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South Dakota   South Dakota Profile

State Profile and Energy Estimates

Changes to the State Energy Data System (SEDS) Notice: In October 2023, we updated the way we calculate primary energy consumption of electricity generation from noncombustible renewable energy sources (solar, wind, hydroelectric, and geothermal). Visit our Changes to 1960—2022 conversion factor for renewable energy page to learn more.

Profile DataPrint State Energy Profile
(overview, data, & analysis)

Last Update: May 16, 2024 Next Update: June 20, 2024                                                                                                                                               See full record of updates

Data in this section highlight only a small number of the many series available for this state. Use the "more" links on this page or the "Find" tool to access EIA's additional state-level data.

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Energy Indicators  
Demography South Dakota Share of U.S. Period
Population 0.9 million 0.3% 2023  
Civilian Labor Force 0.5 million 0.3% Mar-24  
Economy South Dakota U.S. Rank Period
Gross Domestic Product $ 72.4 billion 47 2023  
Gross Domestic Product for the Manufacturing Sector $ 5,483 million 44 2023  
Per Capita Personal Income $ 70,353 17 2023  
Vehicle Miles Traveled 10,170 million miles 44 2022  
Land in Farms 43.2 million acres 5 2023  
Climate South Dakota U.S. Rank Period
Average Temperature 46.8 degrees Fahrenheit 39 2023  
Precipitation 23.2 inches 40 2023  
Prices  
Petroleum South Dakota U.S. Average Period find more
Domestic Crude Oil First Purchase $ 69.97 /barrel $ 74.83 /barrel Feb-24  
Natural Gas South Dakota U.S. Average Period find more
City Gate $ 5.18 /thousand cu ft $ 4.52 /thousand cu ft Feb-24 find more
Residential $ 9.02 /thousand cu ft $ 13.25 /thousand cu ft Feb-24 find more
Coal South Dakota U.S. Average Period find more
Average Sales Price -- $ 54.46 /short ton 2022  
Delivered to Electric Power Sector $ 2.29 /million Btu $ 2.48 /million Btu Feb-24  
Electricity South Dakota U.S. Average Period find more
Residential 11.79 cents/kWh 16.10 cents/kWh Feb-24 find more
Commercial 10.08 cents/kWh 12.81 cents/kWh Feb-24 find more
Industrial 8.25 cents/kWh 7.81 cents/kWh Feb-24 find more
Reserves  
Reserves South Dakota Share of U.S. Period find more
Crude Oil (as of Dec. 31) -- -- 2021 find more
Expected Future Production of Dry Natural Gas (as of Dec. 31) -- -- 2021 find more
Expected Future Production of Natural Gas Plant Liquids -- -- 2021 find more
Recoverable Coal at Producing Mines -- -- 2022 find more
Rotary Rigs & Wells South Dakota Share of U.S. Period find more
Natural Gas Producing Wells 91 wells * 2020 find more
Capacity South Dakota Share of U.S. Period
Crude Oil Refinery Capacity (as of Jan. 1) -- -- 2023  
Electric Power Industry Net Summer Capacity 6,799 MW 0.6% Feb-24  
Supply & Distribution  
Production South Dakota Share of U.S. Period find more
Total Energy 314 trillion Btu 0.3% 2021 find more
Crude Oil 3 thousand barrels per day * Feb-24 find more
Natural Gas - Marketed 165 million cu ft * 2022 find more
Coal -- -- 2022 find more
Total Utility-Scale Net Electricity Generation South Dakota Share of U.S. Period find more
Total Net Electricity Generation 1,559 thousand MWh 0.5% Feb-24  
Utility-Scale Net Electricity Generation (share of total) South Dakota U.S. Average Period
Petroleum-Fired NM 0.2 % Feb-24 find more
Natural Gas-Fired 12.4 % 40.9 % Feb-24 find more
Coal-Fired 7.7 % 13.8 % Feb-24 find more
Nuclear 0.0 % 20.2 % Feb-24 find more
Renewables 79.8 % 24.5 % Feb-24  
Stocks South Dakota Share of U.S. Period find more
Motor Gasoline (Excludes Pipelines) 43 thousand barrels 0.4% Feb-24  
Distillate Fuel Oil (Excludes Pipelines) 821 thousand barrels 0.9% Feb-24 find more
Natural Gas in Underground Storage -- -- Feb-24 find more
Petroleum Stocks at Electric Power Producers 69 thousand barrels 0.3% Feb-24 find more
Coal Stocks at Electric Power Producers W W Feb-24 find more
Fueling Stations South Dakota Share of U.S. Period
Motor Gasoline 568 stations 0.5% 2021  
Propane 15 stations 0.6% Apr-24  
Electric Vehicle Charging Locations 98 stations 0.2% Apr-24  
E85 80 stations 1.8% Apr-24  
Biodiesel, Compressed Natural Gas, and Other Alternative Fuels 0 stations 0.0% Apr-24  
Consumption & Expenditures  
Summary South Dakota U.S. Rank Period
Total Consumption 410 trillion Btu 44 2021 find more
Total Consumption per Capita 458 million Btu 8 2021 find more
Total Expenditures $ 4,776 million 47 2021 find more
Total Expenditures per Capita $ 5,329 6 2021 find more
by End-Use Sector South Dakota Share of U.S. Period
Consumption
    »  Residential 68 trillion Btu 0.3% 2021 find more
    »  Commercial 61 trillion Btu 0.4% 2021 find more
    »  Industrial 178 trillion Btu 0.5% 2021 find more
    »  Transportation 103 trillion Btu 0.4% 2021 find more
Expenditures
    »  Residential $ 844 million 0.3% 2021 find more
    »  Commercial $ 620 million 0.3% 2021 find more
    »  Industrial $ 976 million 0.4% 2021 find more
    »  Transportation $ 2,336 million 0.4% 2021 find more
by Source South Dakota Share of U.S. Period
Consumption
    »  Petroleum 24 million barrels 0.3% 2021 find more
    »  Natural Gas 96 billion cu ft 0.3% 2022 find more
    »  Coal 1,511 thousand short tons 0.3% 2022 find more
Expenditures
    »  Petroleum $ 2,901 million 0.4% 2021 find more
    »  Natural Gas $ 749 million 0.3% 2022 find more
    »  Coal $ 53 million 0.2% 2022 find more
Consumption for Electricity Generation South Dakota Share of U.S. Period find more
Petroleum NM NM Feb-24 find more
Natural Gas 1,533 million cu ft 0.2% Feb-24 find more
Coal 75 thousand tons 0.3% Feb-24 find more
Energy Source Used for Home Heating (share of households) South Dakota U.S. Average Period
Natural Gas 48.2 % 46.2 % 2022  
Fuel Oil 1.4 % 3.9 % 2022  
Electricity 31.0 % 41.3 % 2022  
Propane 15.6 % 5.0 % 2022  
Other/None 3.8 % 3.5 % 2022  
Environment  
Renewable Energy Capacity South Dakota Share of U.S. Period find more
Total Renewable Energy Electricity Net Summer Capacity 1,290 MW 0.4% Feb-24  
Ethanol Plant Nameplate Capacity 1,448 million gal/year 8.2% 2023  
Renewable Energy Production South Dakota Share of U.S. Period find more
Utility-Scale Hydroelectric Net Electricity Generation 268 thousand MWh 1.4% Feb-24  
Utility-Scale Solar, Wind, and Geothermal Net Electricity Generation 974 thousand MWh 1.8% Feb-24  
Utility-Scale Biomass Net Electricity Generation NM NM Feb-24  
Small-Scale Solar Photovoltaic Generation 0 thousand MWh 0.0% Feb-24  
Fuel Ethanol Production 31,042 thousand barrels 8.7% 2021  
Renewable Energy Consumption South Dakota U.S. Rank Period find more
Renewable Energy Consumption as a Share of State Total 50.0 % 1 2021  
Fuel Ethanol Consumption 1,231 thousand barrels 44 2021  
Total Emissions South Dakota Share of U.S. Period find more
Carbon Dioxide 15.2 million metric tons 0.3% 2021  
Electric Power Industry Emissions South Dakota Share of U.S. Period find more
Carbon Dioxide 2,825 thousand metric tons 0.2% 2022  
Sulfur Dioxide 1 thousand metric tons 0.1% 2022  
Nitrogen Oxide 2 thousand metric tons 0.2% 2022  

Notes & Sources

-- = No data reported.
*  = Value is less than half of the smallest unit of measure (e.g., for values with no decimals, the smallest unit is 1 then values less than 0.5 are shown as *.)
NA = Not available.
NM = Not meaningful due to large relative standard error or excessive percentage change.
W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data.
Note: Small differences between source data and values displayed here may be due to independent rounding.
Note: Components of "Utility-scale net electricity generation (share of total)" may not add to 100% because "Total utility-scale net electricity generation" includes net generation from petroleum coke, pumped storage hydroelectric, other gases, and other energy sources, which are not shown separately.
Note: Territory data may be estimates based on EIA's Short-Term Energy Outlook.