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Montana   Montana Profile

State Profile and Energy Estimates

Changes to the State Energy Data System (SEDS) Notice: In October 2023, we updated the way we calculate primary energy consumption of electricity generation from noncombustible renewable energy sources (solar, wind, hydroelectric, and geothermal). Visit our Changes to 1960—2022 conversion factor for renewable energy page to learn more.

Profile Overview

Quick Facts

  • Montana has the nation's largest recoverable coal reserves, which is 30% of the U.S. total, and the state accounts for about 5% of U.S. coal production.
  • Montana's temperature extremes and small population contribute to the state's residential sector having the highest per capita energy consumption of any state.
  • In 2023, Montana ranked among the top 10 states with the largest share of electricity generated from renewables, about 50%.
  • Coal-fired power plants provided the largest share of Montana's electricity generation in 2023, accounting for 45% of in-state generation.
  • Montana’s total natural gas consumption is among the five lowest states. About half of state households use natural gas as their primary energy source for home heating.

Last Updated: May 16, 2024

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