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Massachusetts   Massachusetts Profile

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Last Update: April 15, 2021 | Next Update: May 20, 2021                                                                                                                                                 See full record of updates

Data in this section highlight only a small number of the many series available for this state. Use the "more" links on this page or the "Find" tool to access EIA's additional state-level data.

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Energy Indicators  
Demography Massachusetts Share of U.S. Period
Population 6.9 million 2.1% 2020  
Civilian Labor Force 3.7 million 2.3% Feb-21  
Economy Massachusetts U.S. Rank Period
Gross Domestic Product $ 595.6 billion 11 2019  
Gross Domestic Product for the Manufacturing Sector $ 52,497 million 18 2019  
Per Capita Personal Income $ 79,721 3 2020  
Vehicle Miles Traveled 64,890 million miles 19 2019  
Land in Farms 0.5 million acres 46 2017  
Climate Massachusetts U.S. Rank Period
Average Temperature 50.9 degrees Fahrenheit 30 2020  
Precipitation 42.3 inches 22 2020  
Prices  
Petroleum Massachusetts U.S. Average Period find more
Domestic Crude Oil First Purchase -- $ 49.76 /barrel Jan-21  
Natural Gas Massachusetts U.S. Average Period find more
City Gate $ 4.63 /thousand cu ft $ 3.45 /thousand cu ft Jan-21 find more
Residential $ 15.97 /thousand cu ft $ 9.74 /thousand cu ft Jan-21 find more
Coal Massachusetts U.S. Average Period find more
Average Sales Price -- $ 36.07 /short ton 2019  
Delivered to Electric Power Sector 0 $/million Btu $ 1.90 /million Btu Jan-21  
Electricity Massachusetts U.S. Average Period find more
Residential 22.32 cents/kWh 12.69 cents/kWh Jan-21 find more
Commercial 16.27 cents/kWh 10.31 cents/kWh Jan-21 find more
Industrial 14.30 cents/kWh 6.35 cents/kWh Jan-21 find more
Reserves  
Reserves Massachusetts Share of U.S. Period find more
Crude Oil (as of Dec. 31) -- -- 2019 find more
Expected Future Production of Dry Natural Gas (as of Dec. 31) -- -- 2019 find more
Expected Future Production of Natural Gas Plant Liquids -- -- 2019 find more
Recoverable Coal at Producing Mines -- -- 2019 find more
Rotary Rigs & Wells Massachusetts Share of U.S. Period find more
Natural Gas Producing Wells -- -- 2019 find more
Capacity Massachusetts Share of U.S. Period
Crude Oil Refinery Capacity (as of Jan. 1) -- -- 2020  
Electric Power Industry Net Summer Capacity 12,983 MW 1.2% Jan-21  
Supply & Distribution  
Production Massachusetts Share of U.S. Period find more
Total Energy 126 trillion Btu 0.1% 2018 find more
Crude Oil -- -- Jan-21 find more
Natural Gas - Marketed -- -- 2019 find more
Coal -- -- 2019 find more
Total Utility-Scale Net Electricity Generation Massachusetts Share of U.S. Period find more
Total Net Electricity Generation 2,024 thousand MWh 0.6% Jan-21  
Utility-Scale Net Electricity Generation (share of total) Massachusetts U.S. Average Period
Petroleum-Fired 0.3 % 0.3 % Jan-21 find more
Natural Gas-Fired 83.5 % 35.7 % Jan-21 find more
Coal-Fired 0.0 % 23.3 % Jan-21 find more
Nuclear 0 % 20.5 % Jan-21 find more
Renewables 13.9 % 19.6 % Jan-21  
Stocks Massachusetts Share of U.S. Period find more
Motor Gasoline (Excludes Pipelines) 5 thousand barrels * Jan-21  
Distillate Fuel Oil (Excludes Pipelines) 2,127 thousand barrels 1.6% Jan-21 find more
Natural Gas in Underground Storage -- -- Jan-21 find more
Petroleum Stocks at Electric Power Producers 1,426 thousand barrels 5.6% Jan-21 find more
Coal Stocks at Electric Power Producers 0 thousand tons 0.0% Jan-21 find more
Fueling Stations Massachusetts Share of U.S. Period
Motor Gasoline 1,970 stations 1.7% 2018  
Propane 30 stations 1.1% 2021  
Electricity 1,536 stations 3.8% 2021  
E85 7 stations 0.2% 2021  
Compressed Natural Gas and Other Alternative Fuels 11 stations 0.9% 2021  
Consumption & Expenditures  
Summary Massachusetts U.S. Rank Period
Total Consumption 1,459 trillion Btu 27 2018 find more
Total Consumption per Capita 212 million Btu 44 2018 find more
Total Expenditures $ 26,859 million 16 2018 find more
Total Expenditures per Capita $ 3,902 29 2018 find more
by End-Use Sector Massachusetts Share of U.S. Period
Consumption
    »  Residential 434 trillion Btu 2.0% 2018 find more
    »  Commercial 412 trillion Btu 2.2% 2018 find more
    »  Industrial 151 trillion Btu 0.5% 2018 find more
    »  Transportation 462 trillion Btu 1.6% 2018 find more
Expenditures
    »  Residential $ 8,290 million 3.1% 2018 find more
    »  Commercial $ 6,394 million 3.3% 2018 find more
    »  Industrial $ 2,069 million 1.0% 2018 find more
    »  Transportation $ 10,106 million 1.7% 2018 find more
by Source Massachusetts Share of U.S. Period
Consumption
    »  Petroleum 111 million barrels 1.5% 2018 find more
    »  Natural Gas 428 billion cu ft 1.4% 2019 find more
    »  Coal * * 2019 find more
Expenditures
    »  Petroleum $ 12,976 million 1.7% 2018 find more
    »  Natural Gas $ 4,383 million 2.9% 2019 find more
    »  Coal * * 2019 find more
Consumption for Electricity Generation Massachusetts Share of U.S. Period find more
Petroleum 13 thousand barrels 0.8% Jan-21 find more
Natural Gas 12,341 million cu ft 1.4% Jan-21 find more
Coal 0 thousand short tons 0.0% Jan-21 find more
Energy Source Used for Home Heating (share of households) Massachusetts U.S. Average Period
Natural Gas 52.3 % 47.8 % 2019  
Fuel Oil 24.4 % 4.4 % 2019  
Electricity 16.9 % 39.5 % 2019  
Propane 3.7 % 4.8 % 2019  
Other/None 2.7 % 3.5 % 2019  
Environment  
Renewable Energy Capacity Massachusetts Share of U.S. Period find more
Total Renewable Energy Electricity Net Summer Capacity 1,626 MW 0.6% Jan-21  
Ethanol Plant Nameplate Capacity -- -- 2020  
Renewable Energy Production Massachusetts Share of U.S. Period find more
Utility-Scale Hydroelectric Net Electricity Generation 85 thousand MWh 0.3% Jan-21  
Utility-Scale Solar, Wind, and Geothermal Net Electricity Generation 109 thousand MWh 0.3% Jan-21  
Utility-Scale Biomass Net Electricity Generation 87 thousand MWh 1.8% Jan-21  
Small-Scale Solar Photovoltaic Generation 147 thousand MWh 5.3% Jan-21  
Fuel Ethanol Production 0 thousand barrels 0.0% 2018  
Renewable Energy Consumption Massachusetts U.S. Rank Period find more
Renewable Energy Consumption as a Share of State Total 7.2 % 34 2018  
Fuel Ethanol Consumption 6,860 thousand barrels 19 2019  
Total Emissions Massachusetts Share of U.S. Period find more
Carbon Dioxide 63.0 million metric tons 1.2% 2017  
Electric Power Industry Emissions Massachusetts Share of U.S. Period find more
Carbon Dioxide 8,519 thousand metric tons 0.5% 2019  
Sulfur Dioxide 2 thousand metric tons 0.2% 2019  
Nitrogen Oxide 8 thousand metric tons 0.6% 2019  

Notes & Sources

-- = No data reported.
*  = Value is less than half of the smallest unit of measure (e.g., for values with no decimals, the smallest unit is 1 then values less than 0.5 are shown as *.)
NA = Not available.
NM = Not meaningful due to large relative standard error or excessive percentage change.
W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data.
Note: Small differences between source data and values displayed here may be due to independent rounding.
Note: Components of "Utility-scale net electricity generation (share of total)" may not add to 100% because "Total utility-scale net electricity generation" includes net generation from petroleum coke, pumped storage hydroelectric, other gases, and other energy sources, which are not shown separately.