U.S. Energy Information Administration logo
Skip to sub-navigation
‹ U.S. States

Pennsylvania   Pennsylvania Profile

State Profile and Energy Estimates

Visit EIA's U.S. Energy Atlas, our new interface for web map applications and geospatial data catalogue.

Profile DataPrint State Energy Profile
(overview, data, & analysis)

Last Update: April 15, 2021 | Next Update: May 20, 2021                                                                                                                                                 See full record of updates

Data in this section highlight only a small number of the many series available for this state. Use the "more" links on this page or the "Find" tool to access EIA's additional state-level data.

+ EXPAND ALL
Energy Indicators  
Demography Pennsylvania Share of U.S. Period
Population 12.8 million 3.9% 2020  
Civilian Labor Force 6.3 million 4.0% Feb-21  
Economy Pennsylvania U.S. Rank Period
Gross Domestic Product $ 813.5 billion 6 2019  
Gross Domestic Product for the Manufacturing Sector $ 93,762 million 8 2019  
Per Capita Personal Income $ 62,198 15 2020  
Vehicle Miles Traveled 102,864 million miles 9 2019  
Land in Farms 7.3 million acres 35 2017  
Climate Pennsylvania U.S. Rank Period
Average Temperature 51.2 degrees Fahrenheit 29 2020  
Precipitation 43.1 inches 19 2020  
Prices  
Petroleum Pennsylvania U.S. Average Period find more
Domestic Crude Oil First Purchase $ 43.48 /barrel $ 49.76 /barrel Jan-21  
Natural Gas Pennsylvania U.S. Average Period find more
City Gate $ 3.95 /thousand cu ft $ 3.45 /thousand cu ft Jan-21 find more
Residential $ 9.87 /thousand cu ft $ 9.74 /thousand cu ft Jan-21 find more
Coal Pennsylvania U.S. Average Period find more
Average Sales Price $ 57.11 /short ton $ 36.07 /short ton 2019  
Delivered to Electric Power Sector W $ 1.90 /million Btu Jan-21  
Electricity Pennsylvania U.S. Average Period find more
Residential 13.09 cents/kWh 12.69 cents/kWh Jan-21 find more
Commercial 8.26 cents/kWh 10.31 cents/kWh Jan-21 find more
Industrial 6.10 cents/kWh 6.35 cents/kWh Jan-21 find more
Reserves  
Reserves Pennsylvania Share of U.S. Period find more
Crude Oil (as of Dec. 31) 16 million barrels * 2019 find more
Expected Future Production of Dry Natural Gas (as of Dec. 31) 105,917 billion cu ft 22.8% 2019 find more
Expected Future Production of Natural Gas Plant Liquids 1,008 million barrels 4.7% 2019 find more
Recoverable Coal at Producing Mines 1,070 million short tons 7.6% 2019 find more
Rotary Rigs & Wells Pennsylvania Share of U.S. Period find more
Natural Gas Producing Wells 69,025 wells 14.1% 2019 find more
Capacity Pennsylvania Share of U.S. Period
Crude Oil Refinery Capacity (as of Jan. 1) 601,000 barrels/calendar day 3.2% 2020  
Electric Power Industry Net Summer Capacity 48,819 MW 4.4% Jan-21  
Supply & Distribution  
Production Pennsylvania Share of U.S. Period find more
Total Energy 8,987 trillion Btu 9.4% 2018 find more
Crude Oil 17 thousand barrels per day 0.2% Jan-21 find more
Natural Gas - Marketed 6,896,792 million cu ft 18.9% 2019 find more
Coal 50,053 thousand short tons 7.1% 2019 find more
Total Utility-Scale Net Electricity Generation Pennsylvania Share of U.S. Period find more
Total Net Electricity Generation 22,519 thousand MWh 6.4% Jan-21  
Utility-Scale Net Electricity Generation (share of total) Pennsylvania U.S. Average Period
Petroleum-Fired * 0.3 % Jan-21 find more
Natural Gas-Fired 48.8 % 35.7 % Jan-21 find more
Coal-Fired 15.9 % 23.3 % Jan-21 find more
Nuclear 31.4 % 20.5 % Jan-21 find more
Renewables 3.6 % 19.6 % Jan-21  
Stocks Pennsylvania Share of U.S. Period find more
Motor Gasoline (Excludes Pipelines) 6 thousand barrels * Jan-21  
Distillate Fuel Oil (Excludes Pipelines) 3,838 thousand barrels 3.0% Jan-21 find more
Natural Gas in Underground Storage 579,124 million cu ft 8.2% Jan-21 find more
Petroleum Stocks at Electric Power Producers 1,359 thousand barrels 5.3% Jan-21 find more
Coal Stocks at Electric Power Producers W W Jan-21 find more
Fueling Stations Pennsylvania Share of U.S. Period
Motor Gasoline 3,943 stations 3.5% 2018  
Propane 56 stations 2.1% 2021  
Electricity 887 stations 2.2% 2021  
E85 142 stations 3.8% 2021  
Compressed Natural Gas and Other Alternative Fuels 52 stations 4.1% 2021  
Consumption & Expenditures  
Summary Pennsylvania U.S. Rank Period
Total Consumption 3,962 trillion Btu 6 2018 find more
Total Consumption per Capita 310 million Btu 26 2018 find more
Total Expenditures $ 48,478 million 5 2018 find more
Total Expenditures per Capita $ 3,787 33 2018 find more
by End-Use Sector Pennsylvania Share of U.S. Period
Consumption
    »  Residential 965 trillion Btu 4.5% 2018 find more
    »  Commercial 655 trillion Btu 3.6% 2018 find more
    »  Industrial 1,403 trillion Btu 4.3% 2018 find more
    »  Transportation 938 trillion Btu 3.3% 2018 find more
Expenditures
    »  Residential $ 13,201 million 4.9% 2018 find more
    »  Commercial $ 6,282 million 3.3% 2018 find more
    »  Industrial $ 8,572 million 4.0% 2018 find more
    »  Transportation $ 20,424 million 3.4% 2018 find more
by Source Pennsylvania Share of U.S. Period
Consumption
    »  Petroleum 234 million barrels 3.1% 2018 find more
    »  Natural Gas 1,610 billion cu ft 5.2% 2019 find more
    »  Coal 25 million short tons 4.3% 2019 find more
Expenditures
    »  Petroleum $ 26,442 million 3.6% 2018 find more
    »  Natural Gas $ 7,907 million 5.2% 2019 find more
    »  Coal $ 1,527 million 6.0% 2019 find more
Consumption for Electricity Generation Pennsylvania Share of U.S. Period find more
Petroleum 19 thousand barrels 1.2% Jan-21 find more
Natural Gas 72,489 million cu ft 8.1% Jan-21 find more
Coal 1,883 thousand short tons 4.1% Jan-21 find more
Energy Source Used for Home Heating (share of households) Pennsylvania U.S. Average Period
Natural Gas 51.5 % 47.8 % 2019  
Fuel Oil 15.5 % 4.4 % 2019  
Electricity 23.9 % 39.5 % 2019  
Propane 4.6 % 4.8 % 2019  
Other/None 4.6 % 3.5 % 2019  
Environment  
Renewable Energy Capacity Pennsylvania Share of U.S. Period find more
Total Renewable Energy Electricity Net Summer Capacity 2,963 MW 1.1% Jan-21  
Ethanol Plant Nameplate Capacity 128 million gal/year 0.7% 2020  
Renewable Energy Production Pennsylvania Share of U.S. Period find more
Utility-Scale Hydroelectric Net Electricity Generation 307 thousand MWh 1.2% Jan-21  
Utility-Scale Solar, Wind, and Geothermal Net Electricity Generation 337 thousand MWh 0.9% Jan-21  
Utility-Scale Biomass Net Electricity Generation 158 thousand MWh 3.2% Jan-21  
Small-Scale Solar Photovoltaic Generation 37 thousand MWh 1.3% Jan-21  
Fuel Ethanol Production 2,647 thousand barrels 0.7% 2018  
Renewable Energy Consumption Pennsylvania U.S. Rank Period find more
Renewable Energy Consumption as a Share of State Total 6.0 % 41 2018  
Fuel Ethanol Consumption 11,708 thousand barrels 5 2019  
Total Emissions Pennsylvania Share of U.S. Period find more
Carbon Dioxide 215.0 million metric tons 4.2% 2017  
Electric Power Industry Emissions Pennsylvania Share of U.S. Period find more
Carbon Dioxide 77,357 thousand metric tons 4.5% 2019  
Sulfur Dioxide 51 thousand metric tons 4.0% 2019  
Nitrogen Oxide 45 thousand metric tons 3.4% 2019  

Notes & Sources

-- = No data reported.
*  = Value is less than half of the smallest unit of measure (e.g., for values with no decimals, the smallest unit is 1 then values less than 0.5 are shown as *.)
NA = Not available.
NM = Not meaningful due to large relative standard error or excessive percentage change.
W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data.
Note: Small differences between source data and values displayed here may be due to independent rounding.
Note: Components of "Utility-scale net electricity generation (share of total)" may not add to 100% because "Total utility-scale net electricity generation" includes net generation from petroleum coke, pumped storage hydroelectric, other gases, and other energy sources, which are not shown separately.