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Ohio   Ohio Profile

State Profile and Energy Estimates

Changes to the State Energy Data System (SEDS) Notice: In October 2023, we updated the way we calculate primary energy consumption of electricity generation from noncombustible renewable energy sources (solar, wind, hydroelectric, and geothermal). Visit our Changes to 1960—2022 conversion factor for renewable energy page to learn more.

Profile DataPrint State Energy Profile
(overview, data, & analysis)

Last Update: May 16, 2024 Next Update: June 20, 2024                                                                                                                                               See full record of updates

Data in this section highlight only a small number of the many series available for this state. Use the "more" links on this page or the "Find" tool to access EIA's additional state-level data.

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Energy Indicators  
Demography Ohio Share of U.S. Period
Population 11.8 million 3.5% 2023  
Civilian Labor Force 5.8 million 3.5% Mar-24  
Economy Ohio U.S. Rank Period
Gross Domestic Product $ 872.7 billion 7 2023  
Gross Domestic Product for the Manufacturing Sector $ 131,008 million 4 2023  
Per Capita Personal Income $ 60,402 38 2023  
Vehicle Miles Traveled 110,578 million miles 7 2022  
Land in Farms 13.7 million acres 21 2023  
Climate Ohio U.S. Rank Period
Average Temperature 53.5 degrees Fahrenheit 25 2023  
Precipitation 37.7 inches 25 2023  
Prices  
Petroleum Ohio U.S. Average Period find more
Domestic Crude Oil First Purchase $ 69.47 /barrel $ 74.83 /barrel Feb-24  
Natural Gas Ohio U.S. Average Period find more
City Gate $ 3.75 /thousand cu ft $ 4.52 /thousand cu ft Feb-24 find more
Residential $ 9.90 /thousand cu ft $ 13.25 /thousand cu ft Feb-24 find more
Coal Ohio U.S. Average Period find more
Average Sales Price $ 52.95 /short ton $ 54.46 /short ton 2022  
Delivered to Electric Power Sector W $ 2.48 /million Btu Feb-24  
Electricity Ohio U.S. Average Period find more
Residential 15.77 cents/kWh 16.10 cents/kWh Feb-24 find more
Commercial 11.20 cents/kWh 12.81 cents/kWh Feb-24 find more
Industrial 7.07 cents/kWh 7.81 cents/kWh Feb-24 find more
Reserves  
Reserves Ohio Share of U.S. Period find more
Crude Oil (as of Dec. 31) 105 million barrels 0.3% 2021 find more
Expected Future Production of Dry Natural Gas (as of Dec. 31) 31,580 billion cu ft 5.4% 2021 find more
Expected Future Production of Natural Gas Plant Liquids -- -- 2021 find more
Recoverable Coal at Producing Mines 35 million short tons 0.3% 2022 find more
Rotary Rigs & Wells Ohio Share of U.S. Period find more
Natural Gas Producing Wells 27,225 wells 5.6% 2020 find more
Capacity Ohio Share of U.S. Period
Crude Oil Refinery Capacity (as of Jan. 1) 604,720 barrels/calendar day 3.3% 2023  
Electric Power Industry Net Summer Capacity 29,462 MW 2.5% Feb-24  
Supply & Distribution  
Production Ohio Share of U.S. Period find more
Total Energy 3,042 trillion Btu 3.1% 2021 find more
Crude Oil 84 thousand barrels per day 0.6% Feb-24 find more
Natural Gas - Marketed 2,244,971 million cu ft 5.7% 2022 find more
Coal 2,492 thousand short tons 0.4% 2022 find more
Total Utility-Scale Net Electricity Generation Ohio Share of U.S. Period find more
Total Net Electricity Generation 11,082 thousand MWh 3.5% Feb-24  
Utility-Scale Net Electricity Generation (share of total) Ohio U.S. Average Period
Petroleum-Fired 0.1 % 0.2 % Feb-24 find more
Natural Gas-Fired 63.6 % 40.9 % Feb-24 find more
Coal-Fired 16.6 % 13.8 % Feb-24 find more
Nuclear 13.8 % 20.2 % Feb-24 find more
Renewables 5.1 % 24.5 % Feb-24  
Stocks Ohio Share of U.S. Period find more
Motor Gasoline (Excludes Pipelines) 586 thousand barrels 4.9% Feb-24  
Distillate Fuel Oil (Excludes Pipelines) 2,174 thousand barrels 2.4% Feb-24 find more
Natural Gas in Underground Storage 416,665 million cu ft 6.1% Feb-24 find more
Petroleum Stocks at Electric Power Producers 296 thousand barrels 1.3% Feb-24 find more
Coal Stocks at Electric Power Producers 3,935 thousand tons 3.1% Feb-24 find more
Fueling Stations Ohio Share of U.S. Period
Motor Gasoline 3,888 stations 3.5% 2021  
Propane 97 stations 4.0% Apr-24  
Electric Vehicle Charging Locations 1,595 stations 2.6% Apr-24  
E85 209 stations 4.8% Apr-24  
Biodiesel, Compressed Natural Gas, and Other Alternative Fuels 35 stations 1.2% Apr-24  
Consumption & Expenditures  
Summary Ohio U.S. Rank Period
Total Consumption 3,543 trillion Btu 7 2021 find more
Total Consumption per Capita 301 million Btu 22 2021 find more
Total Expenditures $ 44,522 million 7 2021 find more
Total Expenditures per Capita $ 3,785 32 2021 find more
by End-Use Sector Ohio Share of U.S. Period
Consumption
    »  Residential 852 trillion Btu 4.1% 2021 find more
    »  Commercial 652 trillion Btu 3.7% 2021 find more
    »  Industrial 1,163 trillion Btu 3.6% 2021 find more
    »  Transportation 876 trillion Btu 3.2% 2021 find more
Expenditures
    »  Residential $ 10,540 million 3.7% 2021 find more
    »  Commercial $ 6,217 million 3.1% 2021 find more
    »  Industrial $ 8,205 million 3.5% 2021 find more
    »  Transportation $ 19,559 million 3.2% 2021 find more
by Source Ohio Share of U.S. Period
Consumption
    »  Petroleum 203 million barrels 2.8% 2021 find more
    »  Natural Gas 1,336 billion cu ft 4.1% 2022 find more
    »  Coal 21,348 thousand short tons 4.1% 2022 find more
Expenditures
    »  Petroleum $ 23,273 million 3.1% 2021 find more
    »  Natural Gas $ 11,546 million 4.3% 2022 find more
    »  Coal $ 1,916 million 7.2% 2022 find more
Consumption for Electricity Generation Ohio Share of U.S. Period find more
Petroleum 12 thousand barrels 0.8% Feb-24 find more
Natural Gas 47,949 million cu ft 5.1% Feb-24 find more
Coal 758 thousand tons 2.9% Feb-24 find more
Energy Source Used for Home Heating (share of households) Ohio U.S. Average Period
Natural Gas 63.7 % 46.2 % 2022  
Fuel Oil 1.8 % 3.9 % 2022  
Electricity 26.0 % 41.3 % 2022  
Propane 5.7 % 5.0 % 2022  
Other/None 2.9 % 3.5 % 2022  
Environment  
Renewable Energy Capacity Ohio Share of U.S. Period find more
Total Renewable Energy Electricity Net Summer Capacity 9,834 MW 2.9% Feb-24  
Ethanol Plant Nameplate Capacity 757 million gal/year 4.3% 2023  
Renewable Energy Production Ohio Share of U.S. Period find more
Utility-Scale Hydroelectric Net Electricity Generation 47 thousand MWh 0.2% Feb-24  
Utility-Scale Solar, Wind, and Geothermal Net Electricity Generation 507 thousand MWh 0.9% Feb-24  
Utility-Scale Biomass Net Electricity Generation 11 thousand MWh 0.3% Feb-24  
Small-Scale Solar Photovoltaic Generation 29 thousand MWh 0.5% Feb-24  
Fuel Ethanol Production 13,988 thousand barrels 3.9% 2021  
Renewable Energy Consumption Ohio U.S. Rank Period find more
Renewable Energy Consumption as a Share of State Total 4.7 % 46 2021  
Fuel Ethanol Consumption 11,242 thousand barrels 6 2021  
Total Emissions Ohio Share of U.S. Period find more
Carbon Dioxide 194.0 million metric tons 4.0% 2021  
Electric Power Industry Emissions Ohio Share of U.S. Period find more
Carbon Dioxide 71,710 thousand metric tons 4.3% 2022  
Sulfur Dioxide 85 thousand metric tons 7.9% 2022  
Nitrogen Oxide 42 thousand metric tons 3.4% 2022  

Notes & Sources

-- = No data reported.
*  = Value is less than half of the smallest unit of measure (e.g., for values with no decimals, the smallest unit is 1 then values less than 0.5 are shown as *.)
NA = Not available.
NM = Not meaningful due to large relative standard error or excessive percentage change.
W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data.
Note: Small differences between source data and values displayed here may be due to independent rounding.
Note: Components of "Utility-scale net electricity generation (share of total)" may not add to 100% because "Total utility-scale net electricity generation" includes net generation from petroleum coke, pumped storage hydroelectric, other gases, and other energy sources, which are not shown separately.
Note: Territory data may be estimates based on EIA's Short-Term Energy Outlook.