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Iowa   Iowa Profile

State Profile and Energy Estimates

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Last Update: January 18, 2018 | Next Update: February 15, 2018                                                                                                                                                 See full record of updates

Data in this section highlight only a small number of the many series available for this state. Use the "more" links on this page or the "Find" tool to access EIA's additional state-level data.

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Energy Indicators  
Demography Iowa Share of U.S. Period
Population 3.1 million 1.0% 2016  
Civilian Labor Force 1.7 million 1.0% Nov-17  
Economy Iowa U.S. Rank Period
Gross Domestic Product $ 178.8 billion 30 2016  
Gross Domestic Product for the Manufacturing Sector $ 32,653 million 25 2016  
Per Capita Personal Income $ 46,794 27 2016  
Vehicle Miles Traveled 33,161 million miles 31 2015  
Land in Farms 30.6 million acres 10 2012  
Climate Iowa U.S. Rank Period
Average Temperature 50.7 degrees Fahrenheit 31 2016  
Precipitation 38.2 inches 26 2016  
Prices  
Petroleum Iowa U.S. Average Period find more
Domestic Crude Oil First Purchase -- $ 49.13 /barrel Oct-17  
Natural Gas Iowa U.S. Average Period find more
City Gate $ 3.71 /thousand cu ft $ 4.04 /thousand cu ft Oct-17 find more
Residential $ 13.43 /thousand cu ft $ 13.50 /thousand cu ft Oct-17 find more
Coal Iowa U.S. Average Period find more
Average Sales Price -- $ 30.57 /short ton 2016  
Delivered to Electric Power Sector $ 1.57 /million Btu $ 2.03 /million Btu Oct-17  
Electricity Iowa U.S. Average Period find more
Residential 12.08 cents/kWh 12.84 cents/kWh Oct-17 find more
Commercial 8.73 cents/kWh 10.82 cents/kWh Oct-17 find more
Industrial 5.41 cents/kWh 6.95 cents/kWh Oct-17 find more
Reserves  
Reserves Iowa Share of U.S. Period find more
Crude Oil (as of Dec. 31) -- -- 2015 find more
Expected Future Production of Dry Natural Gas (as of Dec. 31) -- -- 2015 find more
Expected Future Production of Natural Gas Plant Liquids -- -- 2015 find more
Recoverable Coal at Producing Mines -- -- 2016 find more
Rotary Rigs & Wells Iowa Share of U.S. Period find more
Rotary Rigs in Operation 0 rigs 0.0% 2016  
Natural Gas Producing Wells -- -- 2016 find more
Capacity Iowa Share of U.S. Period
Crude Oil Refinery Capacity (as of Jan. 1) -- -- 2017  
Electric Power Industry Net Summer Capacity 17,529 MW 1.6% Oct-17  
Supply & Distribution  
Production Iowa Share of U.S. Period find more
Total Energy 770 trillion Btu 0.9% 2015 find more
Crude Oil -- -- Oct-17 find more
Natural Gas - Marketed -- -- 2016 find more
Coal -- -- 2016 find more
Total Utility-Scale Net Electricity Generation Iowa Share of U.S. Period find more
Total Net Electricity Generation 4,315 thousand MWh 1.4% Oct-17  
Utility-Scale Net Electricity Generation (share of total) Iowa U.S. Average Period
Petroleum-Fired 0.5 % 0.3 % Oct-17 find more
Natural Gas-Fired 7.8 % 33.5 % Oct-17 find more
Coal-Fired 31.9 % 28.2 % Oct-17 find more
Nuclear 8.9 % 20.7 % Oct-17 find more
Renewables 50.9 % 16.7 % Oct-17  
Stocks Iowa Share of U.S. Period find more
Motor Gasoline (Excludes Pipelines) 153 thousand barrels 1.0% Oct-17  
Distillate Fuel Oil (Excludes Pipelines) 1,415 thousand barrels 1.4% Oct-17 find more
Natural Gas in Underground Storage 276,002 million cu ft 3.4% Oct-17 find more
Petroleum Stocks at Electric Power Producers 106 thousand barrels 0.4% Oct-17 find more
Coal Stocks at Electric Power Producers 6,601 thousand tons 4.7% Oct-17 find more
Fueling Stations Iowa Share of U.S. Period
Motor Gasoline 1,781 stations 1.6% 2015  
Liquefied Petroleum Gases 33 stations 1.0% 2017  
Electricity 99 stations 0.6% 2017  
Ethanol 225 stations 7.8% 2017  
Compressed Natural Gas and Other Alternative Fuels 16 stations 1.3% 2017  
Consumption & Expenditures  
Summary Iowa U.S. Rank Period
Total Consumption 1,495 trillion Btu 24 2015 find more
Total Consumption per Capita 479 million Btu 5 2015 find more
Total Expenditures $ 13,939 million 28 2015 find more
Total Expenditures per Capita $ 4,465 7 2015 find more
by End-Use Sector Iowa Share of U.S. Period
Consumption
    »  Residential 226 trillion Btu 1.1% 2015 find more
    »  Commercial 202 trillion Btu 1.1% 2015 find more
    »  Industrial 766 trillion Btu 2.4% 2015 find more
    »  Transportation 301 trillion Btu 1.1% 2015 find more
Expenditures
    »  Residential $ 2,460 million 1.0% 2015 find more
    »  Commercial $ 1,778 million 1.0% 2015 find more
    »  Industrial $ 4,055 million 2.2% 2015 find more
    »  Transportation $ 5,647 million 1.1% 2015 find more
by Source Iowa Share of U.S. Period
Consumption
    »  Petroleum 86.4 million barrels 1.2% 2015 find more
    »  Natural Gas 317.9 billion cu ft 1.2% 2015 find more
    »  Coal 19.9 million short tons 2.5% 2015 find more
Expenditures
    »  Petroleum $ 8,048 million 1.3% 2015 find more
    »  Natural Gas $ 1,851 million 1.3% 2015 find more
    »  Coal $ 615 million 1.7% 2015 find more
Consumption for Electricity Generation Iowa Share of U.S. Period find more
Petroleum 12 thousand barrels 0.7% Oct-17 find more
Natural Gas 2,840 million cu ft 0.4% Oct-17 find more
Coal 770 thousand short tons 1.5% Oct-17 find more
Energy Source Used for Home Heating (share of households) Iowa U.S. Average Period
Natural Gas 62.7 % 48.6 % 2015  
Fuel Oil 0.7 % 5.6 % 2015  
Electricity 20.4 % 37.2 % 2015  
Liquefied Petroleum Gases 13.2 % 4.8 % 2015  
Other/None 3.0 % 3.8 % 2015  
Environment  
Renewable Energy Capacity Iowa Share of U.S. Period find more
Total Renewable Energy Electricity Net Summer Capacity 6,972 MW 3.4% Oct-17  
Ethanol Plant Operating Production 4,046 million gal/year 25.8% 2017  
Renewable Energy Production Iowa Share of U.S. Period find more
Utility-Scale Hydroelectric Net Electricity Generation 47 thousand MWh 0.3% Oct-17  
Utility-Scale Solar, Wind, and Geothermal Net Electricity Generation 2,131 thousand MWh 6.5% Oct-17  
Utility-Scale Biomass Net Electricity Generation 17 thousand MWh 0.3% Oct-17  
Distributed (Small-Scale) Solar Photovoltaic Generation 7 thousand MWh 0.3% Oct-17  
Ethanol Production 91,328 Thousand Barrels 25.9% 2015  
Renewable Energy Consumption Iowa U.S. Rank Period find more
Renewable Energy Consumption as a Share of State Total 27.7 % 6 2015  
Ethanol Consumption 4,536 thousand barrels 27 2015  
Total Emissions Iowa Share of U.S. Period find more
Carbon Dioxide 76.0 million metric tons 1.4% 2015  
Electric Power Industry Emissions Iowa Share of U.S. Period find more
Carbon Dioxide 30,216 thousand metric tons 1.6% 2016  
Sulfur Dioxide 31 thousand metric tons 1.7% 2016  
Nitrogen Oxide 26 thousand metric tons 1.6% 2016  

Notes & Sources

-- = No data reported.
*  = Value is less than half of the smallest unit of measure (e.g., for values with no decimals, the smallest unit is 1 then values less than 0.5 are shown as *.)
NA = Not available.
NM = Not meaningful due to large relative standard error or excessive percentage change.
W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data.
Note: Small differences between source data and values displayed here may be due to independent rounding.
Note: Components of “Utility-scale net electricity generation (share of total)” may not add to 100% because “Total utility-scale net electricity generation” includes net generation from petroleum coke, pumped storage hydroelectric, other gases, and other energy sources, which are not shown separately.