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Minnesota   Minnesota Profile

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Last Update: November 17, 2022 | Next Update: December 15, 2022                                                                                                                                                 See full record of updates

Data in this section highlight only a small number of the many series available for this state. Use the "more" links on this page or the "Find" tool to access EIA's additional state-level data.

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Energy Indicators  
Demography Minnesota Share of U.S. Period
Population 5.7 million 1.7% 2021  
Civilian Labor Force 3.1 million 1.9% Sep-22  
Economy Minnesota U.S. Rank Period
Gross Domestic Product $ 412.0 billion 19 2021  
Gross Domestic Product for the Manufacturing Sector $ 56,135 million 17 2021  
Per Capita Personal Income $ 65,486 15 2021  
Vehicle Miles Traveled 51,619 million miles 22 2020  
Land in Farms 25.5 million acres 14 2017  
Climate Minnesota U.S. Rank Period
Average Temperature 44.3 degrees Fahrenheit 44 2021  
Precipitation 23.7 inches 37 2021  
Prices  
Petroleum Minnesota U.S. Average Period find more
Domestic Crude Oil First Purchase -- $ 93.75 /barrel Aug-22  
Natural Gas Minnesota U.S. Average Period find more
City Gate $ 9.68 /thousand cu ft $ 10.49 /thousand cu ft Aug-22 find more
Residential $ 22.96 /thousand cu ft $ 25.61 /thousand cu ft Aug-22 find more
Coal Minnesota U.S. Average Period find more
Average Sales Price -- $ 36.50 /short ton 2021  
Delivered to Electric Power Sector $ 2.40 /million Btu $ 2.51 /million Btu Aug-22  
Electricity Minnesota U.S. Average Period find more
Residential 15.12 cents/kWh 15.95 cents/kWh Aug-22 find more
Commercial 13.19 cents/kWh 13.45 cents/kWh Aug-22 find more
Industrial 10.68 cents/kWh 9.72 cents/kWh Aug-22 find more
Reserves  
Reserves Minnesota Share of U.S. Period find more
Crude Oil (as of Dec. 31) -- -- 2020 find more
Expected Future Production of Dry Natural Gas (as of Dec. 31) -- -- 2020 find more
Expected Future Production of Natural Gas Plant Liquids -- -- 2020 find more
Recoverable Coal at Producing Mines -- -- 2021 find more
Rotary Rigs & Wells Minnesota Share of U.S. Period find more
Natural Gas Producing Wells -- -- 2020 find more
Capacity Minnesota Share of U.S. Period
Crude Oil Refinery Capacity (as of Jan. 1) 439,000 barrels/calendar day 2.4% 2022  
Electric Power Industry Net Summer Capacity 18,305 MW 1.6% Aug-22  
Supply & Distribution  
Production Minnesota Share of U.S. Period find more
Total Energy 505 trillion Btu 0.5% 2020 find more
Crude Oil -- -- Aug-22 find more
Natural Gas - Marketed -- -- 2021 find more
Coal -- -- 2021 find more
Total Utility-Scale Net Electricity Generation Minnesota Share of U.S. Period find more
Total Net Electricity Generation 5,424 thousand MWh 1.3% Aug-22  
Utility-Scale Net Electricity Generation (share of total) Minnesota U.S. Average Period
Petroleum-Fired 0.1 % 0.2 % Aug-22 find more
Natural Gas-Fired 20.9 % 45.7 % Aug-22 find more
Coal-Fired 32.9 % 20.5 % Aug-22 find more
Nuclear 23.3 % 16.6 % Aug-22 find more
Renewables 22.3 % 16.4 % Aug-22  
Stocks Minnesota Share of U.S. Period find more
Motor Gasoline (Excludes Pipelines) 318 thousand barrels 2.6% Aug-22  
Distillate Fuel Oil (Excludes Pipelines) 1,501 thousand barrels 1.8% Aug-22 find more
Natural Gas in Underground Storage 6,193 million cu ft 0.1% Aug-22 find more
Petroleum Stocks at Electric Power Producers 76 thousand barrels 0.4% Aug-22 find more
Coal Stocks at Electric Power Producers 2,619 thousand tons 3.4% Aug-22 find more
Fueling Stations Minnesota Share of U.S. Period
Motor Gasoline 2,117 stations 1.9% 2019  
Propane 48 stations 1.9% 2022  
Electricity 550 stations 1.2% 2022  
E85 442 stations 10.7% 2022  
Compressed Natural Gas and Other Alternative Fuels 170 stations 13.1% 2022  
Consumption & Expenditures  
Summary Minnesota U.S. Rank Period
Total Consumption 1,731 trillion Btu 18 2020 find more
Total Consumption per Capita 303 million Btu 19 2020 find more
Total Expenditures $ 17,647 million 22 2020 find more
Total Expenditures per Capita $ 3,092 29 2020 find more
by End-Use Sector Minnesota Share of U.S. Period
Consumption
    »  Residential 411 trillion Btu 2.0% 2020 find more
    »  Commercial 339 trillion Btu 2.0% 2020 find more
    »  Industrial 577 trillion Btu 1.8% 2020 find more
    »  Transportation 405 trillion Btu 1.7% 2020 find more
Expenditures
    »  Residential $ 4,579 million 1.8% 2020 find more
    »  Commercial $ 3,095 million 1.8% 2020 find more
    »  Industrial $ 3,281 million 2.0% 2020 find more
    »  Transportation $ 6,692 million 1.7% 2020 find more
by Source Minnesota Share of U.S. Period
Consumption
    »  Petroleum 109 million barrels 1.6% 2020 find more
    »  Natural Gas 469 billion cu ft 1.5% 2020 find more
    »  Coal 9 million short tons 1.9% 2020 find more
Expenditures
    »  Petroleum $ 8,662 million 1.7% 2020 find more
    »  Natural Gas $ 2,430 million 1.8% 2020 find more
    »  Coal $ 326 million 1.7% 2020 find more
Consumption for Electricity Generation Minnesota Share of U.S. Period find more
Petroleum 6 thousand barrels 0.3% Aug-22 find more
Natural Gas 8,656 million cu ft 0.6% Aug-22 find more
Coal 1,033 thousand short tons 2.1% Aug-22 find more
Energy Source Used for Home Heating (share of households) Minnesota U.S. Average Period
Natural Gas 64.7 % 46.5 % 2021  
Fuel Oil 1.3 % 4.1 % 2021  
Electricity 19.4 % 41.0 % 2021  
Propane 11.1 % 5.0 % 2021  
Other/None 3.5 % 3.5 % 2021  
Environment  
Renewable Energy Capacity Minnesota Share of U.S. Period find more
Total Renewable Energy Electricity Net Summer Capacity 6,345 MW 2.1% Aug-22  
Ethanol Plant Nameplate Capacity 1,424 million gal/year 8.2% 2022  
Renewable Energy Production Minnesota Share of U.S. Period find more
Utility-Scale Hydroelectric Net Electricity Generation 99 thousand MWh 0.4% Aug-22  
Utility-Scale Solar, Wind, and Geothermal Net Electricity Generation 996 thousand MWh 2.5% Aug-22  
Utility-Scale Biomass Net Electricity Generation 114 thousand MWh 2.4% Aug-22  
Small-Scale Solar Photovoltaic Generation 27 thousand MWh 0.5% Aug-22  
Fuel Ethanol Production 27,284 thousand barrels 8.2% 2020  
Renewable Energy Consumption Minnesota U.S. Rank Period find more
Renewable Energy Consumption as a Share of State Total 16.5 % 16 2020  
Fuel Ethanol Consumption 6,795 thousand barrels 15 2020  
Total Emissions Minnesota Share of U.S. Period find more
Carbon Dioxide 92.1 million metric tons 1.8% 2019  
Electric Power Industry Emissions Minnesota Share of U.S. Period find more
Carbon Dioxide 20,957 thousand metric tons 1.3% 2020  
Sulfur Dioxide 13 thousand metric tons 1.2% 2020  
Nitrogen Oxide 18 thousand metric tons 1.5% 2020  

Notes & Sources

-- = No data reported.
*  = Value is less than half of the smallest unit of measure (e.g., for values with no decimals, the smallest unit is 1 then values less than 0.5 are shown as *.)
NA = Not available.
NM = Not meaningful due to large relative standard error or excessive percentage change.
W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data.
Note: Small differences between source data and values displayed here may be due to independent rounding.
Note: Components of "Utility-scale net electricity generation (share of total)" may not add to 100% because "Total utility-scale net electricity generation" includes net generation from petroleum coke, pumped storage hydroelectric, other gases, and other energy sources, which are not shown separately.