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Texas   Texas Profile

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Last Update: October 21, 2021 | Next Update: November 18, 2021                                                                                                                                                 See full record of updates

Data in this section highlight only a small number of the many series available for this state. Use the "more" links on this page or the "Find" tool to access EIA's additional state-level data.

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Energy Indicators  
Demography Texas Share of U.S. Period
Population 29.4 million 8.9% 2020  
Civilian Labor Force 14.2 million 8.8% Aug-21  
Economy Texas U.S. Rank Period
Gross Domestic Product $ 1,759.7 billion 2 2020  
Gross Domestic Product for the Manufacturing Sector $ 231,101 million 2 2020  
Per Capita Personal Income $ 54,841 29 2020  
Vehicle Miles Traveled 288,227 million miles 2 2019  
Land in Farms 127.0 million acres 1 2017  
Climate Texas U.S. Rank Period
Average Temperature 66.8 degrees Fahrenheit 3 2020  
Precipitation 26.1 inches 35 2020  
Prices  
Petroleum Texas U.S. Average Period find more
Domestic Crude Oil First Purchase $ 70.78 /barrel $ 70.15 /barrel Jul-21  
Natural Gas Texas U.S. Average Period find more
City Gate $ 4.29 /thousand cu ft $ 5.61 /thousand cu ft Jul-21 find more
Residential $ 22.81 /thousand cu ft $ 19.94 /thousand cu ft Jul-21 find more
Coal Texas U.S. Average Period find more
Average Sales Price $ 17.98 /short ton $ 31.41 /short ton 2020  
Delivered to Electric Power Sector W $ 2.01 /million Btu Jul-21  
Electricity Texas U.S. Average Period find more
Residential 11.75 cents/kWh 13.90 cents/kWh Jul-21 find more
Commercial 8.09 cents/kWh 11.57 cents/kWh Jul-21 find more
Industrial 5.20 cents/kWh 7.53 cents/kWh Jul-21 find more
Reserves  
Reserves Texas Share of U.S. Period find more
Crude Oil (as of Dec. 31) 18,622 million barrels 42.1% 2019 find more
Expected Future Production of Dry Natural Gas (as of Dec. 31) 113,736 billion cu ft 24.4% 2019 find more
Expected Future Production of Natural Gas Plant Liquids 9,175 million barrels 42.4% 2019 find more
Recoverable Coal at Producing Mines 316 million short tons 2.4% 2020 find more
Rotary Rigs & Wells Texas Share of U.S. Period find more
Natural Gas Producing Wells 118,957 wells 24.6% 2020 find more
Capacity Texas Share of U.S. Period
Crude Oil Refinery Capacity (as of Jan. 1) 5,855,529 barrels/calendar day 30.9% 2020  
Electric Power Industry Net Summer Capacity 134,603 MW 11.9% Jul-21  
Supply & Distribution  
Production Texas Share of U.S. Period find more
Total Energy 23,472 trillion Btu 23.1% 2019 find more
Crude Oil 4,810 thousand barrels per day 42.5% Jul-21 find more
Natural Gas - Marketed 9,336,110 million cu ft 25.8% 2020 find more
Coal 19,682 thousand short tons 3.7% 2020 find more
Total Utility-Scale Net Electricity Generation Texas Share of U.S. Period find more
Total Net Electricity Generation 48,122 thousand MWh 11.9% Jul-21  
Utility-Scale Net Electricity Generation (share of total) Texas U.S. Average Period
Petroleum-Fired * 0.2 % Jul-21 find more
Natural Gas-Fired 55.5 % 41.8 % Jul-21 find more
Coal-Fired 20.6 % 25.1 % Jul-21 find more
Nuclear 7.6 % 17.0 % Jul-21 find more
Renewables 15.8 % 15.4 % Jul-21  
Stocks Texas Share of U.S. Period find more
Motor Gasoline (Excludes Pipelines) 3,867 thousand barrels 29.0% Jul-21  
Distillate Fuel Oil (Excludes Pipelines) 27,283 thousand barrels 25.5% Jul-21 find more
Natural Gas in Underground Storage 655,170 million cu ft 9.1% Jul-21 find more
Petroleum Stocks at Electric Power Producers 635 thousand barrels 2.8% Jul-21 find more
Coal Stocks at Electric Power Producers 7,251 thousand tons 7.5% Jul-21 find more
Fueling Stations Texas Share of U.S. Period
Motor Gasoline 11,388 stations 10.1% 2019  
Propane 395 stations 14.6% 2021  
Electricity 1,957 stations 4.8% 2021  
E85 233 stations 6.3% 2021  
Compressed Natural Gas and Other Alternative Fuels 93 stations 7.4% 2021  
Consumption & Expenditures  
Summary Texas U.S. Rank Period
Total Consumption 14,227 trillion Btu 1 2019 find more
Total Consumption per Capita 491 million Btu 6 2019 find more
Total Expenditures $ 137,950 million 2 2019 find more
Total Expenditures per Capita $ 4,759 6 2019 find more
by End-Use Sector Texas Share of U.S. Period
Consumption
    »  Residential 1,767 trillion Btu 8.4% 2019 find more
    »  Commercial 1,627 trillion Btu 9.0% 2019 find more
    »  Industrial 7,499 trillion Btu 22.9% 2019 find more
    »  Transportation 3,334 trillion Btu 11.7% 2019 find more
Expenditures
    »  Residential $ 21,252 million 8.0% 2019 find more
    »  Commercial $ 13,503 million 7.1% 2019 find more
    »  Industrial $ 44,105 million 22.3% 2019 find more
    »  Transportation $ 59,090 million 10.3% 2019 find more
by Source Texas Share of U.S. Period
Consumption
    »  Petroleum 1,555 million barrels 20.7% 2019 find more
    »  Natural Gas 4,663 billion cu ft 15.0% 2019 find more
    »  Coal 64 million short tons 10.9% 2019 find more
Expenditures
    »  Petroleum $ 93,648 million 13.4% 2019 find more
    »  Natural Gas $ 12,335 million 8.2% 2019 find more
    »  Coal $ 1,999 million 7.9% 2019 find more
Consumption for Electricity Generation Texas Share of U.S. Period find more
Petroleum 5 thousand barrels 0.3% Jul-21 find more
Natural Gas 200,981 million cu ft 16.0% Jul-21 find more
Coal 6,792 thousand short tons 12.1% Jul-21 find more
Energy Source Used for Home Heating (share of households) Texas U.S. Average Period
Natural Gas 35.0 % 47.8 % 2019  
Fuel Oil 0.1 % 4.4 % 2019  
Electricity 61.1 % 39.5 % 2019  
Propane 2.8 % 4.8 % 2019  
Other/None 0.9 % 3.5 % 2019  
Environment  
Renewable Energy Capacity Texas Share of U.S. Period find more
Total Renewable Energy Electricity Net Summer Capacity 39,955 MW 14.5% Jul-21  
Ethanol Plant Nameplate Capacity 405 million gal/year 2.3% 2021  
Renewable Energy Production Texas Share of U.S. Period find more
Utility-Scale Hydroelectric Net Electricity Generation 155 thousand MWh 0.7% Jul-21  
Utility-Scale Solar, Wind, and Geothermal Net Electricity Generation 7,275 thousand MWh 20.9% Jul-21  
Utility-Scale Biomass Net Electricity Generation 154 thousand MWh 3.2% Jul-21  
Small-Scale Solar Photovoltaic Generation 226 thousand MWh 4.3% Jul-21  
Fuel Ethanol Production 7,165 thousand barrels 1.9% 2019  
Renewable Energy Consumption Texas U.S. Rank Period find more
Renewable Energy Consumption as a Share of State Total 7.5 % 31 2019  
Fuel Ethanol Consumption 36,641 thousand barrels 2 2019  
Total Emissions Texas Share of U.S. Period find more
Carbon Dioxide 701.9 million metric tons 13.3% 2018  
Electric Power Industry Emissions Texas Share of U.S. Period find more
Carbon Dioxide 217,556 thousand metric tons 12.6% 2019  
Sulfur Dioxide 143 thousand metric tons 11.3% 2019  
Nitrogen Oxide 163 thousand metric tons 12.2% 2019  

Notes & Sources

-- = No data reported.
*  = Value is less than half of the smallest unit of measure (e.g., for values with no decimals, the smallest unit is 1 then values less than 0.5 are shown as *.)
NA = Not available.
NM = Not meaningful due to large relative standard error or excessive percentage change.
W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data.
Note: Small differences between source data and values displayed here may be due to independent rounding.
Note: Components of "Utility-scale net electricity generation (share of total)" may not add to 100% because "Total utility-scale net electricity generation" includes net generation from petroleum coke, pumped storage hydroelectric, other gases, and other energy sources, which are not shown separately.