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West Virginia   West Virginia Profile

State Profile and Energy Estimates

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Last Update: November 18, 2021 | Next Update: December 16, 2021                                                                                                                                                 See full record of updates

Data in this section highlight only a small number of the many series available for this state. Use the "more" links on this page or the "Find" tool to access EIA's additional state-level data.

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Energy Indicators  
Demography West Virginia Share of U.S. Period
Population 1.8 million 0.5% 2020  
Civilian Labor Force 0.8 million 0.5% Sep-21  
Economy West Virginia U.S. Rank Period
Gross Domestic Product $ 73.7 billion 43 2020  
Gross Domestic Product for the Manufacturing Sector $ 7,779 million 39 2020  
Per Capita Personal Income $ 45,109 50 2020  
Vehicle Miles Traveled 19,077 million miles 38 2019  
Land in Farms 3.7 million acres 39 2017  
Climate West Virginia U.S. Rank Period
Average Temperature 53.9 degrees Fahrenheit 22 2020  
Precipitation 53.7 inches 13 2020  
Prices  
Petroleum West Virginia U.S. Average Period find more
Domestic Crude Oil First Purchase $ 59.57 /barrel $ 65.67 /barrel Aug-21  
Natural Gas West Virginia U.S. Average Period find more
City Gate $ 7.30 /thousand cu ft $ 5.67 /thousand cu ft Aug-21 find more
Residential $ 21.24 /thousand cu ft $ 20.96 /thousand cu ft Aug-21 find more
Coal West Virginia U.S. Average Period find more
Average Sales Price $ 60.80 /short ton $ 31.41 /short ton 2020  
Delivered to Electric Power Sector W $ 2.06 /million Btu Aug-21  
Electricity West Virginia U.S. Average Period find more
Residential 12.22 cents/kWh 13.99 cents/kWh Aug-21 find more
Commercial 9.16 cents/kWh 11.60 cents/kWh Aug-21 find more
Industrial 6.10 cents/kWh 7.65 cents/kWh Aug-21 find more
Reserves  
Reserves West Virginia Share of U.S. Period find more
Crude Oil (as of Dec. 31) 13 million barrels * 2019 find more
Expected Future Production of Dry Natural Gas (as of Dec. 31) 36,600 billion cu ft 7.9% 2019 find more
Expected Future Production of Natural Gas Plant Liquids 2,484 million barrels 11.5% 2019 find more
Recoverable Coal at Producing Mines 1,567 million short tons 11.9% 2020 find more
Rotary Rigs & Wells West Virginia Share of U.S. Period find more
Natural Gas Producing Wells 47,934 wells 9.9% 2020 find more
Capacity West Virginia Share of U.S. Period
Crude Oil Refinery Capacity (as of Jan. 1) 22,300 barrels/calendar day 0.1% 2020  
Electric Power Industry Net Summer Capacity 14,920 MW 1.3% Aug-21  
Supply & Distribution  
Production West Virginia Share of U.S. Period find more
Total Energy 5,159 trillion Btu 5.1% 2019 find more
Crude Oil 55 thousand barrels per day 0.5% Aug-21 find more
Natural Gas - Marketed 2,592,319 million cu ft 7.2% 2020 find more
Coal 67,228 thousand short tons 12.6% 2020 find more
Total Utility-Scale Net Electricity Generation West Virginia Share of U.S. Period find more
Total Net Electricity Generation 7,208 thousand MWh 1.7% Aug-21  
Utility-Scale Net Electricity Generation (share of total) West Virginia U.S. Average Period
Petroleum-Fired 0.3 % 0.3 % Aug-21 find more
Natural Gas-Fired 3.6 % 41.6 % Aug-21 find more
Coal-Fired 93.3 % 24.6 % Aug-21 find more
Nuclear 0 % 16.8 % Aug-21 find more
Renewables 2.7 % 15.9 % Aug-21  
Stocks West Virginia Share of U.S. Period find more
Motor Gasoline (Excludes Pipelines) 20 thousand barrels 0.2% Aug-21  
Distillate Fuel Oil (Excludes Pipelines) 133 thousand barrels 0.1% Aug-21 find more
Natural Gas in Underground Storage 445,307 million cu ft 6.1% Aug-21 find more
Petroleum Stocks at Electric Power Producers 134 thousand barrels 0.6% Aug-21 find more
Coal Stocks at Electric Power Producers W W Aug-21 find more
Fueling Stations West Virginia Share of U.S. Period
Motor Gasoline 933 stations 0.8% 2019  
Propane 9 stations 0.3% 2021  
Electricity 85 stations 0.2% 2021  
E85 34 stations 0.9% 2021  
Compressed Natural Gas and Other Alternative Fuels 2 stations 0.2% 2021  
Consumption & Expenditures  
Summary West Virginia U.S. Rank Period
Total Consumption 827 trillion Btu 35 2019 find more
Total Consumption per Capita 461 million Btu 8 2019 find more
Total Expenditures $ 8,013 million 37 2019 find more
Total Expenditures per Capita $ 4,463 11 2019 find more
by End-Use Sector West Virginia Share of U.S. Period
Consumption
    »  Residential 156 trillion Btu 0.7% 2019 find more
    »  Commercial 112 trillion Btu 0.6% 2019 find more
    »  Industrial 375 trillion Btu 1.1% 2019 find more
    »  Transportation 184 trillion Btu 0.6% 2019 find more
Expenditures
    »  Residential $ 1,646 million 0.6% 2019 find more
    »  Commercial $ 991 million 0.5% 2019 find more
    »  Industrial $ 1,931 million 1.0% 2019 find more
    »  Transportation $ 3,445 million 0.6% 2019 find more
by Source West Virginia Share of U.S. Period
Consumption
    »  Petroleum 41 million barrels 0.5% 2019 find more
    »  Natural Gas 220 billion cu ft 0.7% 2019 find more
    »  Coal 25 million short tons 4.2% 2019 find more
Expenditures
    »  Petroleum $ 4,505 million 0.6% 2019 find more
    »  Natural Gas $ 571 million 0.4% 2019 find more
    »  Coal $ 1,375 million 5.4% 2019 find more
Consumption for Electricity Generation West Virginia Share of U.S. Period find more
Petroleum 44 thousand barrels 2.1% Aug-21 find more
Natural Gas 2,217 million cu ft 0.2% Aug-21 find more
Coal 2,734 thousand short tons 4.9% Aug-21 find more
Energy Source Used for Home Heating (share of households) West Virginia U.S. Average Period
Natural Gas 39.9 % 47.8 % 2019  
Fuel Oil 2.7 % 4.4 % 2019  
Electricity 45.0 % 39.5 % 2019  
Propane 5.3 % 4.8 % 2019  
Other/None 7.1 % 3.5 % 2019  
Environment  
Renewable Energy Capacity West Virginia Share of U.S. Period find more
Total Renewable Energy Electricity Net Summer Capacity 1,087 MW 0.4% Aug-21  
Ethanol Plant Nameplate Capacity -- -- 2021  
Renewable Energy Production West Virginia Share of U.S. Period find more
Utility-Scale Hydroelectric Net Electricity Generation 138 thousand MWh 0.6% Aug-21  
Utility-Scale Solar, Wind, and Geothermal Net Electricity Generation 59 thousand MWh 0.1% Aug-21  
Utility-Scale Biomass Net Electricity Generation 0 thousand MWh 0.0% Aug-21  
Small-Scale Solar Photovoltaic Generation 2 thousand MWh * Aug-21  
Fuel Ethanol Production 0 thousand barrels 0.0% 2019  
Renewable Energy Consumption West Virginia U.S. Rank Period find more
Renewable Energy Consumption as a Share of State Total 6.0 % 43 2019  
Fuel Ethanol Consumption 1,969 thousand barrels 39 2019  
Total Emissions West Virginia Share of U.S. Period find more
Carbon Dioxide 90.0 million metric tons 1.7% 2018  
Electric Power Industry Emissions West Virginia Share of U.S. Period find more
Carbon Dioxide 49,518 thousand metric tons 3.2% 2020  
Sulfur Dioxide 30 thousand metric tons 3.0% 2020  
Nitrogen Oxide 28 thousand metric tons 2.3% 2020  

Notes & Sources

-- = No data reported.
*  = Value is less than half of the smallest unit of measure (e.g., for values with no decimals, the smallest unit is 1 then values less than 0.5 are shown as *.)
NA = Not available.
NM = Not meaningful due to large relative standard error or excessive percentage change.
W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data.
Note: Small differences between source data and values displayed here may be due to independent rounding.
Note: Components of "Utility-scale net electricity generation (share of total)" may not add to 100% because "Total utility-scale net electricity generation" includes net generation from petroleum coke, pumped storage hydroelectric, other gases, and other energy sources, which are not shown separately.