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Pennsylvania   Pennsylvania Profile

State Profile and Energy Estimates

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Last Update: June 16, 2022 | Next Update: July 21, 2022                                                                                                                                                 See full record of updates

Data in this section highlight only a small number of the many series available for this state. Use the "more" links on this page or the "Find" tool to access EIA's additional state-level data.

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Energy Indicators  
Demography Pennsylvania Share of U.S. Period
Population 13.0 million 3.9% 2021  
Civilian Labor Force 6.4 million 3.9% Apr-22  
Economy Pennsylvania U.S. Rank Period
Gross Domestic Product $ 839.4 billion 6 2021  
Gross Domestic Product for the Manufacturing Sector $ 106,323 million 7 2021  
Per Capita Personal Income $ 62,198 15 2020  
Vehicle Miles Traveled 87,982 million miles 9 2020  
Land in Farms 7.3 million acres 35 2017  
Climate Pennsylvania U.S. Rank Period
Average Temperature 51.1 degrees Fahrenheit 29 2021  
Precipitation 46.1 inches 16 2021  
Prices  
Petroleum Pennsylvania U.S. Average Period find more
Domestic Crude Oil First Purchase $ 102.15 /barrel $ 107.12 /barrel Mar-22  
Natural Gas Pennsylvania U.S. Average Period find more
City Gate $ 6.67 /thousand cu ft $ 5.59 /thousand cu ft Mar-22 find more
Residential $ 13.25 /thousand cu ft $ 12.98 /thousand cu ft Mar-22 find more
Coal Pennsylvania U.S. Average Period find more
Average Sales Price $ 52.11 /short ton $ 31.41 /short ton 2020  
Delivered to Electric Power Sector W $ 2.15 /million Btu Mar-22  
Electricity Pennsylvania U.S. Average Period find more
Residential 14.70 cents/kWh 14.47 cents/kWh Mar-22 find more
Commercial 9.89 cents/kWh 11.77 cents/kWh Mar-22 find more
Industrial 7.31 cents/kWh 7.50 cents/kWh Mar-22 find more
Reserves  
Reserves Pennsylvania Share of U.S. Period find more
Crude Oil (as of Dec. 31) 11 million barrels * 2020 find more
Expected Future Production of Dry Natural Gas (as of Dec. 31) 96,463 billion cu ft 21.7% 2020 find more
Expected Future Production of Natural Gas Plant Liquids 916 million barrels 4.4% 2020 find more
Recoverable Coal at Producing Mines 975 million short tons 7.4% 2020 find more
Rotary Rigs & Wells Pennsylvania Share of U.S. Period find more
Natural Gas Producing Wells 68,929 wells 14.3% 2020 find more
Capacity Pennsylvania Share of U.S. Period
Crude Oil Refinery Capacity (as of Jan. 1) 601,000 barrels/calendar day 3.2% 2020  
Electric Power Industry Net Summer Capacity 49,212 MW 4.3% Mar-22  
Supply & Distribution  
Production Pennsylvania Share of U.S. Period find more
Total Energy 9,655 trillion Btu 9.5% 2019 find more
Crude Oil 16 thousand barrels per day 0.1% Mar-22 find more
Natural Gas - Marketed 7,148,295 million cu ft 19.7% 2020 find more
Coal 36,305 thousand short tons 6.8% 2020 find more
Total Utility-Scale Net Electricity Generation Pennsylvania Share of U.S. Period find more
Total Net Electricity Generation 20,806 thousand MWh 6.4% Mar-22  
Utility-Scale Net Electricity Generation (share of total) Pennsylvania U.S. Average Period
Petroleum-Fired * 0.3 % Mar-22 find more
Natural Gas-Fired 53.4 % 34.4 % Mar-22 find more
Coal-Fired 11.6 % 18.6 % Mar-22 find more
Nuclear 30.8 % 19.4 % Mar-22 find more
Renewables 4.0 % 26.7 % Mar-22  
Stocks Pennsylvania Share of U.S. Period find more
Motor Gasoline (Excludes Pipelines) -- -- Mar-22  
Distillate Fuel Oil (Excludes Pipelines) 2,440 thousand barrels 2.9% Mar-22 find more
Natural Gas in Underground Storage 441,335 million cu ft 7.6% Mar-22 find more
Petroleum Stocks at Electric Power Producers 1,426 thousand barrels 6.6% Mar-22 find more
Coal Stocks at Electric Power Producers W W Mar-22 find more
Fueling Stations Pennsylvania Share of U.S. Period
Motor Gasoline 3,962 stations 3.5% 2019  
Propane 54 stations 2.2% 2022  
Electricity 1,066 stations 2.3% 2022  
E85 151 stations 3.7% 2022  
Compressed Natural Gas and Other Alternative Fuels 49 stations 3.8% 2022  
Consumption & Expenditures  
Summary Pennsylvania U.S. Rank Period
Total Consumption 3,413 trillion Btu 6 2020 find more
Total Consumption per Capita 298 million Btu 27 2019 find more
Total Expenditures $ 37,545 million 5 2020 find more
Total Expenditures per Capita $ 3,585 33 2019 find more
by End-Use Sector Pennsylvania Share of U.S. Period
Consumption
    »  Residential 850 trillion Btu 4.1% 2020 find more
    »  Commercial 525 trillion Btu 3.1% 2020 find more
    »  Industrial 1,254 trillion Btu 4.0% 2020 find more
    »  Transportation 784 trillion Btu 3.2% 2020 find more
Expenditures
    »  Residential $ 11,641 million 4.5% 2020 find more
    »  Commercial $ 4,915 million 2.8% 2020 find more
    »  Industrial $ 6,927 million 4.2% 2020 find more
    »  Transportation $ 14,061 million 3.5% 2020 find more
by Source Pennsylvania Share of U.S. Period
Consumption
    »  Petroleum 188 million barrels 2.8% 2020 find more
    »  Natural Gas 1,718 billion cu ft 5.6% 2020 find more
    »  Coal 18 million short tons 3.7% 2020 find more
Expenditures
    »  Petroleum $ 17,894 million 3.5% 2020 find more
    »  Natural Gas $ 6,912 million 5.1% 2020 find more
    »  Coal $ 903 million 4.6% 2020 find more
Consumption for Electricity Generation Pennsylvania Share of U.S. Period find more
Petroleum 20 thousand barrels 1.2% Mar-22 find more
Natural Gas 73,736 million cu ft 9.1% Mar-22 find more
Coal 1,268 thousand short tons 3.7% Mar-22 find more
Energy Source Used for Home Heating (share of households) Pennsylvania U.S. Average Period
Natural Gas 51.5 % 47.8 % 2019  
Fuel Oil 15.5 % 4.4 % 2019  
Electricity 23.9 % 39.5 % 2019  
Propane 4.6 % 4.8 % 2019  
Other/None 4.6 % 3.5 % 2019  
Environment  
Renewable Energy Capacity Pennsylvania Share of U.S. Period find more
Total Renewable Energy Electricity Net Summer Capacity 3,000 MW 1.0% Mar-22  
Ethanol Plant Nameplate Capacity 128 million gal/year 0.7% 2021  
Renewable Energy Production Pennsylvania Share of U.S. Period find more
Utility-Scale Hydroelectric Net Electricity Generation 274 thousand MWh 1.0% Mar-22  
Utility-Scale Solar, Wind, and Geothermal Net Electricity Generation 431 thousand MWh 0.8% Mar-22  
Utility-Scale Biomass Net Electricity Generation 128 thousand MWh 2.9% Mar-22  
Small-Scale Solar Photovoltaic Generation 70 thousand MWh 1.4% Mar-22  
Fuel Ethanol Production 2,559 thousand barrels 0.7% 2019  
Renewable Energy Consumption Pennsylvania U.S. Rank Period find more
Renewable Energy Consumption as a Share of State Total 6.1 % 42 2019  
Fuel Ethanol Consumption 9,977 thousand barrels 8 2020  
Total Emissions Pennsylvania Share of U.S. Period find more
Carbon Dioxide 218.7 million metric tons 4.2% 2019  
Electric Power Industry Emissions Pennsylvania Share of U.S. Period find more
Carbon Dioxide 72,284 thousand metric tons 4.7% 2020  
Sulfur Dioxide 35 thousand metric tons 3.4% 2020  
Nitrogen Oxide 38 thousand metric tons 3.2% 2020  

Notes & Sources

-- = No data reported.
*  = Value is less than half of the smallest unit of measure (e.g., for values with no decimals, the smallest unit is 1 then values less than 0.5 are shown as *.)
NA = Not available.
NM = Not meaningful due to large relative standard error or excessive percentage change.
W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data.
Note: Small differences between source data and values displayed here may be due to independent rounding.
Note: Components of "Utility-scale net electricity generation (share of total)" may not add to 100% because "Total utility-scale net electricity generation" includes net generation from petroleum coke, pumped storage hydroelectric, other gases, and other energy sources, which are not shown separately.