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State Profiles and Energy Estimates

Changes to the State Energy Data System (SEDS) Notice: In October 2023, we updated the way we calculate primary energy consumption of electricity generation from noncombustible renewable energy sources (solar, wind, hydroelectric, and geothermal). Visit our Changes to 1960—2022 conversion factor for renewable energy page to learn more.

Profile DataPrint State Energy Profile
(overview, data, & analysis)

Last Update: May 16, 2024 Next Update: June 20, 2024                                                                                                                                               See full record of updates

Data in this section highlight only a small number of the many series available for this state. Use the "more" links on this page or the "Find" tool to access EIA's additional state-level data.

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Energy Indicators  
Demography United States Share of U.S. Period
Population 334.9 million 100.0% 2023  
Civilian Labor Force 168.0 million 100.0% Mar-24  
Economy United States U.S. Rank Period
Gross Domestic Product $ 27,360.9 billion 2023  
Gross Domestic Product for the Manufacturing Sector $ 2,804,722 million 2023  
Per Capita Personal Income $ 68,531 2023  
Vehicle Miles Traveled 3,196,191 million miles 2022  
Land in Farms 878.6 million acres 2023  
Climate United States U.S. Rank Period
Average Temperature 54.4 degrees Fahrenheit 2023  
Precipitation 29.5 inches 2023  
Prices  
Petroleum United States U.S. Average Period find more
Domestic Crude Oil First Purchase $ 74.83 /barrel $ 74.83 /barrel Feb-24  
Natural Gas United States U.S. Average Period find more
City Gate $ 4.52 /thousand cu ft $ 4.52 /thousand cu ft Feb-24 find more
Residential $ 13.25 /thousand cu ft $ 13.25 /thousand cu ft Feb-24 find more
Coal United States U.S. Average Period find more
Average Sales Price $ 54.46 /short ton $ 54.46 /short ton 2022  
Delivered to Electric Power Sector $ 2.48 /million Btu $ 2.48 /million Btu Feb-24  
Electricity United States U.S. Average Period find more
Residential 16.10 cents/kWh 16.10 cents/kWh Feb-24 find more
Commercial 12.81 cents/kWh 12.81 cents/kWh Feb-24 find more
Industrial 7.81 cents/kWh 7.81 cents/kWh Feb-24 find more
Reserves  
Reserves United States Share of U.S. Period find more
Crude Oil (as of Dec. 31) 41,151 million barrels 100.0% 2021 find more
Expected Future Production of Dry Natural Gas (as of Dec. 31) 589,236 billion cu ft 100.0% 2021 find more
Expected Future Production of Natural Gas Plant Liquids 26,183 million barrels 100.0% 2021 find more
Recoverable Coal at Producing Mines 11,288 million short tons 100.0% 2022 find more
Rotary Rigs & Wells United States Share of U.S. Period find more
Natural Gas Producing Wells 483,326 wells 100.0% 2020 find more
Capacity United States Share of U.S. Period
Crude Oil Refinery Capacity (as of Jan. 1) 18,060,369 barrels/calendar day 100.0% 2023  
Electric Power Industry Net Summer Capacity 1,191,948 MW 100.0% Feb-24  
Supply & Distribution  
Production United States Share of U.S. Period find more
Total Energy 98,361 trillion Btu 100.0% 2021 find more
Crude Oil 13,154 thousand barrels per day 100.0% Feb-24 find more
Natural Gas - Marketed 39,428,350 million cu ft 100.0% 2022 find more
Coal 594,586 thousand short tons 100.0% 2022 find more
Total Utility-Scale Net Electricity Generation United States Share of U.S. Period find more
Total Net Electricity Generation 320,280 thousand MWh 100.0% Feb-24  
Utility-Scale Net Electricity Generation (share of total) United States U.S. Average Period
Petroleum-Fired 0.2 % 0.2 % Feb-24 find more
Natural Gas-Fired 40.9 % 40.9 % Feb-24 find more
Coal-Fired 13.8 % 13.8 % Feb-24 find more
Nuclear 20.2 % 20.2 % Feb-24 find more
Renewables 24.5 % 24.5 % Feb-24  
Stocks United States Share of U.S. Period find more
Motor Gasoline (Excludes Pipelines) 12,055 thousand barrels 100.0% Feb-24  
Distillate Fuel Oil (Excludes Pipelines) 89,651 thousand barrels 100.0% Feb-24 find more
Natural Gas in Underground Storage 6,818,144 million cu ft 100.0% Feb-24 find more
Petroleum Stocks at Electric Power Producers 22,410 thousand barrels 100.0% Feb-24 find more
Coal Stocks at Electric Power Producers 127,107 thousand tons 100.0% Feb-24 find more
Fueling Stations United States Share of U.S. Period
Motor Gasoline 110,925 stations 100.0% 2021  
Propane 2,421 stations 100.0% Apr-24  
Electric Vehicle Charging Locations 62,514 stations 100.0% Apr-24  
E85 4,363 stations 100.0% Apr-24  
Biodiesel, Compressed Natural Gas, and Other Alternative Fuels 2,830 stations 100.0% Apr-24  
Consumption & Expenditures  
Summary United States U.S. Rank Period
Total Consumption 97,547 trillion Btu 2021 find more
Total Consumption per Capita 295 million Btu 2021 find more
Total Expenditures $ 1,317,098 million 2021 find more
Total Expenditures per Capita $ 3,967 2021 find more
by End-Use Sector United States Share of U.S. Period
Consumption
    »  Residential 20,808 trillion Btu 100.0% 2021 find more
    »  Commercial 17,423 trillion Btu 100.0% 2021 find more
    »  Industrial 32,498 trillion Btu 100.0% 2021 find more
    »  Transportation 27,072 trillion Btu 100.0% 2021 find more
Expenditures
    »  Residential $ 282,241 million 100.0% 2021 find more
    »  Commercial $ 199,002 million 100.0% 2021 find more
    »  Industrial $ 231,772 million 100.0% 2021 find more
    »  Transportation $ 604,083 million 100.0% 2021 find more
by Source United States Share of U.S. Period
Consumption
    »  Petroleum 7,260 million barrels 100.0% 2021 find more
    »  Natural Gas 32,262 billion cu ft 100.0% 2022 find more
    »  Coal 515,534 thousand short tons 100.0% 2022 find more
Expenditures
    »  Petroleum $ 758,634 million 100.0% 2021 find more
    »  Natural Gas $ 269,473 million 100.0% 2022 find more
    »  Coal $ 26,788 million 100.0% 2022 find more
Consumption for Electricity Generation United States Share of U.S. Period find more
Petroleum 1,423 thousand barrels 100.0% Feb-24 find more
Natural Gas 936,436 million cu ft 100.0% Feb-24 find more
Coal 25,891 thousand tons 100.0% Feb-24 find more
Energy Source Used for Home Heating (share of households) United States U.S. Average Period
Natural Gas 46.2 % 46.2 % 2022  
Fuel Oil 3.9 % 3.9 % 2022  
Electricity 41.3 % 41.3 % 2022  
Propane 5.0 % 5.0 % 2022  
Other/None 3.5 % 3.5 % 2022  
Environment  
Renewable Energy Capacity United States Share of U.S. Period find more
Total Renewable Energy Electricity Net Summer Capacity 337,745 MW 100.0% Feb-24  
Ethanol Plant Nameplate Capacity 17,663 million gal/year 100.0% 2023  
Renewable Energy Production United States Share of U.S. Period find more
Utility-Scale Hydroelectric Net Electricity Generation 19,597 thousand MWh 100.0% Feb-24  
Utility-Scale Solar, Wind, and Geothermal Net Electricity Generation 55,164 thousand MWh 100.0% Feb-24  
Utility-Scale Biomass Net Electricity Generation 3,697 thousand MWh 100.0% Feb-24  
Small-Scale Solar Photovoltaic Generation 5,417 thousand MWh 100.0% Feb-24  
Fuel Ethanol Production 357,517 thousand barrels 100.0% 2021  
Renewable Energy Consumption United States U.S. Rank Period find more
Renewable Energy Consumption as a Share of State Total 12.4 % 2021  
Fuel Ethanol Consumption 332,010 thousand barrels 2021  
Total Emissions United States Share of U.S. Period find more
Carbon Dioxide 4,911.2 million metric tons 100.0% 2021  
Electric Power Industry Emissions United States Share of U.S. Period find more
Carbon Dioxide 1,650,367 thousand metric tons 100.0% 2022  
Sulfur Dioxide 1,079 thousand metric tons 100.0% 2022  
Nitrogen Oxide 1,230 thousand metric tons 100.0% 2022  

Notes & Sources

-- = No data reported.
*  = Value is less than half of the smallest unit of measure (e.g., for values with no decimals, the smallest unit is 1 then values less than 0.5 are shown as *.)
NA = Not available.
NM = Not meaningful due to large relative standard error or excessive percentage change.
W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data.
Note: Small differences between source data and values displayed here may be due to independent rounding.
Note: Components of "Utility-scale net electricity generation (share of total)" may not add to 100% because "Total utility-scale net electricity generation" includes net generation from petroleum coke, pumped storage hydroelectric, other gases, and other energy sources, which are not shown separately.
Note: Territory data may be estimates based on EIA's Short-Term Energy Outlook.