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Massachusetts   Massachusetts Profile

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Last Update: July 21, 2022 | Next Update: August 18, 2022                                                                                                                                                 See full record of updates

Data in this section highlight only a small number of the many series available for this state. Use the "more" links on this page or the "Find" tool to access EIA's additional state-level data.

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Energy Indicators  
Demography Massachusetts Share of U.S. Period
Population 7.0 million 2.1% 2021  
Civilian Labor Force 3.7 million 2.3% May-22  
Economy Massachusetts U.S. Rank Period
Gross Domestic Product $ 636.5 billion 12 2021  
Gross Domestic Product for the Manufacturing Sector $ 61,863 million 15 2021  
Per Capita Personal Income $ 82,475 2 2021  
Vehicle Miles Traveled 54,127 million miles 19 2020  
Land in Farms 0.5 million acres 46 2017  
Climate Massachusetts U.S. Rank Period
Average Temperature 50.8 degrees Fahrenheit 31 2021  
Precipitation 54.8 inches 7 2021  
Prices  
Petroleum Massachusetts U.S. Average Period find more
Domestic Crude Oil First Purchase -- $ 103.28 /barrel Apr-22  
Natural Gas Massachusetts U.S. Average Period find more
City Gate NA $ 6.34 /thousand cu ft Apr-22 find more
Residential $ 21.64 /thousand cu ft $ 13.65 /thousand cu ft Apr-22 find more
Coal Massachusetts U.S. Average Period find more
Average Sales Price -- $ 31.41 /short ton 2020  
Delivered to Electric Power Sector 0 $/million Btu $ 2.18 /million Btu Apr-22  
Electricity Massachusetts U.S. Average Period find more
Residential 24.25 cents/kWh 14.77 cents/kWh Apr-22 find more
Commercial 17.41 cents/kWh 11.92 cents/kWh Apr-22 find more
Industrial 16.62 cents/kWh 7.83 cents/kWh Apr-22 find more
Reserves  
Reserves Massachusetts Share of U.S. Period find more
Crude Oil (as of Dec. 31) -- -- 2020 find more
Expected Future Production of Dry Natural Gas (as of Dec. 31) -- -- 2020 find more
Expected Future Production of Natural Gas Plant Liquids -- -- 2020 find more
Recoverable Coal at Producing Mines -- -- 2020 find more
Rotary Rigs & Wells Massachusetts Share of U.S. Period find more
Natural Gas Producing Wells -- -- 2020 find more
Capacity Massachusetts Share of U.S. Period
Crude Oil Refinery Capacity (as of Jan. 1) -- -- 2020  
Electric Power Industry Net Summer Capacity 12,727 MW 1.1% Apr-22  
Supply & Distribution  
Production Massachusetts Share of U.S. Period find more
Total Energy 74 trillion Btu 0.1% 2020 find more
Crude Oil -- -- Apr-22 find more
Natural Gas - Marketed -- -- 2020 find more
Coal -- -- 2020 find more
Total Utility-Scale Net Electricity Generation Massachusetts Share of U.S. Period find more
Total Net Electricity Generation 1,536 thousand MWh 0.5% Apr-22  
Utility-Scale Net Electricity Generation (share of total) Massachusetts U.S. Average Period
Petroleum-Fired NM 0.2 % Apr-22 find more
Natural Gas-Fired 71.7 % 34.8 % Apr-22 find more
Coal-Fired 0.0 % 18.1 % Apr-22 find more
Nuclear 0 % 18.2 % Apr-22 find more
Renewables 25.3 % 28.0 % Apr-22  
Stocks Massachusetts Share of U.S. Period find more
Motor Gasoline (Excludes Pipelines) 3 thousand barrels * Apr-22  
Distillate Fuel Oil (Excludes Pipelines) 702 thousand barrels 0.9% Apr-22 find more
Natural Gas in Underground Storage -- -- Apr-22 find more
Petroleum Stocks at Electric Power Producers 1,033 thousand barrels 4.8% Apr-22 find more
Coal Stocks at Electric Power Producers 0 thousand tons 0.0% Apr-22 find more
Fueling Stations Massachusetts Share of U.S. Period
Motor Gasoline 1,982 stations 1.8% 2019  
Propane 30 stations 1.2% 2022  
Electricity 2,098 stations 4.5% 2022  
E85 5 stations 0.1% 2022  
Compressed Natural Gas and Other Alternative Fuels 10 stations 0.8% 2022  
Consumption & Expenditures  
Summary Massachusetts U.S. Rank Period
Total Consumption 1,278 trillion Btu 27 2020 find more
Total Consumption per Capita 182 million Btu 47 2020 find more
Total Expenditures $ 20,902 million 16 2020 find more
Total Expenditures per Capita $ 2,977 31 2020 find more
by End-Use Sector Massachusetts Share of U.S. Period
Consumption
    »  Residential 412 trillion Btu 2.0% 2020 find more
    »  Commercial 369 trillion Btu 2.2% 2020 find more
    »  Industrial 138 trillion Btu 0.4% 2020 find more
    »  Transportation 360 trillion Btu 1.5% 2020 find more
Expenditures
    »  Residential $ 7,589 million 2.9% 2020 find more
    »  Commercial $ 5,218 million 3.0% 2020 find more
    »  Industrial $ 1,814 million 1.1% 2020 find more
    »  Transportation $ 6,281 million 1.5% 2020 find more
by Source Massachusetts Share of U.S. Period
Consumption
    »  Petroleum 89 million barrels 1.3% 2020 find more
    »  Natural Gas 389 billion cu ft 1.3% 2020 find more
    »  Coal 0 million short tons 0.0% 2020 find more
Expenditures
    »  Petroleum $ 8,349 million 1.7% 2020 find more
    »  Natural Gas $ 3,794 million 2.8% 2020 find more
    »  Coal $ 0 million 0.0% 2020 find more
Consumption for Electricity Generation Massachusetts Share of U.S. Period find more
Petroleum NM NM Apr-22 find more
Natural Gas 7,872 million cu ft 1.0% Apr-22 find more
Coal 0 thousand short tons 0.0% Apr-22 find more
Energy Source Used for Home Heating (share of households) Massachusetts U.S. Average Period
Natural Gas 52.3 % 47.8 % 2019  
Fuel Oil 24.4 % 4.4 % 2019  
Electricity 16.9 % 39.5 % 2019  
Propane 3.7 % 4.8 % 2019  
Other/None 2.7 % 3.5 % 2019  
Environment  
Renewable Energy Capacity Massachusetts Share of U.S. Period find more
Total Renewable Energy Electricity Net Summer Capacity 1,847 MW 0.6% Apr-22  
Ethanol Plant Nameplate Capacity -- -- 2021  
Renewable Energy Production Massachusetts Share of U.S. Period find more
Utility-Scale Hydroelectric Net Electricity Generation 72 thousand MWh 0.4% Apr-22  
Utility-Scale Solar, Wind, and Geothermal Net Electricity Generation 227 thousand MWh 0.4% Apr-22  
Utility-Scale Biomass Net Electricity Generation 89 thousand MWh 2.2% Apr-22  
Small-Scale Solar Photovoltaic Generation 267 thousand MWh 4.8% Apr-22  
Fuel Ethanol Production 0 thousand barrels 0.0% 2020  
Renewable Energy Consumption Massachusetts U.S. Rank Period find more
Renewable Energy Consumption as a Share of State Total 7.4 % 37 2020  
Fuel Ethanol Consumption 5,534 thousand barrels 22 2020  
Total Emissions Massachusetts Share of U.S. Period find more
Carbon Dioxide 63.3 million metric tons 1.2% 2019  
Electric Power Industry Emissions Massachusetts Share of U.S. Period find more
Carbon Dioxide 7,958 thousand metric tons 0.5% 2020  
Sulfur Dioxide 2 thousand metric tons 0.2% 2020  
Nitrogen Oxide 7 thousand metric tons 0.6% 2020  

Notes & Sources

-- = No data reported.
*  = Value is less than half of the smallest unit of measure (e.g., for values with no decimals, the smallest unit is 1 then values less than 0.5 are shown as *.)
NA = Not available.
NM = Not meaningful due to large relative standard error or excessive percentage change.
W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data.
Note: Small differences between source data and values displayed here may be due to independent rounding.
Note: Components of "Utility-scale net electricity generation (share of total)" may not add to 100% because "Total utility-scale net electricity generation" includes net generation from petroleum coke, pumped storage hydroelectric, other gases, and other energy sources, which are not shown separately.