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Kentucky   Kentucky Profile

State Profile and Energy Estimates

Changes to the State Energy Data System (SEDS) Notice: In October 2023, we updated the way we calculate primary energy consumption of electricity generation from noncombustible renewable energy sources (solar, wind, hydroelectric, and geothermal). Visit our Changes to 1960—2022 conversion factor for renewable energy page to learn more.

Profile DataPrint State Energy Profile
(overview, data, & analysis)

Last Update: May 16, 2024 Next Update: June 20, 2024                                                                                                                                               See full record of updates

Data in this section highlight only a small number of the many series available for this state. Use the "more" links on this page or the "Find" tool to access EIA's additional state-level data.

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Energy Indicators  
Demography Kentucky Share of U.S. Period
Population 4.5 million 1.4% 2023  
Civilian Labor Force 2.0 million 1.2% Mar-24  
Economy Kentucky U.S. Rank Period
Gross Domestic Product $ 277.7 billion 28 2023  
Gross Domestic Product for the Manufacturing Sector $ 45,125 million 22 2023  
Per Capita Personal Income $ 54,326 48 2023  
Vehicle Miles Traveled 48,047 million miles 26 2022  
Land in Farms 12.4 million acres 23 2023  
Climate Kentucky U.S. Rank Period
Average Temperature 58.0 degrees Fahrenheit 14 2023  
Precipitation 44.1 inches 18 2023  
Prices  
Petroleum Kentucky U.S. Average Period find more
Domestic Crude Oil First Purchase $ 70.80 /barrel $ 74.83 /barrel Feb-24  
Natural Gas Kentucky U.S. Average Period find more
City Gate $ 3.31 /thousand cu ft $ 4.52 /thousand cu ft Feb-24 find more
Residential $ 11.68 /thousand cu ft $ 13.25 /thousand cu ft Feb-24 find more
Coal Kentucky U.S. Average Period find more
Average Sales Price $ 78.22 /short ton $ 54.46 /short ton 2022  
Delivered to Electric Power Sector $ 2.42 /million Btu $ 2.48 /million Btu Feb-24  
Electricity Kentucky U.S. Average Period find more
Residential 12.48 cents/kWh 16.10 cents/kWh Feb-24 find more
Commercial 12.10 cents/kWh 12.81 cents/kWh Feb-24 find more
Industrial 6.31 cents/kWh 7.81 cents/kWh Feb-24 find more
Reserves  
Reserves Kentucky Share of U.S. Period find more
Crude Oil (as of Dec. 31) 7 million barrels * 2021 find more
Expected Future Production of Dry Natural Gas (as of Dec. 31) 1,256 billion cu ft 0.2% 2021 find more
Expected Future Production of Natural Gas Plant Liquids 63 million barrels 0.2% 2021 find more
Recoverable Coal at Producing Mines 349 million short tons 3.1% 2022 find more
Rotary Rigs & Wells Kentucky Share of U.S. Period find more
Natural Gas Producing Wells 12,711 wells 2.6% 2020 find more
Capacity Kentucky Share of U.S. Period
Crude Oil Refinery Capacity (as of Jan. 1) 291,000 barrels/calendar day 1.6% 2023  
Electric Power Industry Net Summer Capacity 18,328 MW 1.5% Feb-24  
Supply & Distribution  
Production Kentucky Share of U.S. Period find more
Total Energy 814 trillion Btu 0.8% 2021 find more
Crude Oil 7 thousand barrels per day 0.1% Feb-24 find more
Natural Gas - Marketed 85,513 million cu ft 0.2% 2022 find more
Coal 28,472 thousand short tons 4.8% 2022 find more
Total Utility-Scale Net Electricity Generation Kentucky Share of U.S. Period find more
Total Net Electricity Generation 5,049 thousand MWh 1.6% Feb-24  
Utility-Scale Net Electricity Generation (share of total) Kentucky U.S. Average Period
Petroleum-Fired 0.1 % 0.2 % Feb-24 find more
Natural Gas-Fired 19.0 % 40.9 % Feb-24 find more
Coal-Fired 71.4 % 13.8 % Feb-24 find more
Nuclear 0.0 % 20.2 % Feb-24 find more
Renewables 9.4 % 24.5 % Feb-24  
Stocks Kentucky Share of U.S. Period find more
Motor Gasoline (Excludes Pipelines) 118 thousand barrels 1.0% Feb-24  
Distillate Fuel Oil (Excludes Pipelines) 706 thousand barrels 0.8% Feb-24 find more
Natural Gas in Underground Storage 169,044 million cu ft 2.5% Feb-24 find more
Petroleum Stocks at Electric Power Producers 247 thousand barrels 1.1% Feb-24 find more
Coal Stocks at Electric Power Producers 5,893 thousand tons 4.6% Feb-24 find more
Fueling Stations Kentucky Share of U.S. Period
Motor Gasoline 2,003 stations 1.8% 2021  
Propane 19 stations 0.8% Apr-24  
Electric Vehicle Charging Locations 306 stations 0.5% Apr-24  
E85 73 stations 1.7% Apr-24  
Biodiesel, Compressed Natural Gas, and Other Alternative Fuels 5 stations 0.2% Apr-24  
Consumption & Expenditures  
Summary Kentucky U.S. Rank Period
Total Consumption 1,689 trillion Btu 21 2021 find more
Total Consumption per Capita 375 million Btu 14 2021 find more
Total Expenditures $ 20,478 million 24 2021 find more
Total Expenditures per Capita $ 4,544 14 2021 find more
by End-Use Sector Kentucky Share of U.S. Period
Consumption
    »  Residential 341 trillion Btu 1.6% 2021 find more
    »  Commercial 244 trillion Btu 1.4% 2021 find more
    »  Industrial 606 trillion Btu 1.9% 2021 find more
    »  Transportation 498 trillion Btu 1.8% 2021 find more
Expenditures
    »  Residential $ 3,837 million 1.4% 2021 find more
    »  Commercial $ 2,553 million 1.3% 2021 find more
    »  Industrial $ 3,687 million 1.6% 2021 find more
    »  Transportation $ 10,400 million 1.7% 2021 find more
by Source Kentucky Share of U.S. Period
Consumption
    »  Petroleum 116 million barrels 1.6% 2021 find more
    »  Natural Gas 384 billion cu ft 1.2% 2022 find more
    »  Coal 23,391 thousand short tons 4.5% 2022 find more
Expenditures
    »  Petroleum $ 12,133 million 1.6% 2021 find more
    »  Natural Gas $ 3,045 million 1.1% 2022 find more
    »  Coal $ 1,301 million 4.9% 2022 find more
Consumption for Electricity Generation Kentucky Share of U.S. Period find more
Petroleum 8 thousand barrels 0.6% Feb-24 find more
Natural Gas 6,893 million cu ft 0.7% Feb-24 find more
Coal 1,703 thousand tons 6.6% Feb-24 find more
Energy Source Used for Home Heating (share of households) Kentucky U.S. Average Period
Natural Gas 35.3 % 46.2 % 2022  
Fuel Oil 0.7 % 3.9 % 2022  
Electricity 54.6 % 41.3 % 2022  
Propane 6.6 % 5.0 % 2022  
Other/None 2.9 % 3.5 % 2022  
Environment  
Renewable Energy Capacity Kentucky Share of U.S. Period find more
Total Renewable Energy Electricity Net Summer Capacity 5,925 MW 1.8% Feb-24  
Ethanol Plant Nameplate Capacity 53 million gal/year 0.3% 2023  
Renewable Energy Production Kentucky Share of U.S. Period find more
Utility-Scale Hydroelectric Net Electricity Generation 431 thousand MWh 2.2% Feb-24  
Utility-Scale Solar, Wind, and Geothermal Net Electricity Generation 10 thousand MWh * Feb-24  
Utility-Scale Biomass Net Electricity Generation 34 thousand MWh 0.9% Feb-24  
Small-Scale Solar Photovoltaic Generation 10 thousand MWh 0.2% Feb-24  
Fuel Ethanol Production 939 thousand barrels 0.3% 2021  
Renewable Energy Consumption Kentucky U.S. Rank Period find more
Renewable Energy Consumption as a Share of State Total 6.1 % 43 2021  
Fuel Ethanol Consumption 5,174 thousand barrels 25 2021  
Total Emissions Kentucky Share of U.S. Period find more
Carbon Dioxide 111.3 million metric tons 2.3% 2021  
Electric Power Industry Emissions Kentucky Share of U.S. Period find more
Carbon Dioxide 55,012 thousand metric tons 3.3% 2022  
Sulfur Dioxide 44 thousand metric tons 4.1% 2022  
Nitrogen Oxide 31 thousand metric tons 2.5% 2022  

Notes & Sources

-- = No data reported.
*  = Value is less than half of the smallest unit of measure (e.g., for values with no decimals, the smallest unit is 1 then values less than 0.5 are shown as *.)
NA = Not available.
NM = Not meaningful due to large relative standard error or excessive percentage change.
W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data.
Note: Small differences between source data and values displayed here may be due to independent rounding.
Note: Components of "Utility-scale net electricity generation (share of total)" may not add to 100% because "Total utility-scale net electricity generation" includes net generation from petroleum coke, pumped storage hydroelectric, other gases, and other energy sources, which are not shown separately.
Note: Territory data may be estimates based on EIA's Short-Term Energy Outlook.