U.S. Energy Information Administration logo
Skip to sub-navigation
‹ U.S. States

Texas   Texas Profile

State Profile and Energy Estimates

Visit EIA's U.S. Energy Atlas, our new interface for web map applications and geospatial data catalogue.

Profile DataPrint State Energy Profile
(overview, data, & analysis)

Last Update: November 17, 2022 | Next Update: December 15, 2022                                                                                                                                                 See full record of updates

Data in this section highlight only a small number of the many series available for this state. Use the "more" links on this page or the "Find" tool to access EIA's additional state-level data.

+ EXPAND ALL
Energy Indicators  
Demography Texas Share of U.S. Period
Population 29.5 million 8.9% 2021  
Civilian Labor Force 14.5 million 8.8% Sep-22  
Economy Texas U.S. Rank Period
Gross Domestic Product $ 1,985.3 billion 2 2021  
Gross Domestic Product for the Manufacturing Sector $ 231,999 million 2 2021  
Per Capita Personal Income $ 59,674 25 2021  
Vehicle Miles Traveled 260,582 million miles 2 2020  
Land in Farms 127.0 million acres 1 2017  
Climate Texas U.S. Rank Period
Average Temperature 66.1 degrees Fahrenheit 3 2021  
Precipitation 28.9 inches 34 2021  
Prices  
Petroleum Texas U.S. Average Period find more
Domestic Crude Oil First Purchase $ 94.50 /barrel $ 93.75 /barrel Aug-22  
Natural Gas Texas U.S. Average Period find more
City Gate $ 10.07 /thousand cu ft $ 10.49 /thousand cu ft Aug-22 find more
Residential $ 33.69 /thousand cu ft $ 25.61 /thousand cu ft Aug-22 find more
Coal Texas U.S. Average Period find more
Average Sales Price $ 20.40 /short ton $ 36.50 /short ton 2021  
Delivered to Electric Power Sector W $ 2.51 /million Btu Aug-22  
Electricity Texas U.S. Average Period find more
Residential 13.93 cents/kWh 15.95 cents/kWh Aug-22 find more
Commercial 10.04 cents/kWh 13.45 cents/kWh Aug-22 find more
Industrial 7.62 cents/kWh 9.72 cents/kWh Aug-22 find more
Reserves  
Reserves Texas Share of U.S. Period find more
Crude Oil (as of Dec. 31) 15,612 million barrels 43.6% 2020 find more
Expected Future Production of Dry Natural Gas (as of Dec. 31) 102,370 billion cu ft 23.0% 2020 find more
Expected Future Production of Natural Gas Plant Liquids 9,467 million barrels 45.7% 2020 find more
Recoverable Coal at Producing Mines 292 million short tons 2.4% 2021 find more
Rotary Rigs & Wells Texas Share of U.S. Period find more
Natural Gas Producing Wells 118,957 wells 24.6% 2020 find more
Capacity Texas Share of U.S. Period
Crude Oil Refinery Capacity (as of Jan. 1) 5,948,529 barrels/calendar day 33.2% 2022  
Electric Power Industry Net Summer Capacity 143,245 MW 12.4% Aug-22  
Supply & Distribution  
Production Texas Share of U.S. Period find more
Total Energy 23,329 trillion Btu 24.4% 2020 find more
Crude Oil 5,096 thousand barrels per day 42.6% Aug-22 find more
Natural Gas - Marketed 9,875,390 million cu ft 26.5% 2021 find more
Coal 17,250 thousand short tons 3.0% 2021 find more
Total Utility-Scale Net Electricity Generation Texas Share of U.S. Period find more
Total Net Electricity Generation 52,082 thousand MWh 12.6% Aug-22  
Utility-Scale Net Electricity Generation (share of total) Texas U.S. Average Period
Petroleum-Fired * 0.2 % Aug-22 find more
Natural Gas-Fired 58.0 % 45.7 % Aug-22 find more
Coal-Fired 16.8 % 20.5 % Aug-22 find more
Nuclear 7.1 % 16.6 % Aug-22 find more
Renewables 17.6 % 16.4 % Aug-22  
Stocks Texas Share of U.S. Period find more
Motor Gasoline (Excludes Pipelines) 3,577 thousand barrels 29.5% Aug-22  
Distillate Fuel Oil (Excludes Pipelines) 19,195 thousand barrels 22.6% Aug-22 find more
Natural Gas in Underground Storage 633,255 million cu ft 8.9% Aug-22 find more
Petroleum Stocks at Electric Power Producers 649 thousand barrels 3.1% Aug-22 find more
Coal Stocks at Electric Power Producers 6,886 thousand tons 9.0% Aug-22 find more
Fueling Stations Texas Share of U.S. Period
Motor Gasoline 11,388 stations 10.1% 2019  
Propane 352 stations 14.1% 2022  
Electricity 2,189 stations 4.7% 2022  
E85 264 stations 6.4% 2022  
Compressed Natural Gas and Other Alternative Fuels 91 stations 7.0% 2022  
Consumption & Expenditures  
Summary Texas U.S. Rank Period
Total Consumption 13,481 trillion Btu 1 2020 find more
Total Consumption per Capita 461 million Btu 6 2020 find more
Total Expenditures $ 108,196 million 2 2020 find more
Total Expenditures per Capita $ 3,703 10 2020 find more
by End-Use Sector Texas Share of U.S. Period
Consumption
    »  Residential 1,744 trillion Btu 8.5% 2020 find more
    »  Commercial 1,631 trillion Btu 9.7% 2020 find more
    »  Industrial 7,266 trillion Btu 23.2% 2020 find more
    »  Transportation 2,840 trillion Btu 11.7% 2020 find more
Expenditures
    »  Residential $ 21,054 million 8.1% 2020 find more
    »  Commercial $ 12,865 million 7.4% 2020 find more
    »  Industrial $ 34,347 million 20.6% 2020 find more
    »  Transportation $ 39,930 million 9.8% 2020 find more
by Source Texas Share of U.S. Period
Consumption
    »  Petroleum 1,432 million barrels 21.5% 2020 find more
    »  Natural Gas 4,609 billion cu ft 15.1% 2020 find more
    »  Coal 56 million short tons 11.8% 2020 find more
Expenditures
    »  Petroleum $ 66,034 million 13.1% 2020 find more
    »  Natural Gas $ 10,636 million 7.9% 2020 find more
    »  Coal $ 1,792 million 9.2% 2020 find more
Consumption for Electricity Generation Texas Share of U.S. Period find more
Petroleum 6 thousand barrels 0.3% Aug-22 find more
Natural Gas 222,975 million cu ft 15.9% Aug-22 find more
Coal 5,991 thousand short tons 12.4% Aug-22 find more
Energy Source Used for Home Heating (share of households) Texas U.S. Average Period
Natural Gas 33.8 % 46.5 % 2021  
Fuel Oil 0.1 % 4.1 % 2021  
Electricity 61.9 % 41.0 % 2021  
Propane 3.0 % 5.0 % 2021  
Other/None 1.2 % 3.5 % 2021  
Environment  
Renewable Energy Capacity Texas Share of U.S. Period find more
Total Renewable Energy Electricity Net Summer Capacity 47,203 MW 15.8% Aug-22  
Ethanol Plant Nameplate Capacity 380 million gal/year 2.2% 2022  
Renewable Energy Production Texas Share of U.S. Period find more
Utility-Scale Hydroelectric Net Electricity Generation 88 thousand MWh 0.4% Aug-22  
Utility-Scale Solar, Wind, and Geothermal Net Electricity Generation 8,943 thousand MWh 22.3% Aug-22  
Utility-Scale Biomass Net Electricity Generation 154 thousand MWh 3.2% Aug-22  
Small-Scale Solar Photovoltaic Generation 330 thousand MWh 5.4% Aug-22  
Fuel Ethanol Production 5,549 thousand barrels 1.7% 2020  
Renewable Energy Consumption Texas U.S. Rank Period find more
Renewable Energy Consumption as a Share of State Total 8.5 % 31 2020  
Fuel Ethanol Consumption 31,926 thousand barrels 1 2020  
Total Emissions Texas Share of U.S. Period find more
Carbon Dioxide 683.2 million metric tons 13.2% 2019  
Electric Power Industry Emissions Texas Share of U.S. Period find more
Carbon Dioxide 202,445 thousand metric tons 13.0% 2020  
Sulfur Dioxide 127 thousand metric tons 12.4% 2020  
Nitrogen Oxide 144 thousand metric tons 11.9% 2020  

Notes & Sources

-- = No data reported.
*  = Value is less than half of the smallest unit of measure (e.g., for values with no decimals, the smallest unit is 1 then values less than 0.5 are shown as *.)
NA = Not available.
NM = Not meaningful due to large relative standard error or excessive percentage change.
W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data.
Note: Small differences between source data and values displayed here may be due to independent rounding.
Note: Components of "Utility-scale net electricity generation (share of total)" may not add to 100% because "Total utility-scale net electricity generation" includes net generation from petroleum coke, pumped storage hydroelectric, other gases, and other energy sources, which are not shown separately.