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Alabama   Alabama Profile

State Profile and Energy Estimates

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Last Update: September 15, 2022 | Next Update: October 20, 2022                                                                                                                                                 See full record of updates

Data in this section highlight only a small number of the many series available for this state. Use the "more" links on this page or the "Find" tool to access EIA's additional state-level data.

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Energy Indicators  
Demography Alabama Share of U.S. Period
Population 5.0 million 1.5% 2021  
Civilian Labor Force 2.3 million 1.4% Jul-22  
Economy Alabama U.S. Rank Period
Gross Domestic Product $ 247.1 billion 27 2021  
Gross Domestic Product for the Manufacturing Sector $ 40,062 million 23 2021  
Per Capita Personal Income $ 48,608 49 2021  
Vehicle Miles Traveled 67,921 million miles 15 2020  
Land in Farms 8.6 million acres 31 2017  
Climate Alabama U.S. Rank Period
Average Temperature 64.3 degrees Fahrenheit 6 2021  
Precipitation 64.9 inches 3 2021  
Prices  
Petroleum Alabama U.S. Average Period find more
Domestic Crude Oil First Purchase $ 112.78 /barrel $ 113.73 /barrel Jun-22  
Natural Gas Alabama U.S. Average Period find more
City Gate $ 9.44 /thousand cu ft $ 10.12 /thousand cu ft Jun-22 find more
Residential $ 24.03 /thousand cu ft $ 22.73 /thousand cu ft Jun-22 find more
Coal Alabama U.S. Average Period find more
Average Sales Price $ 153.50 /short ton $ 36.50 /short ton 2021  
Delivered to Electric Power Sector $ 2.63 /million Btu $ 2.32 /million Btu Jun-22  
Electricity Alabama U.S. Average Period find more
Residential 14.79 cents/kWh 15.42 cents/kWh Jun-22 find more
Commercial 13.74 cents/kWh 12.90 cents/kWh Jun-22 find more
Industrial 8.59 cents/kWh 8.96 cents/kWh Jun-22 find more
Reserves  
Reserves Alabama Share of U.S. Period find more
Crude Oil (as of Dec. 31) 34 million barrels 0.1% 2020 find more
Expected Future Production of Dry Natural Gas (as of Dec. 31) 1,493 billion cu ft 0.3% 2020 find more
Expected Future Production of Natural Gas Plant Liquids 31 million barrels 0.1% 2020 find more
Recoverable Coal at Producing Mines 190 million short tons 1.4% 2020 find more
Rotary Rigs & Wells Alabama Share of U.S. Period find more
Natural Gas Producing Wells 5,387 wells 1.1% 2020 find more
Capacity Alabama Share of U.S. Period
Crude Oil Refinery Capacity (as of Jan. 1) 139,600 barrels/calendar day 0.7% 2020  
Electric Power Industry Net Summer Capacity 28,911 MW 2.5% Jun-22  
Supply & Distribution  
Production Alabama Share of U.S. Period find more
Total Energy 1,206 trillion Btu 1.3% 2020 find more
Crude Oil 11 thousand barrels per day 0.1% Jun-22 find more
Natural Gas - Marketed 117,028 million cu ft 0.3% 2020 find more
Coal 12,151 thousand short tons 2.3% 2020 find more
Total Utility-Scale Net Electricity Generation Alabama Share of U.S. Period find more
Total Net Electricity Generation 13,683 thousand MWh 3.6% Jun-22  
Utility-Scale Net Electricity Generation (share of total) Alabama U.S. Average Period
Petroleum-Fired * 0.2 % Jun-22 find more
Natural Gas-Fired 47.5 % 40.9 % Jun-22 find more
Coal-Fired 15.5 % 19.3 % Jun-22 find more
Nuclear 28.5 % 17.3 % Jun-22 find more
Renewables 8.4 % 21.8 % Jun-22  
Stocks Alabama Share of U.S. Period find more
Motor Gasoline (Excludes Pipelines) 61 thousand barrels 0.5% Jun-22  
Distillate Fuel Oil (Excludes Pipelines) 816 thousand barrels 1.0% Jun-22 find more
Natural Gas in Underground Storage 21,383 million cu ft 0.3% Jun-22 find more
Petroleum Stocks at Electric Power Producers 216 thousand barrels 1.0% Jun-22 find more
Coal Stocks at Electric Power Producers 1,932 thousand tons 2.2% Jun-22 find more
Fueling Stations Alabama Share of U.S. Period
Motor Gasoline 3,217 stations 2.9% 2019  
Propane 65 stations 2.6% 2022  
Electricity 199 stations 0.4% 2022  
E85 21 stations 0.5% 2022  
Compressed Natural Gas and Other Alternative Fuels 10 stations 0.8% 2022  
Consumption & Expenditures  
Summary Alabama U.S. Rank Period
Total Consumption 1,839 trillion Btu 16 2020 find more
Total Consumption per Capita 366 million Btu 13 2020 find more
Total Expenditures $ 18,570 million 20 2020 find more
Total Expenditures per Capita $ 3,696 11 2020 find more
by End-Use Sector Alabama Share of U.S. Period
Consumption
    »  Residential 332 trillion Btu 1.6% 2020 find more
    »  Commercial 236 trillion Btu 1.4% 2020 find more
    »  Industrial 773 trillion Btu 2.5% 2020 find more
    »  Transportation 498 trillion Btu 2.0% 2020 find more
Expenditures
    »  Residential $ 4,518 million 1.7% 2020 find more
    »  Commercial $ 2,886 million 1.7% 2020 find more
    »  Industrial $ 3,629 million 2.2% 2020 find more
    »  Transportation $ 7,537 million 1.9% 2020 find more
by Source Alabama Share of U.S. Period
Consumption
    »  Petroleum 105 million barrels 1.6% 2020 find more
    »  Natural Gas 691 billion cu ft 2.3% 2020 find more
    »  Coal 13 million short tons 2.8% 2020 find more
Expenditures
    »  Petroleum $ 8,528 million 1.7% 2020 find more
    »  Natural Gas $ 2,430 million 1.8% 2020 find more
    »  Coal $ 605 million 3.1% 2020 find more
Consumption for Electricity Generation Alabama Share of U.S. Period find more
Petroleum 9 thousand barrels 0.5% Jun-22 find more
Natural Gas 48,024 million cu ft 4.1% Jun-22 find more
Coal 1,211 thousand short tons 2.9% Jun-22 find more
Energy Source Used for Home Heating (share of households) Alabama U.S. Average Period
Natural Gas 26.5 % 47.8 % 2019  
Fuel Oil 0.1 % 4.4 % 2019  
Electricity 66.4 % 39.5 % 2019  
Propane 5.6 % 4.8 % 2019  
Other/None 1.4 % 3.5 % 2019  
Environment  
Renewable Energy Capacity Alabama Share of U.S. Period find more
Total Renewable Energy Electricity Net Summer Capacity 4,332 MW 1.5% Jun-22  
Ethanol Plant Nameplate Capacity -- -- 2022  
Renewable Energy Production Alabama Share of U.S. Period find more
Utility-Scale Hydroelectric Net Electricity Generation 768 thousand MWh 2.8% Jun-22  
Utility-Scale Solar, Wind, and Geothermal Net Electricity Generation 105 thousand MWh 0.2% Jun-22  
Utility-Scale Biomass Net Electricity Generation 275 thousand MWh 5.8% Jun-22  
Small-Scale Solar Photovoltaic Generation NM NM Jun-22  
Fuel Ethanol Production 0 thousand barrels 0.0% 2020  
Renewable Energy Consumption Alabama U.S. Rank Period find more
Renewable Energy Consumption as a Share of State Total 16.8 % 15 2020  
Fuel Ethanol Consumption 6,201 thousand barrels 18 2020  
Total Emissions Alabama Share of U.S. Period find more
Carbon Dioxide 106.3 million metric tons 2.1% 2019  
Electric Power Industry Emissions Alabama Share of U.S. Period find more
Carbon Dioxide 44,803 thousand metric tons 2.9% 2020  
Sulfur Dioxide 26 thousand metric tons 2.6% 2020  
Nitrogen Oxide 21 thousand metric tons 1.7% 2020  

Notes & Sources

-- = No data reported.
*  = Value is less than half of the smallest unit of measure (e.g., for values with no decimals, the smallest unit is 1 then values less than 0.5 are shown as *.)
NA = Not available.
NM = Not meaningful due to large relative standard error or excessive percentage change.
W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data.
Note: Small differences between source data and values displayed here may be due to independent rounding.
Note: Components of "Utility-scale net electricity generation (share of total)" may not add to 100% because "Total utility-scale net electricity generation" includes net generation from petroleum coke, pumped storage hydroelectric, other gases, and other energy sources, which are not shown separately.