U.S. Energy Information Administration logo
Skip to sub-navigation
‹ U.S. States

Minnesota   Minnesota Profile

State Profile and Energy Estimates

Visit EIA's U.S. Energy Atlas, our new interface for web map applications and geospatial data catalogue.

Profile DataPrint State Energy Profile
(overview, data, & analysis)

Last Update: November 18, 2021 | Next Update: December 16, 2021                                                                                                                                                 See full record of updates

Data in this section highlight only a small number of the many series available for this state. Use the "more" links on this page or the "Find" tool to access EIA's additional state-level data.

+ EXPAND ALL
Energy Indicators  
Demography Minnesota Share of U.S. Period
Population 5.7 million 1.7% 2020  
Civilian Labor Force 3.0 million 1.9% Sep-21  
Economy Minnesota U.S. Rank Period
Gross Domestic Product $ 374.4 billion 17 2020  
Gross Domestic Product for the Manufacturing Sector $ 50,754 million 17 2020  
Per Capita Personal Income $ 61,540 16 2020  
Vehicle Miles Traveled 60,731 million miles 21 2019  
Land in Farms 25.5 million acres 14 2017  
Climate Minnesota U.S. Rank Period
Average Temperature 42.4 degrees Fahrenheit 47 2020  
Precipitation 24.3 inches 37 2020  
Prices  
Petroleum Minnesota U.S. Average Period find more
Domestic Crude Oil First Purchase -- $ 65.67 /barrel Aug-21  
Natural Gas Minnesota U.S. Average Period find more
City Gate $ 4.74 /thousand cu ft $ 5.67 /thousand cu ft Aug-21 find more
Residential $ 14.97 /thousand cu ft $ 20.96 /thousand cu ft Aug-21 find more
Coal Minnesota U.S. Average Period find more
Average Sales Price -- $ 31.41 /short ton 2020  
Delivered to Electric Power Sector $ 2.08 /million Btu $ 2.06 /million Btu Aug-21  
Electricity Minnesota U.S. Average Period find more
Residential 13.93 cents/kWh 13.99 cents/kWh Aug-21 find more
Commercial 11.78 cents/kWh 11.60 cents/kWh Aug-21 find more
Industrial 8.75 cents/kWh 7.65 cents/kWh Aug-21 find more
Reserves  
Reserves Minnesota Share of U.S. Period find more
Crude Oil (as of Dec. 31) -- -- 2019 find more
Expected Future Production of Dry Natural Gas (as of Dec. 31) -- -- 2019 find more
Expected Future Production of Natural Gas Plant Liquids -- -- 2019 find more
Recoverable Coal at Producing Mines -- -- 2020 find more
Rotary Rigs & Wells Minnesota Share of U.S. Period find more
Natural Gas Producing Wells -- -- 2020 find more
Capacity Minnesota Share of U.S. Period
Crude Oil Refinery Capacity (as of Jan. 1) 438,000 barrels/calendar day 2.3% 2020  
Electric Power Industry Net Summer Capacity 18,265 MW 1.6% Aug-21  
Supply & Distribution  
Production Minnesota Share of U.S. Period find more
Total Energy 511 trillion Btu 0.5% 2019 find more
Crude Oil -- -- Aug-21 find more
Natural Gas - Marketed -- -- 2020 find more
Coal -- -- 2020 find more
Total Utility-Scale Net Electricity Generation Minnesota Share of U.S. Period find more
Total Net Electricity Generation 6,241 thousand MWh 1.5% Aug-21  
Utility-Scale Net Electricity Generation (share of total) Minnesota U.S. Average Period
Petroleum-Fired 0.1 % 0.3 % Aug-21 find more
Natural Gas-Fired 22.4 % 41.6 % Aug-21 find more
Coal-Fired 34.6 % 24.6 % Aug-21 find more
Nuclear 20.3 % 16.8 % Aug-21 find more
Renewables 20.4 % 15.9 % Aug-21  
Stocks Minnesota Share of U.S. Period find more
Motor Gasoline (Excludes Pipelines) 337 thousand barrels 2.6% Aug-21  
Distillate Fuel Oil (Excludes Pipelines) 1,284 thousand barrels 1.2% Aug-21 find more
Natural Gas in Underground Storage 6,185 million cu ft 0.1% Aug-21 find more
Petroleum Stocks at Electric Power Producers 104 thousand barrels 0.5% Aug-21 find more
Coal Stocks at Electric Power Producers 1,521 thousand tons 1.8% Aug-21 find more
Fueling Stations Minnesota Share of U.S. Period
Motor Gasoline 2,117 stations 1.9% 2019  
Propane 51 stations 1.9% 2021  
Electricity 524 stations 1.3% 2021  
E85 410 stations 11.0% 2021  
Compressed Natural Gas and Other Alternative Fuels 159 stations 12.6% 2021  
Consumption & Expenditures  
Summary Minnesota U.S. Rank Period
Total Consumption 1,900 trillion Btu 18 2019 find more
Total Consumption per Capita 337 million Btu 19 2019 find more
Total Expenditures $ 21,984 million 21 2019 find more
Total Expenditures per Capita $ 3,898 22 2019 find more
by End-Use Sector Minnesota Share of U.S. Period
Consumption
    »  Residential 418 trillion Btu 2.0% 2019 find more
    »  Commercial 357 trillion Btu 2.0% 2019 find more
    »  Industrial 622 trillion Btu 1.9% 2019 find more
    »  Transportation 503 trillion Btu 1.8% 2019 find more
Expenditures
    »  Residential $ 4,708 million 1.8% 2019 find more
    »  Commercial $ 3,383 million 1.8% 2019 find more
    »  Industrial $ 3,820 million 1.9% 2019 find more
    »  Transportation $ 10,073 million 1.8% 2019 find more
by Source Minnesota Share of U.S. Period
Consumption
    »  Petroleum 128 million barrels 1.7% 2019 find more
    »  Natural Gas 520 billion cu ft 1.7% 2019 find more
    »  Coal 12 million short tons 2.0% 2019 find more
Expenditures
    »  Petroleum $ 12,426 million 1.8% 2019 find more
    »  Natural Gas $ 2,844 million 1.9% 2019 find more
    »  Coal $ 425 million 1.7% 2019 find more
Consumption for Electricity Generation Minnesota Share of U.S. Period find more
Petroleum 6 thousand barrels 0.3% Aug-21 find more
Natural Gas 9,713 million cu ft 0.8% Aug-21 find more
Coal 1,221 thousand short tons 2.2% Aug-21 find more
Energy Source Used for Home Heating (share of households) Minnesota U.S. Average Period
Natural Gas 66.2 % 47.8 % 2019  
Fuel Oil 1.5 % 4.4 % 2019  
Electricity 17.3 % 39.5 % 2019  
Propane 11.2 % 4.8 % 2019  
Other/None 3.7 % 3.5 % 2019  
Environment  
Renewable Energy Capacity Minnesota Share of U.S. Period find more
Total Renewable Energy Electricity Net Summer Capacity 6,324 MW 2.3% Aug-21  
Ethanol Plant Nameplate Capacity 1,405 million gal/year 8.0% 2021  
Renewable Energy Production Minnesota Share of U.S. Period find more
Utility-Scale Hydroelectric Net Electricity Generation 79 thousand MWh 0.4% Aug-21  
Utility-Scale Solar, Wind, and Geothermal Net Electricity Generation 1,085 thousand MWh 2.7% Aug-21  
Utility-Scale Biomass Net Electricity Generation 112 thousand MWh 2.3% Aug-21  
Small-Scale Solar Photovoltaic Generation 20 thousand MWh 0.4% Aug-21  
Fuel Ethanol Production 30,107 thousand barrels 8.0% 2019  
Renewable Energy Consumption Minnesota U.S. Rank Period find more
Renewable Energy Consumption as a Share of State Total 15.6 % 16 2019  
Fuel Ethanol Consumption 7,788 thousand barrels 14 2019  
Total Emissions Minnesota Share of U.S. Period find more
Carbon Dioxide 92.7 million metric tons 1.8% 2018  
Electric Power Industry Emissions Minnesota Share of U.S. Period find more
Carbon Dioxide 20,957 thousand metric tons 1.3% 2020  
Sulfur Dioxide 13 thousand metric tons 1.2% 2020  
Nitrogen Oxide 18 thousand metric tons 1.5% 2020  

Notes & Sources

-- = No data reported.
*  = Value is less than half of the smallest unit of measure (e.g., for values with no decimals, the smallest unit is 1 then values less than 0.5 are shown as *.)
NA = Not available.
NM = Not meaningful due to large relative standard error or excessive percentage change.
W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data.
Note: Small differences between source data and values displayed here may be due to independent rounding.
Note: Components of "Utility-scale net electricity generation (share of total)" may not add to 100% because "Total utility-scale net electricity generation" includes net generation from petroleum coke, pumped storage hydroelectric, other gases, and other energy sources, which are not shown separately.