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Michigan   Michigan Profile

State Profile and Energy Estimates

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Last Update: April 15, 2021 | Next Update: May 20, 2021                                                                                                                                                 See full record of updates

Data in this section highlight only a small number of the many series available for this state. Use the "more" links on this page or the "Find" tool to access EIA's additional state-level data.

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Energy Indicators  
Demography Michigan Share of U.S. Period
Population 10.0 million 3.0% 2020  
Civilian Labor Force 4.6 million 2.9% Feb-21  
Economy Michigan U.S. Rank Period
Gross Domestic Product $ 541.6 billion 14 2019  
Gross Domestic Product for the Manufacturing Sector $ 99,954 million 7 2019  
Per Capita Personal Income $ 52,987 34 2020  
Vehicle Miles Traveled 102,174 million miles 10 2019  
Land in Farms 9.8 million acres 29 2017  
Climate Michigan U.S. Rank Period
Average Temperature 46.5 degrees Fahrenheit 39 2020  
Precipitation 35.3 inches 30 2020  
Prices  
Petroleum Michigan U.S. Average Period find more
Domestic Crude Oil First Purchase $ 50.95 /barrel $ 49.76 /barrel Jan-21  
Natural Gas Michigan U.S. Average Period find more
City Gate $ 2.84 /thousand cu ft $ 3.45 /thousand cu ft Jan-21 find more
Residential $ 7.61 /thousand cu ft $ 9.74 /thousand cu ft Jan-21 find more
Coal Michigan U.S. Average Period find more
Average Sales Price -- $ 36.07 /short ton 2019  
Delivered to Electric Power Sector $ 1.97 /million Btu $ 1.90 /million Btu Jan-21  
Electricity Michigan U.S. Average Period find more
Residential 16.92 cents/kWh 12.69 cents/kWh Jan-21 find more
Commercial 11.96 cents/kWh 10.31 cents/kWh Jan-21 find more
Industrial 7.25 cents/kWh 6.35 cents/kWh Jan-21 find more
Reserves  
Reserves Michigan Share of U.S. Period find more
Crude Oil (as of Dec. 31) 48 million barrels 0.1% 2019 find more
Expected Future Production of Dry Natural Gas (as of Dec. 31) 1,245 billion cu ft 0.3% 2019 find more
Expected Future Production of Natural Gas Plant Liquids 12 million barrels 0.1% 2019 find more
Recoverable Coal at Producing Mines -- -- 2019 find more
Rotary Rigs & Wells Michigan Share of U.S. Period find more
Natural Gas Producing Wells 1,831 wells 0.4% 2019 find more
Capacity Michigan Share of U.S. Period
Crude Oil Refinery Capacity (as of Jan. 1) 140,000 barrels/calendar day 0.7% 2020  
Electric Power Industry Net Summer Capacity 29,775 MW 2.7% Jan-21  
Supply & Distribution  
Production Michigan Share of U.S. Period find more
Total Energy 685 trillion Btu 0.7% 2018 find more
Crude Oil 12 thousand barrels per day 0.1% Jan-21 find more
Natural Gas - Marketed 83,733 million cu ft 0.2% 2019 find more
Coal -- -- 2019 find more
Total Utility-Scale Net Electricity Generation Michigan Share of U.S. Period find more
Total Net Electricity Generation 10,290 thousand MWh 2.9% Jan-21  
Utility-Scale Net Electricity Generation (share of total) Michigan U.S. Average Period
Petroleum-Fired 0.1 % 0.3 % Jan-21 find more
Natural Gas-Fired 23.2 % 35.7 % Jan-21 find more
Coal-Fired 35.3 % 23.3 % Jan-21 find more
Nuclear 30.9 % 20.5 % Jan-21 find more
Renewables 9.3 % 19.6 % Jan-21  
Stocks Michigan Share of U.S. Period find more
Motor Gasoline (Excludes Pipelines) 163 thousand barrels 1.0% Jan-21  
Distillate Fuel Oil (Excludes Pipelines) 1,533 thousand barrels 1.2% Jan-21 find more
Natural Gas in Underground Storage 800,762 million cu ft 11.4% Jan-21 find more
Petroleum Stocks at Electric Power Producers 252 thousand barrels 1.0% Jan-21 find more
Coal Stocks at Electric Power Producers 4,103 thousand tons 3.3% Jan-21 find more
Fueling Stations Michigan Share of U.S. Period
Motor Gasoline 3,562 stations 3.2% 2018  
Propane 74 stations 2.7% 2021  
Electricity 652 stations 1.6% 2021  
E85 234 stations 6.3% 2021  
Compressed Natural Gas and Other Alternative Fuels 18 stations 1.4% 2021  
Consumption & Expenditures  
Summary Michigan U.S. Rank Period
Total Consumption 2,894 trillion Btu 9 2018 find more
Total Consumption per Capita 290 million Btu 30 2018 find more
Total Expenditures $ 35,988 million 8 2018 find more
Total Expenditures per Capita $ 3,605 36 2018 find more
by End-Use Sector Michigan Share of U.S. Period
Consumption
    »  Residential 788 trillion Btu 3.7% 2018 find more
    »  Commercial 619 trillion Btu 3.4% 2018 find more
    »  Industrial 722 trillion Btu 2.2% 2018 find more
    »  Transportation 765 trillion Btu 2.7% 2018 find more
Expenditures
    »  Residential $ 9,196 million 3.4% 2018 find more
    »  Commercial $ 5,999 million 3.1% 2018 find more
    »  Industrial $ 4,867 million 2.3% 2018 find more
    »  Transportation $ 15,926 million 2.7% 2018 find more
by Source Michigan Share of U.S. Period
Consumption
    »  Petroleum 177 million barrels 2.4% 2018 find more
    »  Natural Gas 998 billion cu ft 3.2% 2019 find more
    »  Coal 23 million short tons 4.0% 2019 find more
Expenditures
    »  Petroleum $ 18,714 million 2.5% 2018 find more
    »  Natural Gas $ 5,692 million 3.8% 2019 find more
    »  Coal $ 1,100 million 4.3% 2019 find more
Consumption for Electricity Generation Michigan Share of U.S. Period find more
Petroleum 13 thousand barrels 0.8% Jan-21 find more
Natural Gas 16,639 million cu ft 1.9% Jan-21 find more
Coal 2,030 thousand short tons 4.5% Jan-21 find more
Energy Source Used for Home Heating (share of households) Michigan U.S. Average Period
Natural Gas 76.4 % 47.8 % 2019  
Fuel Oil 1.0 % 4.4 % 2019  
Electricity 10.2 % 39.5 % 2019  
Propane 8.4 % 4.8 % 2019  
Other/None 4.0 % 3.5 % 2019  
Environment  
Renewable Energy Capacity Michigan Share of U.S. Period find more
Total Renewable Energy Electricity Net Summer Capacity 3,614 MW 1.4% Jan-21  
Ethanol Plant Nameplate Capacity 373 million gal/year 2.1% 2020  
Renewable Energy Production Michigan Share of U.S. Period find more
Utility-Scale Hydroelectric Net Electricity Generation 174 thousand MWh 0.7% Jan-21  
Utility-Scale Solar, Wind, and Geothermal Net Electricity Generation 577 thousand MWh 1.5% Jan-21  
Utility-Scale Biomass Net Electricity Generation 210 thousand MWh 4.3% Jan-21  
Small-Scale Solar Photovoltaic Generation 8 thousand MWh 0.3% Jan-21  
Fuel Ethanol Production 8,506 thousand barrels 2.2% 2018  
Renewable Energy Consumption Michigan U.S. Rank Period find more
Renewable Energy Consumption as a Share of State Total 9.0 % 29 2018  
Fuel Ethanol Consumption 10,729 thousand barrels 10 2019  
Total Emissions Michigan Share of U.S. Period find more
Carbon Dioxide 152.0 million metric tons 2.9% 2017  
Electric Power Industry Emissions Michigan Share of U.S. Period find more
Carbon Dioxide 57,232 thousand metric tons 3.3% 2019  
Sulfur Dioxide 74 thousand metric tons 5.9% 2019  
Nitrogen Oxide 51 thousand metric tons 3.8% 2019  

Notes & Sources

-- = No data reported.
*  = Value is less than half of the smallest unit of measure (e.g., for values with no decimals, the smallest unit is 1 then values less than 0.5 are shown as *.)
NA = Not available.
NM = Not meaningful due to large relative standard error or excessive percentage change.
W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data.
Note: Small differences between source data and values displayed here may be due to independent rounding.
Note: Components of "Utility-scale net electricity generation (share of total)" may not add to 100% because "Total utility-scale net electricity generation" includes net generation from petroleum coke, pumped storage hydroelectric, other gases, and other energy sources, which are not shown separately.