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Massachusetts   Massachusetts Profile

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Last Update: September 16, 2021 | Next Update: October 21, 2021                                                                                                                                                 See full record of updates

Data in this section highlight only a small number of the many series available for this state. Use the "more" links on this page or the "Find" tool to access EIA's additional state-level data.

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Energy Indicators  
Demography Massachusetts Share of U.S. Period
Population 6.9 million 2.1% 2020  
Civilian Labor Force 3.8 million 2.3% Jul-21  
Economy Massachusetts U.S. Rank Period
Gross Domestic Product $ 584.0 billion 12 2020  
Gross Domestic Product for the Manufacturing Sector $ 53,676 million 14 2020  
Per Capita Personal Income $ 79,721 3 2020  
Vehicle Miles Traveled 64,890 million miles 19 2019  
Land in Farms 0.5 million acres 46 2017  
Climate Massachusetts U.S. Rank Period
Average Temperature 50.9 degrees Fahrenheit 30 2020  
Precipitation 42.3 inches 22 2020  
Prices  
Petroleum Massachusetts U.S. Average Period find more
Domestic Crude Oil First Purchase -- $ 68.58 /barrel Jun-21  
Natural Gas Massachusetts U.S. Average Period find more
City Gate NA $ 4.80 /thousand cu ft Jun-21 find more
Residential $ 15.20 /thousand cu ft $ 17.76 /thousand cu ft Jun-21 find more
Coal Massachusetts U.S. Average Period find more
Average Sales Price -- $ 36.07 /short ton 2019  
Delivered to Electric Power Sector -- $ 1.95 /million Btu Jun-21  
Electricity Massachusetts U.S. Average Period find more
Residential 22.23 cents/kWh 13.85 cents/kWh Jun-21 find more
Commercial 16.91 cents/kWh 11.34 cents/kWh Jun-21 find more
Industrial 15.26 cents/kWh 7.27 cents/kWh Jun-21 find more
Reserves  
Reserves Massachusetts Share of U.S. Period find more
Crude Oil (as of Dec. 31) -- -- 2019 find more
Expected Future Production of Dry Natural Gas (as of Dec. 31) -- -- 2019 find more
Expected Future Production of Natural Gas Plant Liquids -- -- 2019 find more
Recoverable Coal at Producing Mines -- -- 2019 find more
Rotary Rigs & Wells Massachusetts Share of U.S. Period find more
Natural Gas Producing Wells -- -- 2019 find more
Capacity Massachusetts Share of U.S. Period
Crude Oil Refinery Capacity (as of Jan. 1) -- -- 2020  
Electric Power Industry Net Summer Capacity 13,110 MW 1.2% Jun-21  
Supply & Distribution  
Production Massachusetts Share of U.S. Period find more
Total Energy 97 trillion Btu 0.1% 2019 find more
Crude Oil -- -- Jun-21 find more
Natural Gas - Marketed -- -- 2019 find more
Coal -- -- 2019 find more
Total Utility-Scale Net Electricity Generation Massachusetts Share of U.S. Period find more
Total Net Electricity Generation 2,047 thousand MWh 0.5% Jun-21  
Utility-Scale Net Electricity Generation (share of total) Massachusetts U.S. Average Period
Petroleum-Fired 0.4 % 0.2 % Jun-21 find more
Natural Gas-Fired 79.4 % 39.7 % Jun-21 find more
Coal-Fired 0.0 % 23.3 % Jun-21 find more
Nuclear 0 % 17.7 % Jun-21 find more
Renewables 18.2 % 18.5 % Jun-21  
Stocks Massachusetts Share of U.S. Period find more
Motor Gasoline (Excludes Pipelines) 5 thousand barrels * Jun-21  
Distillate Fuel Oil (Excludes Pipelines) 1,530 thousand barrels 1.4% Jun-21 find more
Natural Gas in Underground Storage -- -- Jun-21 find more
Petroleum Stocks at Electric Power Producers 1,351 thousand barrels 5.8% Jun-21 find more
Coal Stocks at Electric Power Producers 0 thousand tons 0.0% Jun-21 find more
Fueling Stations Massachusetts Share of U.S. Period
Motor Gasoline 1,982 stations 1.8% 2019  
Propane 30 stations 1.1% 2021  
Electricity 1,536 stations 3.8% 2021  
E85 7 stations 0.2% 2021  
Compressed Natural Gas and Other Alternative Fuels 11 stations 0.9% 2021  
Consumption & Expenditures  
Summary Massachusetts U.S. Rank Period
Total Consumption 1,468 trillion Btu 27 2019 find more
Total Consumption per Capita 213 million Btu 45 2019 find more
Total Expenditures $ 25,853 million 16 2019 find more
Total Expenditures per Capita $ 3,750 30 2019 find more
by End-Use Sector Massachusetts Share of U.S. Period
Consumption
    »  Residential 433 trillion Btu 2.1% 2019 find more
    »  Commercial 410 trillion Btu 2.3% 2019 find more
    »  Industrial 144 trillion Btu 0.4% 2019 find more
    »  Transportation 481 trillion Btu 1.7% 2019 find more
Expenditures
    »  Residential $ 8,068 million 3.1% 2019 find more
    »  Commercial $ 6,022 million 3.2% 2019 find more
    »  Industrial $ 1,973 million 1.0% 2019 find more
    »  Transportation $ 9,791 million 1.7% 2019 find more
by Source Massachusetts Share of U.S. Period
Consumption
    »  Petroleum 114 million barrels 1.5% 2019 find more
    »  Natural Gas 428 billion cu ft 1.4% 2019 find more
    »  Coal * * 2019 find more
Expenditures
    »  Petroleum $ 12,518 million 1.8% 2019 find more
    »  Natural Gas $ 4,383 million 2.9% 2019 find more
    »  Coal * * 2019 find more
Consumption for Electricity Generation Massachusetts Share of U.S. Period find more
Petroleum 15 thousand barrels 1.0% Jun-21 find more
Natural Gas 12,154 million cu ft 1.1% Jun-21 find more
Coal 0 thousand short tons 0.0% Jun-21 find more
Energy Source Used for Home Heating (share of households) Massachusetts U.S. Average Period
Natural Gas 52.3 % 47.8 % 2019  
Fuel Oil 24.4 % 4.4 % 2019  
Electricity 16.9 % 39.5 % 2019  
Propane 3.7 % 4.8 % 2019  
Other/None 2.7 % 3.5 % 2019  
Environment  
Renewable Energy Capacity Massachusetts Share of U.S. Period find more
Total Renewable Energy Electricity Net Summer Capacity 1,696 MW 0.6% Jun-21  
Ethanol Plant Nameplate Capacity -- -- 2021  
Renewable Energy Production Massachusetts Share of U.S. Period find more
Utility-Scale Hydroelectric Net Electricity Generation 74 thousand MWh 0.3% Jun-21  
Utility-Scale Solar, Wind, and Geothermal Net Electricity Generation 212 thousand MWh 0.5% Jun-21  
Utility-Scale Biomass Net Electricity Generation 86 thousand MWh 1.8% Jun-21  
Small-Scale Solar Photovoltaic Generation 281 thousand MWh 5.5% Jun-21  
Fuel Ethanol Production 0 thousand barrels 0.0% 2019  
Renewable Energy Consumption Massachusetts U.S. Rank Period find more
Renewable Energy Consumption as a Share of State Total 6.8 % 36 2019  
Fuel Ethanol Consumption 6,860 thousand barrels 19 2019  
Total Emissions Massachusetts Share of U.S. Period find more
Carbon Dioxide 63.1 million metric tons 1.2% 2018  
Electric Power Industry Emissions Massachusetts Share of U.S. Period find more
Carbon Dioxide 8,519 thousand metric tons 0.5% 2019  
Sulfur Dioxide 2 thousand metric tons 0.2% 2019  
Nitrogen Oxide 8 thousand metric tons 0.6% 2019  

Notes & Sources

-- = No data reported.
*  = Value is less than half of the smallest unit of measure (e.g., for values with no decimals, the smallest unit is 1 then values less than 0.5 are shown as *.)
NA = Not available.
NM = Not meaningful due to large relative standard error or excessive percentage change.
W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data.
Note: Small differences between source data and values displayed here may be due to independent rounding.
Note: Components of "Utility-scale net electricity generation (share of total)" may not add to 100% because "Total utility-scale net electricity generation" includes net generation from petroleum coke, pumped storage hydroelectric, other gases, and other energy sources, which are not shown separately.