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North Dakota   North Dakota Profile

State Profile and Energy Estimates

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Last Update: April 15, 2021 | Next Update: May 20, 2021                                                                                                                                                 See full record of updates

Data in this section highlight only a small number of the many series available for this state. Use the "more" links on this page or the "Find" tool to access EIA's additional state-level data.

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Energy Indicators  
Demography North Dakota Share of U.S. Period
Population 0.8 million 0.2% 2020  
Civilian Labor Force 0.4 million 0.3% Feb-21  
Economy North Dakota U.S. Rank Period
Gross Domestic Product $ 57.0 billion 46 2019  
Gross Domestic Product for the Manufacturing Sector $ 4,024 million 45 2019  
Per Capita Personal Income $ 59,388 19 2020  
Vehicle Miles Traveled 9,826 million miles 47 2019  
Land in Farms 39.3 million acres 7 2017  
Climate North Dakota U.S. Rank Period
Average Temperature 42.2 degrees Fahrenheit 48 2020  
Precipitation 12.9 inches 41 2020  
Prices  
Petroleum North Dakota U.S. Average Period find more
Domestic Crude Oil First Purchase $ 48.76 /barrel $ 49.76 /barrel Jan-21  
Natural Gas North Dakota U.S. Average Period find more
City Gate $ 3.74 /thousand cu ft $ 3.45 /thousand cu ft Jan-21 find more
Residential $ 5.67 /thousand cu ft $ 9.74 /thousand cu ft Jan-21 find more
Coal North Dakota U.S. Average Period find more
Average Sales Price $ 18.93 /short ton $ 36.07 /short ton 2019  
Delivered to Electric Power Sector $ 1.53 /million Btu $ 1.90 /million Btu Jan-21  
Electricity North Dakota U.S. Average Period find more
Residential 9.44 cents/kWh 12.69 cents/kWh Jan-21 find more
Commercial 8.63 cents/kWh 10.31 cents/kWh Jan-21 find more
Industrial 6.63 cents/kWh 6.35 cents/kWh Jan-21 find more
Reserves  
Reserves North Dakota Share of U.S. Period find more
Crude Oil (as of Dec. 31) 5,897 million barrels 13.3% 2019 find more
Expected Future Production of Dry Natural Gas (as of Dec. 31) 11,104 billion cu ft 2.4% 2019 find more
Expected Future Production of Natural Gas Plant Liquids 1,422 million barrels 6.6% 2019 find more
Recoverable Coal at Producing Mines 928 million short tons 6.6% 2019 find more
Rotary Rigs & Wells North Dakota Share of U.S. Period find more
Natural Gas Producing Wells 1,311 wells 0.3% 2019 find more
Capacity North Dakota Share of U.S. Period
Crude Oil Refinery Capacity (as of Jan. 1) 90,000 barrels/calendar day 0.5% 2020  
Electric Power Industry Net Summer Capacity 9,486 MW 0.8% Jan-21  
Supply & Distribution  
Production North Dakota Share of U.S. Period find more
Total Energy 4,229 trillion Btu 4.4% 2018 find more
Crude Oil 1,109 thousand barrels per day 10.0% Jan-21 find more
Natural Gas - Marketed 851,750 million cu ft 2.3% 2019 find more
Coal 26,997 thousand short tons 3.8% 2019 find more
Total Utility-Scale Net Electricity Generation North Dakota Share of U.S. Period find more
Total Net Electricity Generation 3,933 thousand MWh 1.1% Jan-21  
Utility-Scale Net Electricity Generation (share of total) North Dakota U.S. Average Period
Petroleum-Fired * 0.3 % Jan-21 find more
Natural Gas-Fired 2.5 % 35.7 % Jan-21 find more
Coal-Fired 58.9 % 23.3 % Jan-21 find more
Nuclear 0 % 20.5 % Jan-21 find more
Renewables 38.4 % 19.6 % Jan-21  
Stocks North Dakota Share of U.S. Period find more
Motor Gasoline (Excludes Pipelines) 120 thousand barrels 0.7% Jan-21  
Distillate Fuel Oil (Excludes Pipelines) 812 thousand barrels 0.6% Jan-21 find more
Natural Gas in Underground Storage -- -- Jan-21 find more
Petroleum Stocks at Electric Power Producers 36 thousand barrels 0.1% Jan-21 find more
Coal Stocks at Electric Power Producers W W Jan-21 find more
Fueling Stations North Dakota Share of U.S. Period
Motor Gasoline 459 stations 0.4% 2018  
Propane 24 stations 0.9% 2021  
Electricity 46 stations 0.1% 2021  
E85 36 stations 1.0% 2021  
Compressed Natural Gas and Other Alternative Fuels 1 stations 0.1% 2021  
Consumption & Expenditures  
Summary North Dakota U.S. Rank Period
Total Consumption 661 trillion Btu 39 2018 find more
Total Consumption per Capita 872 million Btu 3 2018 find more
Total Expenditures $ 6,138 million 42 2018 find more
Total Expenditures per Capita $ 8,097 2 2018 find more
by End-Use Sector North Dakota Share of U.S. Period
Consumption
    »  Residential 76 trillion Btu 0.4% 2018 find more
    »  Commercial 93 trillion Btu 0.5% 2018 find more
    »  Industrial 354 trillion Btu 1.1% 2018 find more
    »  Transportation 139 trillion Btu 0.5% 2018 find more
Expenditures
    »  Residential $ 734 million 0.3% 2018 find more
    »  Commercial $ 771 million 0.4% 2018 find more
    »  Industrial $ 1,932 million 0.9% 2018 find more
    »  Transportation $ 2,702 million 0.5% 2018 find more
by Source North Dakota Share of U.S. Period
Consumption
    »  Petroleum 36 million barrels 0.5% 2018 find more
    »  Natural Gas 136 billion cu ft 0.4% 2019 find more
    »  Coal 27 million short tons 4.6% 2019 find more
Expenditures
    »  Petroleum $ 3,923 million 0.5% 2018 find more
    »  Natural Gas $ 324 million 0.2% 2019 find more
    »  Coal $ 583 million 2.3% 2019 find more
Consumption for Electricity Generation North Dakota Share of U.S. Period find more
Petroleum 4 thousand barrels 0.2% Jan-21 find more
Natural Gas 969 million cu ft 0.1% Jan-21 find more
Coal 1,884 thousand short tons 4.1% Jan-21 find more
Energy Source Used for Home Heating (share of households) North Dakota U.S. Average Period
Natural Gas 40.0 % 47.8 % 2019  
Fuel Oil 2.0 % 4.4 % 2019  
Electricity 41.3 % 39.5 % 2019  
Propane 13.9 % 4.8 % 2019  
Other/None 2.8 % 3.5 % 2019  
Environment  
Renewable Energy Capacity North Dakota Share of U.S. Period find more
Total Renewable Energy Electricity Net Summer Capacity 4,847 MW 1.8% Jan-21  
Ethanol Plant Nameplate Capacity 495 million gal/year 2.8% 2020  
Renewable Energy Production North Dakota Share of U.S. Period find more
Utility-Scale Hydroelectric Net Electricity Generation 338 thousand MWh 1.3% Jan-21  
Utility-Scale Solar, Wind, and Geothermal Net Electricity Generation 1,171 thousand MWh 3.1% Jan-21  
Utility-Scale Biomass Net Electricity Generation NM NM Jan-21  
Small-Scale Solar Photovoltaic Generation * * Jan-21  
Fuel Ethanol Production 11,309 thousand barrels 3.0% 2018  
Renewable Energy Consumption North Dakota U.S. Rank Period find more
Renewable Energy Consumption as a Share of State Total 24.0 % 9 2018  
Fuel Ethanol Consumption 1,102 thousand barrels 46 2019  
Total Emissions North Dakota Share of U.S. Period find more
Carbon Dioxide 56.0 million metric tons 1.1% 2017  
Electric Power Industry Emissions North Dakota Share of U.S. Period find more
Carbon Dioxide 28,668 thousand metric tons 1.7% 2019  
Sulfur Dioxide 31 thousand metric tons 2.5% 2019  
Nitrogen Oxide 29 thousand metric tons 2.2% 2019  

Notes & Sources

-- = No data reported.
*  = Value is less than half of the smallest unit of measure (e.g., for values with no decimals, the smallest unit is 1 then values less than 0.5 are shown as *.)
NA = Not available.
NM = Not meaningful due to large relative standard error or excessive percentage change.
W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data.
Note: Small differences between source data and values displayed here may be due to independent rounding.
Note: Components of "Utility-scale net electricity generation (share of total)" may not add to 100% because "Total utility-scale net electricity generation" includes net generation from petroleum coke, pumped storage hydroelectric, other gases, and other energy sources, which are not shown separately.