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Kentucky   Kentucky Profile

State Profile and Energy Estimates

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Profile Overview

Quick Facts

  • Kentucky is the seventh-largest coal-producing state in the nation. About one out of six U.S. operating coal mines are located in Kentucky, more than any other state except West Virginia and Pennsylvania.
  • Kentucky's one oil refinery can process about 291,000 barrels of crude oil per calendar day. It is the 15th-largest U.S. oil refinery and provides about 1.6% of the nation's total refining capacity.
  • In 2021, about 71% of Kentucky's electricity net generation was coal-fired, the fourth-largest share of any state after West Virginia, Missouri, and Wyoming.
  • Kentucky has 22 underground natural gas storage sites that can hold almost 222 billion cubic feet of gas, which is about 2% of U.S. total underground storage capacity.
  • In 2021, Kentucky had the 12th-lowest average electricity price of any state and the second-lowest price for a state east of the Mississippi River. Slightly more than half of Kentucky households use electricity for their heating.

Last Updated: August 18, 2022

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