U.S. Energy Information Administration logo
Skip to sub-navigation
‹ U.S. States

Massachusetts   Massachusetts Profile

State Profile and Energy Estimates

Changes to the State Energy Data System (SEDS) Notice: In October 2023, we updated the way we calculate primary energy consumption of electricity generation from noncombustible renewable energy sources (solar, wind, hydroelectric, and geothermal). Visit our Changes to 1960—2022 conversion factor for renewable energy page to learn more.

Profile DataPrint State Energy Profile
(overview, data, & analysis)

Last Update: June 20, 2024 Next Update: July 18, 2024                                                                                                                                               See full record of updates

Data in this section highlight only a small number of the many series available for this state. Use the "more" links on this page or the "Find" tool to access EIA's additional state-level data.

+ EXPAND ALL
Energy Indicators  
Demography Massachusetts Share of U.S. Period
Population 7.0 million 2.1% 2023  
Civilian Labor Force 3.8 million 2.3% Apr-24  
Economy Massachusetts U.S. Rank Period
Gross Domestic Product $ 733.9 billion 12 2023  
Gross Domestic Product for the Manufacturing Sector $ 56,600 million 18 2023  
Per Capita Personal Income $ 87,812 2 2023  
Vehicle Miles Traveled 56,949 million miles 22 2022  
Land in Farms 0.5 million acres 47 2023  
Climate Massachusetts U.S. Rank Period
Average Temperature 51.3 degrees Fahrenheit 30 2023  
Precipitation 57.6 inches 2 2023  
Prices  
Petroleum Massachusetts U.S. Average Period find more
Domestic Crude Oil First Purchase -- $ 78.97 /barrel Mar-24  
Natural Gas Massachusetts U.S. Average Period find more
City Gate $ 5.65 /thousand cu ft $ 4.05 /thousand cu ft Mar-24 find more
Residential $ 21.69 /thousand cu ft $ 13.85 /thousand cu ft Mar-24 find more
Coal Massachusetts U.S. Average Period find more
Average Sales Price -- $ 54.46 /short ton 2022  
Delivered to Electric Power Sector -- $ 2.49 /million Btu Mar-24  
Electricity Massachusetts U.S. Average Period find more
Residential 29.66 cents/kWh 16.68 cents/kWh Mar-24 find more
Commercial 20.78 cents/kWh 12.76 cents/kWh Mar-24 find more
Industrial 17.97 cents/kWh 7.73 cents/kWh Mar-24 find more
Reserves  
Reserves Massachusetts Share of U.S. Period find more
Crude Oil (as of Dec. 31) -- -- 2021 find more
Expected Future Production of Dry Natural Gas (as of Dec. 31) -- -- 2021 find more
Expected Future Production of Natural Gas Plant Liquids -- -- 2021 find more
Recoverable Coal at Producing Mines -- -- 2022 find more
Rotary Rigs & Wells Massachusetts Share of U.S. Period find more
Natural Gas Producing Wells -- -- 2020 find more
Capacity Massachusetts Share of U.S. Period
Crude Oil Refinery Capacity (as of Jan. 1) -- -- 2023  
Electric Power Industry Net Summer Capacity 12,767 MW 1.1% Mar-24  
Supply & Distribution  
Production Massachusetts Share of U.S. Period find more
Total Energy 80 trillion Btu 0.1% 2021 find more
Crude Oil -- -- Mar-24 find more
Natural Gas - Marketed -- -- 2022 find more
Coal -- -- 2022 find more
Total Utility-Scale Net Electricity Generation Massachusetts Share of U.S. Period find more
Total Net Electricity Generation 1,773 thousand MWh 0.5% Mar-24  
Utility-Scale Net Electricity Generation (share of total) Massachusetts U.S. Average Period
Petroleum-Fired 0.1 % 0.3 % Mar-24 find more
Natural Gas-Fired 78.4 % 40.3 % Mar-24 find more
Coal-Fired 0.0 % 11.9 % Mar-24 find more
Nuclear 0.0 % 19.6 % Mar-24 find more
Renewables 20.0 % 27.6 % Mar-24  
Stocks Massachusetts Share of U.S. Period find more
Motor Gasoline (Excludes Pipelines) 3 thousand barrels * Mar-24  
Distillate Fuel Oil (Excludes Pipelines) 907 thousand barrels 1.0% Mar-24 find more
Natural Gas in Underground Storage -- -- Mar-24 find more
Petroleum Stocks at Electric Power Producers 890 thousand barrels 4.0% Mar-24 find more
Coal Stocks at Electric Power Producers 0 thousand tons 0.0% Mar-24 find more
Fueling Stations Massachusetts Share of U.S. Period
Motor Gasoline 1,932 stations 1.7% 2021  
Propane 30 stations 1.3% May-24  
Electric Vehicle Charging Locations 3,014 stations 4.8% May-24  
E85 6 stations 0.1% May-24  
Biodiesel, Compressed Natural Gas, and Other Alternative Fuels 9 stations 0.3% May-24  
Consumption & Expenditures  
Summary Massachusetts U.S. Rank Period
Total Consumption 1,315 trillion Btu 27 2022 find more
Total Consumption per Capita 192 million Btu 47 2021 find more
Total Expenditures $ 33,811 million 17 2022 find more
Total Expenditures per Capita $ 3,636 35 2021 find more
by End-Use Sector Massachusetts Share of U.S. Period
Consumption
    »  Residential 394 trillion Btu 2.0% 2022 find more
    »  Commercial 367 trillion Btu 2.2% 2022 find more
    »  Industrial 135 trillion Btu 0.4% 2022 find more
    »  Transportation 420 trillion Btu 1.5% 2022 find more
Expenditures
    »  Residential $ 10,320 million 3.1% 2022 find more
    »  Commercial $ 7,174 million 3.0% 2022 find more
    »  Industrial $ 2,636 million 0.9% 2022 find more
    »  Transportation $ 13,680 million 1.6% 2022 find more
by Source Massachusetts Share of U.S. Period
Consumption
    »  Petroleum 104 million barrels 1.4% 2022 find more
    »  Natural Gas 420 billion cu ft 1.3% 2022 find more
    »  Coal 0 thousand short tons 0.0% 2022 find more
Expenditures
    »  Petroleum $ 17,842 million 1.7% 2022 find more
    »  Natural Gas $ 6,244 million 2.3% 2022 find more
    »  Coal -- -- 2022 find more
Consumption for Electricity Generation Massachusetts Share of U.S. Period find more
Petroleum 5 thousand barrels 0.3% Mar-24 find more
Natural Gas 9,893 million cu ft 1.1% Mar-24 find more
Coal 0 thousand tons 0.0% Mar-24 find more
Energy Source Used for Home Heating (share of households) Massachusetts U.S. Average Period
Natural Gas 51.6 % 46.2 % 2022  
Fuel Oil 22.4 % 3.9 % 2022  
Electricity 18.2 % 41.3 % 2022  
Propane 4.7 % 5.0 % 2022  
Other/None 3.1 % 3.5 % 2022  
Environment  
Renewable Energy Capacity Massachusetts Share of U.S. Period find more
Total Renewable Energy Electricity Net Summer Capacity 1,983 MW 0.6% Mar-24  
Ethanol Plant Nameplate Capacity -- -- 2023  
Renewable Energy Production Massachusetts Share of U.S. Period find more
Utility-Scale Hydroelectric Net Electricity Generation 90 thousand MWh 0.4% Mar-24  
Utility-Scale Solar, Wind, and Geothermal Net Electricity Generation 198 thousand MWh 0.3% Mar-24  
Utility-Scale Biomass Net Electricity Generation 66 thousand MWh 1.8% Mar-24  
Small-Scale Solar Photovoltaic Generation 347 thousand MWh 4.9% Mar-24  
Fuel Ethanol Production 0 thousand barrels 0.0% 2021  
Renewable Energy Consumption Massachusetts U.S. Rank Period find more
Renewable Energy Consumption as a Share of State Total 7.7 % 39 2021  
Fuel Ethanol Consumption 6,231 thousand barrels 22 2021  
Total Emissions Massachusetts Share of U.S. Period find more
Carbon Dioxide 56.1 million metric tons 1.1% 2021  
Electric Power Industry Emissions Massachusetts Share of U.S. Period find more
Carbon Dioxide 9,098 thousand metric tons 0.6% 2022  
Sulfur Dioxide 2 thousand metric tons 0.2% 2022  
Nitrogen Oxide 7 thousand metric tons 0.6% 2022  

Notes & Sources

-- = No data reported.
*  = Value is less than half of the smallest unit of measure (e.g., for values with no decimals, the smallest unit is 1 then values less than 0.5 are shown as *.)
NA = Not available.
NM = Not meaningful due to large relative standard error or excessive percentage change.
W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data.
Note: Small differences between source data and values displayed here may be due to independent rounding.
Note: Components of "Utility-scale net electricity generation (share of total)" may not add to 100% because "Total utility-scale net electricity generation" includes net generation from petroleum coke, pumped storage hydroelectric, other gases, and other energy sources, which are not shown separately.
Note: Territory data may be estimates based on EIA's Short-Term Energy Outlook.