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South Dakota   South Dakota Profile

State Profile and Energy Estimates

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Profile Overview

Quick Facts

  • South Dakota is the nation's fifth-largest fuel ethanol producer and accounted for about 8% of U.S. total fuel ethanol production in 2019. In 2021, the state ranked fourth in the nation in ethanol production capacity at 1.4 billion gallons annually.
  • In 2021, renewable resources provided about 82% of South Dakota's total utility-scale electricity net generation. Wind surpassed hydroelectric power for the first time and accounted for about 52% of total generation, the second-largest share among the states.
  • Crude oil production in South Dakota has ranged between about 1 million and 2 million barrels per year for four decades. In 2021, production fell to its lowest level since 1981.
  • South Dakota uses less total petroleum than all but two other states and the District of Columbia, but uses more petroleum per capita than about four-fifths of the states.
  • South Dakota‚Äôs total electricity net generation in 2021 was two and a half times greater than it was in 2008, primarily because of increased generation from wind.

Last Updated: June 16, 2022

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