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Hawaii   Hawaii Profile

State Profile and Energy Estimates

Changes to the State Energy Data System (SEDS) Notice: In October 2023, we updated the way we calculate primary energy consumption of electricity generation from noncombustible renewable energy sources (solar, wind, hydroelectric, and geothermal). Visit our Changes to 1960—2022 conversion factor for renewable energy page to learn more.

Profile Overview

Quick Facts

  • Hawaii requires that 100% of its electricity be generated by renewable sources of energy by 2045. In 2023, about 31% of the state's total generation came from renewables.
  • Despite having the third-lowest total energy consumption among the states, Hawaii uses almost nine times more energy than it produces.
  • In 2023, solar power provided about 19% of Hawaii's total electricity, the majority of which was from small-scale, customer-sited solar power generation. Hawaii had the 11th-most small-scale solar generation among the states in 2023.
  • Petroleum accounts for about four-fifths of Hawaii's total energy consumption, the highest share for any state.
  • Hawaii has the highest average electricity price of any state and it is nearly triple the U.S. average. The state's electricity use is the fourth-lowest in the nation.

Last Updated: April 18, 2024

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