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Georgia   Georgia Profile

State Profile and Energy Estimates

Changes to the State Energy Data System (SEDS) Notice: In October 2023, we updated the way we calculate primary energy consumption of electricity generation from noncombustible renewable energy sources (solar, wind, hydroelectric, and geothermal). Visit our Changes to 1960—2022 conversion factor for renewable energy page to learn more.

Profile DataPrint State Energy Profile
(overview, data, & analysis)

Last Update: February 15, 2024 Next Update: March 21, 2024                                                                                                                                               See full record of updates

Data in this section highlight only a small number of the many series available for this state. Use the "more" links on this page or the "Find" tool to access EIA's additional state-level data.

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Energy Indicators  
Demography Georgia Share of U.S. Period
Population 10.9 million 3.3% 2022  
Civilian Labor Force 5.3 million 3.2% Dec-23  
Economy Georgia U.S. Rank Period
Gross Domestic Product $ 755.7 billion 8 2022  
Gross Domestic Product for the Manufacturing Sector $ 73,810 million 10 2022  
Per Capita Personal Income $ 57,129 38 2022  
Vehicle Miles Traveled 120,685 million miles 4 2021  
Land in Farms 10.2 million acres 28 2022  
Climate Georgia U.S. Rank Period
Average Temperature 65.6 degrees Fahrenheit 5 2023  
Precipitation 51.6 inches 9 2023  
Prices  
Petroleum Georgia U.S. Average Period find more
Domestic Crude Oil First Purchase -- $ 77.46 /barrel Nov-23  
Natural Gas Georgia U.S. Average Period find more
City Gate NA $ 4.36 /thousand cu ft Nov-23 find more
Residential $ 17.54 /thousand cu ft $ 13.36 /thousand cu ft Nov-23 find more
Coal Georgia U.S. Average Period find more
Average Sales Price -- $ 54.46 /short ton 2022  
Delivered to Electric Power Sector $ 4.27 /million Btu $ 2.51 /million Btu Nov-23  
Electricity Georgia U.S. Average Period find more
Residential 13.18 cents/kWh 16.19 cents/kWh Nov-23 find more
Commercial 11.51 cents/kWh 12.60 cents/kWh Nov-23 find more
Industrial 6.72 cents/kWh 7.90 cents/kWh Nov-23 find more
Reserves  
Reserves Georgia Share of U.S. Period find more
Crude Oil (as of Dec. 31) -- -- 2021 find more
Expected Future Production of Dry Natural Gas (as of Dec. 31) -- -- 2021 find more
Expected Future Production of Natural Gas Plant Liquids -- -- 2021 find more
Recoverable Coal at Producing Mines -- -- 2022 find more
Rotary Rigs & Wells Georgia Share of U.S. Period find more
Natural Gas Producing Wells -- -- 2020 find more
Capacity Georgia Share of U.S. Period
Crude Oil Refinery Capacity (as of Jan. 1) 0 barrels/calendar day 0.0% 2023  
Electric Power Industry Net Summer Capacity 37,562 MW 3.2% Nov-23  
Supply & Distribution  
Production Georgia Share of U.S. Period find more
Total Energy 671 trillion Btu 0.7% 2021 find more
Crude Oil -- -- Nov-23 find more
Natural Gas - Marketed -- -- 2022 find more
Coal -- -- 2022 find more
Total Utility-Scale Net Electricity Generation Georgia Share of U.S. Period find more
Total Net Electricity Generation 10,148 thousand MWh 3.2% Nov-23  
Utility-Scale Net Electricity Generation (share of total) Georgia U.S. Average Period
Petroleum-Fired 0.2 % 0.3 % Nov-23 find more
Natural Gas-Fired 42.5 % 42.0 % Nov-23 find more
Coal-Fired 11.5 % 15.9 % Nov-23 find more
Nuclear 35.3 % 19.3 % Nov-23 find more
Renewables 11.3 % 21.9 % Nov-23  
Stocks Georgia Share of U.S. Period find more
Motor Gasoline (Excludes Pipelines) 58 thousand barrels 0.5% Nov-23  
Distillate Fuel Oil (Excludes Pipelines) 1,175 thousand barrels 1.4% Nov-23 find more
Natural Gas in Underground Storage -- -- Nov-23 find more
Petroleum Stocks at Electric Power Producers 1,180 thousand barrels 5.2% Nov-23 find more
Coal Stocks at Electric Power Producers W W Nov-23 find more
Fueling Stations Georgia Share of U.S. Period
Motor Gasoline 5,081 stations 4.6% 2021  
Propane 75 stations 3.1% Jan-24  
Electric Vehicle Charging Locations 1,786 stations 3.0% Jan-24  
E85 66 stations 1.5% Jan-24  
Biodiesel, Compressed Natural Gas, and Other Alternative Fuels 22 stations 0.8% Jan-24  
Consumption & Expenditures  
Summary Georgia U.S. Rank Period
Total Consumption 2,836 trillion Btu 9 2021 find more
Total Consumption per Capita 263 million Btu 32 2021 find more
Total Expenditures $ 38,650 million 8 2021 find more
Total Expenditures per Capita $ 3,583 37 2021 find more
by End-Use Sector Georgia Share of U.S. Period
Consumption
    »  Residential 704 trillion Btu 3.4% 2021 find more
    »  Commercial 519 trillion Btu 3.0% 2021 find more
    »  Industrial 753 trillion Btu 2.3% 2021 find more
    »  Transportation 861 trillion Btu 3.2% 2021 find more
Expenditures
    »  Residential $ 9,604 million 3.4% 2021 find more
    »  Commercial $ 5,808 million 2.9% 2021 find more
    »  Industrial $ 4,955 million 2.1% 2021 find more
    »  Transportation $ 18,284 million 3.0% 2021 find more
by Source Georgia Share of U.S. Period
Consumption
    »  Petroleum 183 million barrels 2.5% 2021 find more
    »  Natural Gas 790 billion cu ft 2.4% 2022 find more
    »  Coal 9,119 thousand short tons 1.8% 2022 find more
Expenditures
    »  Petroleum $ 20,461 million 2.7% 2021 find more
    »  Natural Gas $ 8,013 million 3.0% 2022 find more
    »  Coal $ 728 million 2.7% 2022 find more
Consumption for Electricity Generation Georgia Share of U.S. Period find more
Petroleum 19 thousand barrels 1.1% Nov-23 find more
Natural Gas 29,626 million cu ft 3.3% Apr-23 find more
Coal 614 thousand tons 2.1% Nov-23 find more
Energy Source Used for Home Heating (share of households) Georgia U.S. Average Period
Natural Gas 37.3 % 46.2 % 2022  
Fuel Oil 0.2 % 3.9 % 2022  
Electricity 56.7 % 41.3 % 2022  
Propane 4.3 % 5.0 % 2022  
Other/None 1.4 % 3.5 % 2022  
Environment  
Renewable Energy Capacity Georgia Share of U.S. Period find more
Total Renewable Energy Electricity Net Summer Capacity 6,876 MW 2.1% Nov-23  
Ethanol Plant Nameplate Capacity 0 million gal/year 0.0% 2023  
Renewable Energy Production Georgia Share of U.S. Period find more
Utility-Scale Hydroelectric Net Electricity Generation 253 thousand MWh 1.4% Nov-23  
Utility-Scale Solar, Wind, and Geothermal Net Electricity Generation 467 thousand MWh 1.0% Nov-23  
Utility-Scale Biomass Net Electricity Generation 431 thousand MWh 11.1% Nov-23  
Small-Scale Solar Photovoltaic Generation 37 thousand MWh 0.7% Nov-23  
Fuel Ethanol Production 0 thousand barrels 0.0% 2021  
Renewable Energy Consumption Georgia U.S. Rank Period find more
Renewable Energy Consumption as a Share of State Total 11.7 % 24 2021  
Fuel Ethanol Consumption 11,168 thousand barrels 7 2021  
Total Emissions Georgia Share of U.S. Period find more
Carbon Dioxide 124.1 million metric tons 2.5% 2021  
Electric Power Industry Emissions Georgia Share of U.S. Period find more
Carbon Dioxide 43,772 thousand metric tons 2.7% 2022  
Sulfur Dioxide 42 thousand metric tons 3.9% 2022  
Nitrogen Oxide 36 thousand metric tons 2.9% 2022  

Notes & Sources

-- = No data reported.
*  = Value is less than half of the smallest unit of measure (e.g., for values with no decimals, the smallest unit is 1 then values less than 0.5 are shown as *.)
NA = Not available.
NM = Not meaningful due to large relative standard error or excessive percentage change.
W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data.
Note: Small differences between source data and values displayed here may be due to independent rounding.
Note: Components of "Utility-scale net electricity generation (share of total)" may not add to 100% because "Total utility-scale net electricity generation" includes net generation from petroleum coke, pumped storage hydroelectric, other gases, and other energy sources, which are not shown separately.
Note: Territory data may be estimates based on EIA's Short-Term Energy Outlook.