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Texas   Texas Profile

State Profile and Energy Estimates

Changes to the State Energy Data System (SEDS) Notice: In October 2023, we updated the way we calculate primary energy consumption of electricity generation from noncombustible renewable energy sources (solar, wind, hydroelectric, and geothermal). Visit our Changes to 1960—2022 conversion factor for renewable energy page to learn more.

Profile DataPrint State Energy Profile
(overview, data, & analysis)

Last Update: June 20, 2024 Next Update: July 18, 2024                                                                                                                                               See full record of updates

Data in this section highlight only a small number of the many series available for this state. Use the "more" links on this page or the "Find" tool to access EIA's additional state-level data.

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Energy Indicators  
Demography Texas Share of U.S. Period
Population 30.5 million 9.1% 2023  
Civilian Labor Force 15.3 million 9.1% Apr-24  
Economy Texas U.S. Rank Period
Gross Domestic Product $ 2,563.5 billion 2 2023  
Gross Domestic Product for the Manufacturing Sector $ 296,403 million 2 2023  
Per Capita Personal Income $ 65,422 24 2023  
Vehicle Miles Traveled 290,890 million miles 2 2022  
Land in Farms 125.0 million acres 1 2023  
Climate Texas U.S. Rank Period
Average Temperature 68.1 degrees Fahrenheit 3 2023  
Precipitation 23.9 inches 39 2023  
Prices  
Petroleum Texas U.S. Average Period find more
Domestic Crude Oil First Purchase $ 80.20 /barrel $ 78.97 /barrel Mar-24  
Natural Gas Texas U.S. Average Period find more
City Gate $ 3.45 /thousand cu ft $ 4.05 /thousand cu ft Mar-24 find more
Residential $ 16.10 /thousand cu ft $ 13.85 /thousand cu ft Mar-24 find more
Coal Texas U.S. Average Period find more
Average Sales Price $ 22.01 /short ton $ 54.46 /short ton 2022  
Delivered to Electric Power Sector W $ 2.49 /million Btu Mar-24  
Electricity Texas U.S. Average Period find more
Residential 14.92 cents/kWh 16.68 cents/kWh Mar-24 find more
Commercial 8.78 cents/kWh 12.76 cents/kWh Mar-24 find more
Industrial 5.72 cents/kWh 7.73 cents/kWh Mar-24 find more
Reserves  
Reserves Texas Share of U.S. Period find more
Crude Oil (as of Dec. 31) 17,031 million barrels 41.4% 2021 find more
Expected Future Production of Dry Natural Gas (as of Dec. 31) 133,169 billion cu ft 22.6% 2021 find more
Expected Future Production of Natural Gas Plant Liquids 12,158 million barrels 46.4% 2021 find more
Recoverable Coal at Producing Mines 275 million short tons 2.4% 2022 find more
Rotary Rigs & Wells Texas Share of U.S. Period find more
Natural Gas Producing Wells 118,957 wells 24.6% 2020 find more
Capacity Texas Share of U.S. Period
Crude Oil Refinery Capacity (as of Jan. 1) 5,975,969 barrels/calendar day 33.1% 2023  
Electric Power Industry Net Summer Capacity 157,356 MW 13.2% Mar-24  
Supply & Distribution  
Production Texas Share of U.S. Period find more
Total Energy 23,844 trillion Btu 24.2% 2021 find more
Crude Oil 5,584 thousand barrels per day 42.4% Mar-24 find more
Natural Gas - Marketed 10,828,515 million cu ft 27.5% 2022 find more
Coal 17,084 thousand short tons 2.9% 2022 find more
Total Utility-Scale Net Electricity Generation Texas Share of U.S. Period find more
Total Net Electricity Generation 40,136 thousand MWh 12.4% Mar-24  
Utility-Scale Net Electricity Generation (share of total) Texas U.S. Average Period
Petroleum-Fired * 0.3 % Mar-24 find more
Natural Gas-Fired 47.4 % 40.3 % Mar-24 find more
Coal-Fired 8.0 % 11.9 % Mar-24 find more
Nuclear 7.6 % 19.6 % Mar-24 find more
Renewables 36.4 % 27.6 % Mar-24  
Stocks Texas Share of U.S. Period find more
Motor Gasoline (Excludes Pipelines) 3,709 thousand barrels 34.4% Mar-24  
Distillate Fuel Oil (Excludes Pipelines) 19,447 thousand barrels 21.0% Mar-24 find more
Natural Gas in Underground Storage 721,213 million cu ft 10.7% Mar-24 find more
Petroleum Stocks at Electric Power Producers 1,430 thousand barrels 6.4% Mar-24 find more
Coal Stocks at Electric Power Producers 14,527 thousand tons 10.9% Mar-24 find more
Fueling Stations Texas Share of U.S. Period
Motor Gasoline 10,904 stations 9.8% 2021  
Propane 326 stations 13.6% May-24  
Electric Vehicle Charging Locations 3,162 stations 5.0% May-24  
E85 259 stations 5.9% May-24  
Biodiesel, Compressed Natural Gas, and Other Alternative Fuels 76 stations 2.7% May-24  
Consumption & Expenditures  
Summary Texas U.S. Rank Period
Total Consumption 13,781 trillion Btu 1 2022 find more
Total Consumption per Capita 486 million Btu 6 2021 find more
Total Expenditures $ 202,632 million 1 2022 find more
Total Expenditures per Capita $ 5,469 5 2021 find more
by End-Use Sector Texas Share of U.S. Period
Consumption
    »  Residential 1,633 trillion Btu 8.4% 2022 find more
    »  Commercial 1,546 trillion Btu 9.3% 2022 find more
    »  Industrial 7,338 trillion Btu 23.6% 2022 find more
    »  Transportation 3,269 trillion Btu 11.8% 2022 find more
Expenditures
    »  Residential $ 27,940 million 8.4% 2022 find more
    »  Commercial $ 18,373 million 7.6% 2022 find more
    »  Industrial $ 66,554 million 23.3% 2022 find more
    »  Transportation $ 89,764 million 10.4% 2022 find more
by Source Texas Share of U.S. Period
Consumption
    »  Petroleum 1,537 million barrels 21.0% 2022 find more
    »  Natural Gas 4,889 billion cu ft 15.2% 2022 find more
    »  Coal 59,340 thousand short tons 11.5% 2022 find more
Expenditures
    »  Petroleum $ 138,675 million 13.2% 2022 find more
    »  Natural Gas $ 28,154 million 10.4% 2022 find more
    »  Coal $ 2,157 million 8.1% 2022 find more
Consumption for Electricity Generation Texas Share of U.S. Period find more
Petroleum 30 thousand barrels 2.1% Mar-24 find more
Natural Gas 135,408 million cu ft 14.4% Mar-24 find more
Coal 2,260 thousand tons 10.2% Mar-24 find more
Energy Source Used for Home Heating (share of households) Texas U.S. Average Period
Natural Gas 34.2 % 46.2 % 2022  
Fuel Oil 0.1 % 3.9 % 2022  
Electricity 61.5 % 41.3 % 2022  
Propane 2.9 % 5.0 % 2022  
Other/None 1.3 % 3.5 % 2022  
Environment  
Renewable Energy Capacity Texas Share of U.S. Period find more
Total Renewable Energy Electricity Net Summer Capacity 59,137 MW 17.3% Mar-24  
Ethanol Plant Nameplate Capacity 380 million gal/year 2.2% 2023  
Renewable Energy Production Texas Share of U.S. Period find more
Utility-Scale Hydroelectric Net Electricity Generation 92 thousand MWh 0.4% Mar-24  
Utility-Scale Solar, Wind, and Geothermal Net Electricity Generation 14,434 thousand MWh 23.1% Mar-24  
Utility-Scale Biomass Net Electricity Generation 73 thousand MWh 2.0% Mar-24  
Small-Scale Solar Photovoltaic Generation 420 thousand MWh 5.9% Mar-24  
Fuel Ethanol Production 6,974 thousand barrels 2.0% 2021  
Renewable Energy Consumption Texas U.S. Rank Period find more
Renewable Energy Consumption as a Share of State Total 9.0 % 32 2021  
Fuel Ethanol Consumption 35,458 thousand barrels 1 2021  
Total Emissions Texas Share of U.S. Period find more
Carbon Dioxide 663.5 million metric tons 13.5% 2021  
Electric Power Industry Emissions Texas Share of U.S. Period find more
Carbon Dioxide 213,621 thousand metric tons 12.9% 2022  
Sulfur Dioxide 126 thousand metric tons 11.7% 2022  
Nitrogen Oxide 157 thousand metric tons 12.8% 2022  

Notes & Sources

-- = No data reported.
*  = Value is less than half of the smallest unit of measure (e.g., for values with no decimals, the smallest unit is 1 then values less than 0.5 are shown as *.)
NA = Not available.
NM = Not meaningful due to large relative standard error or excessive percentage change.
W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data.
Note: Small differences between source data and values displayed here may be due to independent rounding.
Note: Components of "Utility-scale net electricity generation (share of total)" may not add to 100% because "Total utility-scale net electricity generation" includes net generation from petroleum coke, pumped storage hydroelectric, other gases, and other energy sources, which are not shown separately.
Note: Territory data may be estimates based on EIA's Short-Term Energy Outlook.