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Virginia   Virginia Profile

State Profile and Energy Estimates

Changes to the State Energy Data System (SEDS) Notice: In October 2023, we updated the way we calculate primary energy consumption of electricity generation from noncombustible renewable energy sources (solar, wind, hydroelectric, and geothermal). Visit our Changes to 1960—2022 conversion factor for renewable energy page to learn more.

Profile DataPrint State Energy Profile
(overview, data, & analysis)

Last Update: June 20, 2024 Next Update: July 18, 2024                                                                                                                                               See full record of updates

Data in this section highlight only a small number of the many series available for this state. Use the "more" links on this page or the "Find" tool to access EIA's additional state-level data.

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Energy Indicators  
Demography Virginia Share of U.S. Period
Population 8.7 million 2.6% 2023  
Civilian Labor Force 4.6 million 2.7% Apr-24  
Economy Virginia U.S. Rank Period
Gross Domestic Product $ 707.1 billion 13 2023  
Gross Domestic Product for the Manufacturing Sector $ 51,680 million 19 2023  
Per Capita Personal Income $ 72,855 13 2023  
Vehicle Miles Traveled 82,083 million miles 13 2022  
Land in Farms 7.3 million acres 34 2023  
Climate Virginia U.S. Rank Period
Average Temperature 57.5 degrees Fahrenheit 16 2023  
Precipitation 41.4 inches 22 2023  
Prices  
Petroleum Virginia U.S. Average Period find more
Domestic Crude Oil First Purchase -- $ 78.97 /barrel Mar-24  
Natural Gas Virginia U.S. Average Period find more
City Gate $ 3.75 /thousand cu ft $ 4.05 /thousand cu ft Mar-24 find more
Residential $ 14.92 /thousand cu ft $ 13.85 /thousand cu ft Mar-24 find more
Coal Virginia U.S. Average Period find more
Average Sales Price $ 211.57 /short ton $ 54.46 /short ton 2022  
Delivered to Electric Power Sector $ 5.61 /million Btu $ 2.49 /million Btu Mar-24  
Electricity Virginia U.S. Average Period find more
Residential 14.72 cents/kWh 16.68 cents/kWh Mar-24 find more
Commercial 9.07 cents/kWh 12.76 cents/kWh Mar-24 find more
Industrial 8.53 cents/kWh 7.73 cents/kWh Mar-24 find more
Reserves  
Reserves Virginia Share of U.S. Period find more
Crude Oil (as of Dec. 31) -- -- 2021 find more
Expected Future Production of Dry Natural Gas (as of Dec. 31) 2,093 billion cu ft 0.4% 2021 find more
Expected Future Production of Natural Gas Plant Liquids -- -- 2021 find more
Recoverable Coal at Producing Mines 146 million short tons 1.3% 2022 find more
Rotary Rigs & Wells Virginia Share of U.S. Period find more
Natural Gas Producing Wells 7,974 wells 1.6% 2020 find more
Capacity Virginia Share of U.S. Period
Crude Oil Refinery Capacity (as of Jan. 1) 0 barrels/calendar day 0.0% 2023  
Electric Power Industry Net Summer Capacity 28,205 MW 2.4% Mar-24  
Supply & Distribution  
Production Virginia Share of U.S. Period find more
Total Energy 846 trillion Btu 0.9% 2021 find more
Crude Oil 0 thousand barrels per day 0.0% Mar-24 find more
Natural Gas - Marketed 89,009 million cu ft 0.2% 2022 find more
Coal 10,739 thousand short tons 1.8% 2022 find more
Total Utility-Scale Net Electricity Generation Virginia Share of U.S. Period find more
Total Net Electricity Generation 8,214 thousand MWh 2.5% Mar-24  
Utility-Scale Net Electricity Generation (share of total) Virginia U.S. Average Period
Petroleum-Fired NM 0.3 % Mar-24 find more
Natural Gas-Fired 63.7 % 40.3 % Mar-24 find more
Coal-Fired 0.9 % 11.9 % Mar-24 find more
Nuclear 25.0 % 19.6 % Mar-24 find more
Renewables 10.9 % 27.6 % Mar-24  
Stocks Virginia Share of U.S. Period find more
Motor Gasoline (Excludes Pipelines) 16 thousand barrels 0.1% Mar-24  
Distillate Fuel Oil (Excludes Pipelines) 1,461 thousand barrels 1.6% Mar-24 find more
Natural Gas in Underground Storage 7,391 million cu ft 0.1% Mar-24 find more
Petroleum Stocks at Electric Power Producers 1,154 thousand barrels 5.2% Mar-24 find more
Coal Stocks at Electric Power Producers W W Mar-24 find more
Fueling Stations Virginia Share of U.S. Period
Motor Gasoline 2,855 stations 2.6% 2021  
Propane 56 stations 2.3% May-24  
Electric Vehicle Charging Locations 1,477 stations 2.4% May-24  
E85 71 stations 1.6% May-24  
Biodiesel, Compressed Natural Gas, and Other Alternative Fuels 8 stations 0.3% May-24  
Consumption & Expenditures  
Summary Virginia U.S. Rank Period
Total Consumption 2,428 trillion Btu 13 2022 find more
Total Consumption per Capita 282 million Btu 28 2021 find more
Total Expenditures $ 42,435 million 12 2022 find more
Total Expenditures per Capita $ 3,712 33 2021 find more
by End-Use Sector Virginia Share of U.S. Period
Consumption
    »  Residential 544 trillion Btu 2.8% 2022 find more
    »  Commercial 734 trillion Btu 4.4% 2022 find more
    »  Industrial 417 trillion Btu 1.3% 2022 find more
    »  Transportation 734 trillion Btu 2.7% 2022 find more
Expenditures
    »  Residential $ 8,443 million 2.5% 2022 find more
    »  Commercial $ 8,277 million 3.4% 2022 find more
    »  Industrial $ 3,982 million 1.4% 2022 find more
    »  Transportation $ 21,734 million 2.5% 2022 find more
by Source Virginia Share of U.S. Period
Consumption
    »  Petroleum 158 million barrels 2.2% 2022 find more
    »  Natural Gas 635 billion cu ft 2.0% 2022 find more
    »  Coal 2,858 thousand short tons 0.6% 2022 find more
Expenditures
    »  Petroleum $ 24,893 million 2.4% 2022 find more
    »  Natural Gas $ 5,591 million 2.1% 2022 find more
    »  Coal $ 306 million 1.1% 2022 find more
Consumption for Electricity Generation Virginia Share of U.S. Period find more
Petroleum 25 thousand barrels 1.7% Mar-24 find more
Natural Gas 35,892 million cu ft 3.8% Mar-24 find more
Coal 38 thousand tons 0.2% Mar-24 find more
Energy Source Used for Home Heating (share of households) Virginia U.S. Average Period
Natural Gas 32.2 % 46.2 % 2022  
Fuel Oil 3.1 % 3.9 % 2022  
Electricity 57.6 % 41.3 % 2022  
Propane 4.4 % 5.0 % 2022  
Other/None 2.7 % 3.5 % 2022  
Environment  
Renewable Energy Capacity Virginia Share of U.S. Period find more
Total Renewable Energy Electricity Net Summer Capacity 5,268 MW 1.5% Mar-24  
Ethanol Plant Nameplate Capacity 0 million gal/year 0.0% 2023  
Renewable Energy Production Virginia Share of U.S. Period find more
Utility-Scale Hydroelectric Net Electricity Generation 125 thousand MWh 0.5% Mar-24  
Utility-Scale Solar, Wind, and Geothermal Net Electricity Generation 527 thousand MWh 0.8% Mar-24  
Utility-Scale Biomass Net Electricity Generation 243 thousand MWh 6.5% Mar-24  
Small-Scale Solar Photovoltaic Generation 88 thousand MWh 1.2% Mar-24  
Fuel Ethanol Production 0 thousand barrels 0.0% 2021  
Renewable Energy Consumption Virginia U.S. Rank Period find more
Renewable Energy Consumption as a Share of State Total 7.8 % 38 2021  
Fuel Ethanol Consumption 9,717 thousand barrels 11 2021  
Total Emissions Virginia Share of U.S. Period find more
Carbon Dioxide 98.0 million metric tons 2.0% 2021  
Electric Power Industry Emissions Virginia Share of U.S. Period find more
Carbon Dioxide 26,093 thousand metric tons 1.6% 2022  
Sulfur Dioxide 12 thousand metric tons 1.1% 2022  
Nitrogen Oxide 17 thousand metric tons 1.4% 2022  

Notes & Sources

-- = No data reported.
*  = Value is less than half of the smallest unit of measure (e.g., for values with no decimals, the smallest unit is 1 then values less than 0.5 are shown as *.)
NA = Not available.
NM = Not meaningful due to large relative standard error or excessive percentage change.
W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data.
Note: Small differences between source data and values displayed here may be due to independent rounding.
Note: Components of "Utility-scale net electricity generation (share of total)" may not add to 100% because "Total utility-scale net electricity generation" includes net generation from petroleum coke, pumped storage hydroelectric, other gases, and other energy sources, which are not shown separately.
Note: Territory data may be estimates based on EIA's Short-Term Energy Outlook.