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North Carolina   North Carolina Profile

State Profile and Energy Estimates

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Last Update: August 18, 2022 | Next Update: September 15, 2022                                                                                                                                                 See full record of updates

Data in this section highlight only a small number of the many series available for this state. Use the "more" links on this page or the "Find" tool to access EIA's additional state-level data.

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Energy Indicators  
Demography North Carolina Share of U.S. Period
Population 10.6 million 3.2% 2021  
Civilian Labor Force 5.1 million 3.1% Jun-22  
Economy North Carolina U.S. Rank Period
Gross Domestic Product $ 655.0 billion 11 2021  
Gross Domestic Product for the Manufacturing Sector $ 111,979 million 5 2021  
Per Capita Personal Income $ 55,043 39 2021  
Vehicle Miles Traveled 106,342 million miles 5 2020  
Land in Farms 8.4 million acres 32 2017  
Climate North Carolina U.S. Rank Period
Average Temperature 60.1 degrees Fahrenheit 12 2021  
Precipitation 47.3 inches 14 2021  
Prices  
Petroleum North Carolina U.S. Average Period find more
Domestic Crude Oil First Purchase -- $ 108.29 /barrel May-22  
Natural Gas North Carolina U.S. Average Period find more
City Gate $ 9.29 /thousand cu ft $ 8.41 /thousand cu ft May-22 find more
Residential $ 27.23 /thousand cu ft $ 17.55 /thousand cu ft May-22 find more
Coal North Carolina U.S. Average Period find more
Average Sales Price -- $ 36.50 /short ton 2021  
Delivered to Electric Power Sector $ 3.22 /million Btu $ 2.23 /million Btu May-22  
Electricity North Carolina U.S. Average Period find more
Residential 12.14 cents/kWh 14.92 cents/kWh May-22 find more
Commercial 9.36 cents/kWh 12.14 cents/kWh May-22 find more
Industrial 7.01 cents/kWh 8.35 cents/kWh May-22 find more
Reserves  
Reserves North Carolina Share of U.S. Period find more
Crude Oil (as of Dec. 31) -- -- 2020 find more
Expected Future Production of Dry Natural Gas (as of Dec. 31) -- -- 2020 find more
Expected Future Production of Natural Gas Plant Liquids -- -- 2020 find more
Recoverable Coal at Producing Mines -- -- 2020 find more
Rotary Rigs & Wells North Carolina Share of U.S. Period find more
Natural Gas Producing Wells -- -- 2020 find more
Capacity North Carolina Share of U.S. Period
Crude Oil Refinery Capacity (as of Jan. 1) 0 barrels/calendar day 0.0% 2020  
Electric Power Industry Net Summer Capacity 35,180 MW 3.0% May-22  
Supply & Distribution  
Production North Carolina Share of U.S. Period find more
Total Energy 723 trillion Btu 0.8% 2020 find more
Crude Oil -- -- May-22 find more
Natural Gas - Marketed -- -- 2020 find more
Coal -- -- 2020 find more
Total Utility-Scale Net Electricity Generation North Carolina Share of U.S. Period find more
Total Net Electricity Generation 11,000 thousand MWh 3.2% May-22  
Utility-Scale Net Electricity Generation (share of total) North Carolina U.S. Average Period
Petroleum-Fired 0.1 % 0.2 % May-22 find more
Natural Gas-Fired 33.9 % 37.2 % May-22 find more
Coal-Fired 15.1 % 18.1 % May-22 find more
Nuclear 32.8 % 18.5 % May-22 find more
Renewables 17.9 % 25.3 % May-22  
Stocks North Carolina Share of U.S. Period find more
Motor Gasoline (Excludes Pipelines) 60 thousand barrels 0.5% May-22  
Distillate Fuel Oil (Excludes Pipelines) 987 thousand barrels 1.2% May-22 find more
Natural Gas in Underground Storage -- -- May-22 find more
Petroleum Stocks at Electric Power Producers 1,008 thousand barrels 4.6% May-22 find more
Coal Stocks at Electric Power Producers 3,053 thousand tons 3.3% May-22 find more
Fueling Stations North Carolina Share of U.S. Period
Motor Gasoline 4,509 stations 4.0% 2019  
Propane 53 stations 2.1% 2022  
Electricity 1,003 stations 2.2% 2022  
E85 89 stations 2.2% 2022  
Compressed Natural Gas and Other Alternative Fuels 28 stations 2.2% 2022  
Consumption & Expenditures  
Summary North Carolina U.S. Rank Period
Total Consumption 2,471 trillion Btu 12 2020 find more
Total Consumption per Capita 236 million Btu 35 2020 find more
Total Expenditures $ 28,737 million 10 2020 find more
Total Expenditures per Capita $ 2,748 42 2020 find more
by End-Use Sector North Carolina Share of U.S. Period
Consumption
    »  Residential 671 trillion Btu 3.3% 2020 find more
    »  Commercial 537 trillion Btu 3.2% 2020 find more
    »  Industrial 527 trillion Btu 1.7% 2020 find more
    »  Transportation 736 trillion Btu 3.0% 2020 find more
Expenditures
    »  Residential $ 8,035 million 3.1% 2020 find more
    »  Commercial $ 4,864 million 2.8% 2020 find more
    »  Industrial $ 3,478 million 2.1% 2020 find more
    »  Transportation $ 12,362 million 3.0% 2020 find more
by Source North Carolina Share of U.S. Period
Consumption
    »  Petroleum 163 million barrels 2.4% 2020 find more
    »  Natural Gas 540 billion cu ft 1.8% 2020 find more
    »  Coal 9 million short tons 1.9% 2020 find more
Expenditures
    »  Petroleum $ 14,317 million 2.8% 2020 find more
    »  Natural Gas $ 3,021 million 2.2% 2020 find more
    »  Coal $ 583 million 3.0% 2020 find more
Consumption for Electricity Generation North Carolina Share of U.S. Period find more
Petroleum 23 thousand barrels 1.6% May-22 find more
Natural Gas 31,725 million cu ft 3.3% May-22 find more
Coal 659 thousand short tons 1.9% May-22 find more
Energy Source Used for Home Heating (share of households) North Carolina U.S. Average Period
Natural Gas 24.4 % 47.8 % 2019  
Fuel Oil 2.6 % 4.4 % 2019  
Electricity 64.3 % 39.5 % 2019  
Propane 6.6 % 4.8 % 2019  
Other/None 2.1 % 3.5 % 2019  
Environment  
Renewable Energy Capacity North Carolina Share of U.S. Period find more
Total Renewable Energy Electricity Net Summer Capacity 8,541 MW 2.9% May-22  
Ethanol Plant Nameplate Capacity 57 million gal/year 0.3% 2021  
Renewable Energy Production North Carolina Share of U.S. Period find more
Utility-Scale Hydroelectric Net Electricity Generation 573 thousand MWh 2.4% May-22  
Utility-Scale Solar, Wind, and Geothermal Net Electricity Generation 1,229 thousand MWh 2.1% May-22  
Utility-Scale Biomass Net Electricity Generation 163 thousand MWh 3.6% May-22  
Small-Scale Solar Photovoltaic Generation 58 thousand MWh 1.0% May-22  
Fuel Ethanol Production 0 thousand barrels 0.0% 2020  
Renewable Energy Consumption North Carolina U.S. Rank Period find more
Renewable Energy Consumption as a Share of State Total 11.9 % 24 2020  
Fuel Ethanol Consumption 10,107 thousand barrels 7 2020  
Total Emissions North Carolina Share of U.S. Period find more
Carbon Dioxide 122.6 million metric tons 2.4% 2019  
Electric Power Industry Emissions North Carolina Share of U.S. Period find more
Carbon Dioxide 38,462 thousand metric tons 2.5% 2020  
Sulfur Dioxide 30 thousand metric tons 2.9% 2020  
Nitrogen Oxide 38 thousand metric tons 3.1% 2020  

Notes & Sources

-- = No data reported.
*  = Value is less than half of the smallest unit of measure (e.g., for values with no decimals, the smallest unit is 1 then values less than 0.5 are shown as *.)
NA = Not available.
NM = Not meaningful due to large relative standard error or excessive percentage change.
W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data.
Note: Small differences between source data and values displayed here may be due to independent rounding.
Note: Components of "Utility-scale net electricity generation (share of total)" may not add to 100% because "Total utility-scale net electricity generation" includes net generation from petroleum coke, pumped storage hydroelectric, other gases, and other energy sources, which are not shown separately.