- -- 2016 find more
Total Utility-Scale Net Electricity Generation Minnesota Share of U.S. Period find more
Total Net Electricity Generation 5,077 thousand MWh 1.7% Feb-18  
Utility-Scale Net Electricity Generation (share of total) Minnesota U.S. Average Period
Petroleum-Fired 0.2 % 0.3 % Feb-18 find more
Natural Gas-Fired 11.2 % 31.4 % Feb-18 find more
Coal-Fired 37.3 % 26.8 % Feb-18 find more
Nuclear 23.4 % 21.1 % Feb-18 find more
Renewables 27.3 % 19.6 % Feb-18  
Stocks Minnesota Share of U.S. Period find more
Motor Gasoline (Excludes Pipelines) 429 thousand barrels 2.6% Feb-18  
Distillate Fuel Oil (Excludes Pipelines) 1,788 thousand barrels 1.7% Feb-18 find more
Natural Gas in Underground Storage 6,159 million cu ft 0.1% Feb-18 find more
Petroleum Stocks at Electric Power Producers 97 thousand barrels 0.4% Feb-18 find more
Coal Stocks at Electric Power Producers 2,851 thousand tons 2.4% Feb-18 find more
Fueling Stations Minnesota Share of U.S. Period
Motor Gasoline 2,103 stations 1.9% 2016  
Liquefied Petroleum Gases 47 stations 1.4% 2017  
Electricity 262 stations 1.7% 2017  
Ethanol 320 stations 11.0% 2017  
Compressed Natural Gas and Other Alternative Fuels 19 stations 1.5% 2017  
Consumption & Expenditures  
Summary Minnesota U.S. Rank Period
Total Consumption 1,770 trillion Btu 20 2015 find more
Total Consumption per Capita 323 million Btu 21 2015 find more
Total Expenditures $ 19,479 million 22 2015 find more
Total Expenditures per Capita $ 3,553 31 2015 find more
by End-Use Sector Minnesota Share of U.S. Period
Consumption
    »  Residential 373 trillion Btu 1.8% 2015 find more
    »  Commercial 350 trillion Btu 1.9% 2015 find more
    »  Industrial 606 trillion Btu 1.9% 2015 find more
    »  Transportation 441 trillion Btu 1.6% 2015 find more
Expenditures
    »  Residential $ 4,181 million 1.7% 2015 find more
    »  Commercial $ 3,210 million 1.7% 2015 find more
    »  Industrial $ 3,620 million 2.0% 2015 find more
    »  Transportation $ 8,468 million 1.7% 2015 find more
by Source Minnesota Share of U.S. Period
Consumption
    »  Petroleum 118.4 million barrels 1.6% 2016 find more
    »  Natural Gas 449.9 billion cu ft 1.6% 2016 find more
    »  Coal 14.8 million short tons 2.0% 2016 find more
Expenditures
    »  Petroleum $ 9,470 million 1.7% 2016 find more
    »  Natural Gas $ 2,374 million 1.8% 2016 find more
    »  Coal $ 552 million 1.7% 2016 find more
Consumption for Electricity Generation Minnesota Share of U.S. Period find more
Petroleum 23 thousand barrels 1.7% Feb-18 find more
Natural Gas 4,060 million cu ft 0.6% Feb-18 find more
Coal 1,100 thousand short tons 2.4% Feb-18 find more
Energy Source Used for Home Heating (share of households) Minnesota U.S. Average Period
Natural Gas 66.5 % 48.6 % 2015  
Fuel Oil 2.4 % 5.6 % 2015  
Electricity 16.6 % 37.2 % 2015  
Liquefied Petroleum Gases 10.1 % 4.8 % 2015  
Other/None 4.4 % 3.8 % 2015  
Environment  
Renewable Energy Capacity Minnesota Share of U.S. Period find more
Total Renewable Energy Electricity Net Summer Capacity 4,958 MW 2.3% Feb-18  
Ethanol Plant Operating Production 1,175 million gal/year 7.5% 2017  
Renewable Energy Production Minnesota Share of U.S. Period find more
Utility-Scale Hydroelectric Net Electricity Generation 123 thousand MWh 0.5% Feb-18  
Utility-Scale Solar, Wind, and Geothermal Net Electricity Generation 1,111 thousand MWh 3.8% Feb-18  
Utility-Scale Biomass Net Electricity Generation 151 thousand MWh 2.9% Feb-18  
Distributed (Small-Scale) Solar Photovoltaic Generation 4 thousand MWh 0.2% Feb-18  
Ethanol Production 27,774 Thousand Barrels 7.9% 2015  
Renewable Energy Consumption Minnesota U.S. Rank Period find more
Renewable Energy Consumption as a Share of State Total 14.5 % 12 2015  
Ethanol Consumption 7,957 thousand barrels 13 2016  
Total Emissions Minnesota Share of U.S. Period find more
Carbon Dioxide 88.0 million metric tons 1.7% 2015  
Electric Power Industry Emissions Minnesota Share of U.S. Period find more
Carbon Dioxide 29,644 thousand metric tons 1.5% 2016  
Sulfur Dioxide 24 thousand metric tons 1.3% 2016  
Nitrogen Oxide 25 thousand metric tons 1.5% 2016  

Notes & Sources

-- = No data reported.
*  = Value is less than half of the smallest unit of measure (e.g., for values with no decimals, the smallest unit is 1 then values less than 0.5 are shown as *.)
NA = Not available.
NM = Not meaningful due to large relative standard error or excessive percentage change.
W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data.
Note: Small differences between source data and values displayed here may be due to independent rounding.
Note: Components of "Utility-scale net electricity generation (share of total)" may not add to 100% because "Total utility-scale net electricity generation" includes net generation from petroleum coke, pumped storage hydroelectric, other gases, and other energy sources, which are not shown separately.