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Washington   Washington Profile

State Profile and Energy Estimates

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Last Update: March 18, 2021 | Next Update: April 15, 2021                                                                                                                                                 See full record of updates

Data in this section highlight only a small number of the many series available for this state. Use the "more" links on this page or the "Find" tool to access EIA's additional state-level data.

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Energy Indicators  
Demography Washington Share of U.S. Period
Population 7.7 million 2.3% 2020  
Civilian Labor Force 3.8 million 2.4% Jan-21  
Economy Washington U.S. Rank Period
Gross Domestic Product $ 599.6 billion 10 2019  
Gross Domestic Product for the Manufacturing Sector $ 65,458 million 10 2019  
Per Capita Personal Income $ 64,898 8 2019  
Vehicle Miles Traveled 62,530 million miles 20 2019  
Land in Farms 14.7 million acres 19 2017  
Climate Washington U.S. Rank Period
Average Temperature 48.0 degrees Fahrenheit 35 2020  
Precipitation 44.9 inches 17 2020  
Prices  
Petroleum Washington U.S. Average Period find more
Domestic Crude Oil First Purchase -- $ 43.96 /barrel Dec-20  
Natural Gas Washington U.S. Average Period find more
City Gate $ 3.65 /thousand cu ft $ 3.55 /thousand cu ft Dec-20 find more
Residential $ 10.57 /thousand cu ft $ 9.73 /thousand cu ft Dec-20 find more
Coal Washington U.S. Average Period find more
Average Sales Price -- $ 36.07 /short ton 2019  
Delivered to Electric Power Sector W $ 1.91 /million Btu Dec-20  
Electricity Washington U.S. Average Period find more
Residential 9.77 cents/kWh 12.80 cents/kWh Dec-20 find more
Commercial 9.08 cents/kWh 10.48 cents/kWh Dec-20 find more
Industrial 5.38 cents/kWh 6.40 cents/kWh Dec-20 find more
Reserves  
Reserves Washington Share of U.S. Period find more
Crude Oil (as of Dec. 31) -- -- 2019 find more
Expected Future Production of Dry Natural Gas (as of Dec. 31) -- -- 2019 find more
Expected Future Production of Natural Gas Plant Liquids -- -- 2019 find more
Recoverable Coal at Producing Mines -- -- 2019 find more
Rotary Rigs & Wells Washington Share of U.S. Period find more
Natural Gas Producing Wells -- -- 2019 find more
Capacity Washington Share of U.S. Period
Crude Oil Refinery Capacity (as of Jan. 1) 651,700 barrels/calendar day 3.4% 2020  
Electric Power Industry Net Summer Capacity 30,684 MW 2.7% Dec-20  
Supply & Distribution  
Production Washington Share of U.S. Period find more
Total Energy 1,040 trillion Btu 1.1% 2018 find more
Crude Oil -- -- Dec-20 find more
Natural Gas - Marketed -- -- 2019 find more
Coal -- -- 2019 find more
Total Utility-Scale Net Electricity Generation Washington Share of U.S. Period find more
Total Net Electricity Generation 9,884 thousand MWh 2.9% Dec-20  
Utility-Scale Net Electricity Generation (share of total) Washington U.S. Average Period
Petroleum-Fired * 0.3 % Dec-20 find more
Natural Gas-Fired 13.0 % 36.4 % Dec-20 find more
Coal-Fired 8.9 % 22.8 % Dec-20 find more
Nuclear 8.7 % 20.3 % Dec-20 find more
Renewables 69.1 % 19.5 % Dec-20  
Stocks Washington Share of U.S. Period find more
Motor Gasoline (Excludes Pipelines) 728 thousand barrels 3.8% Dec-20  
Distillate Fuel Oil (Excludes Pipelines) 2,263 thousand barrels 1.8% Dec-20 find more
Natural Gas in Underground Storage 41,548 million cu ft 0.5% Dec-20 find more
Petroleum Stocks at Electric Power Producers 97 thousand barrels 0.4% Dec-20 find more
Coal Stocks at Electric Power Producers W W Dec-20 find more
Fueling Stations Washington Share of U.S. Period
Motor Gasoline 1,896 stations 1.7% 2018  
Propane 81 stations 3.0% 2021  
Electricity 1,429 stations 3.5% 2021  
E85 3 stations 0.1% 2021  
Compressed Natural Gas and Other Alternative Fuels 10 stations 0.8% 2021  
Consumption & Expenditures  
Summary Washington U.S. Rank Period
Total Consumption 2,079 trillion Btu 16 2018 find more
Total Consumption per Capita 276 million Btu 32 2018 find more
Total Expenditures $ 26,321 million 17 2018 find more
Total Expenditures per Capita $ 3,498 40 2018 find more
by End-Use Sector Washington Share of U.S. Period
Consumption
    »  Residential 479 trillion Btu 2.2% 2018 find more
    »  Commercial 377 trillion Btu 2.0% 2018 find more
    »  Industrial 543 trillion Btu 1.7% 2018 find more
    »  Transportation 680 trillion Btu 2.4% 2018 find more
Expenditures
    »  Residential $ 4,747 million 1.8% 2018 find more
    »  Commercial $ 3,482 million 1.8% 2018 find more
    »  Industrial $ 2,623 million 1.2% 2018 find more
    »  Transportation $ 15,470 million 2.6% 2018 find more
by Source Washington Share of U.S. Period
Consumption
    »  Petroleum 152 million barrels 2.0% 2018 find more
    »  Natural Gas 348 billion cu ft 1.1% 2019 find more
    »  Coal 5 million short tons 0.8% 2019 find more
Expenditures
    »  Petroleum $ 17,218 million 2.3% 2018 find more
    »  Natural Gas $ 2,033 million 1.3% 2019 find more
    »  Coal $ 189 million 0.7% 2019 find more
Consumption for Electricity Generation Washington Share of U.S. Period find more
Petroleum 1 thousand barrels 0.1% Dec-20 find more
Natural Gas 9,031 million cu ft 1.0% Dec-20 find more
Coal 593 thousand short tons 1.4% Dec-20 find more
Energy Source Used for Home Heating (share of households) Washington U.S. Average Period
Natural Gas 34.2 % 47.8 % 2019  
Fuel Oil 1.6 % 4.4 % 2019  
Electricity 56.3 % 39.5 % 2019  
Propane 3.0 % 4.8 % 2019  
Other/None 4.9 % 3.5 % 2019  
Environment  
Renewable Energy Capacity Washington Share of U.S. Period find more
Total Renewable Energy Electricity Net Summer Capacity 25,128 MW 9.6% Dec-20  
Ethanol Plant Nameplate Capacity -- -- 2020  
Renewable Energy Production Washington Share of U.S. Period find more
Utility-Scale Hydroelectric Net Electricity Generation 6,023 thousand MWh 26.1% Dec-20  
Utility-Scale Solar, Wind, and Geothermal Net Electricity Generation 675 thousand MWh 1.7% Dec-20  
Utility-Scale Biomass Net Electricity Generation 133 thousand MWh 2.7% Dec-20  
Small-Scale Solar Photovoltaic Generation 8 thousand MWh 0.3% Dec-20  
Fuel Ethanol Production 0 thousand barrels 0.0% 2018  
Renewable Energy Consumption Washington U.S. Rank Period find more
Renewable Energy Consumption as a Share of State Total 46.0 % 2 2018  
Fuel Ethanol Consumption 7,353 thousand barrels 17 2019  
Total Emissions Washington Share of U.S. Period find more
Carbon Dioxide 78.0 million metric tons 1.5% 2017  
Electric Power Industry Emissions Washington Share of U.S. Period find more
Carbon Dioxide 14,628 thousand metric tons 0.8% 2019  
Sulfur Dioxide 19 thousand metric tons 1.5% 2019  
Nitrogen Oxide 16 thousand metric tons 1.2% 2019  

Notes & Sources

-- = No data reported.
*  = Value is less than half of the smallest unit of measure (e.g., for values with no decimals, the smallest unit is 1 then values less than 0.5 are shown as *.)
NA = Not available.
NM = Not meaningful due to large relative standard error or excessive percentage change.
W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data.
Note: Small differences between source data and values displayed here may be due to independent rounding.
Note: Components of "Utility-scale net electricity generation (share of total)" may not add to 100% because "Total utility-scale net electricity generation" includes net generation from petroleum coke, pumped storage hydroelectric, other gases, and other energy sources, which are not shown separately.