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Hawaii   Hawaii Profile

State Profile and Energy Estimates

Changes to the State Energy Data System (SEDS) Notice: In October 2023, we updated the way we calculate primary energy consumption of electricity generation from noncombustible renewable energy sources (solar, wind, hydroelectric, and geothermal). Visit our Changes to 1960—2022 conversion factor for renewable energy page to learn more.

Profile DataPrint State Energy Profile
(overview, data, & analysis)

Last Update: March 21, 2024 Next Update: April 18, 2024                                                                                                                                               See full record of updates

Data in this section highlight only a small number of the many series available for this state. Use the "more" links on this page or the "Find" tool to access EIA's additional state-level data.

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Energy Indicators  
Demography Hawaii Share of U.S. Period
Population 1.4 million 0.4% 2022  
Civilian Labor Force 0.7 million 0.4% Jan-24  
Economy Hawaii U.S. Rank Period
Gross Domestic Product $ 98.2 billion 41 2022  
Gross Domestic Product for the Manufacturing Sector W 50 2022  
Per Capita Personal Income $ 61,175 28 2022  
Vehicle Miles Traveled 10,289 million miles 43 2022  
Land in Farms 1.1 million acres 43 2022  
Climate Hawaii U.S. Rank Period
Average Temperature NA NA 2023  
Precipitation NA NA 2023  
Prices  
Petroleum Hawaii U.S. Average Period find more
Domestic Crude Oil First Purchase -- $ 71.00 /barrel Dec-23  
Natural Gas Hawaii U.S. Average Period find more
City Gate $ 22.59 /thousand cu ft $ 4.39 /thousand cu ft Dec-23 find more
Residential $ 49.24 /thousand cu ft $ 12.94 /thousand cu ft Dec-23 find more
Coal Hawaii U.S. Average Period find more
Average Sales Price -- $ 54.46 /short ton 2022  
Delivered to Electric Power Sector -- $ 2.48 /million Btu Dec-23  
Electricity Hawaii U.S. Average Period find more
Residential 41.60 cents/kWh 15.73 cents/kWh Dec-23 find more
Commercial 39.33 cents/kWh 12.39 cents/kWh Dec-23 find more
Industrial 35.40 cents/kWh 7.66 cents/kWh Dec-23 find more
Reserves  
Reserves Hawaii Share of U.S. Period find more
Crude Oil (as of Dec. 31) -- -- 2021 find more
Expected Future Production of Dry Natural Gas (as of Dec. 31) -- -- 2021 find more
Expected Future Production of Natural Gas Plant Liquids -- -- 2021 find more
Recoverable Coal at Producing Mines -- -- 2022 find more
Rotary Rigs & Wells Hawaii Share of U.S. Period find more
Natural Gas Producing Wells -- -- 2020 find more
Capacity Hawaii Share of U.S. Period
Crude Oil Refinery Capacity (as of Jan. 1) 93,500 barrels/calendar day 0.5% 2023  
Electric Power Industry Net Summer Capacity 3,223 MW 0.3% Dec-23  
Supply & Distribution  
Production Hawaii Share of U.S. Period find more
Total Energy 31 trillion Btu * 2021 find more
Crude Oil -- -- Dec-23 find more
Natural Gas - Marketed -- -- 2022 find more
Coal -- -- 2022 find more
Total Utility-Scale Net Electricity Generation Hawaii Share of U.S. Period find more
Total Net Electricity Generation 792 thousand MWh 0.2% Dec-23  
Utility-Scale Net Electricity Generation (share of total) Hawaii U.S. Average Period
Petroleum-Fired 76.6 % 0.3 % Dec-23 find more
Natural Gas-Fired 0.0 % 42.2 % Dec-23 find more
Coal-Fired 0.0 % 16.2 % Dec-23 find more
Nuclear 0.0 % 19.9 % Dec-23 find more
Renewables 20.6 % 20.9 % Dec-23  
Stocks Hawaii Share of U.S. Period find more
Motor Gasoline (Excludes Pipelines) 240 thousand barrels 1.7% Dec-23  
Distillate Fuel Oil (Excludes Pipelines) 439 thousand barrels 0.4% Dec-23 find more
Natural Gas in Underground Storage -- -- Dec-23 find more
Petroleum Stocks at Electric Power Producers 1,048 thousand barrels 4.6% Dec-23 find more
Coal Stocks at Electric Power Producers 0 thousand tons 0.0% Dec-23 find more
Fueling Stations Hawaii Share of U.S. Period
Motor Gasoline 253 stations 0.2% 2021  
Propane 1 stations * Feb-24  
Electric Vehicle Charging Locations 346 stations 0.6% Feb-24  
E85 0 stations 0.0% Feb-24  
Biodiesel, Compressed Natural Gas, and Other Alternative Fuels 11 stations 0.4% Feb-24  
Consumption & Expenditures  
Summary Hawaii U.S. Rank Period
Total Consumption 271 trillion Btu 48 2021 find more
Total Consumption per Capita 187 million Btu 49 2021 find more
Total Expenditures $ 6,347 million 41 2021 find more
Total Expenditures per Capita $ 4,386 17 2021 find more
by End-Use Sector Hawaii Share of U.S. Period
Consumption
    »  Residential 37 trillion Btu 0.2% 2021 find more
    »  Commercial 41 trillion Btu 0.2% 2021 find more
    »  Industrial 50 trillion Btu 0.2% 2021 find more
    »  Transportation 143 trillion Btu 0.5% 2021 find more
Expenditures
    »  Residential $ 1,005 million 0.4% 2021 find more
    »  Commercial $ 1,090 million 0.5% 2021 find more
    »  Industrial $ 1,050 million 0.5% 2021 find more
    »  Transportation $ 3,203 million 0.5% 2021 find more
by Source Hawaii Share of U.S. Period
Consumption
    »  Petroleum 40 million barrels 0.6% 2021 find more
    »  Natural Gas 3 billion cu ft * 2022 find more
    »  Coal 380 thousand short tons 0.1% 2022 find more
Expenditures
    »  Petroleum $ 4,398 million 0.6% 2021 find more
    »  Natural Gas $ 139 million 0.1% 2022 find more
    »  Coal $ 30 million 0.1% 2022 find more
Consumption for Electricity Generation Hawaii Share of U.S. Period find more
Petroleum 1,045 thousand barrels 58.7% Dec-23 find more
Natural Gas 0 million cu ft 0.0% Dec-23 find more
Coal 0 thousand tons 0.0% Dec-23 find more
Energy Source Used for Home Heating (share of households) Hawaii U.S. Average Period
Natural Gas 2.9 % 46.2 % 2022  
Fuel Oil * 3.9 % 2022  
Electricity 42.2 % 41.3 % 2022  
Propane 2.1 % 5.0 % 2022  
Other/None 52.7 % 3.5 % 2022  
Environment  
Renewable Energy Capacity Hawaii Share of U.S. Period find more
Total Renewable Energy Electricity Net Summer Capacity 856 MW 0.3% Dec-23  
Ethanol Plant Nameplate Capacity -- -- 2023  
Renewable Energy Production Hawaii Share of U.S. Period find more
Utility-Scale Hydroelectric Net Electricity Generation NM NM Dec-23  
Utility-Scale Solar, Wind, and Geothermal Net Electricity Generation 125 thousand MWh 0.3% Dec-23  
Utility-Scale Biomass Net Electricity Generation 37 thousand MWh 0.9% Dec-23  
Small-Scale Solar Photovoltaic Generation 103 thousand MWh 2.3% Dec-23  
Fuel Ethanol Production 0 thousand barrels 0.0% 2021  
Renewable Energy Consumption Hawaii U.S. Rank Period find more
Renewable Energy Consumption as a Share of State Total 13.0 % 22 2021  
Fuel Ethanol Consumption 1,042 thousand barrels 45 2021  
Total Emissions Hawaii Share of U.S. Period find more
Carbon Dioxide 17.3 million metric tons 0.4% 2021  
Electric Power Industry Emissions Hawaii Share of U.S. Period find more
Carbon Dioxide 6,427 thousand metric tons 0.4% 2022  
Sulfur Dioxide 17 thousand metric tons 1.6% 2022  
Nitrogen Oxide 16 thousand metric tons 1.3% 2022  

Notes & Sources

-- = No data reported.
*  = Value is less than half of the smallest unit of measure (e.g., for values with no decimals, the smallest unit is 1 then values less than 0.5 are shown as *.)
NA = Not available.
NM = Not meaningful due to large relative standard error or excessive percentage change.
W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data.
Note: Small differences between source data and values displayed here may be due to independent rounding.
Note: Components of "Utility-scale net electricity generation (share of total)" may not add to 100% because "Total utility-scale net electricity generation" includes net generation from petroleum coke, pumped storage hydroelectric, other gases, and other energy sources, which are not shown separately.
Note: Territory data may be estimates based on EIA's Short-Term Energy Outlook.