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Iowa   Iowa Profile

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Last Update: April 15, 2021 | Next Update: May 20, 2021                                                                                                                                                 See full record of updates

Data in this section highlight only a small number of the many series available for this state. Use the "more" links on this page or the "Find" tool to access EIA's additional state-level data.

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Energy Indicators  
Demography Iowa Share of U.S. Period
Population 3.2 million 1.0% 2020  
Civilian Labor Force 1.6 million 1.0% Feb-21  
Economy Iowa U.S. Rank Period
Gross Domestic Product $ 194.8 billion 30 2019  
Gross Domestic Product for the Manufacturing Sector $ 33,926 million 25 2019  
Per Capita Personal Income $ 55,218 28 2020  
Vehicle Miles Traveled 33,537 million miles 31 2019  
Land in Farms 30.6 million acres 10 2017  
Climate Iowa U.S. Rank Period
Average Temperature 49.2 degrees Fahrenheit 33 2020  
Precipitation 29.1 inches 32 2020  
Prices  
Petroleum Iowa U.S. Average Period find more
Domestic Crude Oil First Purchase -- $ 49.76 /barrel Jan-21  
Natural Gas Iowa U.S. Average Period find more
City Gate $ 3.64 /thousand cu ft $ 3.45 /thousand cu ft Jan-21 find more
Residential $ 6.09 /thousand cu ft $ 9.74 /thousand cu ft Jan-21 find more
Coal Iowa U.S. Average Period find more
Average Sales Price -- $ 36.07 /short ton 2019  
Delivered to Electric Power Sector $ 1.48 /million Btu $ 1.90 /million Btu Jan-21  
Electricity Iowa U.S. Average Period find more
Residential 10.87 cents/kWh 12.69 cents/kWh Jan-21 find more
Commercial 8.97 cents/kWh 10.31 cents/kWh Jan-21 find more
Industrial 5.56 cents/kWh 6.35 cents/kWh Jan-21 find more
Reserves  
Reserves Iowa Share of U.S. Period find more
Crude Oil (as of Dec. 31) -- -- 2019 find more
Expected Future Production of Dry Natural Gas (as of Dec. 31) -- -- 2019 find more
Expected Future Production of Natural Gas Plant Liquids -- -- 2019 find more
Recoverable Coal at Producing Mines -- -- 2019 find more
Rotary Rigs & Wells Iowa Share of U.S. Period find more
Natural Gas Producing Wells -- -- 2019 find more
Capacity Iowa Share of U.S. Period
Crude Oil Refinery Capacity (as of Jan. 1) -- -- 2020  
Electric Power Industry Net Summer Capacity 21,284 MW 1.9% Jan-21  
Supply & Distribution  
Production Iowa Share of U.S. Period find more
Total Energy 888 trillion Btu 0.9% 2018 find more
Crude Oil -- -- Jan-21 find more
Natural Gas - Marketed -- -- 2019 find more
Coal -- -- 2019 find more
Total Utility-Scale Net Electricity Generation Iowa Share of U.S. Period find more
Total Net Electricity Generation 5,483 thousand MWh 1.6% Jan-21  
Utility-Scale Net Electricity Generation (share of total) Iowa U.S. Average Period
Petroleum-Fired * 0.3 % Jan-21 find more
Natural Gas-Fired 5.9 % 35.7 % Jan-21 find more
Coal-Fired 35.7 % 23.3 % Jan-21 find more
Nuclear 0 % 20.5 % Jan-21 find more
Renewables 58.2 % 19.6 % Jan-21  
Stocks Iowa Share of U.S. Period find more
Motor Gasoline (Excludes Pipelines) 57 thousand barrels 0.3% Jan-21  
Distillate Fuel Oil (Excludes Pipelines) 1,969 thousand barrels 1.5% Jan-21 find more
Natural Gas in Underground Storage 237,125 million cu ft 3.4% Jan-21 find more
Petroleum Stocks at Electric Power Producers 109 thousand barrels 0.4% Jan-21 find more
Coal Stocks at Electric Power Producers 6,957 thousand tons 5.5% Jan-21 find more
Fueling Stations Iowa Share of U.S. Period
Motor Gasoline 1,745 stations 1.5% 2018  
Propane 32 stations 1.2% 2021  
Electricity 219 stations 0.5% 2021  
E85 309 stations 8.3% 2021  
Compressed Natural Gas and Other Alternative Fuels 19 stations 1.5% 2021  
Consumption & Expenditures  
Summary Iowa U.S. Rank Period
Total Consumption 1,616 trillion Btu 24 2018 find more
Total Consumption per Capita 513 million Btu 5 2018 find more
Total Expenditures $ 15,603 million 28 2018 find more
Total Expenditures per Capita $ 4,956 6 2018 find more
by End-Use Sector Iowa Share of U.S. Period
Consumption
    »  Residential 247 trillion Btu 1.2% 2018 find more
    »  Commercial 198 trillion Btu 1.1% 2018 find more
    »  Industrial 868 trillion Btu 2.6% 2018 find more
    »  Transportation 303 trillion Btu 1.1% 2018 find more
Expenditures
    »  Residential $ 2,819 million 1.1% 2018 find more
    »  Commercial $ 1,816 million 0.9% 2018 find more
    »  Industrial $ 4,607 million 2.2% 2018 find more
    »  Transportation $ 6,361 million 1.1% 2018 find more
by Source Iowa Share of U.S. Period
Consumption
    »  Petroleum 89 million barrels 1.2% 2018 find more
    »  Natural Gas 437 billion cu ft 1.4% 2019 find more
    »  Coal 15 million short tons 2.6% 2019 find more
Expenditures
    »  Petroleum $ 8,531 million 1.1% 2018 find more
    »  Natural Gas $ 2,291 million 1.5% 2019 find more
    »  Coal $ 430 million 1.7% 2019 find more
Consumption for Electricity Generation Iowa Share of U.S. Period find more
Petroleum 10 thousand barrels 0.6% Jan-21 find more
Natural Gas 1,961 million cu ft 0.2% Jan-21 find more
Coal 1,122 thousand short tons 2.5% Jan-21 find more
Energy Source Used for Home Heating (share of households) Iowa U.S. Average Period
Natural Gas 60.6 % 47.8 % 2019  
Fuel Oil 0.4 % 4.4 % 2019  
Electricity 23.7 % 39.5 % 2019  
Propane 12.9 % 4.8 % 2019  
Other/None 2.4 % 3.5 % 2019  
Environment  
Renewable Energy Capacity Iowa Share of U.S. Period find more
Total Renewable Energy Electricity Net Summer Capacity 11,474 MW 4.4% Jan-21  
Ethanol Plant Nameplate Capacity 4,519 million gal/year 26.0% 2020  
Renewable Energy Production Iowa Share of U.S. Period find more
Utility-Scale Hydroelectric Net Electricity Generation 84 thousand MWh 0.3% Jan-21  
Utility-Scale Solar, Wind, and Geothermal Net Electricity Generation 3,091 thousand MWh 8.2% Jan-21  
Utility-Scale Biomass Net Electricity Generation 16 thousand MWh 0.3% Jan-21  
Small-Scale Solar Photovoltaic Generation 11 thousand MWh 0.4% Jan-21  
Fuel Ethanol Production 100,127 thousand barrels 26.1% 2018  
Renewable Energy Consumption Iowa U.S. Rank Period find more
Renewable Energy Consumption as a Share of State Total 29.0 % 8 2018  
Fuel Ethanol Consumption 4,273 thousand barrels 28 2019  
Total Emissions Iowa Share of U.S. Period find more
Carbon Dioxide 76.0 million metric tons 1.5% 2017  
Electric Power Industry Emissions Iowa Share of U.S. Period find more
Carbon Dioxide 28,989 thousand metric tons 1.7% 2019  
Sulfur Dioxide 27 thousand metric tons 2.1% 2019  
Nitrogen Oxide 24 thousand metric tons 1.8% 2019  

Notes & Sources

-- = No data reported.
*  = Value is less than half of the smallest unit of measure (e.g., for values with no decimals, the smallest unit is 1 then values less than 0.5 are shown as *.)
NA = Not available.
NM = Not meaningful due to large relative standard error or excessive percentage change.
W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data.
Note: Small differences between source data and values displayed here may be due to independent rounding.
Note: Components of "Utility-scale net electricity generation (share of total)" may not add to 100% because "Total utility-scale net electricity generation" includes net generation from petroleum coke, pumped storage hydroelectric, other gases, and other energy sources, which are not shown separately.