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Montana   Montana Profile

State Profile and Energy Estimates

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Last Update: September 15, 2022 | Next Update: October 20, 2022                                                                                                                                                 See full record of updates

Data in this section highlight only a small number of the many series available for this state. Use the "more" links on this page or the "Find" tool to access EIA's additional state-level data.

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Energy Indicators  
Demography Montana Share of U.S. Period
Population 1.1 million 0.3% 2021  
Civilian Labor Force 0.6 million 0.3% Jul-22  
Economy Montana U.S. Rank Period
Gross Domestic Product $ 59.3 billion 48 2021  
Gross Domestic Product for the Manufacturing Sector $ 3,273 million 47 2021  
Per Capita Personal Income $ 56,672 32 2021  
Vehicle Miles Traveled 12,104 million miles 41 2020  
Land in Farms 59.8 million acres 2 2017  
Climate Montana U.S. Rank Period
Average Temperature 44.0 degrees Fahrenheit 46 2021  
Precipitation 14.4 inches 45 2021  
Prices  
Petroleum Montana U.S. Average Period find more
Domestic Crude Oil First Purchase $ 111.36 /barrel $ 113.73 /barrel Jun-22  
Natural Gas Montana U.S. Average Period find more
City Gate $ 7.81 /thousand cu ft $ 10.12 /thousand cu ft Jun-22 find more
Residential $ 12.82 /thousand cu ft $ 22.73 /thousand cu ft Jun-22 find more
Coal Montana U.S. Average Period find more
Average Sales Price $ 22.66 /short ton $ 36.50 /short ton 2021  
Delivered to Electric Power Sector W $ 2.32 /million Btu Jun-22  
Electricity Montana U.S. Average Period find more
Residential 11.61 cents/kWh 15.42 cents/kWh Jun-22 find more
Commercial 10.49 cents/kWh 12.90 cents/kWh Jun-22 find more
Industrial 5.43 cents/kWh 8.96 cents/kWh Jun-22 find more
Reserves  
Reserves Montana Share of U.S. Period find more
Crude Oil (as of Dec. 31) 256 million barrels 0.7% 2020 find more
Expected Future Production of Dry Natural Gas (as of Dec. 31) 555 billion cu ft 0.1% 2020 find more
Expected Future Production of Natural Gas Plant Liquids 11 million barrels 0.1% 2020 find more
Recoverable Coal at Producing Mines 707 million short tons 5.4% 2020 find more
Rotary Rigs & Wells Montana Share of U.S. Period find more
Natural Gas Producing Wells 5,043 wells 1.0% 2020 find more
Capacity Montana Share of U.S. Period
Crude Oil Refinery Capacity (as of Jan. 1) 223,000 barrels/calendar day 1.2% 2020  
Electric Power Industry Net Summer Capacity 6,070 MW 0.5% Jun-22  
Supply & Distribution  
Production Montana Share of U.S. Period find more
Total Energy 757 trillion Btu 0.8% 2020 find more
Crude Oil 63 thousand barrels per day 0.5% Jun-22 find more
Natural Gas - Marketed 37,963 million cu ft 0.1% 2020 find more
Coal 26,422 thousand short tons 4.9% 2020 find more
Total Utility-Scale Net Electricity Generation Montana Share of U.S. Period find more
Total Net Electricity Generation 2,248 thousand MWh 0.6% Jun-22  
Utility-Scale Net Electricity Generation (share of total) Montana U.S. Average Period
Petroleum-Fired NM 0.2 % Jun-22 find more
Natural Gas-Fired NM 40.9 % Jun-22 find more
Coal-Fired 33.1 % 19.3 % Jun-22 find more
Nuclear 0 % 17.3 % Jun-22 find more
Renewables 63.6 % 21.8 % Jun-22  
Stocks Montana Share of U.S. Period find more
Motor Gasoline (Excludes Pipelines) 302 thousand barrels 2.6% Jun-22  
Distillate Fuel Oil (Excludes Pipelines) 934 thousand barrels 1.1% Jun-22 find more
Natural Gas in Underground Storage 196,401 million cu ft 2.9% Jun-22 find more
Petroleum Stocks at Electric Power Producers 14 thousand barrels 0.1% Jun-22 find more
Coal Stocks at Electric Power Producers W W Jun-22 find more
Fueling Stations Montana Share of U.S. Period
Motor Gasoline 492 stations 0.4% 2019  
Propane 28 stations 1.1% 2022  
Electricity 75 stations 0.2% 2022  
E85 0 stations 0.0% 2022  
Compressed Natural Gas and Other Alternative Fuels 0 stations 0.0% 2022  
Consumption & Expenditures  
Summary Montana U.S. Rank Period
Total Consumption 429 trillion Btu 43 2020 find more
Total Consumption per Capita 395 million Btu 11 2020 find more
Total Expenditures $ 4,402 million 45 2020 find more
Total Expenditures per Capita $ 4,052 6 2020 find more
by End-Use Sector Montana Share of U.S. Period
Consumption
    »  Residential 100 trillion Btu 0.5% 2020 find more
    »  Commercial 82 trillion Btu 0.5% 2020 find more
    »  Industrial 130 trillion Btu 0.4% 2020 find more
    »  Transportation 116 trillion Btu 0.5% 2020 find more
Expenditures
    »  Residential $ 955 million 0.4% 2020 find more
    »  Commercial $ 724 million 0.4% 2020 find more
    »  Industrial $ 561 million 0.3% 2020 find more
    »  Transportation $ 2,162 million 0.5% 2020 find more
by Source Montana Share of U.S. Period
Consumption
    »  Petroleum 33 million barrels 0.5% 2020 find more
    »  Natural Gas 82 billion cu ft 0.3% 2020 find more
    »  Coal 6 million short tons 1.2% 2020 find more
Expenditures
    »  Petroleum $ 2,638 million 0.5% 2020 find more
    »  Natural Gas $ 439 million 0.3% 2020 find more
    »  Coal $ 225 million 1.2% 2020 find more
Consumption for Electricity Generation Montana Share of U.S. Period find more
Petroleum NM NM Jun-22 find more
Natural Gas NM NM Jun-22 find more
Coal 486 thousand short tons 1.2% Jun-22 find more
Energy Source Used for Home Heating (share of households) Montana U.S. Average Period
Natural Gas 51.5 % 47.8 % 2019  
Fuel Oil 0.9 % 4.4 % 2019  
Electricity 26.2 % 39.5 % 2019  
Propane 13.5 % 4.8 % 2019  
Other/None 7.9 % 3.5 % 2019  
Environment  
Renewable Energy Capacity Montana Share of U.S. Period find more
Total Renewable Energy Electricity Net Summer Capacity 3,958 MW 1.3% Jun-22  
Ethanol Plant Nameplate Capacity -- -- 2022  
Renewable Energy Production Montana Share of U.S. Period find more
Utility-Scale Hydroelectric Net Electricity Generation 1,186 thousand MWh 4.4% Jun-22  
Utility-Scale Solar, Wind, and Geothermal Net Electricity Generation 240 thousand MWh 0.5% Jun-22  
Utility-Scale Biomass Net Electricity Generation 3 thousand MWh 0.1% Jun-22  
Small-Scale Solar Photovoltaic Generation 6 thousand MWh 0.1% Jun-22  
Fuel Ethanol Production 0 thousand barrels 0.0% 2020  
Renewable Energy Consumption Montana U.S. Rank Period find more
Renewable Energy Consumption as a Share of State Total 33.2 % 6 2020  
Fuel Ethanol Consumption 1,275 thousand barrels 42 2020  
Total Emissions Montana Share of U.S. Period find more
Carbon Dioxide 32.3 million metric tons 0.6% 2019  
Electric Power Industry Emissions Montana Share of U.S. Period find more
Carbon Dioxide 10,416 thousand metric tons 0.7% 2020  
Sulfur Dioxide 7 thousand metric tons 0.7% 2020  
Nitrogen Oxide 9 thousand metric tons 0.8% 2020  

Notes & Sources

-- = No data reported.
*  = Value is less than half of the smallest unit of measure (e.g., for values with no decimals, the smallest unit is 1 then values less than 0.5 are shown as *.)
NA = Not available.
NM = Not meaningful due to large relative standard error or excessive percentage change.
W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data.
Note: Small differences between source data and values displayed here may be due to independent rounding.
Note: Components of "Utility-scale net electricity generation (share of total)" may not add to 100% because "Total utility-scale net electricity generation" includes net generation from petroleum coke, pumped storage hydroelectric, other gases, and other energy sources, which are not shown separately.