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Tennessee   Tennessee Profile

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Last Update: April 15, 2021 | Next Update: May 20, 2021                                                                                                                                                 See full record of updates

Data in this section highlight only a small number of the many series available for this state. Use the "more" links on this page or the "Find" tool to access EIA's additional state-level data.

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Energy Indicators  
Demography Tennessee Share of U.S. Period
Population 6.9 million 2.1% 2020  
Civilian Labor Force 3.3 million 2.1% Feb-21  
Economy Tennessee U.S. Rank Period
Gross Domestic Product $ 380.1 billion 18 2019  
Gross Domestic Product for the Manufacturing Sector $ 55,879 million 14 2019  
Per Capita Personal Income $ 50,547 39 2020  
Vehicle Miles Traveled 82,892 million miles 12 2019  
Land in Farms 10.9 million acres 25 2017  
Climate Tennessee U.S. Rank Period
Average Temperature 59.3 degrees Fahrenheit 13 2020  
Precipitation 65.6 inches 5 2020  
Prices  
Petroleum Tennessee U.S. Average Period find more
Domestic Crude Oil First Purchase -- $ 49.76 /barrel Jan-21  
Natural Gas Tennessee U.S. Average Period find more
City Gate $ 3.19 /thousand cu ft $ 3.45 /thousand cu ft Jan-21 find more
Residential $ 8.47 /thousand cu ft $ 9.74 /thousand cu ft Jan-21 find more
Coal Tennessee U.S. Average Period find more
Average Sales Price $ 66.42 /short ton $ 36.07 /short ton 2019  
Delivered to Electric Power Sector $ 1.67 /million Btu $ 1.90 /million Btu Jan-21  
Electricity Tennessee U.S. Average Period find more
Residential 10.36 cents/kWh 12.69 cents/kWh Jan-21 find more
Commercial 10.37 cents/kWh 10.31 cents/kWh Jan-21 find more
Industrial 5.13 cents/kWh 6.35 cents/kWh Jan-21 find more
Reserves  
Reserves Tennessee Share of U.S. Period find more
Crude Oil (as of Dec. 31) -- -- 2019 find more
Expected Future Production of Dry Natural Gas (as of Dec. 31) -- -- 2019 find more
Expected Future Production of Natural Gas Plant Liquids -- -- 2019 find more
Recoverable Coal at Producing Mines 9 million short tons 0.1% 2019 find more
Rotary Rigs & Wells Tennessee Share of U.S. Period find more
Natural Gas Producing Wells NA NA 2019 find more
Capacity Tennessee Share of U.S. Period
Crude Oil Refinery Capacity (as of Jan. 1) 180,000 barrels/calendar day 0.9% 2020  
Electric Power Industry Net Summer Capacity 21,405 MW 1.9% Jan-21  
Supply & Distribution  
Production Tennessee Share of U.S. Period find more
Total Energy 586 trillion Btu 0.6% 2018 find more
Crude Oil * * Jan-21 find more
Natural Gas - Marketed 2,810 million cu ft * 2019 find more
Coal 436 thousand short tons 0.1% 2019 find more
Total Utility-Scale Net Electricity Generation Tennessee Share of U.S. Period find more
Total Net Electricity Generation 7,007 thousand MWh 2.0% Jan-21  
Utility-Scale Net Electricity Generation (share of total) Tennessee U.S. Average Period
Petroleum-Fired 0.1 % 0.3 % Jan-21 find more
Natural Gas-Fired 23.1 % 35.7 % Jan-21 find more
Coal-Fired 15.0 % 23.3 % Jan-21 find more
Nuclear 48.7 % 20.5 % Jan-21 find more
Renewables 13.8 % 19.6 % Jan-21  
Stocks Tennessee Share of U.S. Period find more
Motor Gasoline (Excludes Pipelines) 128 thousand barrels 0.8% Jan-21  
Distillate Fuel Oil (Excludes Pipelines) 867 thousand barrels 0.7% Jan-21 find more
Natural Gas in Underground Storage 2,202 million cu ft * Jan-21 find more
Petroleum Stocks at Electric Power Producers 696 thousand barrels 2.7% Jan-21 find more
Coal Stocks at Electric Power Producers W W Jan-21 find more
Fueling Stations Tennessee Share of U.S. Period
Motor Gasoline 3,466 stations 3.1% 2018  
Propane 57 stations 2.1% 2021  
Electricity 569 stations 1.4% 2021  
E85 86 stations 2.3% 2021  
Compressed Natural Gas and Other Alternative Fuels 19 stations 1.5% 2021  
Consumption & Expenditures  
Summary Tennessee U.S. Rank Period
Total Consumption 2,256 trillion Btu 14 2018 find more
Total Consumption per Capita 333 million Btu 20 2018 find more
Total Expenditures $ 27,094 million 15 2018 find more
Total Expenditures per Capita $ 4,001 23 2018 find more
by End-Use Sector Tennessee Share of U.S. Period
Consumption
    »  Residential 563 trillion Btu 2.6% 2018 find more
    »  Commercial 469 trillion Btu 2.5% 2018 find more
    »  Industrial 578 trillion Btu 1.8% 2018 find more
    »  Transportation 646 trillion Btu 2.3% 2018 find more
Expenditures
    »  Residential $ 5,651 million 2.1% 2018 find more
    »  Commercial $ 4,655 million 2.4% 2018 find more
    »  Industrial $ 3,485 million 1.6% 2018 find more
    »  Transportation $ 13,302 million 2.2% 2018 find more
by Source Tennessee Share of U.S. Period
Consumption
    »  Petroleum 141 million barrels 1.9% 2018 find more
    »  Natural Gas 403 billion cu ft 1.3% 2019 find more
    »  Coal 11 million short tons 1.8% 2019 find more
Expenditures
    »  Petroleum $ 15,131 million 2.0% 2018 find more
    »  Natural Gas $ 2,106 million 1.4% 2019 find more
    »  Coal $ 508 million 2.0% 2019 find more
Consumption for Electricity Generation Tennessee Share of U.S. Period find more
Petroleum 16 thousand barrels 1.0% Jan-21 find more
Natural Gas 12,145 million cu ft 1.4% Jan-21 find more
Coal 498 thousand short tons 1.1% Jan-21 find more
Energy Source Used for Home Heating (share of households) Tennessee U.S. Average Period
Natural Gas 31.3 % 47.8 % 2019  
Fuel Oil 0.3 % 4.4 % 2019  
Electricity 62.5 % 39.5 % 2019  
Propane 3.7 % 4.8 % 2019  
Other/None 2.1 % 3.5 % 2019  
Environment  
Renewable Energy Capacity Tennessee Share of U.S. Period find more
Total Renewable Energy Electricity Net Summer Capacity 3,024 MW 1.1% Jan-21  
Ethanol Plant Nameplate Capacity 237 million gal/year 1.4% 2020  
Renewable Energy Production Tennessee Share of U.S. Period find more
Utility-Scale Hydroelectric Net Electricity Generation 892 thousand MWh 3.4% Jan-21  
Utility-Scale Solar, Wind, and Geothermal Net Electricity Generation 17 thousand MWh * Jan-21  
Utility-Scale Biomass Net Electricity Generation 52 thousand MWh 1.1% Jan-21  
Small-Scale Solar Photovoltaic Generation 6 thousand MWh 0.2% Jan-21  
Fuel Ethanol Production 5,414 thousand barrels 1.4% 2018  
Renewable Energy Consumption Tennessee U.S. Rank Period find more
Renewable Energy Consumption as a Share of State Total 9.0 % 29 2018  
Fuel Ethanol Consumption 7,872 thousand barrels 13 2019  
Total Emissions Tennessee Share of U.S. Period find more
Carbon Dioxide 98.0 million metric tons 1.9% 2017  
Electric Power Industry Emissions Tennessee Share of U.S. Period find more
Carbon Dioxide 27,328 thousand metric tons 1.6% 2019  
Sulfur Dioxide 23 thousand metric tons 1.8% 2019  
Nitrogen Oxide 12 thousand metric tons 0.9% 2019  

Notes & Sources

-- = No data reported.
*  = Value is less than half of the smallest unit of measure (e.g., for values with no decimals, the smallest unit is 1 then values less than 0.5 are shown as *.)
NA = Not available.
NM = Not meaningful due to large relative standard error or excessive percentage change.
W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data.
Note: Small differences between source data and values displayed here may be due to independent rounding.
Note: Components of "Utility-scale net electricity generation (share of total)" may not add to 100% because "Total utility-scale net electricity generation" includes net generation from petroleum coke, pumped storage hydroelectric, other gases, and other energy sources, which are not shown separately.