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North Carolina   North Carolina Profile

State Profile and Energy Estimates

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Last Update: March 18, 2021 | Next Update: April 15, 2021                                                                                                                                                 See full record of updates

Data in this section highlight only a small number of the many series available for this state. Use the "more" links on this page or the "Find" tool to access EIA's additional state-level data.

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Energy Indicators  
Demography North Carolina Share of U.S. Period
Population 10.6 million 3.2% 2020  
Civilian Labor Force 5.0 million 3.1% Jan-21  
Economy North Carolina U.S. Rank Period
Gross Domestic Product $ 587.7 billion 12 2019  
Gross Domestic Product for the Manufacturing Sector $ 100,198 million 6 2019  
Per Capita Personal Income $ 47,803 42 2019  
Vehicle Miles Traveled 122,475 million miles 6 2019  
Land in Farms 8.4 million acres 32 2017  
Climate North Carolina U.S. Rank Period
Average Temperature 61.0 degrees Fahrenheit 10 2020  
Precipitation 66.3 inches 4 2020  
Prices  
Petroleum North Carolina U.S. Average Period find more
Domestic Crude Oil First Purchase -- $ 43.96 /barrel Dec-20  
Natural Gas North Carolina U.S. Average Period find more
City Gate $ 3.07 /thousand cu ft $ 3.55 /thousand cu ft Dec-20 find more
Residential $ 11.27 /thousand cu ft $ 9.73 /thousand cu ft Dec-20 find more
Coal North Carolina U.S. Average Period find more
Average Sales Price -- $ 36.07 /short ton 2019  
Delivered to Electric Power Sector W $ 1.91 /million Btu Dec-20  
Electricity North Carolina U.S. Average Period find more
Residential 10.60 cents/kWh 12.80 cents/kWh Dec-20 find more
Commercial 9.21 cents/kWh 10.48 cents/kWh Dec-20 find more
Industrial 6.63 cents/kWh 6.40 cents/kWh Dec-20 find more
Reserves  
Reserves North Carolina Share of U.S. Period find more
Crude Oil (as of Dec. 31) -- -- 2019 find more
Expected Future Production of Dry Natural Gas (as of Dec. 31) -- -- 2019 find more
Expected Future Production of Natural Gas Plant Liquids -- -- 2019 find more
Recoverable Coal at Producing Mines -- -- 2019 find more
Rotary Rigs & Wells North Carolina Share of U.S. Period find more
Natural Gas Producing Wells -- -- 2019 find more
Capacity North Carolina Share of U.S. Period
Crude Oil Refinery Capacity (as of Jan. 1) 0 barrels/calendar day 0.0% 2020  
Electric Power Industry Net Summer Capacity 35,271 MW 3.2% Dec-20  
Supply & Distribution  
Production North Carolina Share of U.S. Period find more
Total Energy 692 trillion Btu 0.7% 2018 find more
Crude Oil -- -- Dec-20 find more
Natural Gas - Marketed -- -- 2019 find more
Coal -- -- 2019 find more
Total Utility-Scale Net Electricity Generation North Carolina Share of U.S. Period find more
Total Net Electricity Generation 11,379 thousand MWh 3.3% Dec-20  
Utility-Scale Net Electricity Generation (share of total) North Carolina U.S. Average Period
Petroleum-Fired 0.1 % 0.3 % Dec-20 find more
Natural Gas-Fired 34.4 % 36.4 % Dec-20 find more
Coal-Fired 20.9 % 22.8 % Dec-20 find more
Nuclear 33.0 % 20.3 % Dec-20 find more
Renewables 11.3 % 19.5 % Dec-20  
Stocks North Carolina Share of U.S. Period find more
Motor Gasoline (Excludes Pipelines) 282 thousand barrels 1.5% Dec-20  
Distillate Fuel Oil (Excludes Pipelines) 1,569 thousand barrels 1.2% Dec-20 find more
Natural Gas in Underground Storage -- -- Dec-20 find more
Petroleum Stocks at Electric Power Producers 1,255 thousand barrels 4.9% Dec-20 find more
Coal Stocks at Electric Power Producers W W Dec-20 find more
Fueling Stations North Carolina Share of U.S. Period
Motor Gasoline 4,491 stations 4.0% 2018  
Propane 63 stations 2.3% 2021  
Electricity 838 stations 2.1% 2021  
E85 85 stations 2.3% 2021  
Compressed Natural Gas and Other Alternative Fuels 29 stations 2.3% 2021  
Consumption & Expenditures  
Summary North Carolina U.S. Rank Period
Total Consumption 2,616 trillion Btu 12 2018 find more
Total Consumption per Capita 252 million Btu 37 2018 find more
Total Expenditures $ 34,156 million 11 2018 find more
Total Expenditures per Capita $ 3,290 45 2018 find more
by End-Use Sector North Carolina Share of U.S. Period
Consumption
    »  Residential 725 trillion Btu 3.4% 2018 find more
    »  Commercial 585 trillion Btu 3.2% 2018 find more
    »  Industrial 566 trillion Btu 1.7% 2018 find more
    »  Transportation 740 trillion Btu 2.6% 2018 find more
Expenditures
    »  Residential $ 8,436 million 3.2% 2018 find more
    »  Commercial $ 5,262 million 2.7% 2018 find more
    »  Industrial $ 4,275 million 2.0% 2018 find more
    »  Transportation $ 16,182 million 2.7% 2018 find more
by Source North Carolina Share of U.S. Period
Consumption
    »  Petroleum 169 million barrels 2.3% 2018 find more
    »  Natural Gas 552 billion cu ft 1.8% 2019 find more
    »  Coal 13 million short tons 2.2% 2019 find more
Expenditures
    »  Petroleum $ 19,104 million 2.6% 2018 find more
    »  Natural Gas $ 3,259 million 2.2% 2019 find more
    »  Coal $ 906 million 3.6% 2019 find more
Consumption for Electricity Generation North Carolina Share of U.S. Period find more
Petroleum 25 thousand barrels 1.6% Dec-20 find more
Natural Gas 28,288 million cu ft 3.1% Dec-20 find more
Coal 1,022 thousand short tons 2.3% Dec-20 find more
Energy Source Used for Home Heating (share of households) North Carolina U.S. Average Period
Natural Gas 24.4 % 47.8 % 2019  
Fuel Oil 2.6 % 4.4 % 2019  
Electricity 64.3 % 39.5 % 2019  
Propane 6.6 % 4.8 % 2019  
Other/None 2.1 % 3.5 % 2019  
Environment  
Renewable Energy Capacity North Carolina Share of U.S. Period find more
Total Renewable Energy Electricity Net Summer Capacity 7,779 MW 3.0% Dec-20  
Ethanol Plant Nameplate Capacity 57 million gal/year 0.3% 2020  
Renewable Energy Production North Carolina Share of U.S. Period find more
Utility-Scale Hydroelectric Net Electricity Generation 512 thousand MWh 2.2% Dec-20  
Utility-Scale Solar, Wind, and Geothermal Net Electricity Generation 558 thousand MWh 1.4% Dec-20  
Utility-Scale Biomass Net Electricity Generation 218 thousand MWh 4.5% Dec-20  
Small-Scale Solar Photovoltaic Generation 25 thousand MWh 1.0% Dec-20  
Fuel Ethanol Production 0 thousand barrels 0.0% 2018  
Renewable Energy Consumption North Carolina U.S. Rank Period find more
Renewable Energy Consumption as a Share of State Total 10.4 % 26 2018  
Fuel Ethanol Consumption 11,357 thousand barrels 8 2019  
Total Emissions North Carolina Share of U.S. Period find more
Carbon Dioxide 115.0 million metric tons 2.2% 2017  
Electric Power Industry Emissions North Carolina Share of U.S. Period find more
Carbon Dioxide 47,372 thousand metric tons 2.7% 2019  
Sulfur Dioxide 37 thousand metric tons 2.9% 2019  
Nitrogen Oxide 46 thousand metric tons 3.4% 2019  

Notes & Sources

-- = No data reported.
*  = Value is less than half of the smallest unit of measure (e.g., for values with no decimals, the smallest unit is 1 then values less than 0.5 are shown as *.)
NA = Not available.
NM = Not meaningful due to large relative standard error or excessive percentage change.
W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data.
Note: Small differences between source data and values displayed here may be due to independent rounding.
Note: Components of "Utility-scale net electricity generation (share of total)" may not add to 100% because "Total utility-scale net electricity generation" includes net generation from petroleum coke, pumped storage hydroelectric, other gases, and other energy sources, which are not shown separately.