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New Mexico   New Mexico Profile

State Profile and Energy Estimates

Changes to the State Energy Data System (SEDS) Notice: In October 2023, we updated the way we calculate primary energy consumption of electricity generation from noncombustible renewable energy sources (solar, wind, hydroelectric, and geothermal). Visit our Changes to 1960—2022 conversion factor for renewable energy page to learn more.

Profile Overview

Quick Facts

  • In 2022, New Mexico was the nation’s second-largest crude oil-producing state, after Texas. The state accounted for more than 13% of total U.S. crude oil production.
  • In 2022, New Mexico was among the top 10 natural gas-producing states (7th) and accounted for 6% of the nation’s total natural gas gross withdrawals. At the end of 2021, New Mexico had almost 6% of U.S. proved natural gas reserves.
  • At the end of 2021, New Mexico had almost 3% of the nation’s estimated recoverable coal reserves, 10th-largest among the states. The state accounted for almost 2% of total U.S. coal production.
  • In 2022, New Mexico ranked ninth in the nation in electricity generation from wind power. About 35% of New Mexico’s total electricity net generation came from wind in 2022, more than five times the share it contributed in 2015.
  • New Mexico is 1 of 15 states that produce natural gas from coalbeds. In 2021, the state was second only to Colorado in coalbed methane production and accounted for 26% of the nation’s total.

Last Updated: May 18, 2023

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