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Washington   Washington Profile

State Profile and Energy Estimates

Changes to the State Energy Data System (SEDS) Notice: In October 2023, we updated the way we calculate primary energy consumption of electricity generation from noncombustible renewable energy sources (solar, wind, hydroelectric, and geothermal). Visit our Changes to 1960—2022 conversion factor for renewable energy page to learn more.

Profile DataPrint State Energy Profile
(overview, data, & analysis)

Last Update: February 15, 2024 Next Update: March 21, 2024                                                                                                                                               See full record of updates

Data in this section highlight only a small number of the many series available for this state. Use the "more" links on this page or the "Find" tool to access EIA's additional state-level data.

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Energy Indicators  
Demography Washington Share of U.S. Period
Population 7.8 million 2.3% 2022  
Civilian Labor Force 4.0 million 2.4% Dec-23  
Economy Washington U.S. Rank Period
Gross Domestic Product $ 725.5 billion 11 2022  
Gross Domestic Product for the Manufacturing Sector $ 70,844 million 14 2022  
Per Capita Personal Income $ 75,698 7 2022  
Vehicle Miles Traveled 57,797 million miles 20 2021  
Land in Farms 14.5 million acres 19 2022  
Climate Washington U.S. Rank Period
Average Temperature 48.5 degrees Fahrenheit 34 2023  
Precipitation 35.7 inches 29 2023  
Prices  
Petroleum Washington U.S. Average Period find more
Domestic Crude Oil First Purchase -- $ 77.46 /barrel Nov-23  
Natural Gas Washington U.S. Average Period find more
City Gate $ 5.28 /thousand cu ft $ 4.36 /thousand cu ft Nov-23 find more
Residential $ 15.25 /thousand cu ft $ 13.36 /thousand cu ft Nov-23 find more
Coal Washington U.S. Average Period find more
Average Sales Price -- $ 54.46 /short ton 2022  
Delivered to Electric Power Sector W $ 2.51 /million Btu Nov-23  
Electricity Washington U.S. Average Period find more
Residential 11.08 cents/kWh 16.19 cents/kWh Nov-23 find more
Commercial 10.27 cents/kWh 12.60 cents/kWh Nov-23 find more
Industrial 6.26 cents/kWh 7.90 cents/kWh Nov-23 find more
Reserves  
Reserves Washington Share of U.S. Period find more
Crude Oil (as of Dec. 31) -- -- 2021 find more
Expected Future Production of Dry Natural Gas (as of Dec. 31) -- -- 2021 find more
Expected Future Production of Natural Gas Plant Liquids -- -- 2021 find more
Recoverable Coal at Producing Mines -- -- 2022 find more
Rotary Rigs & Wells Washington Share of U.S. Period find more
Natural Gas Producing Wells -- -- 2020 find more
Capacity Washington Share of U.S. Period
Crude Oil Refinery Capacity (as of Jan. 1) 648,200 barrels/calendar day 3.6% 2023  
Electric Power Industry Net Summer Capacity 30,859 MW 2.6% Nov-23  
Supply & Distribution  
Production Washington Share of U.S. Period find more
Total Energy 931 trillion Btu 0.9% 2021 find more
Crude Oil -- -- Nov-23 find more
Natural Gas - Marketed -- -- 2022 find more
Coal -- -- 2022 find more
Total Utility-Scale Net Electricity Generation Washington Share of U.S. Period find more
Total Net Electricity Generation 8,427 thousand MWh 2.6% Nov-23  
Utility-Scale Net Electricity Generation (share of total) Washington U.S. Average Period
Petroleum-Fired * 0.3 % Nov-23 find more
Natural Gas-Fired 17.9 % 42.0 % Nov-23 find more
Coal-Fired 3.1 % 15.9 % Nov-23 find more
Nuclear 9.7 % 19.3 % Nov-23 find more
Renewables 69.1 % 21.9 % Nov-23  
Stocks Washington Share of U.S. Period find more
Motor Gasoline (Excludes Pipelines) 626 thousand barrels 5.0% Nov-23  
Distillate Fuel Oil (Excludes Pipelines) 2,133 thousand barrels 2.5% Nov-23 find more
Natural Gas in Underground Storage 42,816 million cu ft 0.5% Nov-23 find more
Petroleum Stocks at Electric Power Producers 105 thousand barrels 0.5% Nov-23 find more
Coal Stocks at Electric Power Producers W W Nov-23 find more
Fueling Stations Washington Share of U.S. Period
Motor Gasoline 1,846 stations 1.7% 2021  
Propane 64 stations 2.6% Jan-24  
Electric Vehicle Charging Locations 2,033 stations 3.4% Jan-24  
E85 5 stations 0.1% Jan-24  
Biodiesel, Compressed Natural Gas, and Other Alternative Fuels 8 stations 0.3% Jan-24  
Consumption & Expenditures  
Summary Washington U.S. Rank Period
Total Consumption 1,898 trillion Btu 17 2021 find more
Total Consumption per Capita 245 million Btu 37 2021 find more
Total Expenditures $ 25,940 million 16 2021 find more
Total Expenditures per Capita $ 3,351 45 2021 find more
by End-Use Sector Washington Share of U.S. Period
Consumption
    »  Residential 479 trillion Btu 2.3% 2021 find more
    »  Commercial 345 trillion Btu 2.0% 2021 find more
    »  Industrial 469 trillion Btu 1.4% 2021 find more
    »  Transportation 604 trillion Btu 2.2% 2021 find more
Expenditures
    »  Residential $ 5,333 million 1.9% 2021 find more
    »  Commercial $ 3,650 million 1.8% 2021 find more
    »  Industrial $ 2,577 million 1.1% 2021 find more
    »  Transportation $ 14,381 million 2.4% 2021 find more
by Source Washington Share of U.S. Period
Consumption
    »  Petroleum 135 million barrels 1.9% 2021 find more
    »  Natural Gas 351 billion cu ft 1.1% 2022 find more
    »  Coal 2,482 thousand short tons 0.5% 2022 find more
Expenditures
    »  Petroleum $ 16,104 million 2.1% 2021 find more
    »  Natural Gas $ 2,955 million 1.1% 2022 find more
    »  Coal $ 140 million 0.5% 2022 find more
Consumption for Electricity Generation Washington Share of U.S. Period find more
Petroleum 3 thousand barrels 0.2% Nov-23 find more
Natural Gas 10,800 million cu ft 1.2% Apr-23 find more
Coal 179 thousand tons 0.6% Nov-23 find more
Energy Source Used for Home Heating (share of households) Washington U.S. Average Period
Natural Gas 33.0 % 46.2 % 2022  
Fuel Oil 1.3 % 3.9 % 2022  
Electricity 58.3 % 41.3 % 2022  
Propane 3.2 % 5.0 % 2022  
Other/None 4.2 % 3.5 % 2022  
Environment  
Renewable Energy Capacity Washington Share of U.S. Period find more
Total Renewable Energy Electricity Net Summer Capacity 25,325 MW 7.8% Nov-23  
Ethanol Plant Nameplate Capacity -- -- 2023  
Renewable Energy Production Washington Share of U.S. Period find more
Utility-Scale Hydroelectric Net Electricity Generation 5,033 thousand MWh 27.8% Nov-23  
Utility-Scale Solar, Wind, and Geothermal Net Electricity Generation 682 thousand MWh 1.4% Nov-23  
Utility-Scale Biomass Net Electricity Generation 105 thousand MWh 2.7% Nov-23  
Small-Scale Solar Photovoltaic Generation 19 thousand MWh 0.4% Nov-23  
Fuel Ethanol Production 0 thousand barrels 0.0% 2021  
Renewable Energy Consumption Washington U.S. Rank Period find more
Renewable Energy Consumption as a Share of State Total 44.8 % 2 2021  
Fuel Ethanol Consumption 6,452 thousand barrels 20 2021  
Total Emissions Washington Share of U.S. Period find more
Carbon Dioxide 73.8 million metric tons 1.5% 2021  
Electric Power Industry Emissions Washington Share of U.S. Period find more
Carbon Dioxide 10,787 thousand metric tons 0.7% 2022  
Sulfur Dioxide 14 thousand metric tons 1.3% 2022  
Nitrogen Oxide 12 thousand metric tons 1.0% 2022  

Notes & Sources

-- = No data reported.
*  = Value is less than half of the smallest unit of measure (e.g., for values with no decimals, the smallest unit is 1 then values less than 0.5 are shown as *.)
NA = Not available.
NM = Not meaningful due to large relative standard error or excessive percentage change.
W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data.
Note: Small differences between source data and values displayed here may be due to independent rounding.
Note: Components of "Utility-scale net electricity generation (share of total)" may not add to 100% because "Total utility-scale net electricity generation" includes net generation from petroleum coke, pumped storage hydroelectric, other gases, and other energy sources, which are not shown separately.
Note: Territory data may be estimates based on EIA's Short-Term Energy Outlook.