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Montana   Montana Profile

State Profile and Energy Estimates

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Last Update: May 20, 2021 | Next Update: June 17, 2021                                                                                                                                                 See full record of updates

Data in this section highlight only a small number of the many series available for this state. Use the "more" links on this page or the "Find" tool to access EIA's additional state-level data.

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Energy Indicators  
Demography Montana Share of U.S. Period
Population 1.1 million 0.3% 2020  
Civilian Labor Force 0.5 million 0.3% Mar-21  
Economy Montana U.S. Rank Period
Gross Domestic Product $ 52.2 billion 49 2019  
Gross Domestic Product for the Manufacturing Sector $ 3,413 million 46 2019  
Per Capita Personal Income $ 53,329 32 2020  
Vehicle Miles Traveled 12,892 million miles 42 2019  
Land in Farms 59.8 million acres 2 2017  
Climate Montana U.S. Rank Period
Average Temperature 43.2 degrees Fahrenheit 45 2020  
Precipitation 16.9 inches 39 2020  
Prices  
Petroleum Montana U.S. Average Period find more
Domestic Crude Oil First Purchase $ 52.09 /barrel $ 56.72 /barrel Feb-21  
Natural Gas Montana U.S. Average Period find more
City Gate $ 6.29 /thousand cu ft $ 12.43 /thousand cu ft Feb-21 find more
Residential $ 7.20 /thousand cu ft $ 9.55 /thousand cu ft Feb-21 find more
Coal Montana U.S. Average Period find more
Average Sales Price $ 21.66 /short ton $ 36.07 /short ton 2019  
Delivered to Electric Power Sector W $ 1.92 /million Btu Feb-21  
Electricity Montana U.S. Average Period find more
Residential 10.68 cents/kWh 13.34 cents/kWh Feb-21 find more
Commercial 10.40 cents/kWh 11.93 cents/kWh Feb-21 find more
Industrial 5.74 cents/kWh 8.15 cents/kWh Feb-21 find more
Reserves  
Reserves Montana Share of U.S. Period find more
Crude Oil (as of Dec. 31) 298 million barrels 0.7% 2019 find more
Expected Future Production of Dry Natural Gas (as of Dec. 31) 613 billion cu ft 0.1% 2019 find more
Expected Future Production of Natural Gas Plant Liquids 14 million barrels 0.1% 2019 find more
Recoverable Coal at Producing Mines 778 million short tons 5.5% 2019 find more
Rotary Rigs & Wells Montana Share of U.S. Period find more
Natural Gas Producing Wells 5,093 wells 1.0% 2019 find more
Capacity Montana Share of U.S. Period
Crude Oil Refinery Capacity (as of Jan. 1) 223,000 barrels/calendar day 1.2% 2020  
Electric Power Industry Net Summer Capacity 5,866 MW 0.5% Feb-21  
Supply & Distribution  
Production Montana Share of U.S. Period find more
Total Energy 997 trillion Btu 1.0% 2018 find more
Crude Oil 51 thousand barrels per day 0.5% Feb-21 find more
Natural Gas - Marketed 43,263 million cu ft 0.1% 2019 find more
Coal 34,468 thousand short tons 4.9% 2019 find more
Total Utility-Scale Net Electricity Generation Montana Share of U.S. Period find more
Total Net Electricity Generation 2,081 thousand MWh 0.6% Feb-21  
Utility-Scale Net Electricity Generation (share of total) Montana U.S. Average Period
Petroleum-Fired NM 0.5 % Feb-21 find more
Natural Gas-Fired 1.7 % 34.1 % Feb-21 find more
Coal-Fired 41.5 % 26.9 % Feb-21 find more
Nuclear 0 % 19.3 % Feb-21 find more
Renewables 53.9 % 18.7 % Feb-21  
Stocks Montana Share of U.S. Period find more
Motor Gasoline (Excludes Pipelines) 440 thousand barrels 3.0% Feb-21  
Distillate Fuel Oil (Excludes Pipelines) 1,142 thousand barrels 1.0% Feb-21 find more
Natural Gas in Underground Storage 188,575 million cu ft 3.0% Feb-21 find more
Petroleum Stocks at Electric Power Producers 14 thousand barrels 0.1% Feb-21 find more
Coal Stocks at Electric Power Producers W W Feb-21 find more
Fueling Stations Montana Share of U.S. Period
Motor Gasoline 492 stations 0.4% 2019  
Propane 39 stations 1.4% 2021  
Electricity 61 stations 0.2% 2021  
E85 0 stations 0.0% 2021  
Compressed Natural Gas and Other Alternative Fuels 0 stations 0.0% 2021  
Consumption & Expenditures  
Summary Montana U.S. Rank Period
Total Consumption 435 trillion Btu 43 2018 find more
Total Consumption per Capita 410 million Btu 12 2018 find more
Total Expenditures $ 5,077 million 45 2018 find more
Total Expenditures per Capita $ 4,787 10 2018 find more
by End-Use Sector Montana Share of U.S. Period
Consumption
    »  Residential 100 trillion Btu 0.5% 2018 find more
    »  Commercial 85 trillion Btu 0.5% 2018 find more
    »  Industrial 132 trillion Btu 0.4% 2018 find more
    »  Transportation 118 trillion Btu 0.4% 2018 find more
Expenditures
    »  Residential $ 965 million 0.4% 2018 find more
    »  Commercial $ 758 million 0.4% 2018 find more
    »  Industrial $ 642 million 0.3% 2018 find more
    »  Transportation $ 2,712 million 0.5% 2018 find more
by Source Montana Share of U.S. Period
Consumption
    »  Petroleum 34 million barrels 0.4% 2019 find more
    »  Natural Gas 88 billion cu ft 0.3% 2019 find more
    »  Coal 9 million short tons 1.6% 2019 find more
Expenditures
    »  Petroleum $ 3,172 million 0.5% 2019 find more
    »  Natural Gas $ 459 million 0.3% 2019 find more
    »  Coal $ 314 million 1.2% 2019 find more
Consumption for Electricity Generation Montana Share of U.S. Period find more
Petroleum NM NM Feb-21 find more
Natural Gas 368 million cu ft * Feb-21 find more
Coal 568 thousand short tons 1.2% Feb-21 find more
Energy Source Used for Home Heating (share of households) Montana U.S. Average Period
Natural Gas 51.5 % 47.8 % 2019  
Fuel Oil 0.9 % 4.4 % 2019  
Electricity 26.2 % 39.5 % 2019  
Propane 13.5 % 4.8 % 2019  
Other/None 7.9 % 3.5 % 2019  
Environment  
Renewable Energy Capacity Montana Share of U.S. Period find more
Total Renewable Energy Electricity Net Summer Capacity 3,701 MW 1.4% Feb-21  
Ethanol Plant Nameplate Capacity -- -- 2020  
Renewable Energy Production Montana Share of U.S. Period find more
Utility-Scale Hydroelectric Net Electricity Generation 911 thousand MWh 4.1% Feb-21  
Utility-Scale Solar, Wind, and Geothermal Net Electricity Generation 210 thousand MWh 0.6% Feb-21  
Utility-Scale Biomass Net Electricity Generation 1 thousand MWh * Feb-21  
Small-Scale Solar Photovoltaic Generation 2 thousand MWh 0.1% Feb-21  
Fuel Ethanol Production 0 thousand barrels 0.0% 2018  
Renewable Energy Consumption Montana U.S. Rank Period find more
Renewable Energy Consumption as a Share of State Total 33.8 % 5 2018  
Fuel Ethanol Consumption 1,345 thousand barrels 43 2019  
Total Emissions Montana Share of U.S. Period find more
Carbon Dioxide 30.7 million metric tons 0.6% 2018  
Electric Power Industry Emissions Montana Share of U.S. Period find more
Carbon Dioxide 16,348 thousand metric tons 0.9% 2019  
Sulfur Dioxide 12 thousand metric tons 0.9% 2019  
Nitrogen Oxide 17 thousand metric tons 1.3% 2019  

Notes & Sources

-- = No data reported.
*  = Value is less than half of the smallest unit of measure (e.g., for values with no decimals, the smallest unit is 1 then values less than 0.5 are shown as *.)
NA = Not available.
NM = Not meaningful due to large relative standard error or excessive percentage change.
W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data.
Note: Small differences between source data and values displayed here may be due to independent rounding.
Note: Components of "Utility-scale net electricity generation (share of total)" may not add to 100% because "Total utility-scale net electricity generation" includes net generation from petroleum coke, pumped storage hydroelectric, other gases, and other energy sources, which are not shown separately.