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Iowa   Iowa Profile

State Profile and Energy Estimates

Changes to the State Energy Data System (SEDS) Notice: In October 2023, we updated the way we calculate primary energy consumption of electricity generation from noncombustible renewable energy sources (solar, wind, hydroelectric, and geothermal). Visit our Changes to 1960—2022 conversion factor for renewable energy page to learn more.

Profile Overview

Quick Facts

  • Iowa is the nation's largest fuel ethanol and biodiesel producer. It accounts for about one-fourth of U.S. fuel ethanol production capacity and almost one-fifth of biodiesel production capacity.
  • In 2022, wind turbines generated 62% of Iowa's electricity, the highest wind power share for any state.
  • Iowa ranks among the 10 states with the highest electricity sales per capita and is among the 10 states with the lowest average electricity price.
  • Iowa is the only non-crude oil-producing state among the top five states in total energy consumption per capita.
  • Iowa is the fourth-largest consumer of hydrocarbon gas liquids, mostly propane--which is used for drying the state's large harvested corn crop and for heating one in eight Iowa households.

Last Updated: August 17, 2023

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