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North Dakota   North Dakota Profile

State Profile and Energy Estimates

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(overview, data, & analysis)

Last Update: August 18, 2022 | Next Update: September 15, 2022                                                                                                                                                 See full record of updates

Data in this section highlight only a small number of the many series available for this state. Use the "more" links on this page or the "Find" tool to access EIA's additional state-level data.

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Energy Indicators  
Demography North Dakota Share of U.S. Period
Population 0.8 million 0.2% 2021  
Civilian Labor Force 0.4 million 0.3% Jun-22  
Economy North Dakota U.S. Rank Period
Gross Domestic Product $ 63.4 billion 46 2021  
Gross Domestic Product for the Manufacturing Sector $ 4,633 million 45 2021  
Per Capita Personal Income $ 65,544 14 2021  
Vehicle Miles Traveled 8,768 million miles 46 2020  
Land in Farms 39.3 million acres 7 2017  
Climate North Dakota U.S. Rank Period
Average Temperature 43.8 degrees Fahrenheit 47 2021  
Precipitation 15.6 inches 43 2021  
Prices  
Petroleum North Dakota U.S. Average Period find more
Domestic Crude Oil First Purchase $ 105.64 /barrel $ 108.29 /barrel May-22  
Natural Gas North Dakota U.S. Average Period find more
City Gate $ 8.02 /thousand cu ft $ 8.41 /thousand cu ft May-22 find more
Residential $ 11.77 /thousand cu ft $ 17.55 /thousand cu ft May-22 find more
Coal North Dakota U.S. Average Period find more
Average Sales Price $ 19.00 /short ton $ 36.50 /short ton 2021  
Delivered to Electric Power Sector $ 1.57 /million Btu $ 2.23 /million Btu May-22  
Electricity North Dakota U.S. Average Period find more
Residential 11.89 cents/kWh 14.92 cents/kWh May-22 find more
Commercial 8.96 cents/kWh 12.14 cents/kWh May-22 find more
Industrial 6.83 cents/kWh 8.35 cents/kWh May-22 find more
Reserves  
Reserves North Dakota Share of U.S. Period find more
Crude Oil (as of Dec. 31) 3,669 million barrels 10.2% 2020 find more
Expected Future Production of Dry Natural Gas (as of Dec. 31) 7,133 billion cu ft 1.6% 2020 find more
Expected Future Production of Natural Gas Plant Liquids 1,030 million barrels 5.0% 2020 find more
Recoverable Coal at Producing Mines 922 million short tons 7.0% 2020 find more
Rotary Rigs & Wells North Dakota Share of U.S. Period find more
Natural Gas Producing Wells 1,548 wells 0.3% 2020 find more
Capacity North Dakota Share of U.S. Period
Crude Oil Refinery Capacity (as of Jan. 1) 90,000 barrels/calendar day 0.5% 2020  
Electric Power Industry Net Summer Capacity 9,398 MW 0.8% May-22  
Supply & Distribution  
Production North Dakota Share of U.S. Period find more
Total Energy 4,275 trillion Btu 4.5% 2020 find more
Crude Oil 1,049 thousand barrels per day 9.0% May-22 find more
Natural Gas - Marketed 882,443 million cu ft 2.4% 2020 find more
Coal 26,438 thousand short tons 4.9% 2020 find more
Total Utility-Scale Net Electricity Generation North Dakota Share of U.S. Period find more
Total Net Electricity Generation 3,486 thousand MWh 1.0% May-22  
Utility-Scale Net Electricity Generation (share of total) North Dakota U.S. Average Period
Petroleum-Fired 0.1 % 0.2 % May-22 find more
Natural Gas-Fired 2.1 % 37.2 % May-22 find more
Coal-Fired 50.9 % 18.1 % May-22 find more
Nuclear 0 % 18.5 % May-22 find more
Renewables 46.8 % 25.3 % May-22  
Stocks North Dakota Share of U.S. Period find more
Motor Gasoline (Excludes Pipelines) 43 thousand barrels 0.3% May-22  
Distillate Fuel Oil (Excludes Pipelines) 694 thousand barrels 0.9% May-22 find more
Natural Gas in Underground Storage -- -- May-22 find more
Petroleum Stocks at Electric Power Producers 29 thousand barrels 0.1% May-22 find more
Coal Stocks at Electric Power Producers W W May-22 find more
Fueling Stations North Dakota Share of U.S. Period
Motor Gasoline 449 stations 0.4% 2019  
Propane 20 stations 0.8% 2022  
Electricity 58 stations 0.1% 2022  
E85 47 stations 1.1% 2022  
Compressed Natural Gas and Other Alternative Fuels 1 stations 0.1% 2022  
Consumption & Expenditures  
Summary North Dakota U.S. Rank Period
Total Consumption 626 trillion Btu 40 2020 find more
Total Consumption per Capita 804 million Btu 4 2020 find more
Total Expenditures $ 4,848 million 41 2020 find more
Total Expenditures per Capita $ 6,223 3 2020 find more
by End-Use Sector North Dakota Share of U.S. Period
Consumption
    »  Residential 66 trillion Btu 0.3% 2020 find more
    »  Commercial 85 trillion Btu 0.5% 2020 find more
    »  Industrial 347 trillion Btu 1.1% 2020 find more
    »  Transportation 128 trillion Btu 0.5% 2020 find more
Expenditures
    »  Residential $ 686 million 0.3% 2020 find more
    »  Commercial $ 747 million 0.4% 2020 find more
    »  Industrial $ 1,627 million 1.0% 2020 find more
    »  Transportation $ 1,788 million 0.4% 2020 find more
by Source North Dakota Share of U.S. Period
Consumption
    »  Petroleum 31 million barrels 0.5% 2020 find more
    »  Natural Gas 146 billion cu ft 0.5% 2020 find more
    »  Coal 26 million short tons 5.5% 2020 find more
Expenditures
    »  Petroleum $ 2,658 million 0.5% 2020 find more
    »  Natural Gas $ 273 million 0.2% 2020 find more
    »  Coal $ 561 million 2.9% 2020 find more
Consumption for Electricity Generation North Dakota Share of U.S. Period find more
Petroleum 5 thousand barrels 0.3% May-22 find more
Natural Gas 718 million cu ft 0.1% May-22 find more
Coal 1,495 thousand short tons 4.3% May-22 find more
Energy Source Used for Home Heating (share of households) North Dakota U.S. Average Period
Natural Gas 40.0 % 47.8 % 2019  
Fuel Oil 2.0 % 4.4 % 2019  
Electricity 41.3 % 39.5 % 2019  
Propane 13.9 % 4.8 % 2019  
Other/None 2.8 % 3.5 % 2019  
Environment  
Renewable Energy Capacity North Dakota Share of U.S. Period find more
Total Renewable Energy Electricity Net Summer Capacity 4,847 MW 1.6% May-22  
Ethanol Plant Nameplate Capacity 527 million gal/year 3.0% 2021  
Renewable Energy Production North Dakota Share of U.S. Period find more
Utility-Scale Hydroelectric Net Electricity Generation 219 thousand MWh 0.9% May-22  
Utility-Scale Solar, Wind, and Geothermal Net Electricity Generation 1,411 thousand MWh 2.4% May-22  
Utility-Scale Biomass Net Electricity Generation 0 thousand MWh 0.0% May-22  
Small-Scale Solar Photovoltaic Generation * * May-22  
Fuel Ethanol Production 12,280 thousand barrels 3.7% 2020  
Renewable Energy Consumption North Dakota U.S. Rank Period find more
Renewable Energy Consumption as a Share of State Total 28.3 % 9 2020  
Fuel Ethanol Consumption 983 thousand barrels 45 2020  
Total Emissions North Dakota Share of U.S. Period find more
Carbon Dioxide 57.2 million metric tons 1.1% 2019  
Electric Power Industry Emissions North Dakota Share of U.S. Period find more
Carbon Dioxide 27,415 thousand metric tons 1.8% 2020  
Sulfur Dioxide 32 thousand metric tons 3.1% 2020  
Nitrogen Oxide 28 thousand metric tons 2.3% 2020  

Notes & Sources

-- = No data reported.
*  = Value is less than half of the smallest unit of measure (e.g., for values with no decimals, the smallest unit is 1 then values less than 0.5 are shown as *.)
NA = Not available.
NM = Not meaningful due to large relative standard error or excessive percentage change.
W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data.
Note: Small differences between source data and values displayed here may be due to independent rounding.
Note: Components of "Utility-scale net electricity generation (share of total)" may not add to 100% because "Total utility-scale net electricity generation" includes net generation from petroleum coke, pumped storage hydroelectric, other gases, and other energy sources, which are not shown separately.