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South Dakota   South Dakota Profile

State Profile and Energy Estimates

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(overview, data, & analysis)

Last Update: September 15, 2022 | Next Update: October 20, 2022                                                                                                                                                 See full record of updates

Data in this section highlight only a small number of the many series available for this state. Use the "more" links on this page or the "Find" tool to access EIA's additional state-level data.

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Energy Indicators  
Demography South Dakota Share of U.S. Period
Population 0.9 million 0.3% 2021  
Civilian Labor Force 0.5 million 0.3% Jul-22  
Economy South Dakota U.S. Rank Period
Gross Domestic Product $ 61.2 billion 47 2021  
Gross Domestic Product for the Manufacturing Sector $ 5,177 million 42 2021  
Per Capita Personal Income $ 64,720 17 2021  
Vehicle Miles Traveled 9,743 million miles 44 2020  
Land in Farms 43.2 million acres 5 2017  
Climate South Dakota U.S. Rank Period
Average Temperature 48.0 degrees Fahrenheit 36 2021  
Precipitation 18.2 inches 41 2021  
Prices  
Petroleum South Dakota U.S. Average Period find more
Domestic Crude Oil First Purchase $ 111.79 /barrel $ 113.73 /barrel Jun-22  
Natural Gas South Dakota U.S. Average Period find more
City Gate $ 12.66 /thousand cu ft $ 10.12 /thousand cu ft Jun-22 find more
Residential $ 16.65 /thousand cu ft $ 22.73 /thousand cu ft Jun-22 find more
Coal South Dakota U.S. Average Period find more
Average Sales Price -- $ 36.50 /short ton 2021  
Delivered to Electric Power Sector $ 2.13 /million Btu $ 2.32 /million Btu Jun-22  
Electricity South Dakota U.S. Average Period find more
Residential 13.31 cents/kWh 15.42 cents/kWh Jun-22 find more
Commercial 10.86 cents/kWh 12.90 cents/kWh Jun-22 find more
Industrial 8.38 cents/kWh 8.96 cents/kWh Jun-22 find more
Reserves  
Reserves South Dakota Share of U.S. Period find more
Crude Oil (as of Dec. 31) -- -- 2020 find more
Expected Future Production of Dry Natural Gas (as of Dec. 31) -- -- 2020 find more
Expected Future Production of Natural Gas Plant Liquids -- -- 2020 find more
Recoverable Coal at Producing Mines -- -- 2020 find more
Rotary Rigs & Wells South Dakota Share of U.S. Period find more
Natural Gas Producing Wells 91 wells * 2020 find more
Capacity South Dakota Share of U.S. Period
Crude Oil Refinery Capacity (as of Jan. 1) -- -- 2020  
Electric Power Industry Net Summer Capacity 6,335 MW 0.5% Jun-22  
Supply & Distribution  
Production South Dakota Share of U.S. Period find more
Total Energy 268 trillion Btu 0.3% 2020 find more
Crude Oil 3 thousand barrels per day * Jun-22 find more
Natural Gas - Marketed 407 million cu ft * 2020 find more
Coal -- -- 2020 find more
Total Utility-Scale Net Electricity Generation South Dakota Share of U.S. Period find more
Total Net Electricity Generation 1,692 thousand MWh 0.4% Jun-22  
Utility-Scale Net Electricity Generation (share of total) South Dakota U.S. Average Period
Petroleum-Fired NM 0.2 % Jun-22 find more
Natural Gas-Fired NM 40.9 % Jun-22 find more
Coal-Fired 13.3 % 19.3 % Jun-22 find more
Nuclear 0 % 17.3 % Jun-22 find more
Renewables 81.4 % 21.8 % Jun-22  
Stocks South Dakota Share of U.S. Period find more
Motor Gasoline (Excludes Pipelines) 15 thousand barrels 0.1% Jun-22  
Distillate Fuel Oil (Excludes Pipelines) 369 thousand barrels 0.4% Jun-22 find more
Natural Gas in Underground Storage -- -- Jun-22 find more
Petroleum Stocks at Electric Power Producers 49 thousand barrels 0.2% Jun-22 find more
Coal Stocks at Electric Power Producers W W Jun-22 find more
Fueling Stations South Dakota Share of U.S. Period
Motor Gasoline 609 stations 0.5% 2019  
Propane 21 stations 0.8% 2022  
Electricity 53 stations 0.1% 2022  
E85 82 stations 2.0% 2022  
Compressed Natural Gas and Other Alternative Fuels 0 stations 0.0% 2022  
Consumption & Expenditures  
Summary South Dakota U.S. Rank Period
Total Consumption 397 trillion Btu 44 2020 find more
Total Consumption per Capita 447 million Btu 8 2020 find more
Total Expenditures $ 3,714 million 47 2020 find more
Total Expenditures per Capita $ 4,187 5 2020 find more
by End-Use Sector South Dakota Share of U.S. Period
Consumption
    »  Residential 70 trillion Btu 0.3% 2020 find more
    »  Commercial 62 trillion Btu 0.4% 2020 find more
    »  Industrial 168 trillion Btu 0.5% 2020 find more
    »  Transportation 97 trillion Btu 0.4% 2020 find more
Expenditures
    »  Residential $ 762 million 0.3% 2020 find more
    »  Commercial $ 551 million 0.3% 2020 find more
    »  Industrial $ 792 million 0.5% 2020 find more
    »  Transportation $ 1,609 million 0.4% 2020 find more
by Source South Dakota Share of U.S. Period
Consumption
    »  Petroleum 24 million barrels 0.4% 2020 find more
    »  Natural Gas 85 billion cu ft 0.3% 2020 find more
    »  Coal 1 million short tons 0.3% 2020 find more
Expenditures
    »  Petroleum $ 2,068 million 0.4% 2020 find more
    »  Natural Gas $ 380 million 0.3% 2020 find more
    »  Coal $ 42 million 0.2% 2020 find more
Consumption for Electricity Generation South Dakota Share of U.S. Period find more
Petroleum NM NM Jun-22 find more
Natural Gas NM NM Jun-22 find more
Coal 140 thousand short tons 0.3% Jun-22 find more
Energy Source Used for Home Heating (share of households) South Dakota U.S. Average Period
Natural Gas 46.4 % 47.8 % 2019  
Fuel Oil 1.5 % 4.4 % 2019  
Electricity 32.5 % 39.5 % 2019  
Propane 16.3 % 4.8 % 2019  
Other/None 3.3 % 3.5 % 2019  
Environment  
Renewable Energy Capacity South Dakota Share of U.S. Period find more
Total Renewable Energy Electricity Net Summer Capacity 4,372 MW 1.5% Jun-22  
Ethanol Plant Nameplate Capacity 1,444 million gal/year 8.3% 2022  
Renewable Energy Production South Dakota Share of U.S. Period find more
Utility-Scale Hydroelectric Net Electricity Generation 668 thousand MWh 2.5% Jun-22  
Utility-Scale Solar, Wind, and Geothermal Net Electricity Generation 708 thousand MWh 1.4% Jun-22  
Utility-Scale Biomass Net Electricity Generation NM NM Jun-22  
Small-Scale Solar Photovoltaic Generation * * Jun-22  
Fuel Ethanol Production 27,664 thousand barrels 8.3% 2020  
Renewable Energy Consumption South Dakota U.S. Rank Period find more
Renewable Energy Consumption as a Share of State Total 43.1 % 3 2020  
Fuel Ethanol Consumption 1,131 thousand barrels 44 2020  
Total Emissions South Dakota Share of U.S. Period find more
Carbon Dioxide 16.0 million metric tons 0.3% 2019  
Electric Power Industry Emissions South Dakota Share of U.S. Period find more
Carbon Dioxide 2,362 thousand metric tons 0.2% 2020  
Sulfur Dioxide 1 thousand metric tons 0.1% 2020  
Nitrogen Oxide 1 thousand metric tons 0.1% 2020  

Notes & Sources

-- = No data reported.
*  = Value is less than half of the smallest unit of measure (e.g., for values with no decimals, the smallest unit is 1 then values less than 0.5 are shown as *.)
NA = Not available.
NM = Not meaningful due to large relative standard error or excessive percentage change.
W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data.
Note: Small differences between source data and values displayed here may be due to independent rounding.
Note: Components of "Utility-scale net electricity generation (share of total)" may not add to 100% because "Total utility-scale net electricity generation" includes net generation from petroleum coke, pumped storage hydroelectric, other gases, and other energy sources, which are not shown separately.