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Iowa   Iowa Profile

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Last Update: July 21, 2022 | Next Update: August 18, 2022                                                                                                                                                 See full record of updates

Data in this section highlight only a small number of the many series available for this state. Use the "more" links on this page or the "Find" tool to access EIA's additional state-level data.

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Energy Indicators  
Demography Iowa Share of U.S. Period
Population 3.2 million 1.0% 2021  
Civilian Labor Force 1.7 million 1.0% May-22  
Economy Iowa U.S. Rank Period
Gross Domestic Product $ 219.8 billion 30 2021  
Gross Domestic Product for the Manufacturing Sector $ 37,687 million 24 2021  
Per Capita Personal Income $ 56,973 31 2021  
Vehicle Miles Traveled 29,751 million miles 33 2020  
Land in Farms 30.6 million acres 10 2017  
Climate Iowa U.S. Rank Period
Average Temperature 50.0 degrees Fahrenheit 33 2021  
Precipitation 31.1 inches 32 2021  
Prices  
Petroleum Iowa U.S. Average Period find more
Domestic Crude Oil First Purchase -- $ 103.28 /barrel Apr-22  
Natural Gas Iowa U.S. Average Period find more
City Gate $ 6.32 /thousand cu ft $ 6.34 /thousand cu ft Apr-22 find more
Residential $ 14.22 /thousand cu ft $ 13.65 /thousand cu ft Apr-22 find more
Coal Iowa U.S. Average Period find more
Average Sales Price -- $ 31.41 /short ton 2020  
Delivered to Electric Power Sector $ 1.75 /million Btu $ 2.18 /million Btu Apr-22  
Electricity Iowa U.S. Average Period find more
Residential 12.09 cents/kWh 14.77 cents/kWh Apr-22 find more
Commercial 9.28 cents/kWh 11.92 cents/kWh Apr-22 find more
Industrial 6.07 cents/kWh 7.83 cents/kWh Apr-22 find more
Reserves  
Reserves Iowa Share of U.S. Period find more
Crude Oil (as of Dec. 31) -- -- 2020 find more
Expected Future Production of Dry Natural Gas (as of Dec. 31) -- -- 2020 find more
Expected Future Production of Natural Gas Plant Liquids -- -- 2020 find more
Recoverable Coal at Producing Mines -- -- 2020 find more
Rotary Rigs & Wells Iowa Share of U.S. Period find more
Natural Gas Producing Wells -- -- 2020 find more
Capacity Iowa Share of U.S. Period
Crude Oil Refinery Capacity (as of Jan. 1) -- -- 2020  
Electric Power Industry Net Summer Capacity 22,237 MW 1.9% Apr-22  
Supply & Distribution  
Production Iowa Share of U.S. Period find more
Total Energy 930 trillion Btu 1.0% 2020 find more
Crude Oil -- -- Apr-22 find more
Natural Gas - Marketed -- -- 2020 find more
Coal -- -- 2020 find more
Total Utility-Scale Net Electricity Generation Iowa Share of U.S. Period find more
Total Net Electricity Generation 5,489 thousand MWh 1.8% Apr-22  
Utility-Scale Net Electricity Generation (share of total) Iowa U.S. Average Period
Petroleum-Fired -0.1 % 0.2 % Apr-22 find more
Natural Gas-Fired 3.1 % 34.8 % Apr-22 find more
Coal-Fired 10.0 % 18.1 % Apr-22 find more
Nuclear 0 % 18.2 % Apr-22 find more
Renewables 86.9 % 28.0 % Apr-22  
Stocks Iowa Share of U.S. Period find more
Motor Gasoline (Excludes Pipelines) 54 thousand barrels 0.4% Apr-22  
Distillate Fuel Oil (Excludes Pipelines) 1,534 thousand barrels 1.9% Apr-22 find more
Natural Gas in Underground Storage 219,051 million cu ft 3.6% Apr-22 find more
Petroleum Stocks at Electric Power Producers 100 thousand barrels 0.5% Apr-22 find more
Coal Stocks at Electric Power Producers 3,948 thousand tons 4.3% Apr-22 find more
Fueling Stations Iowa Share of U.S. Period
Motor Gasoline 1,729 stations 1.5% 2019  
Propane 36 stations 1.4% 2022  
Electricity 263 stations 0.6% 2022  
E85 334 stations 8.1% 2022  
Compressed Natural Gas and Other Alternative Fuels 29 stations 2.2% 2022  
Consumption & Expenditures  
Summary Iowa U.S. Rank Period
Total Consumption 1,526 trillion Btu 24 2020 find more
Total Consumption per Capita 479 million Btu 5 2020 find more
Total Expenditures $ 12,694 million 28 2020 find more
Total Expenditures per Capita $ 3,981 7 2020 find more
by End-Use Sector Iowa Share of U.S. Period
Consumption
    »  Residential 233 trillion Btu 1.1% 2020 find more
    »  Commercial 181 trillion Btu 1.1% 2020 find more
    »  Industrial 834 trillion Btu 2.7% 2020 find more
    »  Transportation 278 trillion Btu 1.1% 2020 find more
Expenditures
    »  Residential $ 2,631 million 1.0% 2020 find more
    »  Commercial $ 1,629 million 0.9% 2020 find more
    »  Industrial $ 3,832 million 2.3% 2020 find more
    »  Transportation $ 4,602 million 1.1% 2020 find more
by Source Iowa Share of U.S. Period
Consumption
    »  Petroleum 86 million barrels 1.3% 2020 find more
    »  Natural Gas 403 billion cu ft 1.3% 2020 find more
    »  Coal 10 million short tons 2.2% 2020 find more
Expenditures
    »  Petroleum $ 6,343 million 1.3% 2020 find more
    »  Natural Gas $ 1,811 million 1.3% 2020 find more
    »  Coal $ 294 million 1.5% 2020 find more
Consumption for Electricity Generation Iowa Share of U.S. Period find more
Petroleum 6 thousand barrels 0.5% Apr-22 find more
Natural Gas 1,522 million cu ft 0.2% Apr-22 find more
Coal 295 thousand short tons 1.0% Apr-22 find more
Energy Source Used for Home Heating (share of households) Iowa U.S. Average Period
Natural Gas 60.6 % 47.8 % 2019  
Fuel Oil 0.4 % 4.4 % 2019  
Electricity 23.7 % 39.5 % 2019  
Propane 12.9 % 4.8 % 2019  
Other/None 2.4 % 3.5 % 2019  
Environment  
Renewable Energy Capacity Iowa Share of U.S. Period find more
Total Renewable Energy Electricity Net Summer Capacity 12,545 MW 4.2% Apr-22  
Ethanol Plant Nameplate Capacity 4,667 million gal/year 26.6% 2021  
Renewable Energy Production Iowa Share of U.S. Period find more
Utility-Scale Hydroelectric Net Electricity Generation 75 thousand MWh 0.4% Apr-22  
Utility-Scale Solar, Wind, and Geothermal Net Electricity Generation 4,679 thousand MWh 7.7% Apr-22  
Utility-Scale Biomass Net Electricity Generation 16 thousand MWh 0.4% Apr-22  
Small-Scale Solar Photovoltaic Generation 29 thousand MWh 0.5% Apr-22  
Fuel Ethanol Production 92,137 thousand barrels 27.8% 2020  
Renewable Energy Consumption Iowa U.S. Rank Period find more
Renewable Energy Consumption as a Share of State Total 36.5 % 5 2020  
Fuel Ethanol Consumption 3,768 thousand barrels 28 2020  
Total Emissions Iowa Share of U.S. Period find more
Carbon Dioxide 77.3 million metric tons 1.5% 2019  
Electric Power Industry Emissions Iowa Share of U.S. Period find more
Carbon Dioxide 21,135 thousand metric tons 1.4% 2020  
Sulfur Dioxide 17 thousand metric tons 1.7% 2020  
Nitrogen Oxide 17 thousand metric tons 1.4% 2020  

Notes & Sources

-- = No data reported.
*  = Value is less than half of the smallest unit of measure (e.g., for values with no decimals, the smallest unit is 1 then values less than 0.5 are shown as *.)
NA = Not available.
NM = Not meaningful due to large relative standard error or excessive percentage change.
W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data.
Note: Small differences between source data and values displayed here may be due to independent rounding.
Note: Components of "Utility-scale net electricity generation (share of total)" may not add to 100% because "Total utility-scale net electricity generation" includes net generation from petroleum coke, pumped storage hydroelectric, other gases, and other energy sources, which are not shown separately.