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Puerto Rico   Puerto Rico Profile

Territory Profile and Energy Estimates

Changes to the State Energy Data System (SEDS) Notice: In October 2023, we updated the way we calculate primary energy consumption of electricity generation from noncombustible renewable energy sources (solar, wind, hydroelectric, and geothermal). Visit our Changes to 1960—2022 conversion factor for renewable energy page to learn more.

Profile Overview

Quick Facts

  • Puerto Rico consumes almost 70 times more energy than it produces, and the Commonwealth's energy consumption per capita is roughly one-fourth of the average in the 50 U.S. states.
  • Fossil fuels generate 94% of Puerto Rico's electricity, contributing to the island having a higher average electricity price than any U.S. state, except for Hawaii.
  • Petroleum products account for about three-fifths of Puerto Rico's total energy consumption. However, the island's per capita petroleum consumption is about half the U.S. average.
  • In 2022, petroleum-fired power plants provided 63% of Puerto Rico's electricity generating capacity, followed by natural gas with 23%, coal 8%, and renewables 6%.
  • About 16% of Puerto Rico's electricity is generated by coal. However, the island plans to phase out its coal-fired generation by 2028. PREPA is planning to obtain 100% of its electricity from renewable sources by 2050.

Last Updated: February 15, 2024