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North Carolina   North Carolina Profile

State Profile and Energy Estimates

Changes to the State Energy Data System (SEDS) Notice: In October 2023, we updated the way we calculate primary energy consumption of electricity generation from noncombustible renewable energy sources (solar, wind, hydroelectric, and geothermal). Visit our Changes to 1960—2022 conversion factor for renewable energy page to learn more.

Profile DataPrint State Energy Profile
(overview, data, & analysis)

Last Update: March 21, 2024 Next Update: April 18, 2024                                                                                                                                               See full record of updates

Data in this section highlight only a small number of the many series available for this state. Use the "more" links on this page or the "Find" tool to access EIA's additional state-level data.

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Energy Indicators  
Demography North Carolina Share of U.S. Period
Population 10.7 million 3.2% 2022  
Civilian Labor Force 5.2 million 3.1% Jan-24  
Economy North Carolina U.S. Rank Period
Gross Domestic Product $ 730.1 billion 10 2022  
Gross Domestic Product for the Manufacturing Sector $ 110,546 million 8 2022  
Per Capita Personal Income $ 57,416 37 2022  
Vehicle Miles Traveled 119,381 million miles 5 2022  
Land in Farms 8.3 million acres 31 2022  
Climate North Carolina U.S. Rank Period
Average Temperature 60.7 degrees Fahrenheit 11 2023  
Precipitation 48.6 inches 14 2023  
Prices  
Petroleum North Carolina U.S. Average Period find more
Domestic Crude Oil First Purchase -- $ 71.00 /barrel Dec-23  
Natural Gas North Carolina U.S. Average Period find more
City Gate $ 2.94 /thousand cu ft $ 4.39 /thousand cu ft Dec-23 find more
Residential $ 14.45 /thousand cu ft $ 12.94 /thousand cu ft Dec-23 find more
Coal North Carolina U.S. Average Period find more
Average Sales Price -- $ 54.46 /short ton 2022  
Delivered to Electric Power Sector $ 4.87 /million Btu $ 2.48 /million Btu Dec-23  
Electricity North Carolina U.S. Average Period find more
Residential 13.22 cents/kWh 15.73 cents/kWh Dec-23 find more
Commercial 10.58 cents/kWh 12.39 cents/kWh Dec-23 find more
Industrial 8.21 cents/kWh 7.66 cents/kWh Dec-23 find more
Reserves  
Reserves North Carolina Share of U.S. Period find more
Crude Oil (as of Dec. 31) -- -- 2021 find more
Expected Future Production of Dry Natural Gas (as of Dec. 31) -- -- 2021 find more
Expected Future Production of Natural Gas Plant Liquids -- -- 2021 find more
Recoverable Coal at Producing Mines -- -- 2022 find more
Rotary Rigs & Wells North Carolina Share of U.S. Period find more
Natural Gas Producing Wells -- -- 2020 find more
Capacity North Carolina Share of U.S. Period
Crude Oil Refinery Capacity (as of Jan. 1) 0 barrels/calendar day 0.0% 2023  
Electric Power Industry Net Summer Capacity 35,952 MW 3.0% Dec-23  
Supply & Distribution  
Production North Carolina Share of U.S. Period find more
Total Energy 726 trillion Btu 0.7% 2021 find more
Crude Oil -- -- Dec-23 find more
Natural Gas - Marketed -- -- 2022 find more
Coal -- -- 2022 find more
Total Utility-Scale Net Electricity Generation North Carolina Share of U.S. Period find more
Total Net Electricity Generation 11,081 thousand MWh 3.2% Dec-23  
Utility-Scale Net Electricity Generation (share of total) North Carolina U.S. Average Period
Petroleum-Fired 0.1 % 0.3 % Dec-23 find more
Natural Gas-Fired 36.7 % 42.2 % Dec-23 find more
Coal-Fired 16.6 % 16.2 % Dec-23 find more
Nuclear 35.4 % 19.9 % Dec-23 find more
Renewables 11.0 % 20.9 % Dec-23  
Stocks North Carolina Share of U.S. Period find more
Motor Gasoline (Excludes Pipelines) 49 thousand barrels 0.4% Dec-23  
Distillate Fuel Oil (Excludes Pipelines) 1,071 thousand barrels 1.1% Dec-23 find more
Natural Gas in Underground Storage -- -- Dec-23 find more
Petroleum Stocks at Electric Power Producers 999 thousand barrels 4.4% Dec-23 find more
Coal Stocks at Electric Power Producers 3,654 thousand tons 2.8% Dec-23 find more
Fueling Stations North Carolina Share of U.S. Period
Motor Gasoline 4,459 stations 4.0% 2021  
Propane 54 stations 2.2% Feb-24  
Electric Vehicle Charging Locations 1,474 stations 2.4% Feb-24  
E85 93 stations 2.2% Feb-24  
Biodiesel, Compressed Natural Gas, and Other Alternative Fuels 21 stations 0.8% Feb-24  
Consumption & Expenditures  
Summary North Carolina U.S. Rank Period
Total Consumption 2,630 trillion Btu 12 2021 find more
Total Consumption per Capita 249 million Btu 35 2021 find more
Total Expenditures $ 36,320 million 10 2021 find more
Total Expenditures per Capita $ 3,438 43 2021 find more
by End-Use Sector North Carolina Share of U.S. Period
Consumption
    »  Residential 708 trillion Btu 3.4% 2021 find more
    »  Commercial 563 trillion Btu 3.2% 2021 find more
    »  Industrial 551 trillion Btu 1.7% 2021 find more
    »  Transportation 807 trillion Btu 3.0% 2021 find more
Expenditures
    »  Residential $ 8,586 million 3.0% 2021 find more
    »  Commercial $ 5,222 million 2.6% 2021 find more
    »  Industrial $ 4,114 million 1.8% 2021 find more
    »  Transportation $ 18,397 million 3.0% 2021 find more
by Source North Carolina Share of U.S. Period
Consumption
    »  Petroleum 178 million barrels 2.4% 2021 find more
    »  Natural Gas 725 billion cu ft 2.2% 2022 find more
    »  Coal 6,440 thousand short tons 1.2% 2022 find more
Expenditures
    »  Petroleum $ 21,117 million 2.8% 2021 find more
    »  Natural Gas $ 6,640 million 2.5% 2022 find more
    »  Coal $ 603 million 2.3% 2022 find more
Consumption for Electricity Generation North Carolina Share of U.S. Period find more
Petroleum 15 thousand barrels 0.8% Dec-23 find more
Natural Gas 30,915 million cu ft 3.0% Dec-23 find more
Coal 736 thousand tons 2.3% Dec-23 find more
Energy Source Used for Home Heating (share of households) North Carolina U.S. Average Period
Natural Gas 24.3 % 46.2 % 2022  
Fuel Oil 2.1 % 3.9 % 2022  
Electricity 65.7 % 41.3 % 2022  
Propane 6.0 % 5.0 % 2022  
Other/None 1.9 % 3.5 % 2022  
Environment  
Renewable Energy Capacity North Carolina Share of U.S. Period find more
Total Renewable Energy Electricity Net Summer Capacity 9,262 MW 2.8% Dec-23  
Ethanol Plant Nameplate Capacity 57 million gal/year 0.3% 2023  
Renewable Energy Production North Carolina Share of U.S. Period find more
Utility-Scale Hydroelectric Net Electricity Generation 419 thousand MWh 2.2% Dec-23  
Utility-Scale Solar, Wind, and Geothermal Net Electricity Generation 649 thousand MWh 1.3% Dec-23  
Utility-Scale Biomass Net Electricity Generation 147 thousand MWh 3.6% Dec-23  
Small-Scale Solar Photovoltaic Generation 52 thousand MWh 1.2% Dec-23  
Fuel Ethanol Production 0 thousand barrels 0.0% 2021  
Renewable Energy Consumption North Carolina U.S. Rank Period find more
Renewable Energy Consumption as a Share of State Total 11.0 % 25 2021  
Fuel Ethanol Consumption 11,278 thousand barrels 5 2021  
Total Emissions North Carolina Share of U.S. Period find more
Carbon Dioxide 115.6 million metric tons 2.4% 2021  
Electric Power Industry Emissions North Carolina Share of U.S. Period find more
Carbon Dioxide 41,255 thousand metric tons 2.5% 2022  
Sulfur Dioxide 23 thousand metric tons 2.1% 2022  
Nitrogen Oxide 40 thousand metric tons 3.3% 2022  

Notes & Sources

-- = No data reported.
*  = Value is less than half of the smallest unit of measure (e.g., for values with no decimals, the smallest unit is 1 then values less than 0.5 are shown as *.)
NA = Not available.
NM = Not meaningful due to large relative standard error or excessive percentage change.
W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data.
Note: Small differences between source data and values displayed here may be due to independent rounding.
Note: Components of "Utility-scale net electricity generation (share of total)" may not add to 100% because "Total utility-scale net electricity generation" includes net generation from petroleum coke, pumped storage hydroelectric, other gases, and other energy sources, which are not shown separately.
Note: Territory data may be estimates based on EIA's Short-Term Energy Outlook.