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Montana   Montana Profile

State Profile and Energy Estimates

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Profile Overview

Quick Facts

  • Montana has the nation's largest recoverable coal reserves, which is about 30% of the U.S. total, and the state accounts for about 5% of U.S. coal production.
  • Montana's temperature extremes and small population contribute to the state's residential sector having the highest per capita energy consumption of any state.
  • In 2022, Montana ranked 10th among the states with the largest share of electricity generated from renewables, about 53%.
  • Coal-fired power plants provided the largest share of Montana's electricity generation in 2022, accounting for 42% of in-state generation, followed by hydropower at 38%, wind power at 15%, natural gas at 2%, and petroleum coke at nearly 2%.
  • Montana‚Äôs total natural gas consumption is among the five lowest states. About half of state households use natural gas as their primary energy source for home heating.

Last Updated: April 20, 2023

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