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West Virginia   West Virginia Profile

State Profile and Energy Estimates

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Last Update: April 15, 2021 | Next Update: May 20, 2021                                                                                                                                                 See full record of updates

Data in this section highlight only a small number of the many series available for this state. Use the "more" links on this page or the "Find" tool to access EIA's additional state-level data.

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Energy Indicators  
Demography West Virginia Share of U.S. Period
Population 1.8 million 0.5% 2020  
Civilian Labor Force 0.8 million 0.5% Feb-21  
Economy West Virginia U.S. Rank Period
Gross Domestic Product $ 78.2 billion 42 2019  
Gross Domestic Product for the Manufacturing Sector $ 7,904 million 39 2019  
Per Capita Personal Income $ 45,109 50 2020  
Vehicle Miles Traveled 19,077 million miles 38 2019  
Land in Farms 3.7 million acres 39 2017  
Climate West Virginia U.S. Rank Period
Average Temperature 53.9 degrees Fahrenheit 22 2020  
Precipitation 53.7 inches 13 2020  
Prices  
Petroleum West Virginia U.S. Average Period find more
Domestic Crude Oil First Purchase $ 41.56 /barrel $ 49.76 /barrel Jan-21  
Natural Gas West Virginia U.S. Average Period find more
City Gate $ 2.75 /thousand cu ft $ 3.45 /thousand cu ft Jan-21 find more
Residential $ 9.03 /thousand cu ft $ 9.74 /thousand cu ft Jan-21 find more
Coal West Virginia U.S. Average Period find more
Average Sales Price $ 72.70 /short ton $ 36.07 /short ton 2019  
Delivered to Electric Power Sector W $ 1.90 /million Btu Jan-21  
Electricity West Virginia U.S. Average Period find more
Residential 11.20 cents/kWh 12.69 cents/kWh Jan-21 find more
Commercial 9.02 cents/kWh 10.31 cents/kWh Jan-21 find more
Industrial 5.86 cents/kWh 6.35 cents/kWh Jan-21 find more
Reserves  
Reserves West Virginia Share of U.S. Period find more
Crude Oil (as of Dec. 31) 13 million barrels * 2019 find more
Expected Future Production of Dry Natural Gas (as of Dec. 31) 36,600 billion cu ft 7.9% 2019 find more
Expected Future Production of Natural Gas Plant Liquids 2,484 million barrels 11.5% 2019 find more
Recoverable Coal at Producing Mines 1,436 million short tons 10.1% 2019 find more
Rotary Rigs & Wells West Virginia Share of U.S. Period find more
Natural Gas Producing Wells 45,808 wells 9.3% 2019 find more
Capacity West Virginia Share of U.S. Period
Crude Oil Refinery Capacity (as of Jan. 1) 22,300 barrels/calendar day 0.1% 2020  
Electric Power Industry Net Summer Capacity 14,870 MW 1.3% Jan-21  
Supply & Distribution  
Production West Virginia Share of U.S. Period find more
Total Energy 4,770 trillion Btu 5.0% 2018 find more
Crude Oil 55 thousand barrels per day 0.5% Jan-21 find more
Natural Gas - Marketed 2,155,757 million cu ft 5.9% 2019 find more
Coal 93,279 thousand short tons 13.2% 2019 find more
Total Utility-Scale Net Electricity Generation West Virginia Share of U.S. Period find more
Total Net Electricity Generation 6,407 thousand MWh 1.8% Jan-21  
Utility-Scale Net Electricity Generation (share of total) West Virginia U.S. Average Period
Petroleum-Fired 0.2 % 0.3 % Jan-21 find more
Natural Gas-Fired 2.4 % 35.7 % Jan-21 find more
Coal-Fired 91.9 % 23.3 % Jan-21 find more
Nuclear 0 % 20.5 % Jan-21 find more
Renewables 5.4 % 19.6 % Jan-21  
Stocks West Virginia Share of U.S. Period find more
Motor Gasoline (Excludes Pipelines) 43 thousand barrels 0.3% Jan-21  
Distillate Fuel Oil (Excludes Pipelines) 171 thousand barrels 0.1% Jan-21 find more
Natural Gas in Underground Storage 388,004 million cu ft 5.5% Jan-21 find more
Petroleum Stocks at Electric Power Producers 147 thousand barrels 0.6% Jan-21 find more
Coal Stocks at Electric Power Producers W W Jan-21 find more
Fueling Stations West Virginia Share of U.S. Period
Motor Gasoline 937 stations 0.8% 2018  
Propane 9 stations 0.3% 2021  
Electricity 85 stations 0.2% 2021  
E85 34 stations 0.9% 2021  
Compressed Natural Gas and Other Alternative Fuels 2 stations 0.2% 2021  
Consumption & Expenditures  
Summary West Virginia U.S. Rank Period
Total Consumption 833 trillion Btu 35 2018 find more
Total Consumption per Capita 462 million Btu 8 2018 find more
Total Expenditures $ 8,768 million 37 2018 find more
Total Expenditures per Capita $ 4,860 8 2018 find more
by End-Use Sector West Virginia Share of U.S. Period
Consumption
    »  Residential 164 trillion Btu 0.8% 2018 find more
    »  Commercial 115 trillion Btu 0.6% 2018 find more
    »  Industrial 362 trillion Btu 1.1% 2018 find more
    »  Transportation 193 trillion Btu 0.7% 2018 find more
Expenditures
    »  Residential $ 1,714 million 0.6% 2018 find more
    »  Commercial $ 1,027 million 0.5% 2018 find more
    »  Industrial $ 2,059 million 1.0% 2018 find more
    »  Transportation $ 3,968 million 0.7% 2018 find more
by Source West Virginia Share of U.S. Period
Consumption
    »  Petroleum 43 million barrels 0.6% 2018 find more
    »  Natural Gas 220 billion cu ft 0.7% 2019 find more
    »  Coal 25 million short tons 4.2% 2019 find more
Expenditures
    »  Petroleum $ 5,103 million 0.7% 2018 find more
    »  Natural Gas $ 571 million 0.4% 2019 find more
    »  Coal $ 1,375 million 5.4% 2019 find more
Consumption for Electricity Generation West Virginia Share of U.S. Period find more
Petroleum 27 thousand barrels 1.6% Jan-21 find more
Natural Gas 1,131 million cu ft 0.1% Jan-21 find more
Coal 2,372 thousand short tons 5.2% Jan-21 find more
Energy Source Used for Home Heating (share of households) West Virginia U.S. Average Period
Natural Gas 39.9 % 47.8 % 2019  
Fuel Oil 2.7 % 4.4 % 2019  
Electricity 45.0 % 39.5 % 2019  
Propane 5.3 % 4.8 % 2019  
Other/None 7.1 % 3.5 % 2019  
Environment  
Renewable Energy Capacity West Virginia Share of U.S. Period find more
Total Renewable Energy Electricity Net Summer Capacity 1,087 MW 0.4% Jan-21  
Ethanol Plant Nameplate Capacity -- -- 2020  
Renewable Energy Production West Virginia Share of U.S. Period find more
Utility-Scale Hydroelectric Net Electricity Generation 150 thousand MWh 0.6% Jan-21  
Utility-Scale Solar, Wind, and Geothermal Net Electricity Generation 197 thousand MWh 0.5% Jan-21  
Utility-Scale Biomass Net Electricity Generation NM NM Jan-21  
Small-Scale Solar Photovoltaic Generation 1 thousand MWh * Jan-21  
Fuel Ethanol Production 0 thousand barrels 0.0% 2018  
Renewable Energy Consumption West Virginia U.S. Rank Period find more
Renewable Energy Consumption as a Share of State Total 6.4 % 40 2018  
Fuel Ethanol Consumption 1,969 thousand barrels 39 2019  
Total Emissions West Virginia Share of U.S. Period find more
Carbon Dioxide 91.0 million metric tons 1.8% 2017  
Electric Power Industry Emissions West Virginia Share of U.S. Period find more
Carbon Dioxide 56,823 thousand metric tons 3.3% 2019  
Sulfur Dioxide 35 thousand metric tons 2.8% 2019  
Nitrogen Oxide 34 thousand metric tons 2.5% 2019  

Notes & Sources

-- = No data reported.
*  = Value is less than half of the smallest unit of measure (e.g., for values with no decimals, the smallest unit is 1 then values less than 0.5 are shown as *.)
NA = Not available.
NM = Not meaningful due to large relative standard error or excessive percentage change.
W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data.
Note: Small differences between source data and values displayed here may be due to independent rounding.
Note: Components of "Utility-scale net electricity generation (share of total)" may not add to 100% because "Total utility-scale net electricity generation" includes net generation from petroleum coke, pumped storage hydroelectric, other gases, and other energy sources, which are not shown separately.