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Vermont   Vermont Profile

State Profile and Energy Estimates

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Last Update: April 15, 2021 | Next Update: May 20, 2021                                                                                                                                                 See full record of updates

Data in this section highlight only a small number of the many series available for this state. Use the "more" links on this page or the "Find" tool to access EIA's additional state-level data.

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Energy Indicators  
Demography Vermont Share of U.S. Period
Population 0.6 million 0.2% 2020  
Civilian Labor Force 0.3 million 0.2% Feb-21  
Economy Vermont U.S. Rank Period
Gross Domestic Product $ 34.8 billion 51 2019  
Gross Domestic Product for the Manufacturing Sector $ 3,232 million 47 2019  
Per Capita Personal Income $ 58,650 20 2020  
Vehicle Miles Traveled 7,346 million miles 49 2019  
Land in Farms 1.2 million acres 42 2017  
Climate Vermont U.S. Rank Period
Average Temperature 44.8 degrees Fahrenheit 42 2020  
Precipitation 40.1 inches 27 2020  
Prices  
Petroleum Vermont U.S. Average Period find more
Domestic Crude Oil First Purchase -- $ 49.76 /barrel Jan-21  
Natural Gas Vermont U.S. Average Period find more
City Gate $ 3.82 /thousand cu ft $ 3.45 /thousand cu ft Jan-21 find more
Residential $ 12.01 /thousand cu ft $ 9.74 /thousand cu ft Jan-21 find more
Coal Vermont U.S. Average Period find more
Average Sales Price -- $ 36.07 /short ton 2019  
Delivered to Electric Power Sector 0 $/million Btu $ 1.90 /million Btu Jan-21  
Electricity Vermont U.S. Average Period find more
Residential 18.38 cents/kWh 12.69 cents/kWh Jan-21 find more
Commercial 15.91 cents/kWh 10.31 cents/kWh Jan-21 find more
Industrial 11.11 cents/kWh 6.35 cents/kWh Jan-21 find more
Reserves  
Reserves Vermont Share of U.S. Period find more
Crude Oil (as of Dec. 31) -- -- 2019 find more
Expected Future Production of Dry Natural Gas (as of Dec. 31) -- -- 2019 find more
Expected Future Production of Natural Gas Plant Liquids -- -- 2019 find more
Recoverable Coal at Producing Mines -- -- 2019 find more
Rotary Rigs & Wells Vermont Share of U.S. Period find more
Natural Gas Producing Wells -- -- 2019 find more
Capacity Vermont Share of U.S. Period
Crude Oil Refinery Capacity (as of Jan. 1) -- -- 2020  
Electric Power Industry Net Summer Capacity 834 MW 0.1% Jan-21  
Supply & Distribution  
Production Vermont Share of U.S. Period find more
Total Energy 41 trillion Btu * 2018 find more
Crude Oil -- -- Jan-21 find more
Natural Gas - Marketed -- -- 2019 find more
Coal -- -- 2019 find more
Total Utility-Scale Net Electricity Generation Vermont Share of U.S. Period find more
Total Net Electricity Generation 184 thousand MWh 0.1% Jan-21  
Utility-Scale Net Electricity Generation (share of total) Vermont U.S. Average Period
Petroleum-Fired NM 0.3 % Jan-21 find more
Natural Gas-Fired 0.1 % 35.7 % Jan-21 find more
Coal-Fired 0 % 23.3 % Jan-21 find more
Nuclear 0 % 20.5 % Jan-21 find more
Renewables 99.8 % 19.6 % Jan-21  
Stocks Vermont Share of U.S. Period find more
Motor Gasoline (Excludes Pipelines) -- -- Jan-21  
Distillate Fuel Oil (Excludes Pipelines) 150 thousand barrels 0.1% Jan-21 find more
Natural Gas in Underground Storage -- -- Jan-21 find more
Petroleum Stocks at Electric Power Producers 31 thousand barrels 0.1% Jan-21 find more
Coal Stocks at Electric Power Producers 0 thousand tons 0.0% Jan-21 find more
Fueling Stations Vermont Share of U.S. Period
Motor Gasoline 416 stations 0.4% 2018  
Propane 1 stations * 2021  
Electricity 281 stations 0.7% 2021  
E85 0 stations 0.0% 2021  
Compressed Natural Gas and Other Alternative Fuels 3 stations 0.2% 2021  
Consumption & Expenditures  
Summary Vermont U.S. Rank Period
Total Consumption 139 trillion Btu 51 2018 find more
Total Consumption per Capita 223 million Btu 43 2018 find more
Total Expenditures $ 2,844 million 50 2018 find more
Total Expenditures per Capita $ 4,555 14 2018 find more
by End-Use Sector Vermont Share of U.S. Period
Consumption
    »  Residential 48 trillion Btu 0.2% 2018 find more
    »  Commercial 28 trillion Btu 0.1% 2018 find more
    »  Industrial 18 trillion Btu 0.1% 2018 find more
    »  Transportation 45 trillion Btu 0.2% 2018 find more
Expenditures
    »  Residential $ 961 million 0.4% 2018 find more
    »  Commercial $ 508 million 0.3% 2018 find more
    »  Industrial $ 312 million 0.1% 2018 find more
    »  Transportation $ 1,063 million 0.2% 2018 find more
by Source Vermont Share of U.S. Period
Consumption
    »  Petroleum 15 million barrels 0.2% 2018 find more
    »  Natural Gas 14 billion cu ft * 2019 find more
    »  Coal 0 million short tons 0.0% 2019 find more
Expenditures
    »  Petroleum $ 1,815 million 0.2% 2018 find more
    »  Natural Gas $ 108 million 0.1% 2019 find more
    »  Coal $ 0 million 0.0% 2019 find more
Consumption for Electricity Generation Vermont Share of U.S. Period find more
Petroleum NM NM Jan-21 find more
Natural Gas 1 million cu ft * Jan-21 find more
Coal 0 thousand short tons 0.0% Jan-21 find more
Energy Source Used for Home Heating (share of households) Vermont U.S. Average Period
Natural Gas 18.6 % 47.8 % 2019  
Fuel Oil 41.4 % 4.4 % 2019  
Electricity 6.4 % 39.5 % 2019  
Propane 18.4 % 4.8 % 2019  
Other/None 15.3 % 3.5 % 2019  
Environment  
Renewable Energy Capacity Vermont Share of U.S. Period find more
Total Renewable Energy Electricity Net Summer Capacity 687 MW 0.3% Jan-21  
Ethanol Plant Nameplate Capacity -- -- 2020  
Renewable Energy Production Vermont Share of U.S. Period find more
Utility-Scale Hydroelectric Net Electricity Generation 118 thousand MWh 0.4% Jan-21  
Utility-Scale Solar, Wind, and Geothermal Net Electricity Generation 28 thousand MWh 0.1% Jan-21  
Utility-Scale Biomass Net Electricity Generation 38 thousand MWh 0.8% Jan-21  
Small-Scale Solar Photovoltaic Generation 10 thousand MWh 0.4% Jan-21  
Fuel Ethanol Production 0 thousand barrels 0.0% 2018  
Renewable Energy Consumption Vermont U.S. Rank Period find more
Renewable Energy Consumption as a Share of State Total 31.8 % 7 2018  
Fuel Ethanol Consumption 719 thousand barrels 49 2019  
Total Emissions Vermont Share of U.S. Period find more
Carbon Dioxide 6.0 million metric tons 0.1% 2017  
Electric Power Industry Emissions Vermont Share of U.S. Period find more
Carbon Dioxide 7 thousand metric tons * 2019  
Sulfur Dioxide * * 2019  
Nitrogen Oxide 1 thousand metric tons 0.1% 2019  

Notes & Sources

-- = No data reported.
*  = Value is less than half of the smallest unit of measure (e.g., for values with no decimals, the smallest unit is 1 then values less than 0.5 are shown as *.)
NA = Not available.
NM = Not meaningful due to large relative standard error or excessive percentage change.
W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data.
Note: Small differences between source data and values displayed here may be due to independent rounding.
Note: Components of "Utility-scale net electricity generation (share of total)" may not add to 100% because "Total utility-scale net electricity generation" includes net generation from petroleum coke, pumped storage hydroelectric, other gases, and other energy sources, which are not shown separately.