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Montana   Montana Profile

State Profile and Energy Estimates

Changes to the State Energy Data System (SEDS) Notice: In October 2023, we updated the way we calculate primary energy consumption of electricity generation from noncombustible renewable energy sources (solar, wind, hydroelectric, and geothermal). Visit our Changes to 1960—2022 conversion factor for renewable energy page to learn more.

Profile DataPrint State Energy Profile
(overview, data, & analysis)

Last Update: May 16, 2024 Next Update: June 20, 2024                                                                                                                                               See full record of updates

Data in this section highlight only a small number of the many series available for this state. Use the "more" links on this page or the "Find" tool to access EIA's additional state-level data.

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Energy Indicators  
Demography Montana Share of U.S. Period
Population 1.1 million 0.3% 2023  
Civilian Labor Force 0.6 million 0.3% Mar-24  
Economy Montana U.S. Rank Period
Gross Domestic Product $ 70.6 billion 48 2023  
Gross Domestic Product for the Manufacturing Sector $ 4,320 million 46 2023  
Per Capita Personal Income $ 63,918 29 2023  
Vehicle Miles Traveled 13,514 million miles 41 2022  
Land in Farms 57.6 million acres 2 2023  
Climate Montana U.S. Rank Period
Average Temperature 43.9 degrees Fahrenheit 46 2023  
Precipitation 18.4 inches 44 2023  
Prices  
Petroleum Montana U.S. Average Period find more
Domestic Crude Oil First Purchase $ 69.72 /barrel $ 74.83 /barrel Feb-24  
Natural Gas Montana U.S. Average Period find more
City Gate $ 4.03 /thousand cu ft $ 4.52 /thousand cu ft Feb-24 find more
Residential $ 7.74 /thousand cu ft $ 13.25 /thousand cu ft Feb-24 find more
Coal Montana U.S. Average Period find more
Average Sales Price $ 43.29 /short ton $ 54.46 /short ton 2022  
Delivered to Electric Power Sector W $ 2.48 /million Btu Feb-24  
Electricity Montana U.S. Average Period find more
Residential 11.96 cents/kWh 16.10 cents/kWh Feb-24 find more
Commercial 11.46 cents/kWh 12.81 cents/kWh Feb-24 find more
Industrial 7.05 cents/kWh 7.81 cents/kWh Feb-24 find more
Reserves  
Reserves Montana Share of U.S. Period find more
Crude Oil (as of Dec. 31) 316 million barrels 0.8% 2021 find more
Expected Future Production of Dry Natural Gas (as of Dec. 31) 715 billion cu ft 0.1% 2021 find more
Expected Future Production of Natural Gas Plant Liquids 16 million barrels 0.1% 2021 find more
Recoverable Coal at Producing Mines 401 million short tons 3.5% 2022 find more
Rotary Rigs & Wells Montana Share of U.S. Period find more
Natural Gas Producing Wells 5,043 wells 1.0% 2020 find more
Capacity Montana Share of U.S. Period
Crude Oil Refinery Capacity (as of Jan. 1) 214,600 barrels/calendar day 1.2% 2023  
Electric Power Industry Net Summer Capacity 6,908 MW 0.6% Feb-24  
Supply & Distribution  
Production Montana Share of U.S. Period find more
Total Energy 793 trillion Btu 0.8% 2021 find more
Crude Oil 69 thousand barrels per day 0.5% Feb-24 find more
Natural Gas - Marketed 38,709 million cu ft 0.1% 2022 find more
Coal 28,233 thousand short tons 4.7% 2022 find more
Total Utility-Scale Net Electricity Generation Montana Share of U.S. Period find more
Total Net Electricity Generation 2,187 thousand MWh 0.7% Feb-24  
Utility-Scale Net Electricity Generation (share of total) Montana U.S. Average Period
Petroleum-Fired * 0.2 % Feb-24 find more
Natural Gas-Fired 3.4 % 40.9 % Feb-24 find more
Coal-Fired 43.0 % 13.8 % Feb-24 find more
Nuclear 0.0 % 20.2 % Feb-24 find more
Renewables 50.5 % 24.5 % Feb-24  
Stocks Montana Share of U.S. Period find more
Motor Gasoline (Excludes Pipelines) 412 thousand barrels 3.4% Feb-24  
Distillate Fuel Oil (Excludes Pipelines) 999 thousand barrels 1.1% Feb-24 find more
Natural Gas in Underground Storage 194,584 million cu ft 2.9% Feb-24 find more
Petroleum Stocks at Electric Power Producers 12 thousand barrels 0.1% Feb-24 find more
Coal Stocks at Electric Power Producers W W Feb-24 find more
Fueling Stations Montana Share of U.S. Period
Motor Gasoline 473 stations 0.4% 2021  
Propane 27 stations 1.1% Apr-24  
Electric Vehicle Charging Locations 125 stations 0.2% Apr-24  
E85 0 stations 0.0% Apr-24  
Biodiesel, Compressed Natural Gas, and Other Alternative Fuels 0 stations 0.0% Apr-24  
Consumption & Expenditures  
Summary Montana U.S. Rank Period
Total Consumption 434 trillion Btu 43 2021 find more
Total Consumption per Capita 392 million Btu 12 2021 find more
Total Expenditures $ 5,626 million 45 2021 find more
Total Expenditures per Capita $ 5,086 8 2021 find more
by End-Use Sector Montana Share of U.S. Period
Consumption
    »  Residential 102 trillion Btu 0.5% 2021 find more
    »  Commercial 84 trillion Btu 0.5% 2021 find more
    »  Industrial 130 trillion Btu 0.4% 2021 find more
    »  Transportation 119 trillion Btu 0.4% 2021 find more
Expenditures
    »  Residential $ 1,051 million 0.4% 2021 find more
    »  Commercial $ 816 million 0.4% 2021 find more
    »  Industrial $ 699 million 0.3% 2021 find more
    »  Transportation $ 3,060 million 0.5% 2021 find more
by Source Montana Share of U.S. Period
Consumption
    »  Petroleum 34 million barrels 0.5% 2021 find more
    »  Natural Gas 89 billion cu ft 0.3% 2022 find more
    »  Coal 7,647 thousand short tons 1.5% 2022 find more
Expenditures
    »  Petroleum $ 3,698 million 0.5% 2021 find more
    »  Natural Gas $ 700 million 0.3% 2022 find more
    »  Coal $ 283 million 1.1% 2022 find more
Consumption for Electricity Generation Montana Share of U.S. Period find more
Petroleum 2 thousand barrels 0.1% Feb-24 find more
Natural Gas 752 million cu ft 0.1% Feb-24 find more
Coal 614 thousand tons 2.4% Feb-24 find more
Energy Source Used for Home Heating (share of households) Montana U.S. Average Period
Natural Gas 50.9 % 46.2 % 2022  
Fuel Oil 0.6 % 3.9 % 2022  
Electricity 27.7 % 41.3 % 2022  
Propane 12.4 % 5.0 % 2022  
Other/None 8.4 % 3.5 % 2022  
Environment  
Renewable Energy Capacity Montana Share of U.S. Period find more
Total Renewable Energy Electricity Net Summer Capacity 4,800 MW 1.4% Feb-24  
Ethanol Plant Nameplate Capacity -- -- 2023  
Renewable Energy Production Montana Share of U.S. Period find more
Utility-Scale Hydroelectric Net Electricity Generation 560 thousand MWh 2.9% Feb-24  
Utility-Scale Solar, Wind, and Geothermal Net Electricity Generation 543 thousand MWh 1.0% Feb-24  
Utility-Scale Biomass Net Electricity Generation 2 thousand MWh 0.1% Feb-24  
Small-Scale Solar Photovoltaic Generation 6 thousand MWh 0.1% Feb-24  
Fuel Ethanol Production 0 thousand barrels 0.0% 2021  
Renewable Energy Consumption Montana U.S. Rank Period find more
Renewable Energy Consumption as a Share of State Total 31.1 % 7 2021  
Fuel Ethanol Consumption 1,324 thousand barrels 42 2021  
Total Emissions Montana Share of U.S. Period find more
Carbon Dioxide 28.5 million metric tons 0.6% 2021  
Electric Power Industry Emissions Montana Share of U.S. Period find more
Carbon Dioxide 13,656 thousand metric tons 0.8% 2022  
Sulfur Dioxide 8 thousand metric tons 0.7% 2022  
Nitrogen Oxide 12 thousand metric tons 1.0% 2022  

Notes & Sources

-- = No data reported.
*  = Value is less than half of the smallest unit of measure (e.g., for values with no decimals, the smallest unit is 1 then values less than 0.5 are shown as *.)
NA = Not available.
NM = Not meaningful due to large relative standard error or excessive percentage change.
W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data.
Note: Small differences between source data and values displayed here may be due to independent rounding.
Note: Components of "Utility-scale net electricity generation (share of total)" may not add to 100% because "Total utility-scale net electricity generation" includes net generation from petroleum coke, pumped storage hydroelectric, other gases, and other energy sources, which are not shown separately.
Note: Territory data may be estimates based on EIA's Short-Term Energy Outlook.