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South Dakota   South Dakota Profile

State Profile and Energy Estimates

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Last Update: April 15, 2021 | Next Update: May 20, 2021                                                                                                                                                 See full record of updates

Data in this section highlight only a small number of the many series available for this state. Use the "more" links on this page or the "Find" tool to access EIA's additional state-level data.

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Energy Indicators  
Demography South Dakota Share of U.S. Period
Population 0.9 million 0.3% 2020  
Civilian Labor Force 0.5 million 0.3% Feb-21  
Economy South Dakota U.S. Rank Period
Gross Domestic Product $ 53.3 billion 48 2019  
Gross Domestic Product for the Manufacturing Sector $ 5,219 million 41 2019  
Per Capita Personal Income $ 57,273 22 2020  
Vehicle Miles Traveled 9,922 million miles 46 2019  
Land in Farms 43.2 million acres 5 2017  
Climate South Dakota U.S. Rank Period
Average Temperature 46.7 degrees Fahrenheit 38 2020  
Precipitation 16.2 inches 40 2020  
Prices  
Petroleum South Dakota U.S. Average Period find more
Domestic Crude Oil First Purchase $ 45.76 /barrel $ 49.76 /barrel Jan-21  
Natural Gas South Dakota U.S. Average Period find more
City Gate $ 3.65 /thousand cu ft $ 3.45 /thousand cu ft Jan-21 find more
Residential $ 6.64 /thousand cu ft $ 9.74 /thousand cu ft Jan-21 find more
Coal South Dakota U.S. Average Period find more
Average Sales Price -- $ 36.07 /short ton 2019  
Delivered to Electric Power Sector $ 1.86 /million Btu $ 1.90 /million Btu Jan-21  
Electricity South Dakota U.S. Average Period find more
Residential 10.99 cents/kWh 12.69 cents/kWh Jan-21 find more
Commercial 9.14 cents/kWh 10.31 cents/kWh Jan-21 find more
Industrial 7.70 cents/kWh 6.35 cents/kWh Jan-21 find more
Reserves  
Reserves South Dakota Share of U.S. Period find more
Crude Oil (as of Dec. 31) -- -- 2019 find more
Expected Future Production of Dry Natural Gas (as of Dec. 31) -- -- 2019 find more
Expected Future Production of Natural Gas Plant Liquids -- -- 2019 find more
Recoverable Coal at Producing Mines -- -- 2019 find more
Rotary Rigs & Wells South Dakota Share of U.S. Period find more
Natural Gas Producing Wells 92 wells * 2019 find more
Capacity South Dakota Share of U.S. Period
Crude Oil Refinery Capacity (as of Jan. 1) -- -- 2020  
Electric Power Industry Net Summer Capacity 5,611 MW 0.5% Jan-21  
Supply & Distribution  
Production South Dakota Share of U.S. Period find more
Total Energy 243 trillion Btu 0.3% 2018 find more
Crude Oil 3 thousand barrels per day * Jan-21 find more
Natural Gas - Marketed 414 million cu ft * 2019 find more
Coal -- -- 2019 find more
Total Utility-Scale Net Electricity Generation South Dakota Share of U.S. Period find more
Total Net Electricity Generation 1,743 thousand MWh 0.5% Jan-21  
Utility-Scale Net Electricity Generation (share of total) South Dakota U.S. Average Period
Petroleum-Fired NM 0.3 % Jan-21 find more
Natural Gas-Fired NM 35.7 % Jan-21 find more
Coal-Fired 11.8 % 23.3 % Jan-21 find more
Nuclear 0 % 20.5 % Jan-21 find more
Renewables 87.4 % 19.6 % Jan-21  
Stocks South Dakota Share of U.S. Period find more
Motor Gasoline (Excludes Pipelines) 12 thousand barrels 0.1% Jan-21  
Distillate Fuel Oil (Excludes Pipelines) 552 thousand barrels 0.4% Jan-21 find more
Natural Gas in Underground Storage -- -- Jan-21 find more
Petroleum Stocks at Electric Power Producers 38 thousand barrels 0.1% Jan-21 find more
Coal Stocks at Electric Power Producers W W Jan-21 find more
Fueling Stations South Dakota Share of U.S. Period
Motor Gasoline 617 stations 0.5% 2018  
Propane 22 stations 0.8% 2021  
Electricity 45 stations 0.1% 2021  
E85 80 stations 2.2% 2021  
Compressed Natural Gas and Other Alternative Fuels 0 stations 0.0% 2021  
Consumption & Expenditures  
Summary South Dakota U.S. Rank Period
Total Consumption 397 trillion Btu 44 2018 find more
Total Consumption per Capita 452 million Btu 9 2018 find more
Total Expenditures $ 4,295 million 47 2018 find more
Total Expenditures per Capita $ 4,888 7 2018 find more
by End-Use Sector South Dakota Share of U.S. Period
Consumption
    »  Residential 73 trillion Btu 0.3% 2018 find more
    »  Commercial 66 trillion Btu 0.4% 2018 find more
    »  Industrial 158 trillion Btu 0.5% 2018 find more
    »  Transportation 100 trillion Btu 0.4% 2018 find more
Expenditures
    »  Residential $ 789 million 0.3% 2018 find more
    »  Commercial $ 587 million 0.3% 2018 find more
    »  Industrial $ 822 million 0.4% 2018 find more
    »  Transportation $ 2,097 million 0.4% 2018 find more
by Source South Dakota Share of U.S. Period
Consumption
    »  Petroleum 23 million barrels 0.3% 2018 find more
    »  Natural Gas 90 billion cu ft 0.3% 2019 find more
    »  Coal 2 million short tons 0.3% 2019 find more
Expenditures
    »  Petroleum $ 2,580 million 0.3% 2018 find more
    »  Natural Gas $ 427 million 0.3% 2019 find more
    »  Coal $ 58 million 0.2% 2019 find more
Consumption for Electricity Generation South Dakota Share of U.S. Period find more
Petroleum 3 thousand barrels 0.2% Jan-21 find more
Natural Gas 420 million cu ft * Jan-21 find more
Coal 127 thousand short tons 0.3% Jan-21 find more
Energy Source Used for Home Heating (share of households) South Dakota U.S. Average Period
Natural Gas 46.4 % 47.8 % 2019  
Fuel Oil 1.5 % 4.4 % 2019  
Electricity 32.5 % 39.5 % 2019  
Propane 16.3 % 4.8 % 2019  
Other/None 3.3 % 3.5 % 2019  
Environment  
Renewable Energy Capacity South Dakota Share of U.S. Period find more
Total Renewable Energy Electricity Net Summer Capacity 3,909 MW 1.5% Jan-21  
Ethanol Plant Nameplate Capacity 1,389 million gal/year 8.0% 2020  
Renewable Energy Production South Dakota Share of U.S. Period find more
Utility-Scale Hydroelectric Net Electricity Generation 842 thousand MWh 3.2% Jan-21  
Utility-Scale Solar, Wind, and Geothermal Net Electricity Generation 681 thousand MWh 1.8% Jan-21  
Utility-Scale Biomass Net Electricity Generation NM NM Jan-21  
Small-Scale Solar Photovoltaic Generation * * Jan-21  
Fuel Ethanol Production 26,086 thousand barrels 6.8% 2018  
Renewable Energy Consumption South Dakota U.S. Rank Period find more
Renewable Energy Consumption as a Share of State Total 38.0 % 4 2018  
Fuel Ethanol Consumption 1,162 thousand barrels 44 2019  
Total Emissions South Dakota Share of U.S. Period find more
Carbon Dioxide 14.0 million metric tons 0.3% 2017  
Electric Power Industry Emissions South Dakota Share of U.S. Period find more
Carbon Dioxide 3,289 thousand metric tons 0.2% 2019  
Sulfur Dioxide 1 thousand metric tons 0.1% 2019  
Nitrogen Oxide 1 thousand metric tons 0.1% 2019  

Notes & Sources

-- = No data reported.
*  = Value is less than half of the smallest unit of measure (e.g., for values with no decimals, the smallest unit is 1 then values less than 0.5 are shown as *.)
NA = Not available.
NM = Not meaningful due to large relative standard error or excessive percentage change.
W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data.
Note: Small differences between source data and values displayed here may be due to independent rounding.
Note: Components of "Utility-scale net electricity generation (share of total)" may not add to 100% because "Total utility-scale net electricity generation" includes net generation from petroleum coke, pumped storage hydroelectric, other gases, and other energy sources, which are not shown separately.